skin

Semantic Field
body
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
piel
Meaning Portuguese
pele

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim o-poon 175 inheritance Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone po7an, poan, pohon “bark, skin, peeling, surface layer” inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla sava-l unique S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok To/l:echa- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi asi/7a, asi/v(y) inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno pHax (< p pax) inheritance Klar 77:14 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno cpax unknown Harrington 1974:9 Jane Hill
Cocopa nykw7aL inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche hynypo7a7; mapo/7a7 “human skin” inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño -pelki [pɨlki] inheritance Jane Hill
Gabrielino 7axo:xoc “su cascara” inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa ekwally [əˈkʷaɫʸ] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu 7asi7a= inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa 7-kwal inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk koco inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok Su/luk “skin, peel, shell” loan Jane Hill
Luiseño ta:va-sh unknown Jane Hill
Maidu posa/la, posa/li inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave chathkwil, iimaat chathkwil inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun pattah unknown O77:246 Jane Hill
Nisenan po inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute pyhy “skin, hide, fur” inheritance Stubbs 08 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok pyc:eTa- unknown Jane Hill
Plains Miwok talka- (hide) inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A sa:/nAt' (A), ) “skin, hide”; unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M spa/nAt 'skin, hide' A is alpha unknown Mason 1918:128 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) ina/ail unknown Jane Hill
Serrano -qOc inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute as:ia:-S “outer covering, skin, bark” asia:-ni “my skin” inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok Tol:a- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute pyy7aH, pyy/vY, inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal poon-t inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone nymya (of body), unknown Jane Hill
Wappo chi/la loan into protolanguage Jane Hill
Washo i:sh unknown J1958:200 Jane Hill
Western Mono py/hy/ inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu c'op inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai thpi^la “bark, skin” unknown Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami p'a:lai unique K1963 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi tcudui 237 inheritance K07:237 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne T'o:tot “skin, bark” inheritance Golla 1964:65 Jane Hill
Yuki shil (skin, shell, bark) loan into protolanguage S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Yuma 7akwe/ly “hide, leather, skin” H3:210 inheritance Jane Hill
Baniwa -ya -ja inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona hitihə inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo caje kaxɛ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw bʉk bɨk inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano gasiro gasiro inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa pi-hpə pi-hpə inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï hetoto unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani ǽ̨mǫtái unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup b’ɔ́k b’ɔ́k inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi piipɨ piipɨ inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu pirera (same as bark) piɾeɾa (same as bark) inheritance See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam pili si, si (EM72) pili si, si inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki anibɨ ja anibɨ xã inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon yeei piikpö (E1980); ipi'pö (M2000) pipue; piʔpö (E1980); ipiʰpə (M2000) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro eémámíí?o, eémú eémámííʔo, eémú inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sanumá ɨsɨ (EM72) ɨsɨ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Sikuani boko (2) bóko, pe-perabɨ̃-to inheritance See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tariana dí-ya dí-ja inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano caséro kaséro inheritance E Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria ka'sa kaʔsa inheritance E Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam si (EM72) si inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami pei si, si (EM72) pei si, si inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna ímaji ímahi inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup b'ɔ̌k b'ɔ̌k inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana patha inheritance Claire Bowern
Bardi rolrol -(i)nya- rolrol -(i)nya- inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba birlina unknown Claire Bowern
Burarra -maliyarra unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu barrwaṉ(') unknown Claire Bowern
Dhuwal galŋa Claire Bowern
Dhuwala minyaŋalaŋal unknown Claire Bowern
Diyari darla inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU kulara unique Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu 2016 inheritance Claire Bowern
Djapu galŋa inheritance Claire Bowern
Djinang gilingkaḻ unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng therrawoo unique Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi birlnga 'bark' inheritance Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu minyaŋalaŋal unknown Claire Bowern
Gurindji wajawurr loan Unknown Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr baden baden inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru jalyja, unique Claire Bowern
Jawi bardun bardun inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri karnu inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija wajawurr-,mukun-pe, manyjangala--pernnga- 'bark' unique NJ Claire Bowern
Malyangapa Mal: wapi- unique Claire Bowern
Mangala nalaja unknown Claire Bowern
Miriwung mathin unique NJ Claire Bowern
Mithaka dala inheritance Claire Bowern
Mudburra kurrnyu ? Claire Bowern
Mudburra kurrnyu loan Claire Bowern
Ngamini darla inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngandi gu/ma-gurla' inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngarluma gaburn Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl beererr, birrerr beererr, birrerr unique Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi dala inheritance Claire Bowern
Nimanburru baden, badon baden, badon inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla yurrurta Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta karnu inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta karnu inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina baj baj inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul baden baden inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi balda loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta nunderry inheritance Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu barrwaṉ unknown Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu gurla' loan Claire Bowern
Walmajarri partu inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru patha inheritance? Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu galnga inheritance Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha darla, nyindi inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi pitjurla inheritance? Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka tala inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru naladja nalaja inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua mana: mana: inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco ímami ímami See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari íʔa-mi íʔa-mi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena mata mata See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero itamaka itamaka See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana maˀda maˀda inheritance Proto-Arawak See Language page Ana Paula B.
