feather

Semantic Field
fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
pluma
Meaning Portuguese
pena

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim hah'-pul “feathers” loan Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone pyysi-ppyh inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla wikily inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok shala:/- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi wisi/a-v(i) inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno s-qap loan direction unknown Wash 2001:40 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno sqapa loan direction unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno qap “leaf, feather” loan direction unknown A 236 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno chnuka “la pluma”, tsnuka 3(1)0170 unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno sqap loan direction unknown JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa shawa/l inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche sia inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño wiki-ly [wikiʎ̥] inheritance Jane Hill
Gabrielino kah-kar/-ah-poo-ahn “quail its-feathers” inheritance CHM/MC267 Jane Hill
Kawaiisu wishi7aa-vy inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa walu inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk mahac (flight) inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok pa/kah “flower, feather” inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño pe7 (possessed only), inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu je/ inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave siviily inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun puT unknown O77:70 Jane Hill
Nisenan je “wing feathers” inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok po:sesa loan into protolanguage Jane Hill
Plains Miwok sale-, inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A ecax (A) unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M sie/tH unknown Mason 1918:127 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) ina “down feathers” unknown Jane Hill
Serrano -pOh “fur, body hair, feathers” inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute wyc:ia-S inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok halaH- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute wHsiavI H is voiceless V of indeterminate quality inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal maashaawisht “ceremonial bunch of eagle feathers” inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone pyhy(ttsi), pyhyppyh; inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo kha/pe loan into protolanguage Jane Hill
Washo i:sh unknown J1958:200 Jane Hill
Western Mono qa/sA inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu k'alah, k'alaq inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami kep/-pel inheritance CHM Berman 2002 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi tcodo\ngic “feathers” unknown K07:241 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne xa:pal (n1 flight), inheritance N1944 Jane Hill
Yuki kop loan into protolanguage S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Baniwa -phe -phe inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona ɨhotɨbə inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo caveðo kavɛðo unique See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw xêè xê  semantic shift wing See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano poari poaɾi inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa -iʔ-pok -iʔ-pok inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï tɨə unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani õõ-bã unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup hũ tæ̃h pã́t ['bird hair'] ~hutæh ~pát ['bird hair'] unique from 'hair' See Language page Pattie Epps
Nheengatu awa awa inheritance See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam ãhuk; šĩoik; yõik ãhuk; ʃ̌ĩoik; jõik unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki jajɨca ja xaxɨka xã unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon pok (A1981); chiipok (E1980); toron chi'pok (M2000) pok (A1981); tʃipɔk (E1980) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro tsíináhí tsíináhí inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sikuani mianaja (13) pe-kóro-ɸe-to inheritance See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tariana dí-ča, díča-ɾe, daɾuphemá-ma 'penacho' dí-tʃa, dítʃa-ɾe, daɾupʰemá-ma 'penacho' semantic shift hair See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano poâro poâro inheritance E Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria phoa pʰoa inheritance E Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomami pei hekɨ pei hekɨ unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna chijneji tʃihnehi inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup hũ pã̌t ~hu ~pǎt unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana yathi- unique Claire Bowern
Bardi jolo jolo unique Claire Bowern
Bunuba jalmarra 'wing feather' loan Claire Bowern
Burarra mula unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu bulka' unknown Claire Bowern
Dhuwal [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Dhuwala buḻuk unknown Claire Bowern
Diyari kutja inheritance? Claire Bowern
DiyariREU kutja inheritance? Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djapu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djinang gilingkaḻ unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng minjalng inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi bin.gidi loan Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu butju Claire Bowern
Gurindji pinkirr inheritance Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr bandel bandel inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru bin.girr inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Kija ?pinkirr- loan NGY Claire Bowern
Malyangapa [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mangala jimpirri doubtful loan Juwaliny Claire Bowern
Miriwung minjalng inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mudburra binkirr Claire Bowern
Mudburra limbu unique Claire Bowern
Ngamini tilipuru inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngandi gu-warlmurr inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngarluma bardu Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl jallowa, jallow <jallowa, jallow> inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi thirripurdu inheritance Claire Bowern
Nimanburru wirinjin wirinjin unique Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla jimpirri Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta wipiya inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta wirru inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina jalmarra jalmarra inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul bandel bandel inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi bulgi unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta thathi unique Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu butju Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu burluk inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri pinkirr inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Warrwa jalmarra jalmarra inheritance Claire Bowern
Wubuy lhabag inheritance Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu guṯkuṯ unknown Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha thirripurdu inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka kutja inheritance? Claire Bowern
Yawuru jalbarn; lulumba jalbarn; lulumba unique Claire Bowern
Achagua báinaʃi báinaʃi inheritance sem shift from hair? See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco báica báika See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari apána apána See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena tanápi tanápi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero ic̷u itsu See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana -iˀdi -iˀdi inheritance Proto-Arawak See Language page Ana Paula B.
