good

Semantic Field
quality
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
bueno
Meaning Portuguese
bom

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim too'-wah “good person” 179 loan Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone caan-tyn “generous, good” inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla acha-'e inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok kuchi:/- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi ha7y/-c(i) V inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno -chHo- inheritance Mithun 1997:227 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno jaja unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno chHo “to be good” inheritance A 5 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno chtYu, kLtyu (011R) unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno washych unknown JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa mi:xa:/n, xany, xa:ny inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche tsaa, tsaaty inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño 'achi'a [ɁatʃiɁa] inheritance Jane Hill
Esselen sale/-ki S. unknown Shaul 1995:214 Jane Hill
Gabrielino teho:vko, teho:vet “a good one”, pl. teri:hvem inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa 'ehan [Ɂəˈxan̯] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu hy7y- inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa mraay “esta bien” 50 unknown Jane Hill
Kitanemuk numuach loan Jane Hill
Lake Miwok 7eme/ene unique Jane Hill
Luiseño 7aya/alinik inheritance Elliott Jane Hill
Maidu jaha/ inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave 7ahan inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun /miSYte “good” inheritance O77:43 Jane Hill
Nisenan wen, wenme inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute pisa/ “good” inheritance Thornes 03:43 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok 7ensy- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok welwel inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A ts'ep (A, M), ts'e/pax (pl) “good, well” unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M ts'ep unknown Mason 1918:151 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) quiipe unknown Jane Hill
Serrano a7ai inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute 7at:y-N inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok cytyH- loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Southern Ute a/tY, inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal ty/wwy, tywwywa/-n loan Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone tsao, tsawih, tsawyntyn inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo hu:-shi/-7i:ya unknown Jane Hill
Washo gish.lel unknown J655 Jane Hill
Western Mono tsau inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu cali loan into protolanguage, direction unknown Jane Hill
Yavapai k(?)ha/na “right; good” unknown Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami 7inishtHa7 inheritance Gamble 91 JPH Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi injij, inij-ij 236 inheritance K07:236,G64 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne 7insis inheritance K 1963 Jane Hill
Yuki Tat, tat inheritance S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Yuma axo/Tk “it is good” H1:29 inheritance Jane Hill
Baniwa mátsia mátsia inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona kure, kurano (M2000) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo meaco (f.), meacʉ (m.), mearo (inan.) mɛako (f.), mɛakɨ (m.), mɛaro (inan.) unique See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw yẽèw jæ̃̂w inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano õari õari unique See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa ayape ajape unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waorani waa píyǽ̨nę unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup náw ~dáw inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi morɨ (IDS) morɨ (IDS) inheritance shared Pemon See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu katu katu inheritance See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam totihi totihi inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki deida ja deida xã inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon waki, mori (also mean 'hermoso') (A1981); mata, müta (M2000) waki, moɾi (A1981) inheritance; inheritance N Amaz subgroup See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro kasˇó? kaʃóʔ doubtful loan Nheengatú katu See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sanumá tote, toita, topa (all EM72) tote, toita, topa (all EM72) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tariana mačíːte, mačá-ite 'bom, bonito' matʃíːte, matʃá-ite 'bom, bonito' inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano añusé añusé inheritance Branch 2, E Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria hai hai unique See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam totihi (EM72), topra (EM72) totihi, topɾa inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami totihita-wə, šariri-wə (right, correct), totihi (EM72), topra (EM72) totihita-wə, ʃaɾiɾi-wə (right, correct), totihi, topɾa inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna palani palani unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup dã̌w ~dǎw inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana alju doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Bardi gorna korna inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba jalungurru doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Burarra manymak loan areal Claire Bowern
Dhangu ŋuwakurru unknown Claire Bowern
Dhuwal manymak Claire Bowern
Dhuwala walutju unknown Claire Bowern
Diyari manyu inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU jelpa unique Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu 1564 loan Claire Bowern
Djapu manymak loan Claire Bowern
Djinang 1672 loan areal Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng ngoondengi- unique NJ Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi joornanygarra loan Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu walutju unknown Claire Bowern
Gurindji punyu inheritance Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr layb layb inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru yura inheritance Claire Bowern
Jawi corna korna inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri 4697 doubtful loan Eastern Nyulnyulan Claire Bowern
Kija menkawu- unique Claire Bowern
Malyangapa Mal: mingku unique Claire Bowern
Mangala wulyu unknown Claire Bowern
Miriwung ngoondengi- unique NJ Claire Bowern
Mithaka patyi inheritance Claire Bowern
Mudburra bardawurru Claire Bowern
Mudburra bardakurru loan Claire Bowern
Ngamini jampa unique Claire Bowern
Ngandi maak unique Claire Bowern
Ngarluma waba unique Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl maaboo mabu inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi patyi inheritance Claire Bowern
Nimanburru laib laib inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla mapu Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta jangkarri unknown Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta ngalypa unknown Claire Bowern
