breathe

Semantic Field
body
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
respirar
Meaning Portuguese
respirar

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone sua-kkaih “to breathe, to be breathy” inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla -hikus- inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok he/n-si- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi suwa/-ka inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno kalash inheritance Klar 1977:29 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno pHpoqtok “tu alma o aliento” unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno kalash inheritance Klar 1977:29 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno qstyeLha inheritance Klar 1977:29 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno enhes “breath” unknown JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa ya:S, 7i:ya/:S inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche suahkety inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño qusa'-0 [quˈsaɁ] inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa yaas [jaˑs] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu soo-ki inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa yaay=caa-w (also “breath, voice”) inheritance Mixco 1985 Jane Hill
Kitanemuk hikaw, hikay inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok he/n- inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño hakwi/s- inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu ho/nwe\j inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave uuyey= inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun [noswe “breathes”, nosso unknown O77:41, 122 Jane Hill
Nisenan honpin, honhepin inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute so/unga(') inheritance Nichols 1974:337 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok hen:a- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok hes:e- inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A (ke)tsikna (S), (ke)tsi/ktina “breathe”; unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M missing missing Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) coix quiisax unknown Jane Hill
Serrano hi:k “breathe, be alive, get well, be well” inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute cua-G inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok hen-si inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute so”aka inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal ihk-yt inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone sumakkain inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo mehshi/k'she7 unknown Jane Hill
Washo k'e/she E- “to breathe” 263 unknown J263 Jane Hill
Western Mono suwaqa- inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu 7ol-phure inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai vthe^:h(the^:h)i\; vthe_: unknown Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi hong- inheritance K07:248 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne hohSe: inheritance Golla 1964:60 Jane Hill
Yuki 7ot- inheritance S&S1984 Jane Hill
Yuma u:ye:/yk “he breathes” H1:31 inheritance Jane Hill
Baniwa híraa, kaaɺewa híraa, kaaɺewa unique; inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona esetrenarɨ unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo ũmedabʉboyʉ ĩmedabɨbojɨ unique See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw rẽg so’ hæ̃g ʃɔɁ inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano sĩaĩ-ri sĩaĩ-ɾi inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa -yači- (IDS) -jatʃi- (IDS) unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waorani gẽbã unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup haŋ-cak- ~hag-cak- inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi yetta-pusin (IDS) yetta-pusin (IDS) unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu angá (noun, respiração) anga (noun, respiração) unknown See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam hẽrekəmo (EM72) hẽɾekəmo inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki yieyi jieji inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon yarewik ewo-nepui (A1981); darewü'to (M2000) dʒaɾewik ewonepui (A1981) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro siku?-Jú sikuʔ-Jú unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sanumá henekemo (EM72) henekemo inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Sikuani najumalinota (2) nahúmalinota unique See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tukano ehêri mii ehêri mii inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria yajeri nana (Waltz) jajeɾi nana (Waltz) inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam hẽrekamo hẽɾekamo inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami ũkũkaɨ ũkũkaɨ unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna re'iyayó ña'akana (inside# come out) reʔijajó ɲaʔakana (inside# come out) unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup haŋ-cak- ~hag-cak- inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana ngaruwaluwalunkata inheritance Claire Bowern
Bardi bo"" buu inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Burarra ngeka unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Dhuwal [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Dhuwala ŋar'yun inheritance Claire Bowern
Diyari ngarawaluwalunkata inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU ngarawaluwalunkata inheritance Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djapu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djinang ngalwartjingilgi unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng ngany inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu ŋar'yun inheritance Claire Bowern
Gurindji ngayirrp ma- inheritance Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr bo"" buu inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru ngayirr inheritance Claire Bowern
Jawi lin-innyan(i) lin-innyan(i) unknown Claire Bowern
Karajarri 4155 doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Kija ngayirr inheritance Claire Bowern
Malyangapa Mal: ngangka- loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Mangala rangku doubtful loan onomatopoeic Claire Bowern
Miriwung ngany inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mudburra ngayib (kurni) Claire Bowern
Mudburra ngayib inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngamini ngarawaluwalunkana inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngandi X missing Claire Bowern
Ngarluma ngayini Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl ngeerurr ŋirurr unknown Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Nimanburru bo"" buu inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla rangku Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta nganyjunu- (V2) unknown Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta 5200 unknown Claire Bowern
Nyikina rang rang unique Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul ner magolan nerr makolan inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi ḏawi- unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta ngari inheritance Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu ngir-yu- inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri ngayirrma- inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru ngapunka- unique Claire Bowern
Wubuy nganyga inheritance Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu ŋar'yun inheritance Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha ngindra unique Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka ngarawaluwalukindri inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru bo"" buu inheritance Claire Bowern
Piapoco mìadáidaca mìadáidaka See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena kaɹe kaɻe See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero ¢uha tsuha See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana [-]niẓuwa-n [-]niẓuwa-n unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi iyawinisoa ijawinitsoa unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure aher- aher- unique See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá -ĩ'wĩ (also means "lung") -ĩ'wĩ unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Bora allíchu (T98) atʃítʃʰɯ unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane jáguisɨhi (W97) xáguisɨʔi See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio ekuuwekmang eʔ'kuwɛʔmaŋ unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Apalai eunatãko eunatãko unknown See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana woi -ka woi -ka unique See Language page PLE
Mapoyo satama-ri satama-ri See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai oy-aΦeΦe-n oy-aΦeΦe-n unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa eramsi, irampsi´taop, oramse, samako´, yorampsi, yoransi, yoranse See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo fїɳGi- fїɳGi- unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca fihizca pihitʂka See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá bíai, iñabái bíai, iñabái See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán qquendyaye khyɛndjajɛ See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra kanóosámaama kanóosámaama unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez ŭusée- ŭusée- See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna tei-pá (Alv44) teiʔpá unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Andoke yafi'sél jaɸiʔsél unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé jẽvapá See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave [-hĩ-yək] hĩ-jək unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar mayátin majatin See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa mayatasa majatasa See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna mayatút majatut inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses tiboque tiboke unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo ṣ̌aka-; ṣ̌ɨo- (also means "breath") ṣ̌aka-; ṣ̌ɨo- (also means "breath") unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua narye na:rje: unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua samana samana See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá samai kachai samai katʃai See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua samana samana See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano samay samaj See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa huEpuɨh (K76) huæpuɨh unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Carapana yeri jĩnijãrĩqũẽ jeri xĩnixãrĩkẽ See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna ʉsi ãmi-re; ʉsi wĩji-re (constituent ʉsi means 'ghost') ɨsi ãmi-ɾe; ɨsi wĩxi-ɾe unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Tanimuca dyia'ta ri'ka ʎia'ta ri'ka inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje chʉ'emʉ dʒʉʔemʉ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona yi'eji jiʔehi inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Karitiana hãn hãn unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Wayampi -y-pɨtuɛkɨi -j-pɨtuɛkɨi inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó iabu iabu unique See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Ocaina jaayo haajo unknown See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Wari wereme wereme See Language page PLE
Cavineña kana-heti-ya (Also refers to the noun "breath"; kana is "air") kana-heti-ya inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara samaña samaɲa See Language page PLE
Kwazá enãjã-, enãʔenã enãjã-, enãʔenã See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima ɬou-ka-teʔe ɬou-ka-teʔe See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai (ha) an fafla (ha) an fafla unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang hãn hãn ke (onomatopoeia?), jẽnger yɛ̃nŋɛr See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi habädjenõkü habǝdʒenõkø See Language page PLE