spearthrower

Semantic Field
subsistence tool
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Yir-Yoront thol spearthrower, woomera inheritance *culi pPaman Poss. to Karnic *thurli 'mussel', relating to the shell (usually bailer-shell) counterweight attached to spearthrowers in CYP Barry Alpher
Dhangu gaḻpu inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhay’yi garlpu inheritance Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu maŋal loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu maŋal unique Claire Bowern
Dhuwal maŋal unique Claire Bowern
Djinang mariŋgal loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Burarra mariŋgul loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Rembarrnga marnrturru unique Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu murruku7 unique Claire Bowern
Gumatj narrityin unique Claire Bowern
Yawuru ngabalin inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul ngabaliny inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina ŋapaliny inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri ŋapaliny loan Nyulnyulan WW %ngapale Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta walparra loan direction unknown WW %walparra Claire Bowern
Mangala walparra loan direction unknown WW %walparra Claire Bowern
Yulparija warlparra loan Pilbara Claire Bowern
Ngarluma warlparra loan Claire Bowern
Jawi yangal loan Claire Bowern
Nimanburru yankal doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Bardi yarnkal XXŋl porrowiŋ in Barti, pty of initial y- loan Claire Bowern
Warrwa yungkarra; yarngal loan Claire Bowern
Walmajarri ngapaliny loan Gajirrabeng WW %ngapale Patrick McConvell
Mudburra tyalkatyi inheritance tyal 'hook up spear' - katyi nomic complex tyal 'hook up spear' +katyi nomic Patrick McConvell
Jaru tyalykatyi loan Mudburra long; short -ngarlika; tyaly hook up -INST Patrick McConvell
Gurindji warlmayi inheritance WW %walmayi Patrick McConvell
Gooniyandi ngawali loan Gajirrabeng WW %ngapale Patrick McConvell
Bunuba ngawalu loan Gajirrabeng WW %ngapale Patrick McConvell
Gajirrabeng kuyangkin unknown from tree sp. from tree sp. Patrick McConvell
Djapu garlpu inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija ngawalel inheritance Gaj. Ngapale= WW %ngapale Patrick McConvell
Jaminjung tyulkirr semantic shift <corkwood Patrick McConvell
Jingulu ngarlika inheritance also warlmayi;Wambaya ngarlika/ngarlana Patrick McConvell
Miriwung ngawaleng semantic shift <corkwood tree, main timber for w. Patrick McConvell
Wardaman kuyanggin unknown Patrick McConvell
Bankalachi Toloim ah'-le “bow” 187; ālit (K1907) inheritance Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone aitikko “bow”; aiti “bow and arrow, gun” inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla hul (bow) inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok sho/l:uku- “bow” unknown Jane Hill
Chemehuevi ac(y)/ “gun, bow” inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno 7ax “bow” inheritance Klar 1977:71 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno tup'an “bow” unknown Klar 1999 Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno 7ax “bow” inheritance Klar 1977:71 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno 7axa inheritance Klar 1977:51 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno 7ax “bow” inheritance Klar 1977:71 Jane Hill
Cocopa 7i:ci/m, 7i:ci\maya:/ “bow (and arrow)” unknown Jane Hill
Comanche eety “bow” inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño kutapish “bow” inheritance Jane Hill
Esselen paxu-nax “bow” loan Shaul 1995 Jane Hill
Gabrielino -ku:cap "bow" unknown Jane Hill
Kawaiisu 7edy “bow” inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa h+tim inheritance Mixco 1985 Jane Hill
Kitanemuk pachukt “bow” loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Lake Miwok ko/ono “bow” loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Luiseño ku/tupish “bow” inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu pa/ndak'a\, pandakto “bow” inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave 7utis “bow” inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun lawa:n “bow” inheritance O77:145 Jane Hill
Nisenan pandak “bow” inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute aty7 inheritance Nichols 1974:47 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok kyc:a- “bow” doubtful loan into protolanguage Jane Hill
Plains Miwok k2c:a-, kyc:a- “bow” doubtful loan into protolanguage Jane Hill
Salinan A xak'e/i7, xak' (A only, pl xak'eL) “bow” loan Jane Hill
Salinan M paxuwe/ 'bow' loan direction unknown Mason 1918:131 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) haacni “bow” unknown Jane Hill
Serrano Suma:n-t bow, arrow, bow-and-arrow inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute atcy-S bow inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok jaw:e- “bow” unique Jane Hill
Southern Ute aachI, aa/chI inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal aali-tt “bow” inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone huu7etyn (atlatl, bow) inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo lu/k'a unknown Jane Hill
Washo 7um-ba7lo/hat unknown J415 Jane Hill
Western Mono e/di/ “bow, gun, weapon” inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu k'ulu:l “bow” loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Yavapai tvchu_:nya “bow” unknown Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami keTngal' unknown JPH Gamble 91 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi tayapH “bow” inheritance K07:244, G64 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne T'alapH (bow) inheritance G1964 Jane Hill
Yuki le-wit/ CHM, lu-wat/, lu-wa,t “bow” inheritance S&S1984 Jane Hill
Yuma 7u:ti:/sh “bow” H3:206 inheritance Jane Hill
Dâw -- -- missing See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana amira inheritance Claire Bowern
Bardi ngabaliny ngabaliny inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba ngawalu inheritance Claire Bowern
Burarra maringgul loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu gaḻpu unknown Claire Bowern
Dhuwal gaḻpu Claire Bowern
Dhuwala biḏitj unknown Claire Bowern
DiyariREU [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu biḏitj unknown Claire Bowern
Djapu gaḻpu unknown Claire Bowern
Djinang maringgal loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng ngabeleng inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi ngawali loan Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu biḏitj unknown Claire Bowern
Gurindji warlmayi inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru bigirri loan Claire Bowern
Jawi yangal yangal inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri warlparra inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija ngawal- inheritance Claire Bowern
Malyangapa Mal: thardu-pira unique Claire Bowern
Mangala walbara (T) unknown Claire Bowern
Miriwung ngawaleng inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka wamaja inheritance Claire Bowern
Mudburra jalkaji Claire Bowern
Mudburra jalkaji loan Claire Bowern
Ngamini kukuru unique Claire Bowern
Ngandi o-bornrdok inheritance? Claire Bowern
Ngarluma meero Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl yoongara yungara loan into protolanguage Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi pinyi unique Claire Bowern
Nimanburru yangal yankal inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta walparra inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta walparra Claire Bowern
Nyikina ngabaliny ŋabaliny inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul yongar yonkar loan into protolanguage Claire Bowern
Paakantyi (not used) missing Claire Bowern
Pirriya “warga” unique Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta wamirra inheritance Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu murruku' loan Claire Bowern
Walmajarri ngapaliny inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Warrwa yunggarra; yarngal yungkarra; yarngal inheritance Claire Bowern
Wubuy murrugu inheritance? Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu ḏakarr' unknown Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha yarra unique Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawuru yangal yankal inheritance Claire Bowern
Yavitero lansa (Sp loan) lansa (Sp loan) See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE