who?

Semantic Field
grammar
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
quien, quién
Meaning Portuguese
quem

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim wah'-tuk taw-tah'-ken “Who is coming?” 223; ha-īnt (K1907) loan Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone haka-tyn sg, haka-tyhwyh (dl), haka-tyyn (pl) inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla hax'i inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok mana/:- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi hang(a)/ inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno 7aj'i unknown Beeler 1978 Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno kune7 unknown A 18 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno haksu, myski, machki unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno 7asku unknown JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa lu:ny, lu:p unknown Jane Hill
Comanche hakary inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño hax [hax] inheritance Jane Hill
Esselen kini unknown Kroeber1904 Jane Hill
Gabrielino haki: inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa maap [maˑp] unknown Jane Hill
Kawaiisu ha-na, hi-ni inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa 7-m7aa unknown Jane Hill
Kitanemuk hami(c) inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok ma/nti inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño hax inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu homo/ni inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave makach, makany inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun hatte inheritance O77:158 Jane Hill
Nisenan homo, homoky:m inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute haga/ inheritance Thornes 03:28 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok mana inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok manti- inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A ta- (p. 35 unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M tEkHa'- E is e umlaut unknown Mason 1918:36 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) quii/h, ha/qui, ha/ahcO unknown Jane Hill
Serrano hai:m, hami-7 inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute anga- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok manaX- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute aa7ara (sg), aamY7ara (pl) inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal aki inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone hakatyn inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo ma/y inheritance Jane Hill
Washo gu/:dinga unknown J168 Jane Hill
Western Mono ha/ge, haqaa/ inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu heket inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai vka/ unknown Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami wat inheritance K 1963 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi wat inheritance K07:228 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne wa:t/ inheritance N1944:232 Jane Hill
Yuki ma,y-, moy-, moih inheritance S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Yuma makye/-ny “whom” H2:148 inheritance Jane Hill
Baniwa kóaka kóaka inheritance same as 'what' See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona ənəkɨ (interr.) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo ñame ɲamɛ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw rʉ̃’ hɨ̃ʔ semantic shift See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano dõ'ã́ dõ'ã́ inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa nək nək inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waorani æ-kã-dõ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup ʔǔy ʔǔj inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi anɨʔ (IDS) anɨʔ (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu awá awá inheritance See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam hati hati unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki nebɨ nebɨ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon anök (E1980); anü (M2000) anök (E1980) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Sanumá witipilia (EM72) witipila inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Sikuani ipatsa (1), jipatsa (1) inheritance See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tariana kwana kwana inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano noáʔ (hr) noáʔ (hr) inheritance E Tuk, at least Branch 2 See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria ~doa ~doa inheritance E Tuk, at least Branch 2 See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam wɨtipi (EM72) wɨtipi (EM72) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami weti-nɨ (MM07) weti-nɨ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna najlo nahlo inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup ʔúj ʔúj inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana waRa inheritance Claire Bowern
Bardi anggaba angkaba inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba ngunda inheritance Claire Bowern
Burarra [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Dhangu yol inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwal yol inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwala wäri inheritance Claire Bowern
Diyari "waranha (intr), warli (tr)" inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU warli inheritance Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu yol Claire Bowern
Djapu yol inheritance Claire Bowern
Djinang wari inheritance Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng yangal inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi ngoorndoo inheritance Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu wäri inheritance Claire Bowern
Gurindji ngana inheritance Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr angge angke inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru ngana inheritance Claire Bowern
Jawi ungaba ungaba inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri ngartu inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija yangela inheritance Claire Bowern
Malyangapa [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mangala ngantu inheritance Claire Bowern
Miriwung gawoothaging inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka walu unique Claire Bowern
Mudburra ngana Claire Bowern
Mudburra ngana inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngamini waRa inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngandi nyja unique Claire Bowern
Ngarluma ngana Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl yanga, yangee <yanga, yangee> inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi waRa inheritance Claire Bowern
Nimanburru ang.g ang.k inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla ngantu Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta nganurtu inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta nganurtu inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina yanggi ~ yangi yangki ~ yangi inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul angg angk inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi windjiga Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta wara inheritance Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu yol inheritance Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu wara inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri ngana inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Warrwa yanggi yangki inheritance Claire Bowern
