ankle

Semantic Field
body
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
tobillo
Meaning Portuguese
tornozelo

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone ta-wincyh(-a”), ta-wincih(-a”) inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla -'i kaw'a loan direction unknown S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok ka/T:ala:la:- inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno show inheritance Klar 1977:131 Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno show inheritance Klar 1977:131 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno solo7 inheritance Klar 1977:131 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno show inheritance JPH Jane Hill
Comanche miihtsI unknown Jane Hill
Cupeño -xuchi [xutʃi] unknown Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa emily heneway [əˈmɪʎ xən̯əˈwai] unique Jane Hill
Kiliwa miy=n+kwaaw “anklebone” unique Jane Hill
Kitanemuk kachuach unknown Jane Hill
Lake Miwok ko/lon laja/aki “foot's wrist” unique Jane Hill
Luiseño 7iye/7yish unknown Elliott Jane Hill
Maidu pa/jkulu\ inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave iime qarawees (ankle joint) unique Jane Hill
Mutsun muhtitihris??? “form veryunsure”, unknown NW (JPH) Jane Hill
Nisenan nyn “joint”?? inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute ta7witsogo inheritance Thornes 03:112 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok saj:awTi- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok hot:okli- inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A tcokelti/nai (A only); unknown (Turner 1983:224) Jane Hill
Salinan M missing missing Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) yacOj unknown Jane Hill
Serrano navY:-T inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute tangwi7at:a-S; -wi7at:a-S unique Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok kat:ak:atal- inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal kaawlish-t loan Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone tawintsoko inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo lu/lu7 (Napa dialect) loan Jane Hill
Washo c'i/:bel mo/Lk'o unknown J426 Jane Hill
Western Mono ta7wizo/go inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu may 7anaq “leg joint” inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai sqmwi^:ra unknown Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami keyu inheritance K1963 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi kHuyo inheritance K07:235 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne kuyu7 inheritance N1944 Jane Hill
Yuki to/-kum CHM, t&o/-ku\/m inheritance S&S1984 Jane Hill
Baniwa koróda, hiipóko, -tawírhe, -thi koróda, hiipóko, -tawírhe, -thi inheritance; unknown See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona manini (SM) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo cũachĩarʉ; cũajãrabo; cũarʉ; cʉbocũarʉ kĩaʧĩaɾɨ; kĩaxãɾabo; kĩaɾɨ; kɨbokĩaɾɨ unique See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw çʉʉ̀m xʉ̃w cɨ̂m xɨ̃w inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano añayaru ~ajajaɾu inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa -əʔraʔmu- (IDS) -əʔraʔmu- (IDS) unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï tanemohkwate unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani õdõ-ka-wa unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup j’ib kãkã́w ɟ’ib ~kakáw inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi u-rupukon (IDS) u-rupukon (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Maihiki jatoga ja xatoga xã unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon pɨrakuung (E1980) pɨrakuŋ (E1980) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Sikuani taxuyabere (35) taxujáberé unknown See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tukano dɨʔpô diʔi-, jẽkâgɨ kua dɨʔpô diʔi-, jẽkâgɨ kua unique; unknown See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria agã curiaca; dahporo dohsari curiaca (all Waltz) agã kuɾiaka; dahpoɾo dohsaɾi kuɾiaka (all Waltz) inheritance E Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yukuna ko'ojélaji koʔohélahi inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Arabana muku-thiri inheritance Claire Bowern
Bardi miilygu miilyku inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba luwu unknown Claire Bowern
Burarra gun-mardaparr Claire Bowern
Dhangu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Dhuwal ḏulkun Claire Bowern
Dhuwala yaṯa inheritance Claire Bowern
Diyari tidnakatitjiti inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu 1776 Claire Bowern
Djapu dhapa Claire Bowern
Djinang baṯ unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng X Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi linggali Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu ḏulkun unknown Claire Bowern
Gurindji tari inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru luju unique Claire Bowern
Jawi dyaŋgudugudu jaŋgudugudu semantic shift Claire Bowern
Karajarri 4818 loan Claire Bowern
Kija lengkal- loan Ngarinyin Claire Bowern
Malyangapa [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mangala putu loan Claire Bowern
Miriwung lengkal loan Ngarinyin Claire Bowern
Mithaka 827 missing Claire Bowern
Mudburra bardbala Claire Bowern
Mudburra dangka unique Claire Bowern
Ngamini 827 unique Claire Bowern
Ngandi gu-rdungurru inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngarluma bardara inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl nemedee, nimardee nimirdi semantic shift Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Nimanburru melg melk inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla rlingkipi Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta luku inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta luku inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina milygu milyku inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul melg melk inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi giḷi unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya 3191 missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta marti inheritance Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu rdungurru loan Claire Bowern
Walmajarri luku inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru 827 missing Claire Bowern
Wubuy lhungujun unique Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu maṉḏurruk unknown Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha martardaku inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka tidnawoda doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Yawuru milgu milku inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua túkula túkula inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco cùlubàa kùlubàa See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana [-]ˀbaruriʔi [-]ˀbaruriʔi unknown Some similarity to Carib (e.g. Eñepa paraʔmu), but borrowing seems unlikely See Language page Ana Paula B.
