road/path

Semantic Field
manufacture
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
camino
Meaning Portuguese
caminho

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim pawt' 207; po>t (K1907) inheritance Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone po7ai inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla pit inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok muk:u- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi po7(o)/ inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno ch'alayash unknown Mithun 1997:225 Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno ch'ayash inheritance A 183 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno kLhina, qLhina 0118L, tLhina 0247 unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno 7al-ijash unknown JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa wanya/ inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche pu7E inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño pi-t [pɪt] inheritance Jane Hill
Gabrielino pet' /pet/ inheritance CHM/MC249 Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa 'uunyaa [Ɂuˑ˅ˈɲaˑ] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu too-vy, tovo-vy inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa wnya7 inheritance Jane Hill
Kitanemuk pokt inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok mu/k “trail, road” inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño pe-t inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu bo/ inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave 7av'unye inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun 7innu, 7innuh “door; road” inheritance O77:51 Jane Hill
Nisenan bo: inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute [pOO “trail” inheritance Thornes 03:33 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok muk:u- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok muk, mu:k inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A Ta:ke/' (A), “road” unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M take/' unknown Mason 1918:133 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) haaho unknown Jane Hill
Serrano pO:q-t inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute po:- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok muk:u- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute po”o” inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal poht, pooht inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone po7e inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo mi/cH inheritance Jane Hill
Washo yéweš unknown Washo Project Jane Hill
Western Mono nyy/my/boyo “path”, po/yo “road” inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu jemer inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai ?nya/ “road, path” inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami pHi7el' loan into protolanguage JPH Gamble 91 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi pHi:t loan into protolanguage K07:239, G64 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne pHil loan into protolanguage, direction unknown Golla 1964 Jane Hill
Yuki mi:sh, mesh, mish, me:sh inheritance S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Yuma 7u:nye/ H3:212 inheritance Jane Hill
Baniwa inípo, -aapówa, -aapowánaa inípo, -aapówa, -aapowánaa inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona esema inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo cainima, ma (general terms), cuima, daima, nʉima kainima, ma (generar terms), kuima, daima, nɨima inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw tʉʉ̀w tɨ̂w inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano maha ma ʔa inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa čɨma tʃɨma inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï mana doubtful loan Saliva; possible inheritance? See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani taa-dõ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup tǐw tǐw inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi eréétɨ eréétɨ unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu inheritance See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam pili-yo pili-jo inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki ma ja ma xã inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon eima (A1981); e'ma (M2000) eima (A1981) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro aǰápó, éhuúhí adʒápó, éhuúhí inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sanumá pilitso pilitso inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tariana hinípu hinípu inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano ma'á ma'á inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria ~ba'a ~baʔa inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam piriyo pirijo inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami pei yo; pei yoka, [karo] a no mãyõ (road), ihirãkɨ (bridge) pei jo; pei joka, [kaɾo] a no mãjõ (road), ihiɾãkɨ (bridge) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna iñe'epú iɲeʔepú inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup tîw tîw inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana wati- unique Claire Bowern
Bardi morr XXngl this should go back to |fv{magurr}. morr inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Burarra guburda unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu dhuka inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwal dhukarr inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwala [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Diyari palthu inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu dhukarr inheritance Claire Bowern
Djapu dhukarr inheritance Claire Bowern
Djinang gadjigarr unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng banan inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi baali Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu dhukarr inheritance Claire Bowern
Gurindji warntarri inheritance Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr makarr makarr inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru warndarri inheritance Claire Bowern
Jawi maur mawurr inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri makurr loan Claire Bowern
Kija panan- inheritance Claire Bowern
Malyangapa Mal: parlkarra unique Claire Bowern
Mangala makurr loan Nyulnyulan Claire Bowern
Miriwung banan inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mudburra wurrumu Claire Bowern
Mudburra wurrumu inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngamini wadayapa unique Claire Bowern
Ngarluma yirdiya Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl maggoor <maggoor> inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Nimanburru magar makar inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla makurr loan Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta ruwurtu loan Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta rutu loan Claire Bowern
Nyikina magurr makurr inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul magarr [magar] makarr [makar] inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi yaṇga unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya kunjulu Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta pirrhapampu unique Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu dhuka inheritance Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu dhukarr inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri warntarri inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru thinkada unique Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu dhukarr inheritance Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha palthu inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka tidnapalto unique Claire Bowern
Yawuru magurr makurr inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua iníhba, jáhbaa (h&r) iníhba, jáhbaa (h&r) inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco àyapu àjapu See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari apú-há, jóopu, ajápú apú-há, jóopu, ajápú See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena epuna, tenepu epuna, tenepu See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero ta'nehu taʔnehu See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana dɨnapʰu-saˀba dɨnapʰu-saˀba inheritance Proto-Arawak See Language page Ana Paula B.