Worrorra angguwi(y)a angguwi(y)a loan Bardi Claire Bowern
Wubuy yangi unique Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu wara inheritance Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha "warnu , waranu (abs.)," inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi wara inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka warlu inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru yanggarru yangkarru inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua tána tána inheritance same as 'what' See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco càiná, cawiná kàiná, kawiná See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari mikha, umha, arhi (who/what) mikha, umha, arhi (who/what) See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena damaɺi damaɺi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero méjli méľ̥i See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana kʰan-dii; kʰanu-m kʰan-dii; kʰanu-m inheritance Proto North Arawak? See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi xala ʃala unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure kon to 'woyokon kon to 'wojokon unique See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá ka-i'c̷a; ka ka-i'¢a; ka inheritance same as 'what' See Language page Joyce McCormick
Arutani maʔayokə maʔayokə See Language page John Blaha
Sape pante pante See Language page John Blaha
Bora mḯʔa, mḯʔa-xa, kʰaathʸéʔa-(xa) mɯ́ʔa, mɯ́ʔa-xa, kʰaathʲέʔa-(xa) unknown See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane ká-xáá-nɨ {m}, ká-xáá-mo {f}, mɨ́xɨ́ ká-xáá-nɨ {m}, ká-xáá-mo {f}, mɨ́xɨ́ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio önɨk önɨk inheritance Proto-Carib See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Akawaio/Ingariko dialect anïʔ anɯʔ See Language page Lauren Franklin
Apalai onokah onokah inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana ënik ǝnik inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó akï (animate interrogative pronound) akɨ (animate interrogative pronound) inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare ənə̄kɨ (IDS) ənə:kɨ inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo nakena nakena See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai onoke onoke inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari bypa bɨpa See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa no noʔ See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo uŋu uŋu inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca xieoa sieoa See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá káidha, kái káidha, kái See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Macaguan nekén(ʉ) nekén(ɨ) unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Cofán majan mãhã See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra cháká tʃáká unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro cu´hen kuʔhɨn See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez quim kim See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna texe (interrogative) [5, 1] teʔe unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina dʒa tʃa unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa ndá, ndmuá ndá, ndmuá See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke kói kói unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé chjiá See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave bəə bəə unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku toči totʃi See Language page PLE
Warao sina sina See Language page John Blaha
Ashuar ya ja See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa ya ja See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna yaa ja: inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses tsuda, tsutsi tsuɾa, tsutsi inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo c̷owɨ-ni; c̷oʔo c̷owɨ-ni; c̷oʔo inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua chi tʃı̃ unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua pi pi See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá pi (reltive)/pitak (interrogative) pi (reltive)/pitak (interrogative) See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua pi, maican pi, maikan See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano pi pi See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa di di inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva ãdijã ãdihã inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano ~jibɨ/~di (m.); ~jibo/diso (f.) ~jibɨ/~di (m.); ~jibo/diso (f.) See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana ñamʉ (masc., anim.) ɲãmɨ̃ See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna ~jibɨ/~di (m.); ~jibo/diso (f.) ~jibɨ/~di (m.); ~jibo/diso (f.) inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti dõ'ã́ dõ'ã́ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana dõã dõã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano dõ'ã́ dõ'ã́ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca bã 'ki bã 'ki inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo dõã dõã See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka dõ'ã dõʔã See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja nṍã̀ nṍã̀ See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje nee pate (who is this?) nee pathe inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona kˀekˀɨ; ne kˀekˀɨ; ne inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya nea'ni neaʔni See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana mõra mõɾa unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama ahuataca (interrogative) awataka inheritance See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi awa awa inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó aba (P85) aba inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá awa awa inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina bón bṍ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto bu bu See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto bu bu See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto bu bu inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito cánɨɨca kánɨɨka inheritance See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo kanat+ kanatɨ See Language page Becky Walker
Ese Ejja/Huarayo aʔya (Girard 1971) aʔya See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña e-he-ke e-he-ke unique See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara khiti(sa) kʰitisa See Language page PLE
Kwazá dilɛ dilɛ See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima han-ne han-ne See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai te te unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang ũ; ʔũ-nɛ̃ See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi hüa høa See Language page PLE