Mandawaka jáːbaru jáːbaɾu See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi militi, imili militi, imili unknown See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure č-om; ni-'čom tʃ-om; ni-'tʃom inheritance See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá #NAME? #NAME? unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick
Arutani kõhã (also used for bark) kõhã (also used for bark) See Language page John Blaha
Sape kuy (also used for bark) kuy (also used for bark) See Language page John Blaha
Bora (mé)-ʔmɨ́ɨ́ʔeé, iáápe mɨ́ɨʔe (mέ)-ʔmɨ́ɨ́ʔɛέ, iáápɛ mɨ́ɨʔɛ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane méeʔe mέɛʔɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio biipö bipö inheritance Proto-Carib See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Apalai pihpo, pihpyry pihpo, pihpɨrɨ inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana pitpë pitpǝ inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó pihpë pihpǝ inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare hiʔhə (IDS); hi'hö hiʔhə inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo pi'bë; wai'bano (?) (cartilage) pi'bɛ; wai'bano (?) (cartilage) See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai o-hčɨΦɨ-rɨ; Φičho o-hčɨΦɨ-rɨ; Φičho inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari bixi biʃi See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa pichoro dʒuʂts̺u See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo ifidyo; ipufi (also means 'bark') ifidjo; ipufi (also means 'bark') inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca huca huka See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá ée, ẽe ée, ẽe See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Macaguan pérʉ pérɨ inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Cofán ttono thono See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Taushiro chi ʃi See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez cati kati See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna naxchaxmũ [2-3, 5, 3] naʔtʃaʔmɨ̃ unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina kaḍzi katʃi unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa bobátʃe bobátʃe See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke #NAME? #NAME? unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé í See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Tinigua ɟoʔkwa See Language page Zach Burnett
Puinave #NAME? #NAME? unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku č:mu (possibly a mistake in the source?) tʃ:mu (possibly a mistake in the source?) See Language page PLE
Ashuar nuwáp nuwap See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa nuap nuap See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna duwáp duwáp inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses bitsi bitsi inheritance/Tacanan See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo βiči (also means "bark") βiči (also means "bark") inheritance/Tacanan See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua {-jay} xaj unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua cara kaɾa See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá kaɾa kaɾa See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua cara kaɾa See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano qara qaɾa See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa chijeta tʃĩhẽtã unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva ĩxexe ĩxexe unknown See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano gase-ro gase-ro See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana asero asɛɾɔ See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna wi-ro wi-ro unique See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti kásero kásero See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana kaʔ'sa-ro kaʔ'sa-ro See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano ga'si-ró ga'si-ró See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca a'hea a'hea unknown See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo a'héro a'héro See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka kase-'ro kase-ʔro See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja kʰáhɛ́řó kʰáhɛ́ró See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje ca'nivu kaʔnibu inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona kˀãʔni-wɨ kˀãʔni-wɨ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya ca'ni kãʔ'ni See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana pa, pykyp pa, pɨkɨp inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama piruara (also bark) piruara inheritance See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi pilɛ pilɛ inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó ei̯re; ei̯ ei̯re; ei̯ inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá pit (K12) pit (K12) inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina xonúúhca xon̵ɯ́ɯ́ʔka unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto íni íni See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto igóï-raï igóɯ-raɯ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto igoï igoɯ inheritance/Witoto See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito ísɨquɨ (also means bark, shell of an animal or fruit) ísɨkɨ (also means bark, shell of an animal or fruit) inheritance See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo ichawk+ iʧawkɨ See Language page Becky Walker
Wari taparišiʔ tapariʃiʔ See Language page PLE Cf. 'bark' 08.750.
Ese Ejja/Huarayo e-hee e-hee See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña e-biti e-biti inheritance/Panoan See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara janchi lipˀiči See Language page PLE
Kwazá esiki, hãtsũ-, -siki, -xy esiki, hãtsũ-, -siki, -xy See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima to-ɓen̉-kʷakʷa to-ɓen̉-kʷakʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai (iau) pɨt (iau) pɨt loan Kamayura See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang fàr #NAME? See Language page PLE
Suyá See Language page Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi See Language page PLE