thunder

Semantic Field
environment
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
truenos
Meaning Portuguese
trovão

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim nim'-yets 209 loan Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone to7ompaix, toom-piccih inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla tawva-l inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok Time:/l- inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno soxk'on' inheritance Wash 2001:190 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno hoqk'ohon inheritance JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno s-oxk'on inheritance A 247 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno (t)pismono “el trueno” unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno so7oxk'oho “the thunder”(once he writes oqk'oho) unknown JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa shu:ki/r inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche tomojakety inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño taw$henve'et [tawşənvəɁət] inheritance Jane Hill
Gabrielino tawvar inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa shuullaw [şuˑ˅ˈɫau] unknown Jane Hill
Kawaiisu taza-no7o-ry unique Jane Hill
Kiliwa 7-kW-iy-h-mii, ha7=kw=ny=mar kWiy unknown Jane Hill
Kitanemuk taoch inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok ta/alawa inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño to:ma-wu-t inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu wity/mty\m, unknown Jane Hill
Mojave huulas inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun Tura:Tarahtak “it's thundering in the sky” inheritance O77:92 Jane Hill
Nisenan jowwo: inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute niniaba unique Thornes 03:106 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok tim:e:le- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok lil:ik inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A T'e/lowA7 (A), unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M T'eLxo' unknown Mason 1918:133 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) iinj unknown Jane Hill
Serrano taY:7-T inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute un:ua- “to thunder” inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok tim:ele-:li- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute tunu7nirY unknown Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone toojakai”, toojakaityn unique Jane Hill
Wappo lahya/ke unknown Jane Hill
Washo dewhi/wi unknown J79, 487 Jane Hill
Western Mono toojaga- inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu thumu:ka, thumu:kit, thumu:kus unknown Jane Hill
Yavapai v?u_:v?u_:?ik “thunder sound” unknown Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami longlo unique K1963 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi t:akaa unique K07:243 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne mimyaTH inheritance Golla 1964:65; Jane Hill
Yuki 7a,la:mal,7ola:mal inheritance S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Baniwa éeno éeno inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona kahu (thunder, sky) (M2000) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo õpo õpo inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw pẽy pæ̃j inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano bupu bupu inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa kanoʔ pərən (IDS) kanoʔ pərən (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï co'ai unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani detæ-bo unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup pǽ̃y ~pǽj inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi waraʔnapiya taa (IDS) waraʔnapiya taa (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu trovã [Pt loan] trovã [Pt loan] loan Portuguese trovão See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam yãrɨ (EM72) jãɾɨ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki mɨja bichi ja mɨ̃xa bitʃi xã inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon waranapi, korume (A1981) waɾanapi, koɾume (A1981) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro eénó (R01) eénó (R01) inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sanumá tsani tə (EM72) tsani tə inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tariana énu énu inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano bɨpô bɨpô inheritance E Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria wʉpo (Waltz) wʉpo (Waltz) inheritance E Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam yãrɨ jãɾɨ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami yãru jãɾu inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna pichaní mejé (rayo=?) pitʃaní mehé (rajo=?) unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup pæ̃j ~pæj inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana kuraradunjinta unique Claire Bowern
Bardi jiidam(u) jiidam(u) inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba malngirri (also lightning) unknown Claire Bowern
Burarra durrja unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Dhuwal wolma Claire Bowern
Dhuwala bulkuŋu unknown Claire Bowern
Diyari tjiltijindata loan Claire Bowern
DiyariREU tjiltijindata loan Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djapu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djinang wulma unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng deroorr unique Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi naya doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu bulkuŋu unknown Claire Bowern
Gurindji turlurlup loan Jaminjung Claire Bowern
Jaru naya unique Claire Bowern
Karajarri djidama loan Nyulnyulan Claire Bowern
Kija turlturlp unique Claire Bowern
Malyangapa pirndi loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Mangala ilijarduju (T) unknown Claire Bowern
Miriwung derroorr unique NJ Claire Bowern
Mithaka [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mudburra durdurdarra Claire Bowern
Mudburra dududarra loan Claire Bowern
Ngamini kuRaRamungku unique Claire Bowern
Ngandi X missing Claire Bowern
Ngarluma woleberree unique Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl naia <naia> unique Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Nimanburru djidam jidam inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla jitama Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta ngurrngurr kurrumunurru unknown Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta katurany unknown Claire Bowern
Nyikina djidama jidama inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul jidam jidam inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi brinda loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Pirriya manimani unique Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta mungka unique Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu X missing Claire Bowern
Walmajarri manji inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru tharupadi- unique Claire Bowern
Warrwa ganyingana kanyingana unknown Claire Bowern
Worrorra jandaria jandaria loan English Claire Bowern
Wubuy ngurrurruwa- unique Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha indri, ngandjarri indri, unique Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi makuwarda unique Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka nganjarajinkindri unique Claire Bowern
Yawuru djidama jidama inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua túʒunau; éenu (R01) túʒunau; éenu (R01) unique; inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco énu (lightning, thunder, gun) énu (lightning, thunder, gun) See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena enu enu See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero iye enu iye enu See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana tʰuruwanarɨ tʰuruwanarɨ doubtful loan Portuguese trouvão See Language page Ana Paula B.
