shoulder

Semantic Field
body
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
hombro
Meaning Portuguese
ombro

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim sŭ-kon inheritance Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone coa-ppyh inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla -sek'a inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok mej:ely- inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno q'en'-en inheritance Beeler 1976:260 Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno -qenen' inheritance A 203 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno pisy7 unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno si-kH-k'uk'uj “mi hombro” unknown JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa Spi:r unknown Jane Hill
Comanche tso7apY inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño -$hek'a [şɨkɁə] inheritance Jane Hill
Gabrielino -$o:k, -$o:kin inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa eyewii, iiwii [əjəˈwiˑ], [iˑˈwiˑ] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu coo-vy= inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa skimiy unknown Jane Hill
Kitanemuk pumuc unique Jane Hill
Lake Miwok kaca/aja loan Jane Hill
Luiseño So:ka (possessed only) inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu dada/ka unknown Jane Hill
Mojave iivi inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun cappal “paleta, espalda” unknown NW (JPH) Jane Hill
Nisenan da/dat unknown Ultan 1964:368 Jane Hill
Northern Paiute tsoaba inheritance Thornes 03:231 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok mej:el-y- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok me:ta- unknown Jane Hill
Salinan A ita/'l (A), unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M e/taL L is Mason's symbol unknown Mason 1918:126 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) isla/aaj unknown Jane Hill
Serrano -Sy:k-a7 inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute antyngwya:vu-vi unique Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok mej:elki- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute cho”o”vY, cho”avY inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal shykky-n inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone tsooppyh inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo huke/ce:ma unknown Jane Hill
Washo mo/ya unknown J291 Jane Hill
Western Mono tee/by/ loan Jane Hill
Wintu salas inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai slma/ka “shoulder (blade)” unknown Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami gepcil inheritance K 1963 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi t:apad 241 inheritance K07:241 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne k'apsay inheritance Golla 1964:64 Jane Hill
Yuki 7a,:sel', CHM aw-shawt' inheritance S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Baniwa ttéda t̪éda unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona mota (SM) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo arʉbo aɾɨbo unique See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw pa’ paʔ doubtful loan possibly from Nheengatu apa See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano kõbẽ'páre kõbẽ'páre inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa -mata- (IDS) -mata- (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï ahkule unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani õdõ-dãkapæ̃ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup cǎc cǎc unique See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi u-mota (IDS) u-mota (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu apa apa unique See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam harərak (EM72) haɾəɾak unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Pemon mota (A1981) mota (A1981) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Sanumá hakanakɨ (EM72) hakanakɨ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Sikuani kopiaitamata (3)(extremo del hombro) pe-kóϕia unique shared Playero See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tariana panápa, panákuri, nukapí íthani (1s-hand=?) panápa, panákuri, nukapí ítʰani (1s-hand=?) unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano ako-poró ako-poró inheritance E Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria comapariaca (Waltz) komapaɾiaka (Waltz) inheritance See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam hako (EM72) hako inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami hako hako inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna wakúla'apaji wakúlaʔapaji inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup các các unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana pilpiri doubtful loan Diyari Claire Bowern
Bardi langana langana inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba girlirli unknown Claire Bowern
Burarra wagarba unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu ḻambarr inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwal rlambarr Claire Bowern
Dhuwala rlambarr loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Diyari pilpiri inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU winkari inheritance Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu 1898 unknown Claire Bowern
Djapu ḻambarr unknown Claire Bowern
Djinang bapi unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng labardeng inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi laawadi loan Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu rlambarr inheritance Claire Bowern
Gurindji laja loan Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr kurndijan; langan kurndijan; langan inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru bambila unique Claire Bowern
Jawi langan; langan; inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri gondidjena loan Nyulnyulan? Claire Bowern
Kija lawate- shoulder blade inheritance Claire Bowern
Malyangapa Mal: winka loan Claire Bowern
Mangala kulpirli loan Nyulnyulan? Claire Bowern
Miriwung lawardeng inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka pilpiri inheritance Claire Bowern
Mudburra ngabarnda Claire Bowern
Mudburra laban loan Claire Bowern
Ngamini pilpiri inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngandi gu-beremelk unique Claire Bowern
Ngarluma barrgara Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl koondeejan koondeejan inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi pinyi unique Claire Bowern
