know/be knowledgeable

Semantic Field
mental
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
saber, conecer
Meaning Portuguese
saber, conhecer

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone sumanaih “know, be acquinted with, learn” inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla -'e'nan- inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok hy/j7y-k:y- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi putu/cuga inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno ch'am'in inheritance Ono 1996:31 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno Xupe “saber” unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno ch'amyn inheritance A 15 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno qiny unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno chposhoch “he knows” unknown Harrington 1974:3 Jane Hill
Cocopa 7u:ya:/ inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche masuabetaitY “know”, supana7ity “knowledgeable” inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño hiwchu-0 [hiwtʃu] inheritance Jane Hill
Gabrielino hyo:na- inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa nur, uuyaaw [n̯ʊr], [uˑ˅ˈjaˑu] unknown Jane Hill
Kawaiisu pucugu- inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa spuuw inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk 7yn inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok ne/nut- inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño 7o7na- inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu ma/kkit inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave suupaw= inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun hinsu- unknown O77:284 Jane Hill
Nisenan 7esak' “understand, recognize” unknown Jane Hill
Northern Paiute /supitakwatu “to know, understand” unknown Thornes 03:41 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok hyj7yksy-, inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok 7ekut:a7:e- unknown Jane Hill
Salinan A luane(S), luanile (pl) “know”; unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M ium unknown Mason 1918:141 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) quiya unknown Jane Hill
Serrano yna:n inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute put:cutcugwa-S inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok hyj7y-ksY (know something) inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute pUchuchugwa, pYchuchugwa, tYsu7a inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal maak-at inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone sumpanai inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo ha/T-is-khi7 unknown E1993 Jane Hill
Washo làšašé:si unknown Washo Project Jane Hill
Western Mono sUtaby/hi-, sytaby/hi unknown Jane Hill
Wintu t'ipna: inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai spo/ inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami hututwi inheritance JPH Gamble 91 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi hutH inheritance K07:249; G64 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne hutu inheritance N1944:29, G1964 Jane Hill
Yuki na,nak “know, know a person”, na,nak'- “learn” unknown S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Yuma u:pa/w “to know, recognize” H4:20; atap “to know, put down” (see throw) inheritance Jane Hill
Arabana ngurka- loan Claire Bowern
Bardi +moonggoon +mungkun inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Burarra marn.gi loan Yolngu Claire Bowern
Dhangu marŋgi inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwal 2263 inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwala miṯan unknown Claire Bowern
Diyari nguyama- loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
DiyariREU ngujankata loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu marŋgi inheritance Claire Bowern
Djapu marŋgi inheritance Claire Bowern
Djinang gaḏaman inheritance Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng mil unique NJ Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu miṯan unknown Claire Bowern
Gurindji pina karri- inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru ngarra ma- inheritance Claire Bowern
Jawi mallangarie mallangarrye inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri 3995 inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija pinarri loan NGY Claire Bowern
Malyangapa Mal: thilkata- unique Claire Bowern
Mangala nila loan Nyulnyulan Claire Bowern
Miriwung mil unique NJ Claire Bowern
Mithaka ngundindadi unique Claire Bowern
Mudburra bina karri Claire Bowern
Mudburra bina inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngamini mirkiwatila unique Claire Bowern
Ngarluma 710 Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl neela <neela> inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Nimanburru ma-leŋgen ma-leŋken inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla pulngurru Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta miranu inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta miranu inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina nila nila inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul ma-leŋgen ma-leŋken inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi yuri-(la)- Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta wangama semantic shift Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu marŋgi inheritance Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu 2263 inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri pinarri inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru wangama- semantic shift Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu marŋgi inheritance Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha kilka unique Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi ngulka- unique Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka mitjingankili unique Claire Bowern
Yawuru nila + nila + inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua éeweri, jaléenaa éeweri, jaléenaa unknown; inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco alíacawa alíakawa See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yukuna we'epíkaje weʔepíkahe unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Tariana yéka jéka unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Baniwa -áanhee -áanhee unknown; inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Kabiyari aranhú aɾanhú See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena tse tse See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero wita wita See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bare katehesa katehesa See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana aitʰapʰa-n aitʰapʰa-n inheritance Proto-Arawak See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi waiyore waijore unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure čo-; -tiṛ̌i tʃo-; -tiṛ̌i unknown; inheritance See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá uuta; kiyeže uuta; kiježe inheritance; unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick
Arutani kina (also used for to see) kina (also used for to see) See Language page John Blaha
Sape mow (also used for to see) mow (also used for to see) See Language page John Blaha
