night

Semantic Field
time
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
noche
Meaning Portuguese
noite

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim too'-kăl 211; du-gal (K1907) inheritance Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone tukanih “night, dark” inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla tukmiyat inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok kawy:/l- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi tuwa/n(u) “night-time” inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno s-ulkuw inheritance Klar 1977:118 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno laXimaj unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno ulkuw inheritance Klar 1977:118 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno L-tyimi unknown Klar 1977:119 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno ulkuw unknown Klar 1977:118 Jane Hill
Cocopa cnyam “to be night” inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche tukaanI inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño tukmu-t [tukmut] inheritance Jane Hill
Esselen tomani-s unknown Shaul 1995 Jane Hill
Gabrielino yaw- (yawke “at night”); yawket “la noche” inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa hunn, kuhunn [xʊn], [kʊˈxʊn] unknown Jane Hill
Kawaiisu tugwa-nu inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa tiiy inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk tuka inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok ka/wul inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño tu:ku-mi-t inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu po/ inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave tiinyam= inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun muruT inheritance O77:21 Jane Hill
Nisenan po:, po:ho inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute [toqaano “night time” inheritance Thornes 03:45 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok kawy:l-y- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok kawyl inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A smA/khai (A), unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M cmAkHa:/i unknown Mason 1918:133 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) iha/moc unknown Jane Hill
Serrano atu:k; tu:k inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute tugwa-S inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok kawyHl- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute tugwanatY inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal tukal, tuukal, tuukit inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone tukwanni, tukwawani inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo 7u/chu:a7 unknown Jane Hill
Washo da-pauwit unknown K311 Jane Hill
Western Mono togawa/no “night-time” inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu cipi unknown Jane Hill
Yavapai hipa_:m “at night” unknown Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami toyon inheritance K 1963 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi tHoyono inheritance K07:243, G64 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne toy'no7 inheritance Golla 1964 Jane Hill
Yuki na,k, nok “dark, night” inheritance S&S1984 Jane Hill
Yuma ti:nya:m “to be night” H4:21 inheritance Jane Hill
Baniwa déepi déepi inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona koko inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo ñami ɲami inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw çêm cem inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano jã'bĩ́ jã'bĩ́ inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa sɨpaawə sɨpaawə unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï tikwə'to unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani woyowotæ̃ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup j'ǝ́b ɟ’ə́b inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi ewaron (SIL) ewaron (SIL) inheritance N Amaz subgroup See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu pituna (from piʃuna=black) pituna (from piʃuna=black) inheritance See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam thəm tutu thehe, tɨte (EM72 "dark time") tʰəm tutu tʰehe, tɨte inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki ñami ja ɲami xã inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon warupue (A1981); waarüpö (M2000) waɾupue (A1981) inheritance N Amaz subgroup See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro naapí naapí inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sanumá numi, luɨ (both EM72, "dark time") numi, luɨ (both EM72, "dark time") inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Sikuani merawia (1) inheritance See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tariana déːpi, dépi déːpi, dépi inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano ñámí ñámí inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria ~yabi ~jabi inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam tɨtɨ, rua (both EM72, "dark time") tɨtɨ, ɾua inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami titi ha, titi (EM72 "dark time"), rua (EM72 "dark time") titi ha, titi, ɾua inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna lapí lapí inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup c'ǝb c'ǝb inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana miljaru loan Claire Bowern
Bardi idanngurru idanngurru loan into protolanguage Claire Bowern
Bunuba maaningga inheritance Claire Bowern
Burarra ana-munya loan Yolngu Claire Bowern
Dhangu munha inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwal gämuk Claire Bowern
Dhuwala munha inheritance Claire Bowern
Diyari thinka unique Claire Bowern
DiyariREU wongani loan Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu gämuk unknown Claire Bowern
Djapu munha inheritance Claire Bowern
Djinang maliri unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng merdbem unique Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi maningga inheritance Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu munha Claire Bowern
Gurindji kaputa loan Claire Bowern
Jaru munganja inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri ngatura unique Claire Bowern
Kija mentewe unique Claire Bowern
Malyangapa tonka unique Claire Bowern
Mangala yurra unique Claire Bowern
Miriwung ngayidgeng unique Claire Bowern
Mithaka [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mudburra kurulala Claire Bowern
Mudburra kurulala unique Claire Bowern
Ngamini wongamu loan Claire Bowern
Ngandi gurnmuk unique Claire Bowern
Ngarluma thunthu unique Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl ngoomberra, ngoora weedee, ngoombereeda <ngoomberra, ngoora weedee, ngoombereeda> inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi marri unique Claire Bowern
Nimanburru ŋimber ŋimber inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla yurra Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta yutakata inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta 4134 loan Pilbara Claire Bowern
