fruit

Semantic Field
flora
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
fruta
Meaning Portuguese
fruta

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim mah'-mil “strawberries” 197 unknown Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone huu-ppih “wild strawberry, grows on a kind of cactus” inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla tu'-ish inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno tyqytyq “blackberry” unknown Beeler 1978 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno tqajnuqa7 “moras” unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno s-7amy inheritance JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa xpaLy (of ironwood -- a legume- 7a: “mesquite bean”) unknown Jane Hill
Comanche pokopI inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño pipily “strawberry”? inheritance Jane Hill
Gabrielino 7apu:ci-n “its fruit, its seed” inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa chewuuw [tʃəˈwuˑ˅u] unknown Jane Hill
Kawaiisu tykypiya= unknown Jane Hill
Kiliwa t-kW-ma7 unknown Jane Hill
Kitanemuk 7a(-)ka7 inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok 7u/unu unique Jane Hill
Luiseño push-la inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu hu/lup'i\t'i “berry” unknown Jane Hill
Mutsun toynon “small fruit” loan NW (JPH) Jane Hill
Northern Paiute pui berry, seed inheritance SAA 1982:30 Jane Hill
Salinan A tata (A), unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M pamputen unknown Mason 1918:129 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) hehe is “general term” unknown Jane Hill
Serrano pikwa-T “berry” inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute pogo-N “currant” inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute to”o”7napI unique Jane Hill
Tübatulabal ahnt “berries” (generic) unknown Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone huuppi “berry (red)” inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo sho/mo7 sh is s hachek unknown Jane Hill
Washo demuc'úc'uʔ ʔí:bik'i unknown Washo Project Jane Hill
Western Mono tu/kU “berries, fruit” unknown Jane Hill
Wintu 7im “berry” inheritance SH05 Jane Hill
Yavapai (?)ha_ni unknown Jane Hill
Yuki mam “berry, nut, seed” inheritance S&S1984 Jane Hill
Baniwa iináka, haikóthe iináka, haikóthe inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona eheru (SM) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo jẽidʉ xẽidɨ unique See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw eg ʔæg inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano dʉca dɨka inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa -yempan (IDS) -jempan (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waorani tõbẽ-ka unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup ʔág ʔág inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi yekkari (IDS) yekkari (IDS) semantic shift flower See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu iwa iwa inheritance See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam himo (EM72) himo inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki acue ja akue xã inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon eperu, i-te, enapue (A1981) epeɾu, ite, enapue (A1981) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro niíkú niíkú unknown poss. inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sanumá thomothomo (EM72) tʰomotʰomo unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tariana hekuda, haikuda hekuda, haikuda inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano dɨká, juki dɨká dɨká, juki dɨká inheritance E Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria dicha diʰʧá inheritance E Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam himohimo himohimo inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami himo, himohimo himo, himohimo inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna íchaji ítʃahi inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup ʔag ʔag inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana kati unique Claire Bowern
Bardi mayi mayi inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Burarra balaja unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu baḏalaŋ Claire Bowern
Dhuwal gäku inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwala gäku inheritance Claire Bowern
Diyari tanta inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu gäku inheritance Claire Bowern
Djapu murnyaŋ' Claire Bowern
Djinang djal unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng maying inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi manyi Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu rrothi loan Claire Bowern
Gurindji mangarri loan Mirndi Claire Bowern
Jaru mangarri loan Claire Bowern
Karajarri mai loan Claire Bowern
Kija mayi- 'veg food' inheritance Claire Bowern
Malyangapa Mal: manhu loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Mangala mayi loan areal Claire Bowern
Miriwung maying inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka mangka inheritance Claire Bowern
Mudburra yurrwalyi Claire Bowern
Mudburra nanbari unique Claire Bowern
Ngamini tandra inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngandi dhakirditj inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngarluma japaja Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl mai <mai> inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi mulhuRu unique Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla mayi Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta karlukarlu Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta kalyawari unique Claire Bowern
Paakantyi manhu Claire Bowern
Pirriya kunga Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta yanhthurrhu unique Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu ŋatha Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu dhakardatj loan Claire Bowern
Walmajarri miyi loan Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Wubuy dhaagardaj inheritance Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu biti Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha bukatandra unique Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi kunduru unique Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka tandra doubtful loan Ngamini Claire Bowern
