three

Semantic Field
number
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
tres
Meaning Portuguese
tres

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim pi' (M); pāhi (K1907) inheritance Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone paihtyn, pahai inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla pah inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok tolo:/koshu- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi pahi inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno masix inheritance Klar 1977:120 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno masyx inheritance Klar 1977:121 Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno masyx inheritance A 184, K1977:120 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno misy' inheritance Klar 1977:120 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno masyq inheritance Klar 1977:120 Jane Hill
Cocopa xmuk, xmu:k “to be three” inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche pahitY inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño pah [pah] inheritance Jane Hill
Esselen kxulep unknown Shaul 1995:198 Jane Hill
Gabrielino pa:hi inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa hemuk [xəˈmʊk] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu pehe-yu inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa xmi7q inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk pahi7 inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok dele/eka, tele/eka inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño pa:hay inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu sa/p'y inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave hamok inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun kaphan inheritance O77:25 Jane Hill
Nisenan sapwij inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute pahi inheritance Thornes 03:142 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok tolo:kos-u- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok tel:ok:o- inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A kLa/pai (A), loan Jane Hill
Salinan M la/pai loan Mason 1918:153 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) capxa unknown Jane Hill
Serrano pa:hi7 inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute pai- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok tolo:kot- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute pa7aini, peiku, peini inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal paay inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone pahi(ttyn), pai(ttyn) inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo hopo/k'a unknown Jane Hill
Washo he/lme7 unknown J87 Jane Hill
Western Mono pahi/ inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu panuly inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai hmu/(:)ki inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami So:pHin inheritance W&G Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi sho:pHin inheritance K07, G64 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne So:pHin inheritance W&G 1986 Jane Hill
Yuki molme inheritance S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Yuma xamo/k “to be three” H4:21 inheritance Jane Hill
Baniwa madali- madaɺi- inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona serawərə inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo yóbecʉrõa (three), yóbecʉriyoa ãmuyoa ĩni (three fingers out. . .see "one") jóbɛkɨrõa, jóbɛkɨrijoa ãmujoa ĩni unknown See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw mũtwap mũtwáp inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano ʉhre ɨ ʔre unknown See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa asonwa asonwa inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï hweya'tɨ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani bẽ-a go ado-ke unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup mɔtaʔǎp, mɔtwɨgʔap ['rubber-tree-seed-quantity'] mɔtaʔǎp, mɔtwɨgʔap ['rubber-tree-seed-quantity'] inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi séúru-né séúru-né inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu muçapíri musapíɾi inheritance See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam pək, yãmi (EM72 "few") pək, jãmi inheritance yãmi (EM72 "few") See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki bababɨ ja bababɨ xã unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon eseurau, eseurawe-nan (A1981); seeuurawöknee (E1980); esearau (M2000) eseuɾau, eseuɾawenan (A1981); seurawöʔne (E1980) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro migaakú? sagú? migaakúʔ sagúʔ calque two and one (as elsewhere in region) See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sanumá išinati (EM72 "few") iʃinati unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Sikuani akueyabi (3), akueyabi pabeje akúeyabi inheritance shared Cuiva See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tariana madalí-da madalí-da inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano i'tiár'ã i'tiár'ã inheritance E Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria tia tia inheritance E Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam yãmi (EM72 "few") jãmi inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami yãmi (EM72 "few"), (according to MM07 no term exists, instead porakapi or pruka (many) is used) jãmi inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna weji kele wehi kele unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup mɔdɨg-w’áp mɔdɨg-w’áp inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana kulpari inheritance Claire Bowern
Bardi irrjar irrjar inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba ngarlgurru unknown Claire Bowern
Burarra [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Dhangu ḻurrkun' inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwal ḻurrkun' Claire Bowern
Dhuwala ḻurrkun' inheritance Claire Bowern
Diyari parkulu semantic shift Claire Bowern
DiyariREU parkuluwora unique Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu ḻurrkun' Claire Bowern
Djapu ḻurrkun' unknown Claire Bowern
Djinang ḻurrkun inheritance Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng merrgern inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi ngaroodoo inheritance Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu ḻurrkun' inheritance Claire Bowern
Gurindji murrkun loan Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr irdjowar irrjowarr inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru murrgun inheritance Claire Bowern
Jawi edjar irrjar inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri kujarra warany inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija merrkern- inheritance Claire Bowern
Malyangapa Mal: paRulkuRu unique Claire Bowern
Mangala murrkun doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Miriwung merrgen inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mudburra murrkuna Claire Bowern
Mudburra murrkuna inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngamini paRkuna nganha? unique Claire Bowern
Ngandi X missing Claire Bowern
Ngarluma burrgu Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl koordidee <koordidee> unknown Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi parrkulu kurnu inheritance Claire Bowern
Nimanburru irdjowar irrjowarr inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla murrkurn Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta wirrpamarta Claire Bowern
