Semantic Field
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese


Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone pia-7isa inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla isi-ly (coyote) inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok hung:u- loan into protolanguage Jane Hill
Chemehuevi tyva/c(i) “wolf” inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno myj, pl myjmuj' inheritance Beeler 76:257 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno alaxewel “coyote” (deceiver) unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno myj “wolf” inheritance A 460 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno tolopopo unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno mej unknown JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa Txpa, xTpa “coyote” inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche ky7tseena, pia tseena7, tuhtseena7 unique Jane Hill
Cupeño 'iswe-t [Ɂɪswət] inheritance Jane Hill
Esselen humu-x loan direction unknown Shaul 1988:696 Jane Hill
Gabrielino wanaT “wolf” inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa hechkullk [xətʃˈkʊɫk] unknown Jane Hill
Kawaiisu tyvi-zhi inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa miti7, kW-san (coyote) unknown Jane Hill
Kitanemuk wanach inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok hu/un (might be “panther”, but “wolf” elsewhere too) inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño 7i/s-wu-t inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu heli/jene\ inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave hukthar (coyote) inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun ummuh “big wolf” loan direction unknown NW, (JPH) Jane Hill
Nisenan lolla inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute isa/ “wolf” inheritance Thornes 03:43 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok hung:u- loan into protolanguage Jane Hill
Plains Miwok 7olet:i “coyote” inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A Tho:/xo (A), unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M To:xo/' unknown Mason 1918:125 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) xeecoj unknown Jane Hill
Serrano wercac /wYca-c/ unique R&E2000:265 Jane Hill
Southern Paiute cyn:a-7avi-S wolf, dog inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok 7o:nup- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute sinaavI “wolf” inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal typajch “wolf” loan Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone toopi, tooppi loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Wappo lu/hca (uncertain, maybe “fox”) loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Washo tuli/:shi7 unknown J87 Jane Hill
Western Mono to7a/pE “wolf” loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Wintu taret (really something like “beast”) unknown Jane Hill
Yavapai (?)hat(?)kWi_la “wolf; mountain lion” inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami yev-lE/-che “big wolf”; E is e breve loan CHM Berman 2002 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi iwe\itc 241 inheritance K07:241 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne yaw'lich' unknown N1944:214 Jane Hill
Yuki waN-yil-mol “wolf” inheritance S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Yuma xatalwe/ H1:27 (coyote) inheritance Jane Hill
Dâw ‘lẽs [cachorro-do-mato] l’ẽʃ missing See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Maihiki atacami ago ãtakami ago unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Arabana madla unique Claire Bowern
Bardi gurrid kurrid inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Burarra an-mugarla unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu wärraŋ unknown Claire Bowern
Dhuwal wärraŋ Claire Bowern
Dhuwala wärraŋ unknown Claire Bowern
Diyari kintalajampa unique Claire Bowern
DiyariREU [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu wa:rraŋ Claire Bowern
Djapu wärraŋ unknown Claire Bowern
Djinang muṉibi unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng jimirrang inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi maddanyi Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu wärraŋ unknown Claire Bowern
Gurindji ngurrakin loan Ngaliwurru Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr gered; kirrid kered; kirrid inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru marrany inheritance Claire Bowern
Jawi koaradingjoon koarradingyun inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri kuriti loan Claire Bowern
Kija marrany-ji loan NGY Claire Bowern
Malyangapa Mal: wilka loan Claire Bowern
Mangala wanapari inheritance Claire Bowern
Miriwung jimirrang inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka pandiyapa inheritance Claire Bowern
Mudburra wurrakina Claire Bowern
Mudburra winkuwarnu unique Claire Bowern
Ngamini tirtajapa unique Claire Bowern
Ngarluma mujira Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl yeela meeda yila mida semantic shift Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Nimanburru gored kored inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta wartaji inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta wartaji inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina gurridi kurridi inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul kurrird kurrird inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi kudill unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya thithi Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu rirrpi-rirrpi unknown Claire Bowern
Walmajarri marrany loan Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Warrwa gurridi kurridi inheritance Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu wuḻmabu unknown Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha pandiwilka, pandiyapa inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka pandijapa inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru durirdi XXngl maybe typo for gurirdi? durirdi inheritance Claire Bowern
Cofán tsampi´su ain tsampiʔsu ain See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra ktáparáana ktapaɾaana See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez alum alum See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa wagkanim waŋgkanim See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna dúbu (Spanish loan) dubu See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua lubu (Spanish loan), pishña lubu, piʃɲa See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá sacha alku (sacha=wild; alku=dog) satʃa alku (satʃa=wild; alku=dog) See Language page Daniel Valle
Nivaclé wawo wolf https://ids.clld.org/ PLE