Yawuru mayi mayi inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua íta, ítali íta, ítali inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco ìyacanási ìjakanási See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari ʔahajaka ?ahajaka See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena atebu atebu See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero átasi átasi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana akaj akaj inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi hiriwa hiriwa unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure #NAME? #NAME? unknown See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá #NAME? #NAME? inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Bora čeéne, imʸéxï, néeβa, neeβa-pa čɛέnɛ, imʲέxɯ, nέɛβa, nɛɛβa-pa unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane óbáxákímaxe óbáxákímaxɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio eebeeruu e'beru inheritance; unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Akawaio/Ingariko dialect ma:ni ma:ni See Language page Lauren Franklin
Apalai epery eperɨ inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana epelï epelɨ inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó eperu eperu inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare čə̄hɨdɨ̄-hɨdɨ (IDS) čə̄hɨdɨ̄-hɨdɨ (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo teperu teperu See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai o-nah-rɨ o-nah-rɨ unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa uepüri, viüpüre, yopüre, epürö See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Muisca quyeuba kuɨeuβa See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá néehõ, dyitáa, mã́ŋgo-hõ, nãrã́ha-hõ néehõ, dʒitáa, mã́ŋgo-hõ, nãrã́ha-hõ See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán na, tetacho na, tɛtatʃo See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra vanoosi vanoosi unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez non non See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna o4xri5 (A58) oʔri unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina iɲaa iɲaa unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa ʃaxuan-bé ʃaxuan-bé See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke #NAME? #NAME? unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé čo See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave [-kam] kam doubtful loan, direction unknown Maku ku:mu See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar nére nɨrɨ See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa nere nɨrɨ See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna jigkái, néje xingkai, nɨxɨ unique; inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses bacuë, mapi bakuɨ, mapi unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo βimi; kama mɨkɨnɨ; kɨo βimi; kama mɨkɨnɨ; kɨo inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua dabi dabi unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua muyu muju See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá chiwilla, maku tʃiwiʎa, maku See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua muyu muju See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano ruru ɾuɾu See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa u'wEhu o'báh uɁwæhu oɁbáh inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva ipu ipu inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano riká riká See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana 'ka-rika 'ka-rika See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna rica; wild fruits: dʉjo; ñuanori; ũcu ɾika; dɨxo; juanoɾi; ĩku inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti 'díkaa 'díkaa See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana dɨ'ka dɨ'ka See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano ju'kú dɨ'ka ju'kú dɨ'ka See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca õ'te ri'kia õ'te ri'kia inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo ka-rika ka-rika See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka dɨ'ká dɨ'ká See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja dikʰá dikʰá See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje kʉisi'pʉ kʉisiʔpʉ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona ta'nto taʔnto inheritance; unknown See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya quëise'e kɨ̃ĩsɛʔɛ See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana epe´o epeʔo unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama ɨwɨria ɨwɨria inheritance See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi ʔa ʔa inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó ea ea inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá ˀɑ ˀɑ inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina dyaajun, juxaan dʲaahɯ̃, hɯxãã unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto rí.a rí.a See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto rí.a rí.a See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto riara, llɨsilla riara, dʒɯθidʒa (B83) inheritance/Witoto See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito íniija íniiha unique See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo tuicha tuitʃa See Language page Becky Walker
Wari memem; winain memem; winain See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo e-xaxa e-xaxa See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña akʷiho; e-kaka; no(ʔ)i; ca-rena (G71) akʷiho; e-kaka; no(ʔ)i; ka-rena (G71) unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara phurut´a (Spanish loan?) muχsaaču See Language page PLE
Kwazá tsytõi, -tõi, etũi, -ko (the latter refers to big fruit ) tsytõi, -tõi, etũi, -ko (the latter refers to big fruit ) See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima ɓaɓa-kʷa ɓaɓa-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai deat ~ deiat deat ~ deiat unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang ka kanẽ -kanɛ̃; ka kanɛ̃ See Language page PLE
Suyá ywĩsɨ jwĩsɨ See Language page Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi kuka kuka See Language page PLE