cook

Semantic Field
impact
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
cocinar
Meaning Portuguese
cozinhar

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim his'să “cooked, ripe” 199 loan Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone ku-hanni” inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla -kul- inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok chy:/s-, shy:/s- unknown Jane Hill
Chemehuevi tygu/7uni unknown Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno 7ipshel “cooked” inheritance Klar 1977:78 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno 7awyj “asar” inheritance JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno s-ipshel inheritance Klar 1977:68 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno kiwisi “cocio” unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno sh-ipshyl inheritance Klar 1977:78 Jane Hill
Cocopa kuk, nyawi:/ rar, shiLy (over fire), unknown Jane Hill
Comanche kwasyty inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño sixn-in [sɪxnin] inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa wellyully [wəɫˈjʊɫʸ] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu kosi, kwasi- inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa t-h-maa h-uuy inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk kwahan (trans), kwar (intr) inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok kusne/eru loan Jane Hill
Luiseño kocha~i- inheritance Elliott Jane Hill
Maidu k'a/pti inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave alyuuly= inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun hikku cook, be ripe, unknown NW (JPH) Jane Hill
Nisenan tokis unknown Jane Hill
Northern Paiute [kuha/ni inheritance Thornes 03:33 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok 7okje- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok 7okje- inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A nep (S), “cook”; unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M nApH unknown Mason 1918:144 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) cama/ma unknown Jane Hill
Serrano kwaha:n(in) inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute qwac:y “ripe, cooked” inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok kose:-nY, loan Jane Hill
Southern Ute kwAsy, inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal tykkikuuj7-at loan Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone tykymmahannih, inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo k'o/-m'i7 “cook, boil” unknown Jane Hill
Washo i/:bik' “to be cooked, ripe” 270; unknown J270 Jane Hill
Western Mono sawa- (by boiling) inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu co:lma (cause to be cooked) inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai nwi_:ri unknown Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami his/-tah “cooked, ripe” inheritance CHM Berman 2002 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne hiSi “cooked” inheritance Golla 1964 p 61 Jane Hill
Yuki 7u7uch'a:h-, 7u7uch'a7ah- “cook1, fry” unknown S&S1984 Jane Hill
Yuma alYulYk “he cooks” H1:27; alYulY “to cook” H5:97 inheritance Jane Hill
Baniwa dzána dzána inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona ye (SM) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo boayʉ; cũcañʉ; jatʉóyʉ bóajɨ; kĩkajɨ; xatɨójɨ unknown See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw xaà xâ unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano sora-ri soɾa-ɾi inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa -əʔməh-ka-n (IDS) -əʔməh-ka-n (IDS) unknown Guahiban See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï ka'miuntai unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani æ̃dõ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup j’ɨw- ɟ’ɨw- inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi rentɨ (SM) rentɨ (SM) inheritance cognate Pemon See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu memũy memũi inheritance See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam rɨpɨ (EM72) ɾɨpɨ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki cuacoyi kuakoji inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon tuma rintetok (A1981) tuma ɾintetok (A1981) inheritance cognate Macushi See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro akú akú inheritance? See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sanumá tupa/ hali (EM72) tupa/ hali unique; inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Sikuani jawa (2) (to be cooked) hawa loan Arawak, cf. Yavitero hawa See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tariana yána jána inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano do'á (HR 97) daʔrâ baʔari tũku; doʔá (HR 97) unknown; inheritance See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria do'a doʔá inheritance See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam hari haɾi inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami rɨpɨ-aɨ, rɨpɨpraɨ ɾɨpɨ-aɨ, ɾɨpɨpɾaɨ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna moto'okaje motoʔokahe unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup cɨw cɨw unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana tilitilinkata unique Claire Bowern
Bardi laalbiidi laalbiidi inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba wug- wuba- inheritance Claire Bowern
Burarra wumbargujama unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu 2054 unknown Claire Bowern
Dhuwal 2054 Claire Bowern
Dhuwala nyirmarama unknown Claire Bowern
Diyari wayi inheritance? Claire Bowern
DiyariREU wajinwajinta inheritance? Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu batha_x001E_ Claire Bowern
Djapu batha_x001E_ inheritance Claire Bowern
Djinang bachi-gi inheritance Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng nalib unique Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi woob- inheritance Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu 2054 unknown Claire Bowern
Gurindji kampa- inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru kampa- inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri kampanpa (1) inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija kert unique Claire Bowern
Malyangapa Mal: marrpa- loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Mangala kampanyarri (3) unknown Claire Bowern
Miriwung woolthib unique Claire Bowern
Mithaka kularni loan Yandruwandha? Claire Bowern
Mudburra kamb-u Claire Bowern
Mudburra kamba- inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngamini kuki doubtful loan English? Claire Bowern