Nyikina gujarralayana kujarralayana inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul irrjawar irrjawar inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi boola nicha Claire Bowern
Pirriya kurːbara inheritance Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta barcoola noora unique Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu rlurrkun inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri mungkartu inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru parrkulukunyu inheritance Claire Bowern
Warrwa leina leina unknown Claire Bowern
Wubuy wulanybaj inheritance? Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu ḻurrkun inheritance Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha parrkukurnu inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi parakuauna inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka parkukulno inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru gurdirdi kurdirdi unknown Claire Bowern
Achagua matáli matáli inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco máisiba máisiba See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena teɺetʃi, mabaitari teɺetʃi, mabaitari See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero te'resi te'resi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bare kiɻiku-nama (?+mouth) kiɻiku-nama (?+mouth) See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana idikʰinaɨdaʔɨ idikʰinaɨdaʔɨ unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi hanama hanama inheritance? See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure m'po-n m'po-n inheritance See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá kamaukula kamaukula unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Bora pʰápʰiʔčʰḯï (lit. 'algo montado') pʰápʰiʔtʃɯ́ɯ unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane míínokkɨ sááno {two one} míínokkɨ sááno {two one} See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio oozourau ozɔʊraʊ inheritance Proto-Carib See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Apalai oseruao oseruao inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana ëhelowao ǝhelowao inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó əerao (three, several) əerao inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare aduwawə (IDS); a:duwa:wö (KH) aduwawə (IDS); a:duwa:wə (KH) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo tomiñakënë tomiñakɛnɛ See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari takynyny takɨnɨnɨ See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa kóer ko'sets̺a See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo tilako tilako inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca mica mika See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá ũ'bea (IDS) ũ'bea (IDS) See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Macaguan jóbeje hóbehe unknown See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Cofán ccoanifué´cco (fue=one) kʰʷanɪɸïɛʔkʰo See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra tóochpá tóotʃpá unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez tec (loan?) tek See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna tomaxexpü [3, 1, 5, 5] tomaʔeʔpɨʔ unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina niʨata nitʃata unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa únga únga See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke ʌisidé ʌʌ́hʌmá (lit. "one two") ʌiçidé ʌʌ́hʌmá calque one two See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé tjararĩ See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave pəi pəi unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku šünalá See Language page PLE
Warao dihana -mo (dihana=bunch, -mo=ABL, (fingers) coming from a bunch) dihana -mo (dihana=bunch, -mo=ABL, (fingeɾs) coming fɾom a bunch) See Language page John Blaha
Ashuar kampátam, menáintu kampatam, mɯnaintu See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa menain mɨnain See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna kampátum kampátum inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses abentsëc choec, abentsëc chonoc abentsɨc tʃoek, abentsɨc tʃonok unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Yagua mumuri mumuri unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua quimsa kimsa See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá kimsa kimsa See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua quimsa kimsa See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano kimsa kimsa See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa wämetúkwä wæme'tukwæ unique See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva jehdubahdu heʔdubaʔdu unique See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano idía- idía- See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana 'ítía 'ítía See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna ɨdia- ɨdia- inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti 'ítia- 'ítia- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana iʔ'tia- iʔ'tia- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano ʉirerã́ (animate), ʉirerí (inanimate) ɨirerã́ (animate), ɨirerí (inanimate) See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca bã'ẽ 'kãrã ka'o bã'ẽ 'kãrã ka'o unknown See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo í'tía í'tía See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka iti'a- itiʔa- See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja í'tía- í'tía- See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje choteñoã dʒoteɲoa unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona samute samute unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya toaso toa'sõ See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana mỹnhỹm mɨ̃ɲɨ̃m unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama mutsapɨrɨca mutsapɨɾɨka inheritance See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi maapɨ maapɨ inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó ɲeremo ɲeremo unique See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá moapɨt (M2000) moapɨt (M2000) inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina han̵ãã-maʔ-tʸáá-maʔ {two-one} han̵ãã-maʔ-tʲáá-maʔ {two-one} inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto da.áma-ni {one brotherless} da.áma-ni {one brotherless} See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto da.áma-ni da.áma-ni See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto da(h)e ama-ni da(h)ɛ ama-ni inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito sɨɨsaramajɨtáami (inanimate), sɨɨsaramajɨtáapɨ (animate) (MC: bad-having a same-sex siblingɨ?ɨanimacy) sɨɨsaramahɨtáami (inanimate), sɨɨsaramahɨtáapɨ (animate) (Mk: bad + having a same-sex sibling + ?animacy) unique See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo aymukumara aʲmukumaɾa See Language page Becky Walker
Cavineña kimiša (According to IDS, from Quechua kimša) kimiša loan Quechua See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara kimsa (Quechua loan?) kimsa See Language page PLE
Kwazá emã emã See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima tas-ra tas-ra See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai uštaxme uštaxme unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang tãgtũ tãŋtũ; tãŋtũŋ See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi djeboäbo dʒeboǝbo See Language page PLE