small

Semantic Field
quality
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
pequeño
Meaning Portuguese
pequeno

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim koo-choo'-bik 215 loan Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone tytyn inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla inish-ily inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok Tu/:ni- unknown Jane Hill
Chemehuevi mi7au/nci inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno ch-taniw unknown Ono 1976:19 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno kuch'u loan JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno muc'u7 “small one”; “young, small” unknown A 127, 275 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno tsiwisnini “chiquitito”; chiwisnisu “muy chiquito” unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno mit'i loan JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa lycash, 7ilyca/sh “to be small” loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Comanche tytaaty inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño 'akulyi [Ɂəˈkuʎi] loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Esselen ukxu/-s-ki “small” loan direction unknown Shaul 1995:199 Jane Hill
Gabrielino cenu:ho7 inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa estik ('elyemis) [Ɂəsˈt̯ɪk] ([Ɂəʎəˈmɪs] unknown Jane Hill
Kawaiisu 7yyve7e-pii-chi unknown Jane Hill
Kiliwa muwtt 36 unknown Jane Hill
Kitanemuk 7anu7si7 inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok k'u/chchi, k'u/cci loan Jane Hill
Luiseño 7alu/'-ma-l loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Maidu tibi/ unknown Jane Hill
Mojave ich'aw=, inch'aw-(of a baby or young child), ish'aw- (too small for x), natqoly- (song word w/ plural subj. only), nishquly= (plur subj only) unknown Jane Hill
Mutsun ku:tyihmin “small one” loan direction unknown O77:251 Jane Hill
Nisenan la:j unknown Jane Hill
Northern Paiute tyytsi inheritance Thornes 03:476 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok 7ic:ipit:i- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok 7itit:i- inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A skI/tana (A), unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M sko/tAn unknown Mason 1918:150 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) quisil unknown Jane Hill
Serrano chilykam loan R&E2000:223 Jane Hill
Southern Paiute mia7-G usually mia7-p:y-tsi- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok cin:ipi, cin:imi, cinti- loan Jane Hill
Southern Ute mii-, miipy-, etc. inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal kuu7chupich loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone tytiittsittsi inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo kut'i:ya (singular) loan Jane Hill
Washo behe\tsing unknown K311 Jane Hill
Western Mono inotsitsi7i/-tU, -tsi7 unknown Jane Hill
Wintu ku:t'e, loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Yavapai ki/ch, qa/ch, ka/ch, ke/ch unknown Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami muchuchu7 (cns. symbolism) unique JPH Gamble 91 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi pu:nun, pu:tcutc 244 unknown K07:244 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne gudi7 unknown N 1944 38 Jane Hill
Yuki 7o:lsil, 7u:nshil, 7unsil, 7unsel inheritance S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Yuma 7ano/qk “it is small” H1:29 unknown Jane Hill
Baniwa -eeni, tsóo, tíki -eeni, tsóo, tíki inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona hica (SM) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo quĩ́jico (f.), quĩ́jicʉ (m.), quĩ́jino (inan.) kĩ́xiko (f.), kĩ́xikɨ (m.), kĩ́xino (inan.) unique See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw pis piʃ inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano miriñegã, migʉgã miriñegã, migɨgã unknown See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa pɨɨča; ari-pɨɨča pɨɨtʃ̌a; ari-pɨɨtʃa inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï a'li unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani ghiya, giya unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup cĩ́pm'æh ~cípb'æh unique See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi siʔmɨrikkɨ (IDS) siʔmɨrikkɨ (IDS) inheritance shared Pemon See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu miri, ananika (possibly from portuguese anão) miɾi, ananika (possibly from portuguese anão) inheritance; unknown See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam sĩilip; oše, siinip (EM72) sĩilip; oʃe, siinip unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki yadi, ɨja jadi, ɨxa unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon chirike, chiapue, damik-pue (A1981); chiikrɨkö (E1980); chi'rü'kö (M2000) tʃiɾike, tʃiapue, damikpue (A1981); tʃikrɨkö (E1980) inheritance shared with Macushi See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Sanumá išinapɨ, wanipɨ (both EM72) iʃinapɨ, wanipɨ unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Sikuani atsi (1) atsí, tʃikiri-jo: unknown; doubtful loan (into protolanguage?) Pemon; but likely sound symbolic See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tariana tsúite tsúite inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano cã' rõácã kã'rõá kã inheritance See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria ~ba('a); da ~ba(ʔa); dáá inheritance E Tuk? See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam wãsiap, sĩrip (both EM72) wãsiap, sĩɾip inheritance; inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami ihiru-pɨ, wãisipɨ (EM72) ihiɾu-pɨ, wãisipɨ (EM72) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna kamu'ujini: kamu'ují kamuʔuhini: kamuʔuhí unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup hĩ́p ~híp unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana kupa inheritance Claire Bowern
