lake

Semantic Field
environment
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
lago
Meaning Portuguese
lago

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone pia-paa-katy-tyn unique Jane Hill
Cahuilla pal muye-qal-et unique S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok pol:uku- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi paga/ry-r(y) inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno 7yk' unknown Beeler 78 Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno s-liyo7 “pool, pond” unknown A 218 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno chniqene “any lake” unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno 7alka7ash “any charco or laguna” unknown JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa xawiLy, xnyu inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche ymahpaa7 unique Jane Hill
Cupeño pa-l kam-yax-we [pal kamyəxwə] unique Jane Hill
Gabrielino mo-mu^t (^ is breve over u) loan into protolanguage CHM/MC249 Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa 'ehaa kwariw [Ɂəˈxaˑ kʷaˈrɪu] unique Jane Hill
Kawaiisu pa-vynu-pi, po7o woko-dy inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa xa7=7=tay “mar” inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk mymyt loan into protolanguage Jane Hill
Lake Miwok po/lpol inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño paala pokwo/oyaqala unique Elliott Jane Hill
Maidu mo/mda\ni inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave hanyo inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun Sp. loan only loan Jane Hill
Nisenan kaje unknown Jane Hill
Northern Paiute panynady unknown Thornes 03:136 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok pol:aj-y- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok 7ol:eh, 7ol:es inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A ilpoi (A only) unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M missing missing Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) hax caacoj “water big” unknown Jane Hill
Serrano my:m-t (also “ocean”) loan into protolanguage Jane Hill
Southern Paiute pagaryry inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok 7awa:ja- unknown Jane Hill
Southern Ute paag'arY, paag'aryrY inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal paatsiiwat loan Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone (paattsi) pakatytyn loan Jane Hill
Wappo mey-le/le unique Jane Hill
Washo da/7aw unknown J60 Jane Hill
Western Mono patsija/tA loan Jane Hill
Wintu lyul, lyu:l loan Jane Hill
Yavapai ?ha\hpu\/ unique Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami p'a7aSi, p'a7ashew loan into protolanguage Gamble 91 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi pa:aji loan into protolanguage K07 :243 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne p'a'a:Si' (n1) loan into protolanguage K 1963 Jane Hill
Yuki 7u: T'a,:, 7u7u T'a: unknown S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Baniwa kaɺítta kaɺít̪a inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona ikutuhə inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo macajitabʉ makaxitabɨ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw ‘mõr [pequeno], mõò [grande]  m’ɔ̃h (small), mɔ̃̂ (large) inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano di'tá-ru di'tá-ru inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa tɨna yɨm (IDS) tɨna jɨm (IDS) inheritance; unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waorani gãwa-pæ̃ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup mɔ́h ~bɔ́h inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi ikuʔpɨ (IDS) ikuʔpɨ (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu ipá ipa inheritance See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam tšokoto (EM72) tʃokoto inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki chitada ja tʃitada xã inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon kupue-ima (A1981); ku'püimö (M2000) kupueima (A1981) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro húneú húneú loan Bora See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sanumá kotsoto (EM72) kotsoto inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tariana makánai makánai inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano ditâ- ditâ- inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria pari paɾi unique See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam yokoto jokoto inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami wawëwawë, mono u wawəwawə, mono u unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna kaeja, kaesa kaeha, kaesa inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup bɔ̃̌h ~bɔ̌h inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana panto loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Bardi [absent] missing Claire Bowern
Bunuba [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Burarra [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Dhangu 2027 missing Claire Bowern
Dhuwal 2027 missing Claire Bowern
Dhuwala [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Diyari panto loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
DiyariREU panto loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djapu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djinang [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng baliboong loan Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu 2027 missing Claire Bowern
Gurindji langkana loan Wardaman Claire Bowern
Jaru walgirr unique Claire Bowern
Karajarri 4138 missing Claire Bowern
Kija X missing Claire Bowern
Malyangapa Mal: malja unique Claire Bowern
Mangala [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Miriwung baliboong unique NJ Claire Bowern
Mithaka 2889 missing Claire Bowern
Mudburra [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mudburra kilkayi unique Claire Bowern
Ngamini panto loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Ngandi gu-dheren unique Claire Bowern
Ngarluma [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl kalung-unja, jarra wai, woola manja, jargora *diacritic <kalung-unja, jarra wai, woola manja, jargora *diacritic> unique Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Nimanburru binin injunu gaajan wuul binin injunu kaajan wuul unique Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta jaramarra inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta 9427 inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina galwarawilinj kalwarawiliny unique Claire Bowern
