this

Semantic Field
grammar
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
este/esta
Meaning Portuguese
este

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim hah'-me-te (M); igi (K1907) inheritance Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone si-, se, i-, e- (near, touchable), inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla 7i7 inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok ne- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi i-ka/, i-c(i)/, i- inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno he7; it'i “this one” (Ono 1996:99) inheritance Klar 1977:44 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno 7iju unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno he7 -animate; hen'i +animate (these are non-initial in phrase)hechi7, hecha7 non-iniitial inheritance A 178 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno hiksha (“never say hi”) inheritance Klar 1977:44 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno hesa, 7iti7i (JPH 3(69) 0019L) inheritance Harrington 1974:5 Jane Hill
Cocopa pi:, -pic, -piny, pi:ny unknown Jane Hill
Comanche isy, ity (ii-, o- inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño 'I'i [ɁiɁi] inheritance Jane Hill
Gabrielino meya, mene:7 inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa peyaa [pəˈjaˑ] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu 7i-dy, inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa mi unknown Jane Hill
Kitanemuk 7ivi7 inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok ne/e inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño 7iv-i/ inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu my/ inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave vidach, vidany inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun neppe inheritance O77:57 Jane Hill
Nisenan hede, hedem inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute isu inheritance SAA 1982:42 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok ne:- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok ne:-, inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A *aswai (A), “this, these” unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M *aswa unknown Mason 1918:151 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) hipmoca unknown Jane Hill
Serrano ivi-7 inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute i-, 7i- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok neH- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute in (an), ich (inan) inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal ywynn, wynn unknown Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone (s)i-, (s)ity inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo he/ loan Jane Hill
Washo wi/:di7 unknown J230, 371 Jane Hill
Western Mono i/hu, inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu 7ew inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai vya/, nyva/- inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami xi inheritance JPH Gamble 91 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi xe (near p1); xi (near P2) inheritance K07 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne ke:/ unknown N1944:67 Jane Hill
Yuki ka-, ka(&), ka: inheritance S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Yuma ava/ “this, a short distance away” H3:211 inheritance Jane Hill
Baniwa lhíehe ɺhíehe inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona enɨ inheritance but compare Arawak: Warekena /eni/ and Yavitero /íni/ See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo ico (fem.), ñai (masc.) iko (fem.), ɲai (masc.) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Desano i-'rú i-'rú inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa më' nku (visible object); sï, sïj, ëmë (object near speaker); mëjchanton, ëmëkon, sïkon (plurals) (MM) mëʔ nku (visible object); sï, sïh, ëmë (object near speaker); mëhtʃanton, ëmëkon, sïkon (plurals) (MM) unknown; inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï bibo/baheteu unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani ĩĩ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup nu-, n'i- ~du-, ~d'ɨ- unique See Language page Pattie Epps
Nheengatu kuá kuá, yaʔá, yawaʔá, paʔá, kuá, unknown See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam hei (EM72) hei (EM72) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki iye ije inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon see (E1980); seenök (M2000) se (E1980) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro gi?í/do?ó giʔí/doʔó unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sanumá hi (EM72) hi (EM72) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tariana hĩ (proximate dem) hĩ (proximate dem) inheritance Tariana-Baniwa See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano a'tí, a'té a'tí, a'té inheritance E Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria a'ri aʔ.rί (stenz) inheritance E Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam fei (EM72) fei (EM72) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami ei, hei (MM07) ei, hei (MM07) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna kele kele unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup n'ɨ̌h ~d'ɨ̌h unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana kayi unique Claire Bowern
Bardi jarri jarri inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba ngirnda(ji) unknown Claire Bowern
Burarra -guna unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu dhay'yi unknown Claire Bowern
Dhuwal dhuwal Claire Bowern
Dhuwala dhuwala unknown Claire Bowern
Diyari napara unique Claire Bowern
DiyariREU [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu dhaŋu Claire Bowern
Djapu dhuwal unknown Claire Bowern
Djinang djiningi unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng ngajani- inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi ngirndaji inheritance Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu dhuwala unknown Claire Bowern
Gurindji nyawa inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru nyawa inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri naudu inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija perra- inheritance Claire Bowern
Malyangapa [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mangala nyalartu, nyaltu inheritance Claire Bowern
Miriwung nganjaying inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka nuniyi unique Claire Bowern
Mudburra nyama Claire Bowern
Mudburra nginya inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngamini nakatu unique Claire Bowern
Ngandi ni' unique Claire Bowern
