that

Semantic Field
grammar
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
ese/esa
Meaning Portuguese
esse

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone ma- “non-specific demonstrative” inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla pe' inheritance S 1977 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok no- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi ma- inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno ho7, hu, kam unknown Klar 1977;44 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno tu7wi “ese, aquel” unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno ko, k7a; hek'i unknown A7 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno pa, paksa, jaksha “aquel” pa is “ese” unknown Klar 1977:44 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno hohit; lesi “aquella” JPH 3(69) 0017R, kaki se7e “esa agua” 0018L unknown B67:24 Jane Hill
Cocopa pu:, pu:c, pu:ny, 7upu:/, inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche ma- inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño 'axwe-sh [Ɂəˈxʷə˃ʃ] unknown Jane Hill
Esselen aka- unknown Henshaw in Shaul 1995:211 Jane Hill
Gabrielino pema:7, pe7e: loan Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa puu [puˑ˅] unknown Jane Hill
Kawaiisu sa-a-na unknown Jane Hill
Kiliwa paa “ese” unknown Jane Hill
Kitanemuk 7ama7 (distal) inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok ma/a inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño 7o:no unknown Elliott Jane Hill
Maidu my:- inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave nyah, nyany, nyav inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun tina: 189 inheritance O77:189 Jane Hill
Nisenan my:, inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute ma-su inheritance SAA 1982:42 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok no:- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok no:-, inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A pe (A), unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M he unknown Mason 1918:151 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) ticah unknown Jane Hill
Serrano ama-7 that, the one, he, she, it inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute ma- (vis.) inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok 7i- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute ma, marY inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal wa7 inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone (s)a-, inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo ce/7 inheritance Jane Hill
Washo ha:di7 “that one” 227; 371 unknown J227,371 Jane Hill
Western Mono mahu “that one” inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu pibeh inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai nyu/ch inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami ta7 inheritance JPH Gamble 91 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi ta- 260 (general, invisible); inheritance K07:260 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne Tha: inheritance Golla 1964:65 Jane Hill
Yuki ki-, ki(7), ki:, kih inheritance S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Yuma nya: H3:211 inheritance Jane Hill
Baniwa lhíerahã ɺhíeɻahã inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona mǝki, mǝrǝ (M2000) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo ãðo (fem.), ãñʉ (masc.) ãðo (fem.), ãɲɨ (masc.) unique See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Desano si-'rú si-'rú inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa ëmë, ëmëkon (plural) (MM) ëmë, ëmëkon (plural) (MM) unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï dibo/baehteu unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani bãdĩĩ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup n'íp, yúp ~d'íp, júp inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Nheengatu kuá, yã'ã kuá, yãʔã inheritance cf. Máku kua See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam amih, ɨ̃hɨ (both EM72) amih, ɨ̃hɨ (both EM72) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki ca, quede kã, kede inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon mörö (E1980); mö'rö (M2000) mörö (E1980) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro unknown possibly Span loan See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sanumá mi, ki (both EM72) mi, ki (both EM72) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tariana hane (distal) hane (distal) unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano inheritance E Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria ti ti inheritance E Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam mihi, kihi (both EM72) mihi, kihi (both EM72) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami ei, hei (MM07), mihi, kihi (both EM72) ei, hei (MM07), mihi, kihi (both EM72) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna marí maɾí unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup n'í ~d'í inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana awarda unique Claire Bowern
Bardi ginjin_g kinyingk inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba ngurru inheritance Claire Bowern
Burarra garda unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu banha unknown Claire Bowern
Dhuwal ngunhi ~ ngunha inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwala ŋunhi inheritance Claire Bowern
Diyari jeniaudla unique Claire Bowern
DiyariREU [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu ŋunhi ~ ŋunha Claire Bowern
Djapu ŋunhi inheritance Claire Bowern
Djinang ngunangi unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng nganja inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi ngoorroo inheritance Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu ŋunhi inheritance Claire Bowern
Gurindji nyila inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru nyila inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri pala inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija ngurru- inheritance Claire Bowern
Malyangapa [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mangala yalartu inheritance Claire Bowern
Miriwung nganjang inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka nakiti inheritance Claire Bowern
Mudburra yali Claire Bowern
Mudburra yali inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngamini nanriya unique Claire Bowern
Ngandi na' unique Claire Bowern
Ngarluma ngunthal unique Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl nyamba, kamba, ginya <nyamba, kamba, ginya> inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi nhunu inheritance Claire Bowern
