tongue

Semantic Field
body
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
lengua
Meaning Portuguese
lingua

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim lal'-lang' 173; la-lant (K1907) inheritance Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone aikon, ekon inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla -nang-ily inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok ne/p:ity- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi ago/mp(i) inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno 7e7lew inheritance Klar 1977:18 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno 7elew inheritance JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno 7elew inheritance Klar 1977:17 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno 7eLhew(') (18, 113), 7eLhe' (p. 51) inheritance Klar 1977:18 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno 7elew' inheritance Klar 1977:18 Jane Hill
Cocopa mpaLy inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche eekO inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño -neng'a [nəŋɁə] inheritance Jane Hill
Gabrielino 7ano:ngi-n inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa enepall [ən̯əˈpaɫ] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu 7egu-by inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa ha7=pal inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk nyngich inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok le/ttip inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño we:yi (possessed only) unique Jane Hill
Maidu 7e\ni/ inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave iipaly inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun lasseh, lasse inheritance O77:50 Jane Hill
Nisenan 7al inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute ikO inheritance Thornes 03:37 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok nep:it-y- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok nep:it inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A epaL/l (A), inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan M I/paL first symbol is lower case I inheritance Mason 1918:126 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) ipl unknown Jane Hill
Serrano nang-ac inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute ago-N agom-pi inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok nep:it- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute ag'opI inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal lalant inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone okon, ekon inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo na7ac'e unknown Jane Hill
Washo gitMa/:dut unknown J99 Jane Hill
Western Mono e/go inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu tahal inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai hi:pa/l, himpa/l, Hipa_l, Himpa\/l inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami talApis inheritance K 1963 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi tHatxaTH inheritance K07:241, G64 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne tHalxaTH inheritance Golla 1964:65 Jane Hill
Yuki na,mlat, na,mlap, nomlat inheritance S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Yuma i:pa/ly H3:208 inheritance Jane Hill
Baniwa -eenéne -eenéne inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona iɲiko inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo jemedo xɛmɛdo inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw nõrkeèd nɔ̃hkæ̂d inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano nero nero inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa -iɲo- -iɲo- inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï a nene loan Arawak See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani õdõ-gẽdẽwa unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup nɔg'æ̌d ~dɔ-g'æ̌d inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi u-nu (IDS) u-nu (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu apeku apeku inheritance See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam pili aka pili aka inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki nemetoyo ja nemetojo xã inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon yanii (E1980); danito (M2000) ʎani (E1980) unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro e?héepé eʔhéepé doubtful loan Witoto See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sanumá aka (EM72) aka (EM72) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Sikuani ebarü (2), jume (1)(also means a word, and a sound) ebárɨ inheritance See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tariana énene énene inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano ñe'mérõ ñe'mérõ inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria ~ye'be ~jeʔbe inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam aka (EM72) aka (EM72) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami pei aka pei aka inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna lenaji lenahi inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup dɔ̃hk'æ̂d ~dɔh-k'æ̂d inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana thanganha unique Claire Bowern
Bardi niyangal(a) niyangal(a) inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba thalanyi loan Claire Bowern
Burarra ngarl unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu matha inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwal matha Claire Bowern
Dhuwala matha inheritance Claire Bowern
Diyari tharli inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU tanjana inheritance Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu matha unknown Claire Bowern
Djapu matha unknown Claire Bowern
Djinang yamana unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng thalalang inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi thalanyi loan Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu matha inheritance Claire Bowern
Gurindji jalany inheritance Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr niyangala niyangala inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru jalany inheritance Claire Bowern
Jawi neeingalla niingalla inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri djalanj inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija tharlarla- inheritance Claire Bowern
Malyangapa taia palpa y tharliji inheritance Claire Bowern
Mangala jalany inheritance Claire Bowern
Miriwung thalalang inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka tharli inheritance Claire Bowern
Mudburra jalanya Claire Bowern
Mudburra jalanya inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngamini tali inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngandi gu-dhelng inheritance? Claire Bowern
Ngarluma yalhuru Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl nengul, neungala nengul, neungala inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi mimi unique Claire Bowern
Nimanburru ningal ningal inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla jalany Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta jalany inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta jarliny inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina niyangalany; jalany niyangalany; jalany inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul -(a)ngarl -(a)ngarl inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi therlunnia inheritance Claire Bowern
Pirriya tharli inheritance Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta tharli inheritance Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu ŋa:ṉarr Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu dhiilng loan Claire Bowern
Walmajarri jalany inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru tharli inheritance Claire Bowern
Warrwa jalan XXngl note in kerr that it's archaic. jalan loan into protolanguage Pama-Nyungan Claire Bowern
Wubuy X missing Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu yan inheritance Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha thanhani unique Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi tharli inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka padpa unique Claire Bowern
Yawuru jalany jalany loan into protolanguage Pama-Nyungan Claire Bowern
Achagua núinane núinane inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco nène nène See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari nenipá nenipá See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena nutáre nutáre See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero tate tate See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bare nene nene See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana -ninuˀba -ninuˀba inheritance Proto-Arawak See Language page Ana Paula B.
