stab/pierce

Semantic Field
impact
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
apuñalar, acuchillar
Meaning Portuguese
apunhalar

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone -cakkwih "stab, pierce" unknown Jane Hill
Cahuilla -qachin- unique S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok hy/l:a- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi topo/siki-nky inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno niloq “pierce” (shell center in making beads) inheritance Wash 2001:461 Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno shalpan unknown A 526 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno lo (milo “I spear or prick”) inheritance JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno uqwash unknown JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa 7u:sha/ inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche tonary inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño tax-in [taxin] inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa uushaa [uˑ˅ˈşaˑ] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu tono- inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa p+sa7, s-x+khwap inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk cyk inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok kHo/c'a loan Jane Hill
Luiseño pora~i- loan Jane Hill
Maidu sypo/lno “thrust something into something” inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave uusa= inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun rippa “to jab, stab” unknown O77:306 Jane Hill
Nisenan jyj unknown Jane Hill
Northern Paiute -posa inheritance Thornes 03:325 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok hyl:a- inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A (p)T'e/kax (A), (pe)T'a/kba:/k “break off, saw off, stab, shoot” unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M missing missing Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) eenim co|cni/p unknown Jane Hill
Serrano cikY:n inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute ton:a-S, ton7na- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok hyl:a- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute wiito”na inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal shopshoop-at “be pierced” unknown Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone tonna” inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo 7o-t'ap-mi7 unknown E1993 Jane Hill
Washo gewpu/puyi unknown J111 Jane Hill
Western Mono tona- “stick w/ sharp object” inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu lyucu loan into protolanguage Jane Hill
Yavapai vqa_mi, vqa/mi unknown Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi xatc “stab” unknown K07:254 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne pok'wiyi “to pierce through” unknown N1944 Jane Hill
Yuki sut'- unknown S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Baniwa ttólhoa t̪ólhoa unknown See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona toreka (SM) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo pẽvañʉ; pẽvavañʉ; totayʉ pẽvajɨ; pẽvavajɨ; totajɨ unique See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw soóx ʃɔ̌x inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano jõ'sẽ- jõ'sẽ- inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa -uwə- (IDS) -uwə- (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waorani yaẽbẽ ko unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup yok-, cĩy' jok-, ~cij' inheritance; unknown See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi yasoʔka (IDS) yasoʔka (IDS) unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Maihiki quiudɨ baiyi kiudɨ baiji unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Tukano pĩʔô pĩʔô unknown See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria phu'a; si'o pʰuʔ'a; siʔo inheritance E Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomami tiwëhaɨ, tiwëhëaɨ tiwəhaɨ, tiwəhəaɨ unknown See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yuhup cɔh cɔh inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Bardi goorrgoorr kurrkurr unique Claire Bowern
Bunuba [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Burarra [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Dhangu barrtjun inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwal barrtjun Claire Bowern
Dhuwala dhämalkuma unknown Claire Bowern
Diyari daka unique Claire Bowern
DiyariREU [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu barrtyun Claire Bowern
Djapu barrtjun unknown Claire Bowern
Djinang rani inheritance Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng loorrg unique NJ Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi nyag- Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu dhämalkuma unknown Claire Bowern
Gurindji turrp pu- loan Miriwung Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr m-aran m-arran inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru jud bu- unique Claire Bowern
Karajarri [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Kija ngapurt (v) unique Claire Bowern
Malyangapa [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mangala [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Miriwung loorrg unique NJ Claire Bowern
Mithaka [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mudburra [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mudburra durrb la- loan Claire Bowern
Ngamini [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ngarluma garda-ga(-lgu) Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl yingarrin mungoorl goon, jarrbangoojarra <yingarrin mungoorl goon, jarrbangoojarra> inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla yirnpu Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Nyikina jirrb jirrb inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul m-aran m-arran inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi panta- Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta kanangka unique Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu barrtjun inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri la- inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru ngampapurra- unique Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha draka unique Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawuru m-aran m-arran inheritance Claire Bowern
Piapoco sutàaca sutàaka See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero maľ̥ika maľ̥ika See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana dakʰatʰa-n dakʰatʰa-n unknown See Language page Ana Paula B.
Waurá c̷akɨ-ka; c̷akɨ-ka ¢akɨ-ka; ¢akɨ-ka unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick
Bora kʰápʰátʰʸïḯkʰï-nï (sprout), kʷáʔexḯro kʰápʰátʰʲɯɯ́kʰɯ-nɯ (sprout), kʷáʔɛxɯ́ro inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane káɸáttʸɨ́kkɨ-ʔi (punch) káɸáttʲɨ́kkɨ-ʔi (punch) See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Tiriyó konka konka inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Wai Wai ∅-Φaraška-∅ ∅-Φaraška-∅ inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa sutipo See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Northern Emberá kõŋkuái kõŋkuái See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Páez yãaja- jãaxa- See Language page Daniel Valle
Urarina huku huku unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa xangɨsɨtxuána xangɨsɨtxuána See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke '-hɒ́ʌá '-hɒ́ʌá unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé idɛ-gua See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave [-ok] ok unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar kuchíijai ijutin kutʃi:xai: xutin See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna nawahai 'ihut nawahai 'ihut unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Chácobo c̷aka- c̷aka- doubtful loan Tacanan See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua chityiy tʃitjij doubtful loan Panoan See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano kuchilliyay (Spanish loan) kutʃiʎiyaj See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Barasano hu-, sare- hu-, sare- See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana tu'ápuá- tu'ápuá- See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna hio- hio- inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti 'túapa- 'túapa- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana jõ'sẽ- jõ'sẽ- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano saʔ're- saʔ're- See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca sãke-ri-ka sãke-ri-ka unknown See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo 'túa-puá- 'túa-puá- See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka 'túapa 'túapa See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja túu pua(-), ha'dé(-) túu pua(-), ha'dé(-) See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje hua-, 'thotha hua-, 'thotha inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona hua-hi hua-hi inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya pɨʔ'a-je pɨʔ'a-je See Language page Amanda N
Wayampi -mɔ-mu; -pupu -mɔ-mu; -pupu unknown See Language page PLE
Ocaina ɸaaʔ, haara, ttʲõõʔɸo ɸaaʔ, haara, ttʲõõʔɸo unknown See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto dʒu-dá-de dʒu-dá-dɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto dʒu-tá-de dʒu-tá-dɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto jaìtade, jaìrude haìtadɛ, haìrudɛ (B83) inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito ijiraani ihiraani unknown See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Wari šukunʔ ʃukunʔ See Language page PLE
Cavineña sakʷa-ya (sakʷa-ya is also used for "injection") sakʷa-ya inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara kharintaña kharintaɲa See Language page PLE
Kwazá ɛte-, hadai-, hado-, hadori-, twe- ɛte-, hadai-, hado-, hadori-, twe- See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima čaʔ-na tʃaʔ-na See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Kaingang kusòn nɔn; kusɔn See Language page PLE