thin

Semantic Field
quality
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
delgado
Meaning Portuguese
fino

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone tatuih inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla yawi-sh (skinny one) inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok se:si- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi ci7au/c(i) inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno taxshan unknown Ono 1996:32 Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno qhapqhap inheritance A 37 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno tshe “seco y flaco” unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno cjuqmit'i “it is slender” loan Harrington 1974:7 Jane Hill
Cocopa rSa:w, S7i:T “to be thin” unknown Jane Hill
Comanche tahi inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño mingi-sh [mɪŋɪʃ] unknown Jane Hill
Gabrielino yaro:re7 Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa wekwiirp [wəˈkʷiˑrp] unknown Jane Hill
Kawaiisu 7oho-je7e- “bone-suffer” unique Jane Hill
Kiliwa x7uun, x7un-u unknown Jane Hill
Kitanemuk 7ivivi7 (board) unknown Jane Hill
Lake Miwok c'iw7ele (of a person, naturally thin, scrawny) unknown Jane Hill
Luiseño 7alu/7-ma-l loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Maidu t'o/tt'o\t (in dimension) unknown Jane Hill
Mojave 7uuh'aar= (skinny) unknown Jane Hill
Mutsun kolle “to be thin, lean” unknown O77:269 Jane Hill
Nisenan c'y:ka unknown Jane Hill
Northern Paiute tykija7i “skinny (from hunger)” unknown Thornes 03:206 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok tyt:ela- (material) unknown Jane Hill
Plains Miwok nuc:utu- “skinny” inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A k'ockwe/top (A), unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M sku/ntHui' 'small, thin, lesser' unknown Mason 1918:150 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) queeme “skinny” unknown Jane Hill
Serrano jeipka7 “thin one” inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok Tasyw-meH-; unknown Jane Hill
Southern Ute chaa-, chaag'arY inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal allalallipich loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone tatuttsi(ttsi) (of things, not people) inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo ch'o/le “skinny” unknown Jane Hill
Washo 7lu/pdebi unknown J174 Jane Hill
Western Mono ty/gi/by/ “skinny (one)”; unknown Jane Hill
Wintu c'iri:kit inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai the_qi unknown Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne Sin'a7 “consumptive, lean” inheritance N1944 Jane Hill
Yuki ho:p, ho7op inheritance S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Yuma la7a/wsh “emaciated” H4:21 unknown Jane Hill
Baniwa haɺettápe haɺet̪ápe inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona akɨime unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo jiacʉbeco (f.), jiacʉbecʉ (m.), edubeno (inan.) xiakɨbeko (f.), xiakɨbekɨ (m.), edubeno (inan.) unique See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw sâáp [for material, e.g. wood, cloth, etc.] ʃǝ̌p inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano bũpũ- bũpũ- unique See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa pityaka-sa (IDS) pitjaka-sa (IDS) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waorani giiyæ̃ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup cə̌pmæh cə̌p-~bæh inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi siiriru (IDS) siiriru (IDS) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu kai kai unique See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam tetehe (EM72) tetehe inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki a besɨ aguɨ ã besɨ agɨ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon karavapan, sewampan, sewanketeipan, ewanakayu, ewan keteru (A1981); karawa'pan (M2000) kaɾavapan, sewampan, sewanketeipan, ewanakadʒu, ewan keteɾu (A1981) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro kha?gí? kʰaʔgíʔ unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sanumá patete (EM72) patete inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Sikuani jiapa (2) (to be thin), koyaüka (2)(to be thin) ita-ϕá:-ka inheritance also koyaüka (2)(to be thin), ita-ϕá:-ka See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tariana medewíte medewíte inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano ɨ̃se mirí ɨ̃se mirí inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria pʉhãna; sẽ minina; pjĩ (person); pari pũ (form); pahri casaro (something thin that covers something) (all Waltz) pʉhãna; sẽ minina; pjĩ; paɾi pũ; pahɾi kasaɾo (all Waltz) inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam ahate ahate inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami prowëhëwë pɾowəhəwə unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna melanani melanani inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup cǝ̂p cǝ̂p inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana iranja loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Bardi inbal inbal unique Claire Bowern
Bunuba minybali, munybal unknown Claire Bowern
Burarra werrwerra Claire Bowern
Dhangu binydjitj inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwal barka Claire Bowern
Dhuwala bär' unknown Claire Bowern
Diyari jiranga loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
DiyariREU jiranga loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu barka Claire Bowern
Djapu barka unknown Claire Bowern
Djinang rang unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng goolalng unique Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi larrbi doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu bär' unknown Claire Bowern
Gurindji tinkal unique Claire Bowern
Jaru giirriliny inheritance? Claire Bowern
Karajarri rawurrmarta inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija wanyja- unique Claire Bowern
Malyangapa [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mangala yakurrmata unknown Claire Bowern
Miriwung larrgajang loan Jaminjung Claire Bowern
Mithaka [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mudburra larrkaja Claire Bowern
Mudburra larrkaja loan Claire Bowern
Ngamini [r]dama[r]damarla unique Claire Bowern
Ngandi X missing Claire Bowern
Ngarluma balya [plural -bura] Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl weera <weera> unique Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Nimanburru minjar minyar unique Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla rawurr Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta wurrumiji Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta wililiny Claire Bowern
Nyikina -MANDI- -MANDI- unknown Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul -ma- bardangak [maman badangak] XXgl lean on a stick -ma- bardangak [maman badangak] unknown Claire Bowern
Paakantyi ṉindandja unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta tyangka unique Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu binydjitj inheritance? Claire Bowern
Walmajarri rikirrkirr inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru yalypa unique Claire Bowern
Warrwa ganyji kanyji semantic shift Claire Bowern
Wubuy rdaagarrarrag, yarrayarra inheritance? Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu wir'yun unknown Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha ngawada, mukukarta unique Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka jiranga loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Yawuru yabaly yabaly semantic shift Claire Bowern
Achagua áulakue áulakue inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco aliséeri aliséeri See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari tekuka tekuka See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena puɹapiami, kaɹewi puɻapiami, kaɻewi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero huwiha-hi huwiha-hi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana maɖaɖɨkaʔu maɖaɖɨkaʔu inheritance Proto North Arawak? See Language page Ana Paula B.