Ngandi rna, dharl'-dhu inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngarluma gamba inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl wandumbulla wandumbala unknown Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi kula inheritance Claire Bowern
Nimanburru ma-loron ma-loron inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta kampana- (V2) inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta kamparna inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina -marra- -marra- inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul mamaran mamarran inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi 574 Claire Bowern
Pirriya kathaangu Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta watyi inheritance? Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu batha inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri kampa- inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru yalawa- unique Claire Bowern
Wubuy burddha unique Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu bathan inheritance Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha kudla, kudlaindri inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi wayi- inheritance? Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka tililingana loan Arabana Claire Bowern
Yawuru -lurra- (I) -lurra- (I) inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua tʃáneri tʃáneri inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco chanàaca tʃanàaka See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena waɹa waɻa See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero hahua hahua See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana warakʰa-n warakʰa-n inheritance Proto North Arawak? See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi holokehitya 'cook meat' holokehitya 'cook meat' inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure išoera- (int.) iʃoera- (int) unique See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá a-wakula-ta a-wakula-ta inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Bora tuú (T98) tɯɯ́ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane tɨ́ɨhi (W97) tɨ́ɨʔi (W97) See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio guuiibö guibö unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Akawaio/Ingariko dialect kuipë kuipɤ See Language page Lauren Franklin
Apalai ahnõko, tyẽko ahnõko, tɨẽko inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana ëtïje ǝtɨje inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó [t]je (cook in water) [t]je inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare -aʔnə (IDS) -aʔnə (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo sëtëma-ri sɛtɛma-ri See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai yo (SM) yo (SM) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari bykw bɨkw See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Muisca zmohoquysuca tʂmohokuɨsuka See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá dyúi, aróbo-ói, nẽndyúi dʒúi, aróbo-ói, nẽndʒúi See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Macaguan tset unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Cofán otaeñe otaɛɲɛ See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra kupámaama kupámaama unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro onto' ondoʔ See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez coya koya See Language page Daniel Valle
Urarina enoala enoala unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Andoke fá' (to grill) ɸáʔ (to grill) unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé čumã See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave [-kak] kak unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar ináratin, inárkatin, niáratin inararin, inarkatin, niaratin See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa inarkatsa inarkatsa See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna inajút inaxut inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses codoca 'boil/cook in water' kodoka 'boil/cook in water' unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo hoosi- hoosi- unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua mitiy; mutivye mitij; mutivje unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua yanuna januna See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá ianui ianui See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua yanuna januna See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano yanuy, waykuy yanuj, waykuj See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa ichü iʧɨ unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva icuaa doajaha ikʷaː doahaʔa unknown See Language page Becky Walker
Carapana roarique ɾoaɾike See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna to cook in water: roa-re; to be cooked: ñai-rise ɾoa-ɾe; jai-ɾise inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Tanimuca ho'e ri'ka (to grill/ asar); dyo'a ri'ka ho'e ri'ka (to grill/ asar); ʎo'a ri'ka inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje kua'komʉ kuaʔkomʉ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona cua'cuji kuaʔkuhi inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya cua'co kwaʔkɔ See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana otet otet unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama ɨita ɨita unique See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi -yɨ -jɨ inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó muči; uči muči; uči inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Ocaina aasa; dyaana aasa; dʲããa unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Murui Witoto rocode rokode (B83) unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito capiini kapiini unique See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo mahinyu (carne), ityawhunu (todo menos carne) mahinju (carne), itjawhunu (todo menos carne) See Language page Becky Walker
Wari hoc (E&K97) hok (E&K97) See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo kwa kwa-kwe; hiña- (Girard 1971) kwa kwa-kwe; hiña- See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña hina-ya; e-ara-ki-ho-ya; e-ara-kia-ya; doka- (ara- means "eat") hina-ya; e-ara-ki-ho-ya; e-ara-kia-ya; doka- inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara manq´ phayana pʰaya-ɲa See Language page PLE
Kwazá wãdy-, wã-, arunã-, kunãtɛ-, wanỹ- wãdy-, wã-, arunã-, kunãtɛ-, wanỹ- See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima ɗehahal ɗehahal See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai (ha) olem (ha) olem unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang ẽgnènh ɛ̃ŋnɛɲ See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi bzihe, txe bzihe, tʃe See Language page PLE