2sg

Semantic Field
grammar
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
xx
Meaning Portuguese
xx

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim um-pe' 223, min 223; ümbi (K1907) inheritance Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone yn inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla 7e (final 7 too but ods doesn't like) inheritance S 1977 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok mi:ni- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi ym(i) sg inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno p-; pi7 (indep. inheritance Ono 1996:21, 96 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno pi7i inheritance JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno pi7 inheritance A 15, 168 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno pi7 inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno pi; ynip B67:12; p- inheritance Pinart II Jane Hill
Cocopa m, mapu/ inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche yny inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño e' [ɁəɁ] inheritance Jane Hill
Esselen neme unknown Shaul 1995:209 Jane Hill
Gabrielino 7a7 inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa maa [maˑ] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu 7imi inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa ma7-(p) inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk 7ymy7 inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok mi/i inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño 7om inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu mi/ inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave manych inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun me:n “you”; -me inheritance O73, 104, 165 Jane Hill
Nisenan mi inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute y inheritance Thornes 03:157 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok mi:- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok mi:-, inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A mo7 (A, M) unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M mo' unknown Mason 1918:32 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) me unknown Jane Hill
Serrano ymi7 inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute im:i- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok mi-, mi:n, mi:ni- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute ymY inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal ympi (subj) inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone yy inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo mi/7 inheritance Jane Hill
Washo leum unknown K268 Jane Hill
Western Mono 7y: inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu mi inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai ma/:ch, ma/: inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami ma7 inheritance JP Gamble 91 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi ma sg, inheritance K07:261 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne ma:/ inheritance N1944:229 Jane Hill
Yuki me7, mi7, meh inheritance S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Baniwa phía phía inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona əmərə inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo mi mi inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Desano mʉhʉ mɨ ʔɨ inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa amən amən inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï keh/kye unknown cf. Cofan kʸɛ See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani bi-tõ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup ʔám ~ʔab inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi á-mɨ-rɨ́ á-mɨ-rɨ́ inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu re, ere, indé re, ere, indé inheritance See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam kahowa; wa, kaho (EM72) kahowa; wa inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon yure (A1981); a- (reduced form of [amörö]) (E1980); amörö (M2000) ʎʊrɛ (A1981); a- (reduced form of [amörö]) (E1980) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro phá, phú pʰá, pʰú inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sanumá kawa (EM72) kawa inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Sikuani xamü (2) xámɨ inheritance See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tariana piha, phia piha, pʰia inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano mʉ'ʉ́ mɨ'ɨ́ inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria ~bʉ'ʉ/~bʉ ~bʉʔʉ/~bʉ inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam kafɨwa (EM72) kafɨwa (EM72) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami wa, kahə (EM72) wa, kahə (EM72) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna piká piká inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup ʔãb ~ʔab inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana unpa inheritance Claire Bowern
Bardi ju ju inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Burarra ny- inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhangu nhonu inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwal nhe inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwala nhe inheritance Claire Bowern
Diyari yini inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU jidni inheritance Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu nhe inheritance Claire Bowern
Djapu nhe inheritance Claire Bowern
Djinang ñuni inheritance Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng genyeng inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi nginyji Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu nhe inheritance Claire Bowern
Gurindji nyuntu inheritance Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr djoe joe inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru nyundu inheritance Claire Bowern
Jawi jurninji jurninji inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri nyuntu inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija nyengen inheritance Claire Bowern
Malyangapa imba inheritance Claire Bowern
Mangala nyuntu inheritance Claire Bowern
Miriwung nyengoo inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka yini inheritance Claire Bowern
Mudburra nyundu inheritance Claire Bowern
Mudburra nyundu inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngamini yini inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngarluma yenco and yeenta inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl joo, jooa juwa inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi ini inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla nyuntu Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta nyuntu waraja inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta nyuntu waraja inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina juwaj juwaj inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul djoe joe inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi imba inheritance Claire Bowern
Pirriya yinawa inheritance Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta inpa inheritance Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu nhunu inheritance Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu nhe inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri nyuntu inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Warrwa ju XXngl erg juwana ju inheritance Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu nhunu inheritance Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha ini inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi yini inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka yini inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru juyu juyu inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua hija hija inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco pía pía See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari phé, pi- phé, pi- See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena pi-ya pi-ja See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero hiya-ha hija-ha See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bare bĩ bĩ See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana pʰɨgar-ɨ pʰɨgar-ɨ inheritance Proto North Arawak See Language page Ana Paula B.