Paakantyi ḏildagara unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya 2887 missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu rnigar inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri warrngan unknown Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Wubuy wurugu unique Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha marru loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka panto loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Yawuru barlara barlara unique Claire Bowern
Achagua kalísa kalísa inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco úni úni See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari kalita kalita See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena ʃiani ʃiani See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana kaɽiʃi: kaɽiʃi: inheritance Proto-Arawak See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi hokoxa hokoʃa inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure 'č-aki tʃ-aki unknown See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá a'wa a'wa unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick
Bora ḯneï ɯ́nɛɯ doubtful loan Witoto; prob. loan into Resigaro See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane káási, xɨkkóoba káási, xɨkkóoba See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Apalai ikuhpo ikuhpo inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana kutpë kutpǝ inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó ikutupë ikutupǝ inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare čūʔhə (IDS) čūʔhə (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo tuna tuna See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai ɲikitho ɲikitho inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa kunayuatpö, kunayubatpöpö See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo ipa ipa loan Tupi-Guarani See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca xiua siua See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá amené amené See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán singu'ccu siŋgɯʔkhɯ See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra mosa mosa unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez hic hik See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna na2xta2xa3 (A58) naʔtaʔa unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina nemʉri nemʉɽi unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa wabxaxóna-je wabxaxóna-je See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke o(kh)kǝ(ü)itsi (RW52) unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé tjá ãnã See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave wək suwai wək suwai unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar kúcha (Quechua loan?), mamús kutʃa, mamus See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa kucha (Quechua loan?) kutʃa See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna kuča (Quechua cocha) kutʃa loan (into protolanguage?) Quechua See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses chian tʃian inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo ia-nɨ ia-nɨ inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua jmityo xmitjõ unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua cucha kutʃa See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá kucha kutʃa See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua cucha kutʃa See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano qocha qotʃa See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Sáliva oopu oːpu unknown See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano ɨtá-bɨkɨ-ra ɨtá-bɨkɨ-ra See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana ɨta-biki-'rá ɨta-biki-'rá See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna similar: tata ('pool') tata unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti ɨ̃'tãbɨkɨtara ɨ̃'tãbɨkɨtara See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana di'tara di'tara See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano di'tá-rú di'tá-rú See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca pa'wa pa'wa unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo ita-bɨki-'rá ita-bɨki-'rá See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka o'pá-taro o'pá-taro See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja ɨtʰá bɨkʰɨľà ɨtʰá bɨkʰɨrà See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje chiara dʒiara inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona zitara zitara inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya jaira hai'řa See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana esekarawa esekaɾawa unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama ɨpatsu ɨpatsu inheritance See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi ɨpa ɨpa inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó ama ni̯ša ama ni̯ša unique See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá ɨupɑp ɨupɑp inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina jonháánjin hõʔã́ã́hĩ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto hórai hórai See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto hórai hórai See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto joraì horaì (B83) inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito taquína takína inheritance See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo nak+t+r+ka nakɨtɨɾɨka See Language page Becky Walker
Wari šuteremʔ ʃuteremʔ See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo bai bai See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña be(ʔ)i; bei (G71) (Also means "ant eater") be(ʔ)i; bei (G71) inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara qota ḳuta See Language page PLE
Kwazá hãrokãi hãrokãi See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima pou-lo pou-lo See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai xu(-ake) xu(-ake) unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang ʔɔrɛ niŋ (IDS) ʔɔrɛ niŋ See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi kupa kupa See Language page PLE