all

Semantic Field
other
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
todo
Meaning Portuguese
todos

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim banik (K1907) unknown Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone ojoon “all, everything”, no- “all, every” inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla umun inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok shu/k:e-, sho/k:e- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi manO inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno lij'a (< yila-) inheritance Klar 1977:63 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno yemBla B is raised lower case b inheritance Klar 1977:63 Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno yila7 inheritance Klar 1977:63 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno ku7nicYani7ni “todos”, kynitYani7ni 0113R unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno jyla7; inheritance K1977:63 Jane Hill
Cocopa kwiny, ma:m “to be all” unknown Jane Hill
Comanche ojo-, ojY inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño pata'ama [pəˈtaɁəmə] unknown Jane Hill
Esselen komVnam unknown Shaul 1995 Jane Hill
Gabrielino 7owe: inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa nyaamat [ɲaˑmat̯] unknown Jane Hill
Kawaiisu mono-jo unique Jane Hill
Kiliwa kW-spi7l unknown Jane Hill
Kitanemuk puyu inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok mu7e, 7awe/echu unknown Jane Hill
Luiseño cho:7un unknown Jane Hill
Maidu 7ype/k'ani\ inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave myakuupay, pay inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun himah7a “all” unknown O77:29 Jane Hill
Nisenan b2:ppaj unknown Jane Hill
Northern Paiute [nOO7yu “all (NOM)” inheritance Thornes 03:476 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok sok:et.i- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok syk:e- inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A (k)I:/sile7 (A), “all, every”; -isil- p. 58 unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M (k)I:/sili'p 'all, every' I is umlaut I unknown Mason 1918:151 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) coox unknown Jane Hill
Serrano puju inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute man:o-, man:u inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok to:koH-, inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute -manokO, manuni-, pa7amanuni inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal pinii7-ju, pinni-ju unknown Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone ojoonty(sy) inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo mu/l unknown Jane Hill
Washo mi/7le7 unknown J503 Jane Hill
Western Mono nasi/(7)mi/-tU unknown Jane Hill
Wintu ko:m, ko:t unknown Jane Hill
Yavapai pa/ya inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami k'umuy' inheritance JPH Gamble 91 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi k'umui inheritance K07:244 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne yeeT'aw unknown K 1963 (N1, N1944 Jane Hill
Yuki hi:l inheritance S&S1984 Jane Hill
Baniwa phiu-me (Ram2000) phiu-me (Ram2000) inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona tɨdʒahoro unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo caino kaino doubtful loan Arawak See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw waáp wǎp inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano árĩpehrerã (plural form) áɾĩpeʔɾeɾã inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa atawən (IDS) atawən (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï tawa'le unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani tõbã-dã-di unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup nihṹʔ, ʔápyɨʔ ~dihúʔ, ʔápjɨʔ inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi tamɨʔnawɨrɨ (IDS) tamɨʔnawɨrɨ (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu payẽ pajẽ inheritance? See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam kõmiri (EM72) kõmiɾi inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki manisaoyi manisaoji unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon tukare, t-etaweren (A1981); tu'karö (M2000) tukaɾe, tetaweɾen (A1981) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Sanumá pewə (EM72) pewə inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Sikuani daxita (2) daxíta inheritance shared Cuiva See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tukano peʔti, niî peʔti peʔti, niî peʔti inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria pe'ri peʔɾi inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam prewə, kõmiri pɾewə, kõmiɾi inheritance; inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami kõmi, haikiwë, hɨtɨtɨwë kõmi, haikiwə, hɨtɨtɨwə inheritance; unknown See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna piyukeja pijukeha inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Arabana pratjanta loan Claire Bowern
Bardi bunyja bunyja inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Burarra -murra unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu warrpam' inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwal warrpam' Claire Bowern
Dhuwala warrpam' inheritance Claire Bowern
Diyari parrjarna inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU pratjanta inheritance Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu bukmak Claire Bowern
Djapu warrpam' inheritance Claire Bowern
Djinang ngayama unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng X unique Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu warrpam' inheritance Claire Bowern
Gurindji purrp loan Jaminjung Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr djamin jamin inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Karajarri wakaj inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija X Claire Bowern
Malyangapa [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mangala wakaj inheritance Claire Bowern
Miriwung yawoorroobtha Claire Bowern
Mithaka [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mudburra kuwanyja Claire Bowern
Mudburra burrb loan Claire Bowern
Ngamini parrtyana inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngandi warlaman' unique Claire Bowern
Ngarluma jurlu inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl manja, yarreedee <manja, yarreedee> unknown Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Nimanburru bondje; bondje-gjangar; djob bonje; bonje-kjangar; job inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta wirr inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta wirr inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina djamin; djob jamin; job inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul djaman jaman inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi kutanya unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu 806 Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu warrpam' inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri nukarni inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru _x001E_muku inheritance Claire Bowern
Warrwa -ngana -ngana inheritance Claire Bowern
Wubuy warrawindi unique Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu bukmak inheritance Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha malka, pani, panina unique Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi thanardi unique Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka panina unique Claire Bowern
Yawuru nyangajunu; kangajunyirryjurr XXngl "all of them" nyangajunu; kangajunyirryjurr unique Claire Bowern
Achagua kinínama kinínama inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco canánama, macáita kanánama, makáita See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari put'i put'i See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena payaɹu pajaɻu See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero huľi'ana huľi'ana See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bare waɻa waɻa See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana baukup baukup unknown See Language page Ana Paula B.