Bardi doln_ dolng inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba mabilyi unknown Claire Bowern
Burarra -balgurla Claire Bowern
Dhangu nyumukuṉiny inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwal nyumukuṉiny Claire Bowern
Dhuwala nyumikiny inheritance Claire Bowern
Diyari waka inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu nyumukiny unknown Claire Bowern
Djapu nyumukuṉiny unknown Claire Bowern
Djinang miliyirring unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng woothoong unique NJ Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi jiginya unique Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu nyumikiny inheritance Claire Bowern
Gurindji yapawurru loan Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr doln_ dolng inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru yambagina inheritance Claire Bowern
Jawi morrol morrol inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri wupartu loan Claire Bowern
Kija wanyake- unique NJ Claire Bowern
Malyangapa pumpatha unique Claire Bowern
Mangala wipiti loan Nyulnyulan Claire Bowern
Miriwung woothoong unique NJ Claire Bowern
Mithaka waka inheritance Claire Bowern
Mudburra wunyu Claire Bowern
Mudburra wunyu unique Claire Bowern
Ngamini wolka unique Claire Bowern
Ngandi dhaku loan Rembarrnga Claire Bowern
Ngarluma gurlugurlu Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl oobarda, oobardoo <oobarda, oobardoo> inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi pulha inheritance Claire Bowern
Nimanburru doln_ dolng inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla wipiti loan Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta wupajupani inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta wupartu loan Claire Bowern
Nyikina uba uba inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul mururl mururl inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi kurtalooko unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya wayiwiya Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta thuyuyu loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu nyumukuṉiny, yutjuwaḻa Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu ganyang unique Claire Bowern
Walmajarri lamparn inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru japu unique Claire Bowern
Warrwa uuba uuba inheritance Claire Bowern
Wubuy wirrig unique Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu gulkuruŋu unknown Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha pulya, purla inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi kunuwarda unique Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka pulja inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru wubajubaju wubajubaju inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua húbee húbee unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco achúméeri, yáana atʃúmé:ɾi, já:na See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari karitʃhũĩ karitʃhũĩ See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena tsuituiri, tsuite tsuituiri, tsuite See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero witasima-hi witasima-hi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana kʰaikʰapʰasudi-ʔu kʰaikʰapʰasudi-ʔu unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi ikalira ikalira unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure či; 'mičokiṛ̌i; ti'ʔa-ci tʃi; 'mitʃokiṛ̌i; ti'ʔa-ci unknown See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá -tãi; ãhã-tãi; muyepe -tãi; ãhã-tãi; mujepe unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Arutani sikipi sikipi See Language page John Blaha
Sape to to See Language page John Blaha
Bora nʸomɨ, aya, áyá-né-kʷï, ïʔxéné-kʷï, čʰoʔxï, ḯḯkḯyïï nʲomɨ, aja, ájá-nέ-kʷɯ, ɯʔxέnέ-kʷɯ, tʃʰoʔxɯ, ɯ́ɯ́kɯ́jɯɯ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane núméné-na, áxášu-no, áxášu-no-gayɨ númέnέ-na, áxáʃu-no, áxáʃu-no-gajɨ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio aigoo aɪgo inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Akawaio/Ingariko dialect aikɔ aikɔ See Language page Lauren Franklin