Nimanburru langan langan inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla kulpirli Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta warntarra inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta lirnpi inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina gurndijina; golir XXngl latter blade kurndijina; kolir inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul gundijin; langarn; gulujunu kundijin; langarn; kulujunu inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi gaṛḏa unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta paparla unique Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu ḻambarr Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu jarrwarlk inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri kilpirli inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru kaya unique Claire Bowern
Warrwa gundiina; gunina giliwili kundiina; kunina kiliwili inheritance Claire Bowern
Wubuy muurn unique Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu muṉḏi inheritance Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha pinyiyinka, thapini, wiliwili unique Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi wilili unique Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka tapini inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru kurndijina kurndijina inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua séhkuʃi séhkuʃi unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco wáacuta wáakuta See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena nuyáwapa nuyáwapa See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero kuľuhasi (lit. 'root of arm') kuľuhasi (lit. 'root of arm') See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana wauɖaj wauɖaj unknown See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi ityoakoli ityoakoli unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure ni-'powosi; -'powos ni-'powosi; -'powos unique See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá #NAME? #NAME? unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Bora mé-ḯxɨ-pa mέ-ɯ́xɨ-pa inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane xɨ́xe-baɨ xɨ́xɛ-baɨ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio moda mɔ'da inheritance Proto-Carib See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Apalai imotary imotarɨ inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana monta monta inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó mota mota inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare nkawəɨ (IDS) nkawəɨ (IDS) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo mota-ri mota-ri See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai o-mota-rɨ o-mota-rɨ inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa omoto, yimoto, mota, yumota, jüjka See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Muisca pquáqueüá pkuakueua See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá ekkiá ekkiá See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán opipa'cho opipaʔtʃo See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra kooshich kooʃitʃ doubtful loan, direction unknown Zaparo See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro ava´vu awaʔwu See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez ambamb ambamb See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna na3-5a5tü5 (A58) naatɨ unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina nuha nuha unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa tantɕá-xa tantɕá-xa See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke -sa'fʌ'di -saʔɸʌʔdi unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé kãto See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave [-pèm] pèm unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar yakái jakai See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa ashmag aʃmaŋ See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna yakái jakai inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses canti chiadte kanti tʃiadte unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo pipati; βac̷isto pipati; βac̷isto inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua numuto numutõ unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua rigra ɾigɾa See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua rigra mucu ɾigɾa muku See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano rikra (CP94) rikra See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Sáliva anojaha anohaʔa unknown See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano riká hɨdó riká hɨdó See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana ri'ká-pɨ́to ri'ká-pɨ́to See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna gãkõ-hoe gãkõ-hoe inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti ã'kṍõrõ ã'kṍõrõ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana kõporo kõporo See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano sũ'gṹ sũ'gṹ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca hĩ'hõã hĩ'hõã unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo ri'ká-pɨto ri'ká-pɨto See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka ã'kõ-rõ ã'kõ-rõ See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja akʰṍňõ̀ akʰṍrõ̀ See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje tãtava tãtaba inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona tanta cabë, tantahua tanta kabɨ, tantawa inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya tata tupë tãta tupɨ See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana oke oke unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama yɨwa-pɨka 'arm-seat' yɨwa-pɨka 'arm-seat' unique See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi asiʔɨ asiʔɨ inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó ečihii ečihii inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá jeˀatsiˀɨp (K12) jeˀatsiˀɨp (K12) inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina juuhxo; juuhxomó hɯɯʔxo; jɯɯʔxomó unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto peká-dʒaidoï pɛká-dʒaidoɯ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto ɸeká-dʒaido ɸɛká-dʒaido See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto fecanico; rocafaì, ɸeka-dʒaidu ɸɛkaniko, rokaɸaì (B83); ɸɛka-dʒaidu inheritance/Witoto See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito arícuma aríkuma unique See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo kuchinyu kuʧinju See Language page Becky Walker
Wari tiquirim (E&K97) tikirim (E&K97) See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo e-beoxo; e-baʔaxa (Girard 1971); e-be-yoxo (Girard 1971) e-beoxo; e-baʔaxa; e-be-yoxo See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña yara-ka-ka yara-ka-ka inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara kallachi kalʸači See Language page PLE
Kwazá -tu, -bari -tu, -bari See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima ɗolala-kʷa ɗolala-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai (ha) miuda (ha) miuda unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang jẽnĩmanh yɛ̃nĩmaɲ; yɛ̃nĩmɨ̃ɲ; pɛ̃n mɛŋ See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi tebükudji tebøkudʒi See Language page PLE