far

Semantic Field
quality
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
lejos
Meaning Portuguese
longe

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim wah' 219 loan Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone manakkwa inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla pepiy loan direction unknown S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok ko:to-, kot:o inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi mijo/ (V) inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno myk inheritance Klar 1977:85 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno (i)yakay “far”, mykych inheritance Klar 1977 Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno myk inheritance Klar 1977:85 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno mytYy, mykshy inheritance Klar 1977:85 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno my7yk; myky7y “go far away” inheritance Klar 1977:85 Jane Hill
Cocopa ma\Txmi:/rLy “far-away place” unknown Jane Hill
Comanche manakwy “far away” inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño wawam [wawəm] loan Jane Hill
Esselen cuei-no (far-loc) unknown Pinart in Shaul 1995:195, 207 Jane Hill
Gabrielino poa:n inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa 'ekur [Ɂəˈkʊr] unknown Jane Hill
Kawaiisu miho inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa 7-mat=nyaa-m unique Jane Hill
Kitanemuk pyjan inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok 7eda/ak, 7e/dak “long, tall, far” inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño wa:m loan Jane Hill
Maidu hada/ unknown Jane Hill
Mojave 7amiich= unknown Jane Hill
Mutsun anSa “distant” inheritance NW (JPH) Jane Hill
Nisenan lamdi inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute kwaya unknown Thornes 03:481 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok tot:o7, inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok tot:o- inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A khwa/7, kwa:ko/lepH unknown (Turner 1980:73) Jane Hill
Salinan M missing missing Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) toox unknown Jane Hill
Serrano pyja:n inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute mio- “far off”, -miu- “at a distance from” inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok kot-to- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute miiA, miietY inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal wanaang loan Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone manakwappyh inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo te/h-la unknown Jane Hill
Washo t'éweʔ wagóhadi unknown Washo Project Jane Hill
Western Mono qwena/7a, unknown Jane Hill
Wintu kele:l, k'ele:l inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami wa inheritance K1963 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi wa inheritance K07:237 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne wa' inheritance Golla 1964 62 Jane Hill
Yuki wit unknown S&S1984 Jane Hill
Baniwa yákaa jákaa inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona mɨha (SM) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo joa; joai xoa; xoai inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw rõt hɔ̃t inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano jo'á- jo'á- inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa ɲenča (IDS) ɲentʃa (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï tata unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani goo-bæ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup w’ěh w’ěh inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi aminke (IDS) aminke (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu pekatu (from pé=caminho, katu=bom), apekatu (from ape=ai, katu=bom) pɛkatu (from pɛ=caminho, katu=bom), apɛkatu (from apɛ=ai, katu=bom) unique See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam rahami, ritšə (EM72) ɾahami, ɾitʃə inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki so ja so xã inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon amincha, mincha (A1981); miingcha (E1977); amincha (M2000) amintʃa, mintʃa (a1981); miŋtʃa (E1977) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Sanumá paa, paipɨ (EM72) paa, paipɨ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tariana wyaka wjaka inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano joâ joâ inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria be far away: pase; to be far: yoa paʰse; joa inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam praha, payək pɾaha, pajək inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami prahawë, payëkëwë pɾahawə, pajəkəwə inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna ya'ajná, juká jaʔahná, huká unique; loan, direction unknown Witoto hɯ́ka See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup w'ěh w'ěh inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana paRantja-lhi inheritance Claire Bowern
Bardi mara mara inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba jarraa unknown Claire Bowern
Burarra barrparrwa unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu bärrku inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwal barrku Claire Bowern
Dhuwala barrku inheritance Claire Bowern
Diyari waditha inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu barrku Claire Bowern
Djapu barrku unknown Claire Bowern
Djinang walanggarra unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng marrim inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi marnangoorroo unique Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu barrku inheritance Claire Bowern
Gurindji yikili loan Unknown Claire Bowern
Jaru yun.gu doubtful semantic shift Claire Bowern
Jawi mara marra inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri kajari inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija ngirri-pawurru 'not close' inheritance Claire Bowern
Malyangapa wagura unique Claire Bowern
Mangala yulara unknown Claire Bowern
Miriwung marra-biny inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka yunrra inheritance Claire Bowern
Mudburra yiikayiika Claire Bowern
Mudburra kari doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Ngamini warada inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngandi ngutu unique Claire Bowern
Ngarluma warrba Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl marragup <marragup> inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Nimanburru māṛ maaṛ inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla marri Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta wumayi inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta kaja inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina gunabid; gunabalabalarr kunabid; kunabalabalarr unique Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul ma.r ma.r inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi baridjiri inheritance Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta warrhara inheritance Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu ba:rrku Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu barrku inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri witparni unknown Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru purrpu unique Claire Bowern