Mandawaka iwáhu, éːmuhu iwáhu, éːmuhu See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi ahotita, ahotyaho ahotita, ahotyaho inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure šo-'no-; ša'no-ki ʃo-'no-; ʃa'no-ki inheritance See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá ahɨ-napu ahɨ-napu inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Arutani aʔma aʔma See Language page John Blaha
Sape mu mu See Language page John Blaha
Bora xïḯβa xɯɯ́βa inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane xɨ́ɨ́-ʔai xɨ́ɨ́-ʔai See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio ekma ɛʔma inheritance Proto-Carib See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Akawaio/Ingariko dialect eʔma eʔma See Language page Lauren Franklin
Apalai sorohme sorohme inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana ehema ehema inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó ëema ǝema inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare ə̄ma (IDS); ö:ma (KH) (means 'road, route, path') ə:ma inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo eema eema See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai esama esama inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa ejéneri o'sema See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo aña aña unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca ie ie See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá trócha, ó trótʃa, ó See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Macaguan namút namút inheritance Proto-Guahiban See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Cofán tsai'qui tsaiʔki See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra tovĩtamá tompĩtamá unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro a´tu aʔtu See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez di di See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna [-mã] (nominal root) [-mã] (nominal root) doubtful loan Tukanoan See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina beru beru unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa benátʃe benátʃe See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke deibǝ̃́(üh) (RW52) unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave dɨk; -hɨi-dɨ dɨk; -hɨi-dɨ unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku i:kilu i:kilu See Language page PLE
Ashuar jínta, jíntía xinta, xintia See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa jinta xinta See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna jínta xínta inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses podquied podkied unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo βaʔi βaʔi inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua mantya mãntja unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua ñambi ɲambi See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá ñambi ñambi See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua ñambi ɲambi See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano ñan ɲan See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa mänä mæ̃næ̃ inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva maana maːna inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano ~ba ~ba See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana maa maa See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna ~ba ~ba inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti bã́ã bã́ã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana bã'ʔã bã'ʔã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano maá maá See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca bãʔ'ã bãʔ'ã inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo bãã bãã See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka bã'ã bãʔã See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje ma'a maʔa inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona ma'a maʔa inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya ma'a mãʔ'ã See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana pa, ky´op pa, kɨʔop inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama pe, pecuara pe, pekuaɾa inheritance See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi pɛɛ pɛɛ inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó ei̯ča ei̯ča unique See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá ape, tape ape, tape inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina naajon, tóvuhtya naahõ, tóβɯʔtʲa inheritance; unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto í.o, dḯro-pe í.o, dɯ́ro-pɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto í.o, dḯro-ɸe í.o, dɯ́ro-ɸɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto na.ïθo na.ɯθo inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito amáquɨ (path made by clearing plants); niícu- amákɨ (path made by clearing plants); niíku- unique; inheritance See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo nu nu See Language page Becky Walker
Wari wana (wanayišiʔ) wana (wanajiʃiʔ) See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo e-heo-xi e-heo-xi See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña edihi; e-kari (edihi is "road", e-kari is "path") edihi; e-kari inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara thaki tʰakʰi See Language page PLE
Kwazá txahỹ txahỹ See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima pai-towa pai-towa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai tsiuel (path) tsiuel (path) unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang ẽmĩn ʔɛ̃prɨ sĩ See Language page PLE
Suyá See Language page Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi wikü wikø See Language page PLE