Apalai exipyra ro exipɨra ro inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana akin akin inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó akïï (small things) akɨɨ inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare šeʔkə (IDS); she:'kö, she:'koto'kö (KH) ʃeʔkə (IDS); ʃe:ʔkə, ʃe:ʔkotoʔkə (KH) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo wa'kampï wa'kampʊ See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai wahra; wahray wahra; wahray unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari baxinja (child, small) baʃinja (child, small) See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa kika kʂenʂe See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo intsoño intsoño unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca inguezunga inγetʂunγa See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá kaabeeábʉ, maarĩ́mbʉ kaːbeːábʉ, maːrĩ́mbʉ See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Macaguan chir tʃir doubtful loan (into protolanguage?), direction unknown Pemon; but likely sound symbolic See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Cofán re´ri, chipiri, -cho tʃipiɾI, tʃo See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra pakchi paktʃi unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez uchú utʃu See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna íra (Alv44) íra unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina laauhiri la:uhiɽi unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa báse, bíntʃe báse, bíntʃe See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke u' unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé tǫkõi See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave #NAME? #NAME? unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku kudi kudi See Language page PLE
Warao sanuka sanuka See Language page John Blaha
Ashuar túupich, trúpich tu:piʧ, trupiʧ See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa shitapach ʃitapatʃ See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna manchúuch mantʃú:tʃ unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses ania ania unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo mišni; pistia; yamaria (the latter is "very small") mišni; pistia; yamaria (the latter is "very small") inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua jamiriyu- xamirijũ unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua uchilla utʃiʎa See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá amchi amtʃi See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua ichilla itʃiʎa See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano taksa, uchuy, uchuk taksa, utʃuy, utʃuk See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa ji'kichawa hĩkʔĩtʃãwã unique See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva isabaje isabahe unique See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano ~boho-rihɨ; bõhṍ-gɨ̃(-ãkã) (H&R) ~boho-rihɨ; bõhṍ-gɨ̃(-ãkã) (H&R) See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana õ'kã́-ɨ̃-ãkã õ'kã́-ɨ̃-ãkã See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna ~bɨtaka; habitire ~bɨtaka; habitire unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti pẽ́ẽ-gɨ̃-gã pẽ́ẽ-gɨ̃-gã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana bẽ'ʔẽdikiro-gã bẽ'ʔẽdikiro-gã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano mégʉ mégɨ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca kũ'pa hĩ'ka kũ'pa hĩ'ka unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo õ 'kã-ɨ̃-'ãkã õ 'kã-ɨ̃-'ãkã See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka 'pee-gã ʔpee-gã See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja pee'kíákã, bẽ'tã́kã pee'kíákã, bẽ'tã́kã See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje chiiʉ (male), chĩio (female) dʒiiʉ, dʒĩio unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona čoa; sˀĩ čoa; sˀĩ doubtful loan, direction unknown Kokama See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya a'riquë aʔri'kɨ See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana ´ĩn ʔɨ̃n unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama chura tʃura doubtful loan, direction unknown See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi kiãwĩ; taʔɨ; -miti; -sisi kiãwĩ; taʔɨ; -miti; -sisi unknown; inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó eɲetẽ; ekʷake; eɲohõ eɲetẽ; ekʷake; eɲohõ unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá taˀɨpĩatsã taˀɨpĩatsã inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina síítih, sóógo, tóógo, xavi- síítiʔ, sóógo, tóógo, xaβi- unknown See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto hí.ï-re-de hí.ɯ-rɛ-dɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto dú.e-re-de, hí.ï-re-de dú.ɛ-rɛ-dɛ, hí.ɯ-rɛ-dɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto hano-re-de hano-rɛ-dɛ inheritance/Witoto See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito sɨsanuríca (MC: badɨdiminutive) sɨsanuríka (bad + diminutive) unique See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo niichakakihya niːʧakakihja See Language page Becky Walker
Wari wiyimain wijimain See Language page PLE Also ka om hwaraʔ ne 'not largeness'.
Ese Ejja/Huarayo kia-sisi kia-sisi See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña ačača; pihi; ača-ača; aša-aša; nana- ačača; pihi; ača-ača; aša-aša; nana- unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara jisk´a xiskˀa See Language page PLE
Kwazá tohoi, txuhũi tohoi, txuhũi See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima to-čiʔi to-tʃiʔi See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai kod ~ kot; pat kod ~ kot; pat unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang sĩ, kãsir sĩ; kãsir; mi; kɔnɛ̃ŋ; kuniŋ See Language page PLE
Suyá sĩre sĩre See Language page Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi titi, bihi, tätä, txunĩ titi, bihi, tǝtǝ, tʃunĩ See Language page PLE