yellow

Semantic Field
colour
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
amarillo
Meaning Portuguese
amarelo

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone ohwa”, oha”, oa” inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla tesnek-ish unknown S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok TaTaT:-i- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi owa/sia-ka (V) inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno lisqejen “green/blue, yellow” unknown JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa qwaS “to be yellow” inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche oha-, ohapI inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño kenekene'e-sh [kənəˈkənəɁəʃ] unknown Jane Hill
Gabrielino payu:wit unknown Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa 'ekwas [Ɂəˈkʷas] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu 7amariju7u loan Jane Hill
Kiliwa kW-7siiy unknown Jane Hill
Kitanemuk 7amariyo7 loan Jane Hill
Lake Miwok Su/len ke/e “baby's excrement” unique Jane Hill
Luiseño 7aSo/-7Su-sh unknown Jane Hill
Maidu c'ula/lak inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave 7aqwath= inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun ci:we (ciweSmin “yellow one”, inheritance NW (CHM) Jane Hill
Northern Paiute oha inheritance Thornes 03:140 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok ciwi:Ty- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok jyly7ly- doubtful loan Jane Hill
Salinan A Tha/wuT (A), unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M ThxauwAt unknown Mason 1918:150 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) cmasol unknown Jane Hill
Serrano SaTi:- unknown Jane Hill
Southern Paiute oa-G inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok pukuk-:i- unknown Jane Hill
Southern Ute o”a-, o”a/karY inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone sykympi(tyn) unknown Jane Hill
Wappo wi/cilo:-he\la loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Washo a/c'im unknown J327 Jane Hill
Western Mono ohobanagi- inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu qanal inheritance? Jane Hill
Yavapai (?)qWa/thi inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi ch'i:y-matH “green” inheritance G64:62 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne wa:yu' “buckskin” N1 also denotes yellow loan Spanish K 1963:218 N1 Jane Hill
Yuki poT unknown S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Yuma 7aqwe/s “to be yellow” H4:20 inheritance Jane Hill
Baniwa éewa éewa loan (into protolg?), direction unknown E. Tukanoan See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona kananamano inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo cʉ̃rajʉmecʉ (m.), cʉ̃rajʉmeno (inan.), cʉ̃rajʉmeco(f.) kɨ̃raxɨmɛkɨ (m.), kɨ̃raxɨmɛno (inan.), kɨ̃raxɨmɛko(f.) unique See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw mʉ̃ʉ̀ mɨ̃̂ unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano boreri boreri doubtful loan Witotoan (in Desano, Siriano, Macuna) See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa t-ukin-ke t-ukin-ke unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï iku'lu unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani wĩyadæ̃ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup pohó pohó unique See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi aʔmutun (IDS) aʔmutun (IDS) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu tawá (used for the generic word for yellow), uaiwa (used to refer to color of skin) tawá (used for the generic word for yellow), uaiwa (used to refer to color of skin) inheritance See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam walapasipi, hãraha (EM72) walapasipi, hãɾaha unknown; inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki sɨñojaitɨ sɨɲoxaitɨ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon chara-men (A1981); chu'kupiyyu (M2000) tʃaɾamen (A1981) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro dogíiga?é? dogíigaʔéʔ doubtful loan Muinane gii- See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sanumá hanai, hane (both EM72) hanai, hane (both EM72) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tariana ewíte ewíte loan (into protolg?), direction unknown E. Tukanoan See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano sõ' á- sõ'á- unknown shared form in Tuyuca See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria ewʉ (Waltz) ewʉ (Waltz) loan (into protolg?), direction unknown Arawak > Branch 2 ET, e.g. Baniwa éewa See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam frãre (EM72) fɾãɾe inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami frãre fɾãɾe inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna jewani hewá-ní loan (into protolg?), direction unknown E. Tukanoan See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Arabana miRaka unique Claire Bowern
Bardi ber%al berral inheritance Kimerley areal Claire Bowern
Bunuba gumbarri loan Claire Bowern
Burarra dulgu unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu buthalak inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwal buthalak inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwala buthalak inheritance Claire Bowern
Diyari "kulyakulya, parru (ochre)" unique Claire Bowern
DiyariREU [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu buthalak Claire Bowern
Djapu buthalak inheritance Claire Bowern
Djinang guringguringgili unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng goondalng inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi garndaarra doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Gunin ˈkumbɪl ˈkumbɪl loan into proto-language Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu buthalak inheritance Claire Bowern
Gurindji Karrikurn-karrikurn loan Miriwung Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr ber%al berral inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru gandawarra, gundul inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri karntawarra inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija kurntukurntulji inheritance Claire Bowern
Malyangapa Mal: pilthi loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Mangala gandawara inheritance Claire Bowern
Miriwung garigoolng unique Claire Bowern
Mithaka [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mudburra ngunyjungunyju Claire Bowern
Mudburra dankura loan Claire Bowern
Ngamini paru inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngandi X missing Claire Bowern
Ngarinyin kumbɑṛ̌u kumbɑṛ̌u loan into proto-language Claire Bowern
Ngarluma biyulu Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl goomb?ree <goomb?ree> inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Nimanburru gumbil kumbil inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla karntawarra Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta karntawarra inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta jungkarrjungkarr unknown Claire Bowern