Mandawaka ahanáhe ahanáhe See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi taniti, etane taniti, etane unknown See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure e'sis e'sis unknown See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá -mapɨ (also means "body hair") -mapɨ unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick
Arutani oša oʃa See Language page John Blaha
Sape ičam upa (possibly morphologically complex?) itʃam upa (possibly morphologically complex?) See Language page John Blaha
Bora ɨ́ʔxɨ́-xɨɨ́, ɨ́ʔxɨ-xɨ, ɨ́ʔxɨ-ne ɨ́ʔxɨ́-xɨɨ́, ɨ́ʔxɨ-xɨ, ɨ́ʔxɨ-nɛ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane íxée-ne íxέɛ-nɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio chiipok tʃipɔk inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Apalai oroko eny oroko enɨ unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana masilitpë masilitpǝ unique See Language page PLE
Makiritare iʔhōʔtɨ (IDS); i'ho'tü (KH) (also means 'hair') iʔho:ʔtɨ (IDS); iʔhoʔtɨ (KH) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo waanari-'bë waanari-'bɛ See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai yɨ-hΦo-či yɨ-hΦo-či unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa yabükü dʒupu See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo ikogo ikogo unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca gaca γaka See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá née-i née-i See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Macaguan -korchít -kortʃít inheritance Central+Macaguan subgroup See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Cofán tose, te'ta tosɛ, tɛʔta See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra poro poɾo loan, direction unknown Matses See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro ñahan, chiyu´han ɲahan, ʃijuʔhan See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez yacue yakue See Language page Daniel Valle
Urarina ïhi ʉhi doubtful loan Aguaruna See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa plumi-bxuá (from SP) plumi-bxuá (from SP) See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke -ñefʌ -ɲeɸʌ unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé puaché See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave #NAME? #NAME? unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku ku:te (also used for hair) ku:te (also used for hair) See Language page PLE
Ashuar úre urɯ See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa ure urɨ See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna úje úxɨ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses podo podo loan, direction unknown Candoshi See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo pɨ-ʔi (also means "leaf") pɨ-ʔi (also means "leaf") inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua mu unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua villma biʎma See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua huillma wiʎma See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano puru puɾu See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa ujwabiyä uhwabijæ inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva juwoo huwoː inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano hoa-ró hoa-ró See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana poa pɔa See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna hoa hoa inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti póa-da póa-da See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana bĩ'dĩkɨ̃ã po'a bĩ'dĩkɨ̃ã po'a See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano po'á po'á See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca po'dya po'ʎa inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo po'a po'a See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka 'poa ʔpoa See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja ᵽóá ɸóá See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje kaapʉ khaapʉ unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona ma ma unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya naña nã'ña See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana sop sop unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama wɨra-tsa ('bird-leaf') wɨra-tsa ('bird-leaf') unique See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi pɛpɔ pɛpɔ inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó erake; eheo erake; eheo unique See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Ocaina tyafóóro tʲaɸóóro inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto ipóro ipóro See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto iɸóro iɸóro See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto iɸoro iɸoro inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito cajási (same as hair and fur) kahási (same as hair and fur) semantic shift hair See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo kahaakwa kahaːkʷa See Language page Becky Walker
Wari tenenein (šun) tenenein (ʃun) See Language page PLE Also means 'hair' 04.140. 'White downy feathers of a bird' is moronakon me.
Ese Ejja/Huarayo e-'ɲa; boʔba (Girard 1971) e-'ɲa; boʔba See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña e-kata; ododo e-kata; ododo unique See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara phuyu pʰuyu See Language page PLE
Kwazá -xyico -xyico See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima mumun̉-kʷa mumun̉-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai kodetɬ šap kodetɬ šap unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang fẽr #NAME? See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi hi hi See Language page PLE