fog

Semantic Field
environment
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
niebla, neblina
Meaning Portuguese
nevoeira, bruma, neblina

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim pah-soo'-mit 207 unique Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone pakyna-ppyh “cloud, fog inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla haway-sh inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok hynge/- inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno iqc'i7 “be foggy” inheritance Mithun 1997:226 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno 7ushkum unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno chpiwi “la neblina” unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno 7ulkum, 7ushku'm, 7usku'm loan JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa Sa inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche paky7nyapy inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño kwitaxi-sh [kʷitaxɪʃ] inheritance Jane Hill
Esselen shannax unknown Pinart (Heizer) Jane Hill
Gabrielino koo-teet/ inheritance CHM/MC250 Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa haamaa [xaˑˈmaˑ] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu kyna-vi inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa yuw=hi7 unknown Mixco 1985 Jane Hill
Kitanemuk pakit, papamash inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño mes-ma-l inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu t'i/wkiti unknown Jane Hill
Mojave muhoy unknown Jane Hill
Mutsun me:chikniSY “fog, mist” unknown O77:140 Jane Hill
Nisenan ja:bo: inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute pakymapa inheritance Nichols 1974:181 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok hunge- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok hune- inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A ts'opo/ (A), “fog, frost” unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M sa/pa 'fog, frost' unknown Mason 1918:133 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) xeele unknown Jane Hill
Serrano paki:-t inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute pagin:a-S inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok hungeH- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute pagynag'aryrY inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal paashuumishit unique Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone wykkyynappyh inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo pho/hi loan Jane Hill
Washo wámaladɨp' unknown Washo Project Jane Hill
Western Mono pagy/na/pE inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu Xos inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai muthe/ , mutha_“fog, damp” inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi tceheng unknown K07:243 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne gumun unknown N1944;p. 219 Jane Hill
Yuki k'o: na,:T unknown S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Yuma 7asa/ H3:211 inheritance Jane Hill
Baniwa ittamána it̪amána inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona kamereito inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo abobico abobiko inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw bʉg uù bɨg ʔû unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano imica buiro (imica means 'smoke') imika buiɾo inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa kanoʔ ičik (IDS) kanoʔ itʃik (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waorani bogĩbã unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup j’ɨ̌k ɟ’ɨ̌k inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Ninam mãa wakisi (EM72) mãa wakisi unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki bico ja biko xã inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon katuru non porom, katuru aicharuru (A1981); katu'ruk nonporon (M2000) katuɾu non poɾom, katuɾu aitʃaɾuɾu (A1981) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro iítshú iítsʰú unknown See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sanumá ilaši (EM72) ilaʃi inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tukano õʔbẽ́ õʔbẽ́ missing See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria buiriro (Waltz) buiɾiɾo (Waltz) inheritance E Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam irowasi iɾowasi inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yuhup c'ɨ̌k c'ɨ̌k inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana tataru unique Claire Bowern
Bardi goorrbil kurrbil unique Claire Bowern
Bunuba manybu unknown Claire Bowern
Burarra -jola unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Dhuwal [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Dhuwala [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Diyari kunmi inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djapu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djinang giṉimbi unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng yandalng unique Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Gurindji kaparru loan Unknown Claire Bowern
Jaru buyu loan Claire Bowern
Karajarri 4747 inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija ? unique Claire Bowern
Malyangapa [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mangala winywiny inheritance Claire Bowern
Miriwung boondany unique Claire Bowern
Mithaka [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mudburra [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mudburra [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ngamini kunmi inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngandi X unique Claire Bowern
Ngarluma gubilya Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl weedoo lammamun <weedoo lammamun> unique Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Nimanburru lanon lanon inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla japurr Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta japurr inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta japurr inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina jaboorr jaburr inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul lanen lanen inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi ŋaninja unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta kutukutu unique Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu gardany unique Claire Bowern
Walmajarri puyurtuyutu loan Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru malthi, malthimalthi unique Claire Bowern
Wubuy wuuji unique Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu wakuluŋguḻ unknown Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha njurlunjurlu loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka tataru loan Arabana Claire Bowern
Yawuru djabor jabor inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua samána samána See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco samàna samàna See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana amaẓaˀda šan amaẓaˀda šan inheritance Proto North Arawak See Language page Ana Paula B.
Baure top top See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá amiyã-mi'yã amijã-mi'jã See Language page Joyce McCormick
Bora oxtsʰó-tḯ oxtsʰó-tɯ́ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane áimúu-ɸai(ʔu) (cloud liquid/gas), súɨ áimúu-ɸai(ʔu) (cloud liquid/gas), súɨ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Apalai putokane putokane See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana mutom mutom See Language page PLE
Tiriyó tereine (foggy) tereine See Language page Becky Walker
Mapoyo ye'inë je'inɛ See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai kaweresɨ kaweresɨ See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa kamurpe, kamúrope, virasku See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Muisca faoa paoa See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá hɨ̃ʉ̃rará, hɨ̃rãrã́ hɨ̃ʉ̃rará, hɨ̃rãrã́ See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán ccuttopa'si khɯthopaʔsi See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra msaasi msaasi See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez tãapj tãapx See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna che3re2na5 (A58) ʃerena See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina sïḍzaa sʉtʃaa See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa xantɕetɨ-ʃe xantɕetɨ-ʃe See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Pumé jurukjó See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave ebu-ai ebu-ai See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar yurángkim juraŋkim See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna yuhagkim uc̷anhau juhagkim utsanhau See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses cuen, pushudquid, senadën cuëte kuen, puʃudkid, senadɨn kuɨte See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo koro koro See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua ajeravurya axerawũrja See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá shachima ʃatʃima See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua puyu puju See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano phuyu, wapsi (CP94) phuju, wapsi See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa ohku i'ko'phah ohku iɁkoɁphah See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva eñuxoh eɲuxoʔ See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano bue-ri bue-ri See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana 'óko buse-'rí 'óko buse-'rí See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna wahɨ bue-ri wahɨ bue-ri See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti jõkõãɨsekoa jõkõãɨsekoa See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana bu'eri bu'eri See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano bĩʔ'kã́ bĩʔ'kã́ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca rã'bãsi-ka rã'bãsi-ka See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo óko a 'hɛɾi óko a 'hɛɾi See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka õ'bẽ õ'bẽ See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja bã'kã bu'é-ri bã'kã bu'é-ri See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje oko jumupʉ oko xumupʉ See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona pi'ko pi'ko See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya pico pi'kɔ See Language page Amanda N
Kokama tsahue (foggy; also used figuratively for "not clear") tsawe See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi atãsĩ atãsĩ See Language page PLE
Sirionó si̯mo si̯mo See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Nɨpode Witoto úidʒï.e úidʒɯ.ɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto úidʒï.e, ródʒI, roθi úidʒɯ.ɛ, ródʒI, roθi See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto uidʒ.e, hïdʒeru.e uidʒ.ɛ, hɯdʒeru.ɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito anajáca (smoke, mist, cloud) anaháka (smoke, mist, cloud) See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Wari murukukuʔ murukukuʔ See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo wo-habo (Girard 1971) wo-habo See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña apo-apo; sise-wani (apo-apo also means "darkness"; the "wani" in "sise-wani" means "smoke") apo-apo; sise-wani See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara urpu urpu See Language page PLE
Kwazá exyilo, hanãwãnũ, hinũnũ exyilo, hanãwãnũ, hinũnũ See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima βu-ɓuh-ni βu-ɓuh-ni See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai soxden len soxden len See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang krũj krũy See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi pitxenõ pitʃenõ See Language page PLE