bottom grinding stone

Semantic Field
manufacture
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Bankalachi Toloim pah'-haht' bedrock mortar; po-ho-wahl' portable mortar 189 loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone tusu” “metate” inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla mala-l inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok 7ym:e- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi marA “metate”; inheritance JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno 7alqap “mortar” inheritance Beeler 1978 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno 7alqap inheritance JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno 7alqap “mortar” inheritance A212 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno kichiksmu7 “metate”; hytYyqsmu7 0424 unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno 7aLqap, 7aLqapuch, pejesh unknown JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa xpi inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche huaawo “mortar” unknown Jane Hill
Cupeño mala-l [məˈlal] inheritance Jane Hill
Esselen pamma “mortar” loan Pinart/Heizer Jane Hill
Gabrielino tokwis “mortero” unknown Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa 'ehpii [Ɂəxˈpiˑ] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu mara-ci inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk cyry7ihwa7t unknown Jane Hill
Lake Miwok ta/mih (large), unique Jane Hill
Luiseño mala:-l inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu jo/kkym 7o/ “mortar” inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave 7ahpe inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun 7urkan “mortar” unknown O77:154 Jane Hill
Nisenan pulu “mortar”; loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Northern Paiute matta 223 inheritance Thornes 03:223 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok 7ym:e inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok 7yly:we- “portable mortar” unknown Jane Hill
Salinan A Thxo/l (A), unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M tTHoxo/L 'mortar' unknown Mason 1918:132 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) xap “metate” (archaic usage) unknown Jane Hill
Serrano pa:hu “bedrock mortar” loan direction unknown R&E2000:420 Jane Hill
Southern Paiute mara-tsi- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok lopa:7-a “small” inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute marachI “mortar” inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal pahal “mortar” (bedrock) loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone potton inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo lel-to/kel (see nudge, poke) loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Washo git7la/:m unknown J115 Jane Hill
Western Mono paha “mortar”; inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu mo:koheti loan Jane Hill
Yavapai ?hpi/ metate inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami he-se/-ha: “metate, hand stone for rubbing” inheritance Berman 2002 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi pOwac “portable mortar” loan into protolanguage, direction unknown K07, G64 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne baic loan into protolanguage, direction unknown K 1963 Jane Hill
Yuki k'o(:)l “pounding basket, mortar, mortar hopper” inheritance S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Yuma 7axmo/ “mortar” H1:26 inheritance Jane Hill
Dâw -- -- missing if different word from top grinding stone See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Maihiki ata ja, ɨno ago ata xã, ɨno ago unknown if different word from top grinding stone See Language page Daniel Valle
Yanomami hii hi ka (bottom) hi: hi ka unique if different word from top grinding stone See Language page Kelsey Neely
Arabana [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Bardi [absent] missing Claire Bowern
Bunuba balanja 'grinding stone' unknown Claire Bowern
Burarra rambala Claire Bowern
Dhangu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Dhuwal [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Dhuwala [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Diyari murdawola unique Claire Bowern
DiyariREU [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djapu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djinang nguyarr unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng barlawarn unique Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi ?goorra 'grindstone' missing Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Gurindji jikurnu loan Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr [absent] missing Claire Bowern
Jaru birli bamarr semantic shift Claire Bowern
Jawi [absent] missing Claire Bowern
Karajarri 4862 unknown Claire Bowern
Kija kutu-kutu-kirriny unique Claire Bowern
Malyangapa [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mangala pipinyanu unknown Claire Bowern
Miriwung barlawarn unique Claire Bowern
Mithaka [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mudburra kumurru Claire Bowern
Mudburra jungari inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngamini 1418 loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Ngandi X missing Claire Bowern
Ngarluma majarra Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl [absent] missing Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Nimanburru [absent] missing Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta majarra loan Ngarluma Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta matyarra loan Pilbara Claire Bowern
Nyikina [absent] missing Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul [absent] missing Claire Bowern
Paakantyi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu 817 unique Claire Bowern
Walmajarri ngamanyan inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru layi unique Claire Bowern
Warrwa [absent] missing Claire Bowern
Wubuy X missing Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha 1418 unique Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawuru [absent] missing Claire Bowern
Muisca hyca hɨka if different word from top grinding stone See Language page Daniel Valle
Cofán patuvo´cho patɯβoʔtʃo phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS if different word from top grinding stone See Language page Daniel Valle
Candoshi-Shapra patobchi patomptʃi if different word from top grinding stone See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro a´jentu´ aʔjɨntuʔ if different word from top grinding stone See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez cuet kuet if different word from top grinding stone See Language page Daniel Valle
Ashuar káya kaja if different word from top grinding stone See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa kaya kaja if different word from top grinding stone See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna káya kája if different word from top grinding stone See Language page Daniel Valle
Yagua avichu awitʃu if different word from top grinding stone See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua rumi ɾumi if different word from top grinding stone See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá rumi rumi if different word from top grinding stone See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua rumi ɾumi if different word from top grinding stone See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano rumi ɾumi if different word from top grinding stone See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Koreguaje catapʉ, cata, cʉna katapʉ, kata, kʉna if different word from top grinding stone See Language page Daniel Valle
Karitiana kinapyti kinapɨti if different word from top grinding stone See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama itaki itaki if different word from top grinding stone See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Central Aymara qala qala if different word from top grinding stone See Language page PLE
Kaingang pè if different word from top grinding stone See Language page PLE