dream

Semantic Field
mental
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
soñar
Meaning Portuguese
sonhar

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone na-puisaih, na-pusaih inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla -tet'ayaw- inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok 7ukchu- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi nono/siga7i JPH inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno 7atishwich inheritance Ono 1996:25 Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno aqsh'u-ni-wil-pi “to dream of” unknown A 324 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno 7atyshwych unknown JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa shma:p, shcmas (dpl) inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche nabUsi7aipY, nabUsi7aitY inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño tu'uyu-0 [tuɁuyu] unknown Jane Hill
Gabrielino ah-hoov/war-ra--ro-'t / ahu/vwarerot/ inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa hemach [xəˈmaʧ] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu no-noshi- inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa t-7-smaa inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk kwahkwachamuk; cf. kum inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok 7u/kuc inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño puti7- “dream of, dream about” inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu nedi/ inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave sumaa= loan Jane Hill
Mutsun 7istu-n- inheritance O77:214 Jane Hill
Nisenan nedi: inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute nossi inheritance Thornes 03:128 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok 7ukcu- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok 7ek:uc inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A *(p)itca:lta/naxo (S) “dream”; unknown Turner 1980:72 Jane Hill
Salinan M missing missing Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) como/ozi unknown Jane Hill
Serrano kwahcymy7-q inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute non:oc:i-S inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok 7ukuHc-ngHe- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute no”no”si inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal untumuuka-t Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone napusawih, nopusawih inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo hincho/hme7 “sleep-go” inheritance Jane Hill
Washo sush unknown K297 Jane Hill
Western Mono nosidabi- inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu yecew inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai tsma_:chi inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami an-nat/-wel-ti/ “a dream” loan into protolanguage CHM Berman 2002 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi angatc-wat < “sleep”?? loan into protolanguage K07:237 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne anaTH-wal loan into protolanguage Golla 1964:61 Jane Hill
Yuki 7inam- inheritance S&S1984 Jane Hill
Yuma shama:/k “he dreams” H1:31; shatu:ma/cvek “they dream” H1:31 inheritance Jane Hill
Baniwa tápoɺi tápoɺi inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona esenetɨ (SM) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo ñáñʉ; to dream of: decoboayʉ, ñóvañʉ jã́jɨ; dekoboajɨ, jóvajɨ unique See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw xuúp [xuúp-nĩì ‘ter sonho] xǔp unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano quẽ́-ri kẽ́-ɾi inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa -učepətɨ-n (IDS) -utʃepətɨ-n (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waorani wĩĩ-bõ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup cɔ̃hni- ~cɔhdi- inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi eʔmoronoʔpe (IDS) eʔmoronoʔpe (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu kérpi keɾpi inheritance See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam mari (EM72) maɾi inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki ua buo caiyi ua buo kãĩji inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon wenepueti, wenepue ena (A1981) wenepueti, wenepue ena (A1981) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Sanumá mani (EM72) mani inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Sikuani kamajita (2), kamajitsinae (13) (to intentionally dream) unknown See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tariana tapú, tapulisá tapú, tapulisá inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Kotiria ~kha'a kʰãʔã inheritance E Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam mahari mahaɾi inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami maharimou mahaɾimou inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna tapú tapú inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Arabana apalka loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Bardi buwarra buwarra inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba yajili- inheritance Claire Bowern
Burarra borrcheka unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Dhuwal bukaway Claire Bowern
Dhuwala bukaway inheritance Claire Bowern
Diyari ngapitya inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU ngapitji inheritance Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu bukaway Claire Bowern
Djapu bukaway unknown Claire Bowern
Djinang mabugi loan non-Pama-Nyungan Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng gooning inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi gooni- loan Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu bukaway unknown Claire Bowern
Gurindji kuni ma- loan Miriwung Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr ma-bu""garen ma-buukarren doubtful loan into protolanguage Claire Bowern
Jaru guni loan Claire Bowern
Karajarri pukarri manpa (1) doubtful loan into protolanguage Claire Bowern
Kija kuni inheritance Claire Bowern
Malyangapa [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mangala pukarri-manarri (1) Claire Bowern
Miriwung gooning inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mudburra kurni Claire Bowern
Mudburra bankaja unique Claire Bowern
Ngamini ngapitya inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngandi X missing Claire Bowern