Nyikina maboo mabu inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul laip layib inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi kungala Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta mayarli unique Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu ŋuwakurru unknown Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu ngamakuli inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri wulyu inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru mayali unique Claire Bowern
Warrwa maawu; mawu maawu; mawu inheritance Claire Bowern
Wubuy ambarlaman unique Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu 1672 inheritance? Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha patyi(kunu) inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi tampa unique Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka patji inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru mabu(dyunu) mabu(junu) inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua sáika sáika unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco cayábéeri kajábé:ɾi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari tʃuni-ka tʃuni-ka See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena anetua anetua See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero yunihi-na junihi-na See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bare id'auaɻi id'auaɻi See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana kʰaiman kʰaiman inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi waiye, waiyexe waije, waijeʃe inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure 'heni 'heni unique See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá awɨžɨ awɨžɨ inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Arutani taseri taseɾi See Language page John Blaha
Sape amayñakoa amayɲakoa See Language page John Blaha
Bora imí-kwï, ɨ́mɨáá-ne, ɨ́mɨáá-pé imí-kwɯ, , ɨ́mɨáá-nɛ, ɨ́mɨáá-pέ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane ími-(no) ími-(no) See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio wagɨ wagɨ inheritance Akawaio-Pemon See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Akawaio/Ingariko dialect wakï wakɤ See Language page Lauren Franklin
Apalai kure kure inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana ipok ipok unique See Language page PLE
Tiriyó kure kure inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare ašiča (IDS) aʃitʃa unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo nop E nop ə See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai kir̃waɲhe kir̃waɲhe inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari kareme kareme See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa patuma ku'ts̺e See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo atutu atutu unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca cho ʂo See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá biiáabʉ́ biːáabʉ́ See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Macaguan wʉ́ne wɨ́ne unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Cofán ño´a, ñotssi ɲotshi See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Taushiro ya´tu´a jaʔtuʔa See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez eu eu See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna mex [3-5] meʔ unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina katai katai unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa tɕabá, tɕábe tɕabá, tɕábe See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke fə'ñé ɸəʔñé unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé chjadȩ See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave #NAME? #NAME? unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku kuduma, e:di kuduma, e:di See Language page PLE
Warao yak yak See Language page John Blaha
Ashuar péngker pɯŋkɯr See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa pegker, shir pɨŋgkɨr, ʃir See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna pégkeg pɨngkɨng inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses bëda bɨda unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo hia; hɨnima; hiaṣ̌ɨni hia; hɨnima; hiaṣ̌ɨni unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua sami samı̃ doubtful loan Quechua See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua suma suma See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá alli, alli uma aʎi, aʎi uma See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua ali ali See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano sumaq, allin sumaq, aʎin See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa adiwa'a ɑdiwɑʔɑ unique See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva balla baʤa unique See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano ~keda-se ~keda-se See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana ñurĩjẽ (inanimate), animates: caroʉ́, caroao, caruʉ́, caruao ɲuɾĩxɛ̃ (inanimate), animates: kaɾɔɨ́, kaɾɔaɔ, kaɾuɨ́, kaɾuaɔ See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna ~keda-rise ~keda-rise inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti jũ jũ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana keʔ'dõã-rĩ keʔ'dõã-rĩ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano õʔ'ã́ õʔ'ã́ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca hi'a hi'a unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo jũũ jũũ See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka ã'yũ ãʔjũ See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja ãñũ ãɲũ See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje ãja ãxa inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona re'oji (to be good) reʔohi (to be good) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya de'oji deʔ'ohi See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana se´a seʔa unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama era (to be good) eɾa unique See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi katu; i-wɔtɛ katu; i-wɔtɛ inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó eturã eturã unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá katu (M2000) katu (M2000) inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina fójun ɸṍhɯ̃ unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto ñú.era ɲú.ɛra See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto ñú.era ɲú.ɛra See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto mare marɛ unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito suhuáani suwáani unique See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo w+tsaka wɨtsaka See Language page Becky Walker
Wari awi awi See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo kia-bame kia-bame See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña hida; hida-kʷita; hi-da-pore-ama (G71) hida; hida-kʷita; hi-da-pore-ama (G71) inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara suma suma See Language page PLE
Kwazá wainãi, wai- wainãi, wai- See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima ɗo-koi ɗo-koi See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai deta, ae, tsi-pom deta, ae, tsi-pom unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang hã, fe mãg hə; Φe məŋ; wĩ hə; hapɛ̃ See Language page PLE
Suyá mἑt mἑt See Language page Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi medjü, hainẽ (vb.) medʒø, hainẽ (vb.) See Language page PLE