bone

Semantic Field
body
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
hueso
Meaning Portuguese
osso

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim awn 175 inheritance Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone cuhni, cuhwi-ppyh inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla te'i-ly (? = 'belly, stomach') loan S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok ky/ch:ychy- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi oho/v(y); hoho/vY inheritance JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno sHe inheritance Klar 1977:71 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno kukuje unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno se inheritance Klar 1977:71 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno she inheritance Klar 1977:71 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno se inheritance Klar 1977:71 Jane Hill
Cocopa nyya:k, ya:k inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche tsuhni7 inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño -ti'i [tiɁi] loan Jane Hill
Esselen -i/ya unknown Henshaw in Shaul 1995:202 Jane Hill
Gabrielino -7e:7en inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa aq [aq] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu 7oho-vy inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa haq(l) inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk 7oc inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok ku/lum unknown Jane Hill
Luiseño kula:wu-t inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu by\mi/ inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave nyasak inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun TatYtYi Y is sup-srpt y unknown O77:82 Jane Hill
Nisenan bym inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute oho inheritance Stubbs 08 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok kyc:yc-y- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok k2c2c, and variants inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A axa:/kh (A), unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M paxa/k unknown Mason 1918:127 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) itac unknown Jane Hill
Serrano O:-T inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute oo-S inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok kyc:yc- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute o”o”/vY, o”o”vI inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal oo-n inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone tsuhmippyh, tsunippyh inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo c'i/ti inheritance Jane Hill
Washo i:bi7 287; unknown J287 Jane Hill
Western Mono o/ho inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu paq inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai chya/:ka inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami che/-yA /chiya7/ ch'iy A is a breve inheritance W&G Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi ch'i:y I w/ umlaut inheritance K07, G64 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne c'iy inheritance Golla 1964:60 Jane Hill
Yuki k'i:t inheritance S&S1984 Jane Hill
Baniwa -áapi, (i)ñaapi -áapi, (i)ɲaapi inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona dʒerɨ unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo cũaðo kũaðo inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw keèg kæ̂g inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano goṍã goṍã inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa #NAME? jəhpə inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï wawa unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani bami unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup g'æ̌g g'æ̌g inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi yeepɨ’ yeepɨ’ inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu kãwera kãweɾa inheritance See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam pili thũ, ɨ̃ (EM72) pili tʰũ, ɨ̃ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki tadabɨ ja tadabɨ xã inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon yeei piikpö (E1980); ite'pö (M2000) dʒepue; ɛʔpö (E1980) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro aápí aápí inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sanumá tũ (EM72) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tariana di-yápi di-jápi inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano õ'á õ'á inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria ~kho'a ~kʰoʔa inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam ũ ũ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami pei ũ, ũ (EM72) pei ũ, ũ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna aphinámiji (de algo muerto) apʰinámihi (de algo muerto) inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup kǝʔ kǝʔ inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana walpu loan Thura-Yura Claire Bowern
Bardi gaanyji kaanyji inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba guju doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Burarra -mama unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu 4964 inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwal 4964 Claire Bowern
Dhuwala murrutjuwal inheritance Claire Bowern
Diyari muku inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU walpu loan Arabana Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu murrutjuwal unknown Claire Bowern
Djapu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djinang ngirki inheritance Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng yarriny inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi gooji doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu 4964 inheritance Claire Bowern
Gurindji kuyuwarn inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru guji 'bone, wrist' inheritance Claire Bowern
Jawi gaanyji [kanjie] kaanyyi [kaanyji] inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri jiyi unknown Claire Bowern
Kija kuji- loan NGY Claire Bowern
Malyangapa pirna semantic shift Claire Bowern
Mangala kuji inheritance Claire Bowern
Miriwung yarriny inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka kambu inheritance Claire Bowern
Mudburra kardakarda loan Claire Bowern
Mudburra kardakarda loan Claire Bowern
Ngamini waRapu loan Arabana? Claire Bowern
Ngandi gu-ngaraka loan Claire Bowern
Ngarluma guji loan Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl kanjee kanyji inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi muku inheritance Claire Bowern
Nimanburru ga:ndj kaanj inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla kuji loan Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta kamari inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta kunyja inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina gamarri, ganyji, gamari kamarri, kanyji, kamari inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul kinyji XXngl vowel harmony fine, but why not kinyj? kinyji XXngl vowel harmony fine, bud why nod kinyj? inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi bina semantic shift Claire Bowern