Warrwa warraganyburu; nyaarri warrakanyburu; nyaarri semantic shift Claire Bowern
Wubuy malanga inheritance Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu dhawal unknown Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha yundra inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi warka inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawuru kajarri kajarri loan Claire Bowern
Achagua déktʃe:, déktʃala déktʃe:, déktʃala inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco déeculéeri déekuléeri See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari téeku téeku See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena ya:me ja:me See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero teye(na) teje(na) See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bare kúd'ehe kúd'ehe See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana mɨnap mɨnap unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi seko, sekoakiya seko, sekoakija inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure a'βe- a'βe- unknown See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá kawaka kawaka unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick
Bora tsʰíʔyïče, kʰémïéče tsʰíʔjɯtʃɛ, kʰέmɯέtʃɛ inheritance cf. Aschmann See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane téʔesi-no tέʔɛsi-no See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio önnö ön'nö unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Akawaio/Ingariko dialect ɤnnɤ, suŋwa (very far) ɤn:ɤ, suŋwa (very far) See Language page Lauren Franklin
Apalai mya mɨa inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana mëja mǝja inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó ma:-no (M2000) ma:-no (M2000) inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare amoinče (IDS) amoinče (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo tehpo tehpo See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai meye; mooše meye; mooše inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari mie mie See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa isotubüprecha, näpa, naipa, náipaj, náipara, nápatro, naspa, naspámako, panape, panapö, taroma, taromapra See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo (i)faki (i)faki unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca ahuen mague ahuen maγe See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá tɨ̃mʉ́ tɨ̃mʉ́ See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán biani biani See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra arapi aɾapi unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro e'ivan eʔiwan See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez ka ka quinan (ka=up there) ka ka kinan See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna na2ya2xü2 (A58) najaʔɨ unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina kuriae kuriae unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa bɨn-óka bɨn-óka See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke yu- ʝu- unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé jachí See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave [-yau] jau unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar arák, níjuchu, téjchau arak, nixutʃu, tɨxtʃau See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa ika ika See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna atúshat, dúkap, aján atuʃat, dukap, axan unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses ënapen, u, uanno, umbo ɨnapen, u, uanno, umbo unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo βasi; nɨama βasi; nɨama unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua ripa, ripya ripa, ripja unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua caru, chipi kaɾu, tʃipi See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá karu sachuku karu satʃuku See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua caru kaɾu See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano karu kaɾu See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa ohtoh (K76) ohtoh inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva oto ĩxe oto ĩxe inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano sṍ-hɨ̃́ sṍ-hɨ̃́ See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana jo'á- jo'á- See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna sõ-hɨ̃ sõ-hɨ̃ inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti 'jóa- 'jóa- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana jo'a- jo'a- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano jo'á- jo'á- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca dyo'e 'rã ʎo'e 'rã inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo jo'á-ro jo'á-ro See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka jo'á jo'á See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja õõ-pɨ, jo'á-ro-pɨ õõ-pɨ, jo'á-ro-pɨ See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje so'o soʔo inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona so'o, quẽa'huẽa soʔo, kẽaʔwẽa inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya so'o soʔo See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana opa opa unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama amutse (to be far) amutse inheritance cf. Kamayura See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi kɔipɛ kɔipɛ unique See Language page PLE
Sirionó mũmiri; i̯šo mũmiri; i̯šo inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá amoete amoete inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina aan̈u ããn:ɯ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto are, hḯka arɛ, hɯ́ka See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto are, hḯka arɛ, hɯ́ka See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto are; jɨca arɛ; hɯka (B83) inheritance; loan, direction unknown Yukuna See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito síipa síipa unique See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo taikwa taikʷa See Language page Becky Walker
Wari pira pira See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo kia-weša; hó-kwama (Girard 1971) kia-weša; hó-kwama See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña hapa-da hapa-da unique See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara jaya xaya See Language page PLE
Kwazá ãi ãi See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima kiʔ-lah kiʔ-lah See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai fuik-tak ('near-Neg') fuik-tak ('near-Neg') unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang kòr gy, kor hà kɔrɔŋɨ; kuwar; kɔr See Language page PLE
Suyá mũtaye mũtaje See Language page Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi bepfü beɸø See Language page PLE