Mandawaka é:nu (R01) é:nu (R01) See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi onetalolo onetalolo inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure ṛ̌o'čoṛ̌eow ṛ̌o'tʃoṛ̌eow unique See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá enu-c̷itʸa enu-¢itʸa inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Bora čʰixčʰi, taʔnáʔo tʃʰixtʃʰi, taʔnáʔo inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane sísi sísi See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio kormee kɔrme inheritance Akawaio-Pemon See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Akawaio/Ingariko dialect kɔrumɛ kɔrumɛ See Language page Lauren Franklin
Apalai konomeru konomeru inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana taitatai katop taitatai katop unique See Language page PLE
Tiriyó tïrïm tɨrɨm inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Mapoyo ka'tawai (same as lightning) ka'tawai (same as lightning) See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai tarayi tarayi inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari tarara tarara See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa kuruk, noskrota, okato, tapana, tampana, toin, tukruyi, toyi See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo isilu isilu unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Northern Emberá bá bá See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán tsanda tsanda See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra kariya karija unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro je´jovu xɨʔxowu See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez capixs kapiʃ See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna nei-dórô (Alv44) neiʔdóro unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina aḍzaḍza atʃatʃa unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa waxuesajá waxuesajá See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke dǝ(ü)doh (RW52) unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé tĩba baʊ See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Tinigua tihiːkhi See Language page Zach Burnett
Puinave kudu-kudu i-mo-yu kudu-kudu i-mo-ju unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku ülü See Language page PLE
Ashuar ipiamát ipiamat See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa ipamat ipamat See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna ipamát ipamat inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses abu abu unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo tɨrɨ-ʔaina (intransitive form) tɨrɨ-ʔaina (intransitive form) inheritance/Panoan See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua ruvatarya ru:vatarja unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua misha miʃa See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá triwinu (Spanish loan) triwinu (Sp loan) See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua rayu (Spanish loan) ɾaju See Language page Daniel Valle
Piaroa ku'u'pE kue'ɨh kuɁuɁpæ kueɁɨh unique See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Barasano bɨ'hó há-se bɨ'hó há-se See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana bɨ'pó bɨ'pó See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna semantically similar: bʉjo 'thunderstorm' (cf. lightning) and ja-re 'to thunder' (cf. hit, pound/beat) bɨxo; xa-ɾe inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti 'bɨ́po 'bɨ́po See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana ɨ'po ɨ'po See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano bu'pú bu'pú See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca wĩ'põã wĩ'põã inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo bɨ'pó bɨ'pó See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka bɨ'pó bɨ'pó See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja bɨ́ᵽó bɨ́ɸó See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje caraʉ karaʉ doubtful loan Witoto See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona mëjo mɨho inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya mojopi caji mõ'hõpi' kahi See Language page Amanda N
Kokama tupa tupa inheritance See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi tupã tupã inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó si̯eu; eri̯eu; ama ni̯eu; amã ɲẽẽ (the former is the verb, the rest are the noun) si̯eu; eri̯eu; ama ni̯eu; amã ɲẽẽ inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá tupã (K12) tupã (K12) inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina am̈unhño am:ɯ̃ʔɲo unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto gïrḯ-de gɯrɯ́-dɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto gïrḯ-de gɯrɯ́-dɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto guru-de guru-dɛ inheritance/Witoto See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Záparo maharu mahaɾu See Language page Becky Walker
Wari comerem (E&K97) komerem (E&K97) See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo kwehi kwehi See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña tiri-ti-ya tiri-ti-ya inheritance/Panoan See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara q´ejjo q´ejjo qʔeχo qʔeχo See Language page PLE
Kwazá bɛrɛ- bɛrɛ- See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima wurul-čeɬ wurul-tʃeɬ See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Kaingang ta tỹ tỹrỹr he ta tə̃ tə̃rə̃r hɛ; kɔhun See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi uhõhõ uhõhõ See Language page PLE