Bora kʷaaxákʰï kʷaaxákʰɯ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane gááxa-ʔi gááxa-ʔi See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio iituu itu unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Akawaio/Ingariko dialect iʔtu iʔtu See Language page Lauren Franklin
Apalai zuaro zuaro inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana uwalë uwalǝ inheritance See Language page PLE
Carijona iwarə inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Tiriyó wa:rə wa:rə inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Eñepa t-inča t-intʃa unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Makiritare t-owanəkə t-ɨdɨ-dɨ (IDS) t-owanəkə t-ɨdɨ-dɨ inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Makushi epuʔtɨ (IDS) epuʔtɨ (IDS) inheritance cognate Pemon See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Mapoyo wahputu (wahputuru) wahputu (wahputuru) See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Pemon iipuutuu (E1980); iputu (M2000) iputu (E1980) inheritance cognate Macushi See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Wai Wai w-eeɲa-sɨ w-eeɲa-sɨ doubtful loan Arawak See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari py See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa oratka, vau See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo fu-; ufu fu-; ufu inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca zemucansuca tʂemukansuka See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá kaoái, kaaõái kaoái, kaːõái See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Macaguan kóp-kua- kóp-kua- unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Cofán in´jañe, atesuye inʔhãɲɛ, atɛsyjɛ See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra yasámaama jasámaama loan Quechua, poss. via Huambisa See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro nu´chi nuʔʃi See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez ciquiás kikiás See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna nü-5xü3 na2cua5 (A58) nɨxɨ nakua (A58) doubtful loan, direction unknown Iquito See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina kwitʉkʉ kwitʉkʉ unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa xtsetatɕmbuána xtsetatɕmbuána See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke -do- -do- unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Waorani ẽyẽ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Pumé dabá See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave #NAME? #NAME? unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku nimi nimi See Language page PLE
Warao namina namina See Language page John Blaha
Ashuar nékat nɯkat See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa yachamartasa jatʃamartasa See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna dékamu dɨkamu unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Hup hipãh- ~hipah- inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Yuhup pãh ~pah See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Dâw paár pǎh inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Matses tantia tantia inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo kaʔɨ- (also means "arrive") kaʔɨ- (also means "arrive") unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua datya ndatja doubtful loan Quechua See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua yachana jatʃana See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá iachai iatʃai See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua yachana jatʃana See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano yachay yatʃaj See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa wojwa wɤ̃hw̃ɑ̃ unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva pãẽjaha pãẽhaʔa unknown See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano ~basi-re ~basi-re See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Cubeo coreóvayʉ, majicʉ korɛóvajɨ, maxikɨ unknown; inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana masĩrĩqũẽ masĩɾĩkɛ̃ See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Desano masiri masiri inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Kotiria ~basi ~basi inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Makuna ~basi-re ~basi-re inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti bã́sĩĩ bã́sĩĩ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana bã'sĩ bã'sĩ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano masíri-ri masíri-ri See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca õrĩ ri'ka õrĩ ri'ka unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo bã'hɨ̃- bã'hɨ̃- See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tukano masî (hr) masî (hr) inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Tuyuka bã'sĩ bãʔsĩ See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja mãhĩ́ mãhĩ́ See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki asayi (1st person singular) asaji inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Koreguaje masimʉ masimʉ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona masiji masihi inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya asahuë asawɨ See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana nonyp (know a fact), pypyn (know how) nonɨp, pɨpɨn unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Nheengatu kwáu, koyecéri (from POR) kwáu, kojeséri (from POR) inheritance See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Kokama icua ikua inheritance See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi #NAME? #NAME? inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó i̯kʷa i̯kʷa inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá kwahap kwahap inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina ááxa, ooroja ááxa, ooroha doubtful loan; inheritance Boran See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto onó-de onó-dɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto onó-de onó-dɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto u.iño-te u.iɲo-tɛ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Ninam tapo tapo inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomam ta (EM72) ta inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami ta-ɨ (know), puhi ku-u (believe), ta-ra-rei (understand), ta (EM72) ta-ɨ (know), puhi ku-u (believe), ta-ɾa-ɾei (understand), ta (EM72) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Sanumá ta (EM72) ta inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Iquito nacusiini nakusiini doubtful loan, direction unknown Ticuna See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo ayt+nu ajtɨnu See Language page Becky Walker
Wari tašiʔ; kerek; kerek pinʔ taʃiʔ; kerek; kerek pinʔ See Language page PLE Respectively: 'to know a fact; to know a person; to recognize'.
Cavineña bawe-dʸa; adeba- bawe-dʸa; adeba- inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara yatiña yati-ɲa See Language page PLE
Kwazá areta, ũcehỹ-, ũcenãi areta, ũcehỹ-, ũcenãi See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima o-na-ra-na o-na-ra-na See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai kite, (ha) xup kite, (ha) xup unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang kanhrãn kaɲrɔ; ki kaɲrɔ See Language page PLE
Suyá má, mba má, mba See Language page Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi änõ ǝnõ See Language page PLE