Mandawaka híjaha, hi- híjaha, hi- See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi hiso hitso inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure pi-'ti pi-'ti inheritance See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá pi-c̷u pi-¢u inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Arutani kaykate/ ka- kaykate/ ka- See Language page John Blaha
Sape kapɨ kapɨ See Language page John Blaha
Bora ïḯ ɯɯ́ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane ɨ́ɨ́-xóʔo ɨ́ɨ́-xóʔo See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio a- (reduced form of [amörö]) a- (reduced form of[amörö]) inheritance Proto-Carib See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Akawaio/Ingariko dialect amɤrɤ amɤrɤ See Language page Lauren Franklin
Apalai omoro omoro inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana ëmë ǝmǝ inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó əmə, əmənjamo əmə, əmənjamo inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare əmədə (IDS); ömö:dö (KH) əmədə (IDS); əmə:də (KH) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo ërë (mërë) ɛrɛ (mɛrɛ) See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai amoro amoro inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari amyry~amyra amɨrɨ~amɨra See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa am, amo, ejpue amo See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Muisca mue mue See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá bʉ́ bʉ́ See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán que kʸɛ See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra shiya ʃija unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro iyo ijo See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez icha (female addressee), ingui (male addressee) itʃa , ingi See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna cumax [5, 4] kumaʔ unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina ii i: unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa ek ek See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke ha'ə haʔə unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé mẽnẽ See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave mam mam unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku e:ne e:ne See Language page PLE
Warao ihi, yatu ihi, yatu See Language page John Blaha
Ashuar áme amɯ See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa ame amɨ See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna áme ámɨ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses mi mi inheritance/Panoan See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo mi-a mi-a inheritance/Panoan See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua ji xi unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua can kan See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá kam kam See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua can kan See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano qam qam See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa uku uku inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva ũcu ũcu inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano ~bʉ ~bʉ See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana mɨ̃ See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna ~bɨ ~bɨ inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti bɨ̃́ bɨ̃́ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana bɨ̃'ʔɨ̃ bɨ̃'ʔɨ̃ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano mʉʉ́ mɨɨ́ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca bĩ'ĩ bĩ'ĩ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo bɨ̃ɨ̃ bɨ̃ɨ̃ See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka bɨ̃'ɨ̃ bɨ̃ʔɨ̃ See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja mɨ̃́ mɨ̃́ See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje mʉ'ʉ mʉʔʉ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona mɨ̃ʔɨ̃ mɨ̃ʔɨ̃ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya më'ë mɨ̃ʔ'ɨ̃ See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana a a unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama ene ene inheritance See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi ɛlɛ-; ɛnɛ ɛlɛ-; ɛnɛ inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó ne ne inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá ene ene inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina on, oun õ; õɯ̃ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto o o See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto o o See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto o o inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito quia-, quiáaja (stand-alone pronominal form) kia-, kiáaha (stand-alone pronominal form) inheritance See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo cha= ʧa See Language page Becky Walker
Wari wum wum See Language page PLE Emphatic pronoun.
Ese Ejja/Huarayo mi(y)a; miyaya; mi-a (Girard 1971) mi(y)a; miyaya; mi-a See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña mi; mi-ke mi; mi-ke inheritance/Tacanan See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara juma xuma See Language page PLE
Movima ulcuan (J62) ulkuan See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai hi hi unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang ʔã See Language page PLE
Suyá ka, ga ka, ga See Language page Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi adje adʒe See Language page PLE