Mandawaka néne néne See Language page Ana Paula B.
Baure -pe-n; epenene pe-n; epenene inheritance See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá #NAME? #NAME? inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Arutani takõhã (possibly morphologically complex?) takõhã (possibly morphologically complex?) See Language page John Blaha
Sape matu matu See Language page John Blaha
Bora nɨ́ɨ́xɨ-kwa, mé-ʔnɨ́xɨ-kwa nɨ́ɨ́xɨ-kwa, mέ-ʔnɨ́xɨ-kwa inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane néxe-ba nέxɛ-ba See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio anii ani inheritance Proto-Carib? See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Akawaio/Ingariko dialect ani ani See Language page Lauren Franklin
Apalai omi, omiry omi, omirɨ inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana nu nu inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó nore nore inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare ɲūdu (IDS); ñu:du (KH) ɲu:du inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo nuru; nda punu-'bë (lit. skin of the outh) nuru; nda punu-'bɛ (lit. skin of the outh) See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai ∅-ɲu-ru ∅-ɲu-ru inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari kynyry kɨnɨrɨ See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa jökónatre, kunetriko dʒipota See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo iŋugu iŋugu inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca pqua pkua See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá kẽráme kẽráme See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Macaguan -brat -brat inheritance Central+Macaguan subgroup See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Cofán menzanza´fa mɛndzandzaʔɸa See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra nĩaporich nĩapoɾitʃ unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro a´quehe´ aʔkɨhɨʔ See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez tone tone See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna conü [2, 3] konɨ unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina lele lele unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa bitʃtá-xa bitʃtá-xa See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke #NAME? #NAME? unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé tjǫpõnõ See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Tinigua tinutsa See Language page Zach Burnett
Puinave #NAME? #NAME? unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku du:te du:te See Language page PLE
Ashuar inái, injái inãĩ, inxãĩ See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa inai inai See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna idái idái inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses ana, anusudte ana, anusudte inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo ha-; ha-na ha-; ha-na inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua niquejada nikexanda unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua callu kaʎu See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá kallu kaʎu See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua callu kaʎu See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano qallu qaʎu See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa chine tʃine unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva anene anene loan Arawak See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano ~jebe-ro ~jebe-ro See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana ñemerõ ɲɛmɛɾɔ̃ See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna ~jebe-ro ~jebe-ro inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti jẽ́bẽ-rõ jẽ́bẽ-rõ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana jẽʔ 'bẽ-dõ jẽʔ 'bẽ-dõ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano needíru needíru See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca rẽ'rõ ka'ka rẽ'rõ ka'ka inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo jẽ'bẽ-'rõ jẽ'bẽ-'rõ See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka yẽ'bẽ-rõ jẽʔbẽ-rõ See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja yɛ́mɛ̃́ňõ̀ jɛ́mɛ̃́rõ̀ See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje chemeño dʒemeɲo inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona sˀemeyo sˀemejo inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya semeyo sæmæ'jo See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana koromopi´yp koɾomopiʔɨp unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Wayampi apɛkũ apɛkũ inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó eekõ eekõ inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá nekõ (K12) nekõ (K12) inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina jinñóónhfu hĩɲṍṍʔɸɯ unknown See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto i.ḯpe i.ɯ́pɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto i.ḯɸe i.ɯ́ɸɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto i.ïɸe i.ɯɸɛ inheritance/Witoto See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito nɨ'ɨti nɨ'ɨti unknown See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo riricha ɾiɾiʧa See Language page Becky Walker
Wari petehwet nešiʔ (petehwet) petehwet neʃiʔ (petehwet) See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo e-yana e-yana See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña yana (Also means "language, law, an order, custom") yana inheritance/Panoan? See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara lajjra laχra See Language page PLE
Kwazá -tuku -tuku See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima ruɬ-kʷa ruɬ-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai (ha) ano (ha) ano unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang nũnẽ, vĩ nũnɛ̃ See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi piro piro See Language page PLE