Ngarluma pukarrija-lku Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl boogarree <boogarree> loan into protolanguage Pama-Nyungan Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Nimanburru ma-bu""garen ma-buukarren doubtful loan into protolanguage Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta pitany yana- (V5) unknown Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta pitany yana- (V5) inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina ma-bu""garen ma-buukarren doubtful loan into protolanguage Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul ma-bu""garen ma-buukarren doubtful loan into protolanguage Claire Bowern
Paakantyi guṉa- Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu bukaway inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri winkirrma- inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru pukuna unique Claire Bowern
Warrwa -warri- -warri- inheritance Claire Bowern
Wubuy ambarj AnaWu unknown Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu bukaway'yun inheritance Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha pukuru inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi pukuru-ngana- inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka dankura unknown Claire Bowern
Yawuru ma-bu""garen ma-buukarren doubtful loan into protolanguage Claire Bowern
Achagua dáhuneriu dáhuneriu inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco núamacanica núamakanika See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari tápu-ri tápu-ri See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero tahuni tahuni See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana kʰa-ẓanˀdaʔautʰ-ĩĩa-n kʰa-ẓanˀdaʔautʰ-ĩĩa-n unknown See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi kaijihini (v.); inijihini (n.) kaitʃihini (v.); initʃihini (n.) unknown See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Waurá k-isẽpũ k-isẽpũ inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Bora tuwa (T98) tʰukʷa inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane tɨ́gahi (v.) tɨ́gaʔi (v.) See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio enekpöknö ɛ'nɛʔpöknö inheritance Akawaio-Pemon See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Akawaio/Ingariko dialect ɛʔnepɯ:rɤ ɛʔnepɯ:rɤ See Language page Lauren Franklin
Apalai osenehnõko osenehnõko inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana ëhëtihe ǝhǝtihe inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó ëtamorehtë ǝtamorehtǝ inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare wənētɨnə (IDS) wənētɨnə (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo wëturi wɛturi See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai o-woso-to wenwo o-woso-to wenwo inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari -inin- -inin- See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa nosekatma, ojékatmapo, okáperta, okáperat, tükremá, vüsempe, yübosetpe See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo eni-; (n)Gitu- eni-; (n)Gitu- inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca muysua muɨsua See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá kãaímokarái kãaímokarái See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán jeñe hɛɲɛ See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra pashábamaama; pamázómaama (~ of bad fortune) paʃámpamaama; pamáʂómaama unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez xsau, iquixsau ʃau, ikiʃau See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna ia-tá (Alv44) iaʔtá unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina kuseni kuseni unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Andoke -kə̃́é (to dream) -kə̃́é (to dream) unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé kʰanẽ-hʊ See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave [-yək-ɨi dik] jək-ɨi dik unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar karámratin karamratin See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa karamratsa karamratsa See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna kajamát kaxamat inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses is is unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo nama- nama- inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua maryisa ma:rji:sa unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua muscuna muskuna See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá muskui muskui See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua nuspana nuspana See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano mosqoy mosqoj See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa kohtɨ'kuéhɨh kohtɨɁkuéhɨh unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva sõdena ahajaha sõdena aʔahaʔa unknown See Language page Becky Walker
Carapana qũẽguerique kẽgweɾike See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna cãi-re kãi-ɾe inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Tanimuca kãrũ'rũ 'rĩ ri'ka kãrũ'rũ 'rĩ ri'ka inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje ʉo kãni ñamʉ ʉo kãni ɲamʉ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona suñaji suɲahi loan Spanish See Language page Kelsey Neely
Karitiana kaaj kaaj unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama ukɨrɨaytsi ukɨrɨajtsi inheritance See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi #NAME? #NAME? inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó eke; ekerei̯kʷã ~ ekerai̯kʷã eke; ekerei̯kʷã ~ ekerai̯kʷã inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Ocaina nohxáállo noʔxáádʒo inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Murui Witoto nɨcaɨ́rite nɯkaɯ́ritɛ (B83) inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito maquɨɨni (same as sleep) makɨɨni (same as sleep) inheritance See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo mak+hawnu makɨhawnu See Language page Becky Walker
Wari tohein' (E&K97) toheinʔ (E&K97) See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo e-kawi e-kawi See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña tawi-ho-ya; tawi-ho- (G71) (tawa means "sleep") tawi-ho-ya inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara samkaña iki See Language page PLE
Kwazá wãwãwỹ- wãwãwỹ- See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima ɓeisi-kʷa ɓeisi-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Kaingang jãti, jãgti yãti; yãŋti; peti; piŋti See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi nõtenõ nõtenõ See Language page PLE