Pirriya “chiora” Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta bena inheritance Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu ŋaraka inheritance Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu 4964 inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri kuji inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru pirna inheritance Claire Bowern
Warrwa ganyji kanyji inheritance Claire Bowern
Wubuy ngagara inheritance Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu maḏirriny unknown Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha muku inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi muku inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka muku inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru ganji kanji inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua ijáhi ijáhi inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco api api See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari japi japi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena ʃimapie ʃimapie See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero ihi-u ihi-u See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bare ebi ebi See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana niwaʔɨ niwaʔɨ unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Mandawaka jahi jahi See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi ahiti ahiti inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure 'opi opi inheritance See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá -napɨ -napɨ inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Arutani mo mo See Language page John Blaha
Sape wina (also used for horn) wina (also used for horn) See Language page John Blaha
Bora páxkʰïḯ páxkʰɯɯ́ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane bákkɨ bákkɨ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio öpɨ öpɨ inheritance Proto-Carib See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Akawaio/Ingariko dialect ɤʔpɯ ɤʔpɯ See Language page Lauren Franklin
Apalai zehpo zehpo inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana jetpï jetpɨ inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó jetïpë jetɨpǝ inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare yēʔhə (IDS); ye:'hö (KH) je:ʔhə inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo yëbë (yë'më) (skeleton) jɛbɛ (jɛ'mɛ) (skeleton) See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai o-yočho-∅ o-yočho-∅ unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa ejbu dʒadʒiwu See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo itsugu itsugu unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca quyne kuɨne See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá bɨbɨrɨ̃́ bɨbɨrɨ̃́ See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Macaguan -chit -tʃit inheritance Proto-Guahiban See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Cofán tsu´tta tsɯʔtʰa See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra napich napitʃ unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro {-hu} hu See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez dyi´tj See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna na2xchi1na5xa3 (A58) naʔtʃinaʔa unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina bʉkʉ bʉkʉ unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa betá-ɕe, betá-bxa betá-ɕe, betá-bxa See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke #NAME? #NAME? unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave #NAME? #NAME? unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku a:mu a:mu See Language page PLE
Warao muhukarare (group of bones) muhukaɾaɾe (gɾoup of bones) See Language page John Blaha
Ashuar ukúnch, kunch ukunʧ, kunʧ See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa ukunch ukuntʃ See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna ukúnchi ukúntʃi inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses canite kanite unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo ṣ̌ao ṣ̌ao inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua {-du} ndu unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua tullu tuʎu See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá tullu tuʎu See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua tullu tuʎu See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano tullu tuʎu See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa chiwe'ka tʃwekʔa unique See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva pãĩjãje pãĩhãhe unique See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano ~goa-ro ~goa-ro See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana õwãrõ ɔ̃wãɾɔ̃ See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna ~goa ~goa inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti kṍa kṍa See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana kõ'ʔã kõ'ʔã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano gõõã́ gõõã́ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca ũʔ'ã ũʔ'ã inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo õ'wã-'rõ õ'wã-'rõ See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka kõ'ã kõʔã See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja õã́ňõ̀ õã́rõ̀ See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje tarapʉ tharapʉ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona kˀoʔã; kˀuʔã kˀoʔã; kˀuʔã inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya tarapë tařa'pɨ See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana ´ep ʔep unknown compare Arawak See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama kanuara kanuaɾa inheritance See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi kãŋɛ kãŋɛ inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó ekʸaŋe ekʸaŋe inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá kɑŋ kɑŋ inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina ñonhóónhcovo ɲõʔṍṍʔkoβo inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto íkuru íkuru See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto íkuru íkuru See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto iǰaikï idʒaikɯ unknown See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito níiqui níiki inheritance See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo uku uku See Language page Becky Walker
Wari arašiʔ (at) araʃiʔ (at) See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo e-'sa e-'sa See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña e-c̷a(ʔ)o e-ča(ʔ)o inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara ch´akha čˀakʰa See Language page PLE
Kwazá tsu, -xu tsu, -xu See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima nunʔi nunʔi See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai daš daš unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang kuka kuka See Language page PLE
Suyá See Language page Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi dji dʒi See Language page PLE