hair (of head)

Semantic Field
body
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
cabello
Meaning Portuguese
cabelo

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim sōm-awl' 175 unique Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone pampi-(pyhy) “hair of head” (compare “feather”) semantic shift Jane Hill
Cahuilla yuluka-l (head) inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok jushe- (head) inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi toci/vy7a-v(y) head hair loan into protolanguage Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno 7oqwon' “head hair” inheritance Wash 2001:368 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno tohol “cabello” loan direction unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno shush head hair; loan A 493 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno cho7 (of head, also “head”) loan JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno 7oqwo “hair of head” unknown Turner 1983:240 Jane Hill
Cocopa lmiS (body), mxwaL (head) unknown Jane Hill
Comanche tso7jaa7 unique Jane Hill
Cupeño -yu [-yu] inheritance Jane Hill
Esselen haka unknown Shaul 1995 Jane Hill
Gabrielino ne-cho-cho inheritance Ataylor/MC271 Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa lemis, hellytaa [ləˈmɪs], [xəɫʸˈtaˑ] unknown Jane Hill
Kawaiisu toci-va7aa-vy (head) loan into protolanguage Jane Hill
Kiliwa 7iy=smaq inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk kopoc (head) inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok Sa/apa (head) unique Jane Hill
Luiseño yu:-la (of head) inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu 7ono/m butu/ (of head) inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave mukor unknown Jane Hill
Mutsun 7uri: “head hair” inheritance? o77:119 Jane Hill
Nisenan 7ono “head hair” inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute tsopyhy “head hair” inheritance SAA 1982:26 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok han:a- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok m2n, unknown Jane Hill
Salinan A k'uwoke:/th (A), unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M ko/nakiHt unknown Mason 1918:127 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) ili/t unknown Jane Hill
Serrano 7ajy7 “head, hair” inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute paygi-S hair of the head unique Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok hi:sok (head), unknown Jane Hill
Southern Ute paagivI, paigivI, paagi unique Jane Hill
Tübatulabal tsomoo-l (head hair) unique Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone tsoppippyhi inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo t'o/l loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Washo a/jush unknown J286 Jane Hill
Western Mono woo/pI “head hair” inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu tomoy (on head) inheritance? Jane Hill
Yavapai nymi/ya “hair” inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami Tuk unique K1963 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi to\t: 238, 240 inheritance K07:238,240, Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne 'oT'ow head hair (n1) inheritance K 1963 Jane Hill
Yuki t'ol loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Yuma i:7e/ H3 208 inheritance Jane Hill
Baniwa -tsíkole -tsíkoɺe inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona hutuarɨ inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo poða, poðaðo (both generic 'hair' and 'pelt') poða, poðaðo (both generic 'hair' and 'pert') inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw pat pat inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano poari poari inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa -iʔ-pok -iʔ-pok inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï tuuwë ɨko unknown; unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani okagĩ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup pã́t ~pát inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi siipo siipo inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu awa awa inheritance See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam šinak, ~hii+thak (gom), ʃ̌inak, ~hi: + tʰak (gom) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki cabayu ago (Spanish loan) kabaju ago loan Spanish See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon pok (A1981); puupö (on head), chiikpok (on skin) (E1980); chi'pok (M2000) pok (A1981); pupö, tʃiʔpɔk (E1980) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro híve?áǰii?ó híveʔádʒiiʔó unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sanumá henotɨk (EM72) henotɨk inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Sikuani matana (13), mataperibü(53)(cuero cabelluro), matayamiyamiwa (27)(to have curly hair), maxüna (13)(hair of arms) inheritance See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tariana dí-ča, díča-ɾe dí-tʃa, dítʃa-ɾe inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano poári poári inheritance E Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria phoa pʰoa inheritance E Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam fethak (EM72) fetʰak inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami pei hetʰãnãu, hethanaɨ (EM72) pei hetʰãnãu, hetʰanaɨ unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna wilaji, chijneji 'pelo de su corpo' wilahi, tʃihnehi 'pelo de su corpo' unknown; inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup pã̌t ~pǎt inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana wulpuru unique Claire Bowern
Bardi muuwarn; muwarn muuwarn; muwarn inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Burarra mejimija unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu marwat inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwal marwat inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwala marwat inheritance Claire Bowern
Diyari parra inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU wulpuru loan Arabana Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu marwat inheritance Claire Bowern
Djapu marwat inheritance Claire Bowern
Djinang mapaḻ unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng yambarrang inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi yambadda Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu marwat inheritance Claire Bowern
Gurindji kartpi loan Jaminjung Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr mukarn mukarn inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru nyambi unique Claire Bowern
Jawi moan moan inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri kunkulu unknown Claire Bowern
Kija yamparra- inheritance Claire Bowern
Malyangapa paparla puntju inheritance Claire Bowern
Mangala ral unknown Claire Bowern
Miriwung yambarrang inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mudburra winyjalma Claire Bowern
Mudburra winyjalma unique Claire Bowern
Ngamini paRa inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngarluma gurlgura Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl baaloo balu inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi pundyu inheritance Claire Bowern
Nimanburru muwarn XXngl mugarn muwarn inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla ral Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta mampu inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta mampu inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina jagarra jakarra inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul mogon mokon inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi therteboolka unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya warrkara Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu marwat inheritance Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu marra inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri ral loan Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru kuniri unique Claire Bowern