Mandawaka makéri makéri See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi tyotya, manene tyotya, manene unknown; inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure pon pon unknown See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá -tɨ'pe -tɨ'pe unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick
Bora pʰáneére, pʰámeére pʰánɛέrɛ, pʰámɛέrɛ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane ɸámóro (all people), ɸáá-no, párʸɨɨ-(kɨ-no) (everything) ɸámóro (all people), ɸáá-no, párʲɨɨ-(kɨ-no) (everything) See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio tambooroo tam'boro unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Apalai esses morohne esses morohne inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana ëmelë ǝmelǝ inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó ameraarë ameraarǝ inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Mapoyo oi'bëtëërï oi'bɛtɛɛrʊ See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai ahnoro ahnoro inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari xeme ʃeme See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa kontutu, tuara, oropka, osestaorko, povo, tome, tuane´, tubara, tubaraespa See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo katote katote unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca azonuca atʂonuka See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá hũmá hũmá See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán poiyi'cco pwijiʔkho See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra ichĭgoro itʃĭnkoɾo doubtful loan Taushiro, Jivaroan See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro achintu-toa aʃinduʔtoa See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez pai pai See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna guemã gemã unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina hitariĩ, itulere hitaɽĩ:, ituleɽe unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa njétska, njetská-nga njétska, njetská-nga See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke sí-ṍkə̃ sí-ṍkə̃ unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé ǫtȩbo See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave -to-hani; wəi-hin -to-hani; wəi-hin unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar ashí, mash aʃi, maʃ See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa ashi aʃi See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna ashí aʃi inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses abitedi, tedi abitedi, tedi unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo hatita; tɨkɨta; yo-; -haka hatita; tɨkɨta; yo-; -haka unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua nuñi; tita; titaju nu:ɲi; ti:ta; ti:ta:xu: unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua tucuy tukuj See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá tukui tukui See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua tucui tukui See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano lliw ʎiw See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa k'atoi'ü kɑtoiɨ unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Barasano jã-hedí-ro jã-hedí-ro See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana 'dĩ́-peti-rã 'dĩ́-peti-rã See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna jedi-re (used as a finite intransitive verb form, cf. all/todo(s) is a determiner); jeyaro; ña jedirã xedi-ɾe; xejaɾo; ja xediɾã inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti 'dĩ́ĩ-peti-ra 'dĩ́ĩ-peti-ra See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana 'hi-piʔti-dã 'hi-piʔti-dã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano ããrĩpeerérã (all the people), ããrĩpeeréri (all the things) ããrĩpeerérã (all the people), ããrĩpeeréri (all the things) See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca ri'taha ri'taha inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo dĩ-peti-rã dĩ-peti-rã See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka 'dĩ'ĩ-peti-ra 'dĩ'ĩ-peti-ra See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja nĩᵽɛtʰiřo nĩɸɛtʰiro See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje peore peore inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona beoru, si'a beoru, siʔa inheritance; doubtful loan, direction unknown Ocaina See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya si'ahua'i siʔ'a'waʔi See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana arahot aɾahot unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama upi; upimari (everything) upi; upimari unique See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi pilu; piluyĩ pilu; pilujĩ unique See Language page PLE
Sirionó ha ha unique See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá wetep wetep unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina chíí, chííva; jántih šíí, šííβa; hã́tiʔ doubtful loan, direction unknown Siona/Secoya See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto nána nána See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto nána nána See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto nana nana inheritance/Witotoan See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito pɨy'ɨɨni pɨj'ɨɨni unique See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo kawiryaha kawiɾjaha See Language page Becky Walker
Wari šam ʃam See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo o-xaña (Girard 1971) o-xaña See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña dotʸa; yota dotʸa; yota unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara taqeni sapa; taḳi See Language page PLE
Kwazá du-, txirja du-, txirja See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima ɓa-ra ɓa-ra See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Kaingang kar, kankar kar; kankar See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi bzitã bzitã See Language page PLE