Waurá -tʸalãa-tapa -tʸalãa-tapa unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick
Bora lleebóu (T98) tʃeepóɯ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane rúúbuɨ (W97) rúúbuɨ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio pɨragong pɨ'ragɔŋ inheritance Venezuelan See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Apalai pyrahtokotoko pɨrahtokotoko inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana klakun klakun unknown See Language page PLE
Tiriyó manini manini inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Mapoyo wahkë-ri (also means heel) wahkɛ-ri (also means heel) See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai o-hrak-nu o-hrak-nu inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa mikiri See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Muisca iomquym iomkuɨm See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá hẽ'rũ-koro'go 'foot-snail' (IDS) hẽ'rũ-koro'go 'foot-snail' (IDS) See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Macaguan atá atá unknown See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Cofán tsu´tte nemba´cho tsɯʔthɛ nɛmbaʔtʃo See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Taushiro a'to ontu'chi'hu' aʔto onduʔʃiʔhuʔ See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez chinda caca tʃinda kaka See Language page Daniel Valle
Urarina tahiɕu tahitʃu unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Andoke -sofádʌka -soɸádʌka unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé hu čatu See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave [-tat-hamadak] (lit. "base of foot") tat-hamadak unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar wánus wanus See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna wanus wanus inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses taësh, tatete taɨsh, tatete unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo ho-poto ho-poto inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua numutu (ju)vichiy; numutu rivasiy numutú (ju)víchij; numutú rivjasíj unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá chiuka/shibka tʃiuka/ʃibka See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua chaqui mucu tʃaki muk See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano chaki-muqu (CP94) tʃaki-muqu See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Carapana ãña dobea, ãña jᵾra ãja dobea, ãja xɨɾa See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna ãña yaga; ãña rirajea (ãña for 'snake/colubrid'); ñama yaga ãja jaga; ãja ɾiɾaxea; jama yaga inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Koreguaje cũ'apʉ kũʔapʉ unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona jëo beto hɨo beto inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya jëo peto ca hɨɔ pɛtɔ ka See Language page Amanda N
Kokama pɨta-muchuri 'foot-node' pɨta-mutʃuri 'foot-node' unique See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi pɛlɛnã pɛlɛnã inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó eičuã eičuã inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Murui Witoto taìsɨcoño taìθɨkoɲo (B83) unknown See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito tiríja, curíja (also means wrist) tiríha, kuríha (also means wrist) unknown See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Ese Ejja/Huarayo e-šoši-xi; e-kiʔbo (Girard 1971) e-šoši-xi; e-kiʔbo See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña e-wači-atoha-kaka (wači is "foot") e-wači-atoha-kaka unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara kayu moqo kayu muḳu See Language page PLE
Kwazá ecorewe ecorewe See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima lotobacuin (your ankle) (J62) lotobakuin (your ankle) See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Kaingang pẽn nàn (pẽn=pé; nàn=nó de osso) pɛ̃n nən See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi papfüoka paɸøoka See Language page PLE