Warrwa jagarra; maarru XXngl marru is face. jakarra; maarru loan Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu bupatj unknown Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha yamunu inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi purruku semantic shift Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka para inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru kungkulu kungkulu loan Karajarri Claire Bowern
Achagua wíta 'baina: ('cabeza' +?) wíta 'baina: ('cabeza' +?) inheritance see feather See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco ichùna 'pelo del cuerpo' itʃùna 'pelo del cueɾpo' See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari tʃuna tʃuna See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena tʃipana tʃipana See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero mau, ic̷u 'body hair' mau, itsu 'body hair' See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana -ẓuwaɨ-ˀdi 'head-hair' -ẓuwaɨ-ˀdi 'head-hair' unknown See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi esekase, sekaseti etsekatse, tsekatseti inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure -ča-; ni-'čahaih tʃa-; ni-'tʃahaih inheritance See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Arutani oša oʃa See Language page John Blaha
Sape pa (also used for to stand) pa (also used for to stand) See Language page John Blaha
Bora nííkwa-kʰo nííkwa-kʰo inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane nígaɨ-xeene nígaɨ-xɛɛnɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio puupö (on head), chiipok (on skin) pupö, tʃipɔk inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Apalai õsehpo õsehpo inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana uhmet uhmet unique See Language page PLE
Tiriyó putupë putupǝ inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare hū (IDS); hu: (KH) hu: inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo sipotï sipotʊ See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai o-hΦo-či o-hΦo-či inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari syhy (body hair) sɨhɨ (body hair) See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa kupko, meje dʒunse See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo ipugu (body); ikafugu (male); ndïtï (female) ipugu (body); ikafugu (male); ndɨtɨ (female) inheritance; unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca zye tʂɨe See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá budá budá See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Macaguan mat-nát mat-nát inheritance Proto-Guahiban See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Cofán tose tosɛ See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra mochoozi motʃooʂi unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro anu´huen anuʔhuɨn See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez dicas dikas See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna nayas (his hair) najas, ɟaɛ unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina hanaka hanaka unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa stxɨní-xa stxɨní-xa See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke -kabe (on head), - ñehẽ -kabe (on head), - ɲehẽ unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé kɨ̃ See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave #NAME? #NAME? unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku ku:te (also used for feather) ku:te (also used for feather) See Language page PLE
Ashuar intásh intaʃ See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa wiich (men´s), intash (women´s) wi:tʃ, intaʃ See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna intásh intáʃ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses bu bu inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo βoo βoo inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua jasiy xasij doubtful loan, direction unknown Iquito See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua cawallu kawaʎu See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá agcha agtʃa See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua accha aktʃa See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano chukcha tʃuktʃa See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa chuwo'che tʃuwotsʔe inheritance cf. Hodi tuuwë See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva juwo huwo inheritance cf. Hodi tuuwë See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano hoa-ra hoa-ra See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana poa pɔa See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna hoa-ma hoa-ma inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti póa póa See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana po'ari po'ari See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano poá poá See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca po'dya po'ʎa inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo po'a po'a See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka 'poa ʔpoa See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja ᵽóà ɸóà See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje raña raɲa inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona tˀãyã; tˀayapˀa tˀãjã; tˀajapˀa inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya naña na'ña See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana osop, osopot osop, osopot unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama tsa, yaquɨtsa tsa, jakɨtsa inheritance See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi a a inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó ea, era (head); maera, eri̯bi̯ču (body) ea, era (head); maera, eri̯bi̯ču (body) inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá ˀap ˀap inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina tyafáánjiin, ohfotohófe (del brazo) tʲaɸã́ã́hĩĩ, oʔɸotoʔóɸɛ (dɛl brazo) inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto ïpó-dï.i ɯpó-dɯ.i See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto ïɸó-tïrai ɯɸó-tɯrai See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto ïɸo-tïraï ɯɸo-tɯraɯ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito cajási (same as feather and fur) kahási (same as feather and fur) doubtful loan, direction unknown Yagua See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo anak+su anakɨsu See Language page Becky Walker
Wari tenenešiʔ; tenenein (šun) teneneʃiʔ; tenenein (ʃun) See Language page PLE The latter also means 'feather' 04.393.
Ese Ejja/Huarayo e-'ɲa; eña (Girard 1971); e-yohaña (Girard 1971) e-'ɲa; eña; e-yohaña See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña e-c̷aro e-čaro inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara ñik´uta ɲikˀuta See Language page PLE
Kwazá exyi, -xyi, -nũ exyi, -xyi, -nũ See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima risa-kʷa risa-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai (ha) kuš (ha) kuš unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang gãnh -ŋãɲ See Language page PLE
Suyá See Language page Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi kõãhi kõãhi See Language page PLE