Baure haročkon harotʃkon unknown See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá mapisa mapisa unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Bora ani, ïxtsʰ ani, ɯxtsʰ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane ɨ́si-no, áñino ɨ́si-no, áɲino See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio abiitɨmɨng abi'tɨmɨŋ unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Apalai pipahme pipahme inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana jahpine jahpine unique See Language page PLE
Makiritare sāʔtaheɨ (IDS) sāʔtaheɨ (IDS) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo mëtë'E mɛtɛ'ə See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai pana-pe pana-pe unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari anykyxi anɨkɨʃi See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa tän, entane, enti, tenn, tön, tukano See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Muisca asiten mague asiten maγe See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá chõndhá tʃõndhá See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán saije'ccoa saihɛʔkhoa See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra xagĭtama hankĭtama unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez pézcue pézkue See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna na2chi2xca5 (A58) natʃiʔka unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina hareheeri haɽehe:ɽi unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa báse xoʃá báse xoʃá See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Pumé buíchjĩ See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave [-sə̃m] sə̃m unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar watsáru, púya watsanu, puja See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa tseser tsɨrɨr See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna chíchap tʃitʃap unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses ania, casi, micsin ania, casi, miksin unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo siwiki siwiki unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua miriyu-; paniyo-; miriju; panijo unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua ñañu ɲaɲu See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá amchi, chalangu amtʃi, tʃalangu See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua ñañu ɲaɲu See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano llañu (thing), tullu (person) ʎaɲu , tuʎu See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa aña'wa' añaɁwaɁ unique See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva bohdi, ichaheje boʔdi, iʧaʔehe unique See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano hṍrẽ-sẽ́-ãkã hṍrẽ-sẽ́-ãkã See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana 'ése-bẽ́dĩ́- 'ése-bẽ́dĩ́- See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna jʉ̃a jedi-re 'to be thin' xɨ̃a xed-iɾe unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti ɨ'sẽ́bẽdĩ- ɨ'sẽ́bẽdĩ- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana 'se bĩ'dĩ-dĩ 'se bĩ'dĩ-dĩ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano sĩ́-bẽrẽ-rõ sĩ́-bẽrẽ-rõ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca pi'rua pi'rua unknown See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo ká'põrẽ-rõ ká'põrẽ-rõ See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka ese-bẽ'dĩ ese-bẽ'dĩ See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja ɨ'hé bẽe dĩiri ɨ'hé bẽe dĩiri See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje ruhira'chomʉ ruhiraʔdʒomʉ unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona beanji beanhi inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya pẽãkɔ pẽãkɔ See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana ewet ewet unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Wayampi salala; sili salala; sili unique See Language page PLE
Sirionó emi̯rĩ̯; ei̯re; eanamea; eitere emi̯rĩ̯; ei̯re; eanamea; eitere unique See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá iˀɨwaˀi (M2000) iˀɨwaˀi (M2000) unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina bójo; xaviihtyóhfo bóho; xaβiiʔtʲóʔɸo unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto dʒḯ.aï-de dʒɯ́.aɯ-dɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto dʒḯ.aï-de dʒɯ́.aɯ-dɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto llɨbire, janore, janogaìda dʒɯbirɛ, hanorɛ, hanogaìda (B83) inheritance/Witoto See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito tuquinuríca tukinuríka unknown See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Wari šašiʔ ʃaʃiʔ See Language page PLE ka om ne ka kwere wa 'to be not fleshy'.
Ese Ejja/Huarayo kia-šiwi; kea-behe (Girard 1971) kia-šiwi; kea-behe See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña ari-da-ma; sara-da; ošori-ke; ošori-si (ari-da-ma is literally "thick-negative" (ari-da means "thick", -ma is a negation, or "no")) ari-da-ma; sara-da; ošori-ke; ošori-si unknown; inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara juch´usa xučˀusa See Language page PLE
Movima so-roi-ni so-roi-ni See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai torek-ta torek-ta unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang gỹnh kɨyo See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi käbzitä kǝbzitǝ See Language page PLE