Nimanburru bën bën inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta nyarralanga Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta pala inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina kamirri kamirri inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul ginyingk, bin kinyingk, bin inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi yuna unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu dhuwan Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu nguki inheritance Claire Bowern
Unggumi yuno:, nyuno: yuno:, nyuno: loan Nyulnyulan Claire Bowern
Walmajarri yala inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Warrwa n kinya inheritance Claire Bowern
Wubuy yuwa: unique Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu balam unknown Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha nhutjadu, nhunudu, nhuludu, intjadu, unique Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi nhaka inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka nukuka inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru kamba kamba inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua liára liára inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco yáara já:ɾa See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari ja-ta, ja-ra ja-ta, ja-ra See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena eta eta See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero íya íja See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bare asa asa See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi hatyo hatyo unknown See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure ten (m); tin (f) ten (m); tin (f) unique See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Arutani ayta ayta See Language page John Blaha
Sape tɨisami tɨisami See Language page John Blaha
Bora (tʰ)-eé-ne, (tʰ)-eé-xa, (tʰ)-eé-kʷa, tiípʸe, áánïḯ (tʰ)-ɛέ-nɛ, (tʰ)-ɛέ-xa, (tʰ)-ɛέ-kʷa, tiípʲɛ, áánɯɯ́ unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane xóʔono xóʔono See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio mörö mörö inheritance Proto-Carib See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Apalai mose mose inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana mëlë mǝlǝ inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó nërë (animate anaphoric non-collective nǝrǝ inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Mapoyo mëkï (animate); mërï (inaminate) mɛkʊ (animate); mɛrʊ (inaminate) See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari mo'o, mymo' (inanimate); myky (animate) moʔo, mɨmoʔ (inanimate); mɨkɨ (animate) See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa aksha (SM) aksha (SM) See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo ele ele inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Northern Emberá haribɨ̃́ , awábʉ haribɨ̃́ , awábʉ See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán tsa tsa See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Páez quiá kia See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna guxema [3-5, 4, 2] guʔema unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina nii nii doubtful loan, direction unknown Yagua See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa tʃí tʃí See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke Nom. Class -dí, -i (Nom. Class) -dí, -i unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Puinave jede iete unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku kwa kwa See Language page PLE
Warao tai tai See Language page John Blaha
Ashuar áu au See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa nu nu See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna anú anú inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses aid, uid aid, uid unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Yagua nini nı̃nı̃ doubtful loan, direction unknown Urarina See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua chay tʃaj See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá chi/chin tʃi/tʃin See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua chai tʃai See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano wak wak See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa chuja tʃuha unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva jicuah hikʷaʔ unknown See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano ~i (m.); iso (f.) ~i (m.); iso (f.) See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana jĩĩ/jico (anim.), ti + clas. (inan.), to (manner or quantity, inan.) yĩĩ/yicɔ, ti, to See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna ~i (m.); iso (f.) ~i (m.); iso (f.) inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti tí-kũbũã tí-kũbũã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana si'ka ju'kɨsa si'ka ju'kɨsa See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano sí-ru sí-ru See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca iʔsi-a iʔsi-a inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo hɨ̃- hɨ̃- See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka i-'wɨ i-'wɨ See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja tɛ́ tɛ́ See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje jã'a (neuter), jã'o (female), jã'ʉ xãʔa, xãʔo, xãʔʉ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona ja'an haʔan inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya jequë hɛ'kɨ See Language page Amanda N
Kokama yukun (distal), yama (indefinite) jukun (distal), jama (indefinite) unknown See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Sirionó aque, quɨ (P85) ake, kɨ inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá okoj okoj inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina xahiima xaʔiima unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto badá badá See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto bai.e bai.ɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto bai.e bai.ɛ inheritance/Witoto See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito quiína (addressee proximal) kiína (addressee proximal) unknown See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo nuka nuka See Language page Becky Walker
Wari i cain (E&K97) i kain (E&K97) See Language page PLE
Cavineña tumcque (C&L89 tumkke unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara uka, ukïri uka, uki:ɾi See Language page PLE
Kwazá ay- ay- See Language page Joyce McCormick
Djeoromitxi newi newi See Language page PLE