Nyikina kardara kardara unique Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul ber%al berral inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi bildi loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta kukarrhi unique Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu buthalak, gangul inheritance Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu buthalak inheritance Claire Bowern
Unggumi kumbakumbarr, kumbarru kumbakumbarr, kumbarru loan into proto-language? Claire Bowern
Walmajarri karntawarra inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru padu inheritance Claire Bowern
Wubuy mirlmirla inheritance? Claire Bowern
Wunambal kumbɪḷ kumbɪḷ loan into proto-language Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu buthalak inheritance Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha parruparruldra inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka barru inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru bundulbundul bundulbundul unique Claire Bowern
Achagua meré:ki meré:ki unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco é(e)wa, éewéeri é(e)wa, é:wé:ɾi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari karawa-ri karawa-ri See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena purebaru purebaru See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero si'hutemi si'hutemi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana kʰidai-ʔu kʰidai-ʔu unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi jikere tʃikere unknown See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure 'ya-s-ko- ja-s-ko- inheritance See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá weruya weruja unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Arutani pišio piʃio See Language page John Blaha
Sape pusia pusia See Language page John Blaha
Bora čí-xkʰyá-ne-ḯβḯ tʃí-xkʰjá-nɛ-ɯ́βɯ́ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane gíí-giβa-no gíí-giβa-no See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio karakuape (SM) karakuape (SM) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Apalai seweme seweme inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana tawam man tawam man inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó kananame (also beige) kananame (also beige) inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare kɨnota (IDS) kɨnota inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo sipiire sipiire See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai tɨ-šewe-ke tɨ-šewe-ke inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari xiwia ʃiwia See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa arábompa, arábopa, arábupi ta'kupa See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo kwadyapiŋo kwadjapiŋo unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca atybansuca atɨβansuka See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá kuará kuará See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán quiyopa kijopa See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra ptsiyáromaashi ptsijáɾomaaʃi unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez lem See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna dexex [2, 2] deʔeʔ unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina ïhae ʉhae unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa tsɨɕijána tsɨɕijána See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke do- do- unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé kǫȩ See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Tinigua kwanoti See Language page Zach Burnett
Puinave #NAME? #NAME? unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku kaləmadə kaləmadə See Language page PLE
Ashuar yangkú, chakuír yaŋku, ʧakuir See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa yagku jaŋgku See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna yagkú jangkú inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses bësh piu bɨʃ piu unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo šini šini inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua vasunudi wasunũndi unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua quillu kiʎu See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá killu kiʎu See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua quillu kiʎu See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano qellu qeʎu See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa tua'a tũãʔã unique See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva eewaha eːwaʔa loan Arawak See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano sɨri-se sɨri-se See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana eqarije ɛwaɾixɛ See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna bodea-rise bodea-rise doubtful loan Witotoan (in Desano, Siriano, Macuna) See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti 'éwɨ- 'éwɨ- See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana bohojaje, ewɨ bohojaje, ewɨ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano bo'ré bo'ré See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca a're bo'sia; hũ'si po'a a're bo'sia; hũ'si po'a inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo hɨ'rí- hɨ'rí- See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka sõ'ã sõʔã See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja huří hurí See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje pachoja'che padʒoxaʔdʒe unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona sɨʔyo-heʔi; tapˀa sɨʔjo-heʔi; tapˀa inheritance; loan Tupi-Guarani See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya së'ñoja'ico sɨ̃ñohaʔikɔ See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana kyrysiiry kɨrɨsiirɨ unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama iu (to be yellow) iu inheritance See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi tawa tawa inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó ečo; eču ečo; eču inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá jup jup inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina bóóra bóóra inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto borá-re-de borá-rɛ-dɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto borá-re-de borá-rɛ-dɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto bora-re-de bora-rɛ-dɛ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito nɨyána (used for blue, green, and yellow) nɨjána (used for blue, green, and yellow) unique See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo t+k+r+ka tɨkɨɾɨka See Language page Becky Walker
Wari košik koʃik See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo hawa; kea-hawa (Girard 1971) hawa; kea-hawa See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña hawa-da hawa-da inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara q´ellu ḳˀilʸu See Language page PLE
Kwazá haxy?ỹ-, wɛu?ỹ- haxy?ỹ-, wɛu?ỹ- See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima sere sere See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai tsi-aiixu tsi-aiixu unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang [mãrɛru] (loan) (IDS) [mãrɛru] See Language page PLE