Nyikina bayin bayin unknown Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul ngimbir ngimbir inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi kailka unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya miila unique Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta mirtikarra unique Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu ga:muk, munha Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu makarl inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri pukanyja loan Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru kuntuma (kuntunga?) unique Claire Bowern
Warrwa ngo:rra ngo:rra loan into protolanguage Claire Bowern
Wubuy wuurn unique Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu munha inheritance Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha mabumabu, milyaru unique Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi palkara unique Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka miljaru loan Arabana? Claire Bowern
Yawuru ngurra ngurra loan into protolanguage Claire Bowern
Achagua táaje táaje unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco catá katá See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari néápi néápi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena ʃibuma:, yaʃapua ʃibuma:, jaʃapua See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero yaľ̥i-na jaľ̥i-na See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bare hebiña hebiña See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana wamarɨtʰan; marɨtʰa-ʔu wamarɨtʰan; marɨtʰa-ʔu unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Mandawaka daimijáwi daimijáwi See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi xatini (n.); makene, makiya (advs.) ʃatini (n.); makene, makija (advs.) unique; unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure yoto'e-ṛ̌ joto'e-ṛ̌ inheritance See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá yiyawa jijawa unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Arutani tose tose See Language page John Blaha
Sape useyna useyna See Language page John Blaha
Bora pʰexkʰo pʰɛxkʰo inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane ɸúkku ɸúkku See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio eeewarbö eɛwarbö inheritance Pemongan See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Apalai koko koko inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana koko koko inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó koko (at night) koko inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare čomomɨ̄dɨ (IDS); chomomü:dü (KH) tʃomomɨ:dɨ unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo ko'ba ko'ba See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai kosope kosope inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari kyky kɨkɨ See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Kalapalo koko koko inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca za tʂa See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá dimísi dimísi See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Macaguan merí(o) meɾí(o) inheritance Proto-Guahiban See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Cofán cose kosɛ See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Taushiro i´chia iʔʃia See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez cus See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna chütaxũ [2, 5, 2] tʃɨtaʔɨ̃ unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina hamunaa hamuna: unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa ibéta ibéta See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke hʌ'-pʌʌ́ (lit. "big time") hʌʔ-pʌʌ́ (lit. "big time") unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé ngẽnẽ See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave sai sai unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku i:kisu i:kisu See Language page PLE
Warao ima (darkness, night) ima (daɾkness, night) See Language page John Blaha
Ashuar káshi kaʃi See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa suwe suwɨ See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna káshi káʃi inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses inchësh intʃɨʃ unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo βakiča βakiča unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua nupora nupora unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá tuta tuta See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua tuta tuta See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano tuta tuta See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa yodo jɤdɤ unique See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva ãchiena 'at night' ãtʃiena 'at night' unique See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano ~jabi ~jabi See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana ñami ɲami See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna ~jabi ~jabi inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti jã́bĩ jã́bĩ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana jã'bĩ jã'bĩ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano buúru, ñamí buúru, ñamí See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca dyã'bĩã ʎã'bĩã inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo jã'bĩ jã'bĩ See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka yã'bĩ jãʔbĩ See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja ñã́mĩ́ ɲã́mĩ́ See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje ñami ɲami inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona yami jami inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya ñami nãmĩ See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana nip, mõnh nip, mõɲ unknown; unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama ɨpɨtsa ɨpɨtsa inheritance See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi ɨpɨa ɨpɨa inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó isa; itonaru isa; itonaru unique See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá ɨpɨtun ɨpɨtun inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina natyón natʲṍ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto náï.ïo náɯ.ɯo See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto náï.(ï)o náɯ.(ɯ)o See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto naï.o(na) naɯ.o(na) inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito nin'ɨɨni; niínaqui ( dark + loc) nin'ɨɨni; niínaki (dark + LOC) inheritance See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo ninya ninja See Language page Becky Walker
Wari šim ʃim See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo sine-kwa; meka-xe (Girard 1971) sine-kwa; meka-xe See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña meta; čine-ho meta; čine-ho inheritance; inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara aruma aruma See Language page PLE
Kwazá hadeja hadeja See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima i-mai-ni i-mai-ni See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai šanixnis šanixnis unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang kuty kutɨ See Language page PLE
Suyá akamɔ akamɔ See Language page Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi hõĩka hõĩka See Language page PLE