Ngarluma nhurdu Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl nyamba <nyamba> inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi nhinggi unique Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla parni Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta nyungu inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta wangka inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina nya, nyatu nya, nyadu inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul kinyingk kinyingk inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi iḏu unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu dhaŋu Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu yaku unique Claire Bowern
Walmajarri minyarti inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Wubuy ya: unique Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu nhaŋu unknown Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha nunuru unique Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi nhati unique Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka nunuku unique Claire Bowern
Yawuru nyamba nyamba inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua liáni; lée (h&r) liáni; lé: (h&r) unknown See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco yái, úái jái, úái See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari ja-ri ja-ri See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena eni eni See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero íni íni See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bare téki/ théki téki/ tʰéki See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi exe eʃe unknown See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure teč; tič tetʃ; titʃ unknown See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Arutani kiʔa kiʔa See Language page John Blaha
Sape tɨsa tɨsa See Language page John Blaha
Bora ínyeé, áánïḯ, áámʸeé, eéne ínjɛέ, áánɯɯ́, áámʲɛέ, ɛέnɛ unknown See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane xíno, xííxe xíno, xííxɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio seerö, see serö, se inheritance Proto-Carib See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Apalai seny, mororo, mose senɨ, mororo, mose inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana mëhë mǝhǝ unknown See Language page PLE
Tiriyó sen, seni-mpə, serə (this one inanimate), məe (this one, animate) sen, seni-mpə, serə, məe inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Mapoyo kiirë (animate); mEhE (inanimate) kiirɛ (animate); məhə (inanimate) See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai see (SM) see (SM) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari (h)anji, kanji, anjinji (h)aɲi, kaɲi, aɲiɲi See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa mais, márak maʂ See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo ige ige unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Northern Emberá zaabʉ́ zaːbʉ́ See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Macaguan jo ho, hohe unknown See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Cofán vue, va ɸa See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra ĩnĩ ĩnĩ unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez aná ana See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna daa [3-5, 5], dama [4, 2] daa, dama unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina kaa kaa unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa kem kem See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke Nom. Class. -ñé (Nom. Class.) -ɲé unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Puinave náa unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Máku ki ki See Language page PLE
Warao tama tama See Language page John Blaha
Ashuar ju See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa ju xu See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna juu xu: inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses nëid nɨid unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Yagua jiñu xiɲu unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua cay kaj See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá kai kai See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua cai kai See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano kay kaj See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa pide pide unique See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva ahna aʔna unique See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano ~adi (m.); adio (f.) ~adi (m.); adio (f.) See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana ãni/atio (anim.), ati +clas. (inan.), ato (manner or quanitity, inan.) ãni/atiɔ, ati, atɔ See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna ~adi (m.); adio (f.) ~adi (m.); adio (f.) inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti a'tí-kũbũã a'tí-kũbũã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana aʔ'ria aʔ'ria See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano í, ĩĩ́ í, ĩĩ́ See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca i'ko (fem); ĩʔ'rĩ (masc) i'ko (fem); ĩʔ'rĩ (masc) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo áti- áti- See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka ati-'wɨ́ ati-'wɨ́ See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja átʰɛ́ átʰɛ́ See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje icheja, iko (female), ikʉ (male) idʒexa, iko, ikʉ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona ën, ëñe ɨn, ɨɲe inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya ico i'kɔ See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama ajan axan inheritance See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi ã (G89) ã (G89) inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó a, co (P85) a, ko inheritance; inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá koʔ koʔ inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina bíín, bínjan, bahi-, bu- {m./f. sing./pl.}, báhiim̵a bĩ́ĩ́, bĩ́hã, baʔi-, bɯ- {m./f. sing./pl.}, báʔiim̵a inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto bedá bɛdá See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto bí.e bí.ɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto bi.e bi.ɛ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito iína (speaker proximal) iína (speaker proximal) unknown See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo niicha niːʧa See Language page Becky Walker
Wari i ca' (E&K97) i kaʔ (E&K97) See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo hikio (Girard 1971) hikio See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña rike (G71); riyake (G71) rike (G71); riyake (G71) inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara aka, akïri aka, aki:ɾi See Language page PLE
Kwazá ỹ- ỹ- See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima airu (J62) airu See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Kaingang tag tag See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi newe newe See Language page PLE