child

Semantic Field
human
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
niño, niña
Meaning Portuguese
criança

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim oo-te'-lah “children 4-12” inheritance Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone tua” “boy (son, child) inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla ki'at loan direction unknown S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok 7es:e- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi piso/7oc(i) inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno tupmekch unknown Mithun 1997:235 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno ku7Uchu/ “under 10”, kunup unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno suwa7 (“it cries”) unknown A 159 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno -suwa (son, daughter) unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno qunup unknown JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa kwanyu/k “child about age 3” unknown Jane Hill
Comanche tye7ty, tyehpy7ry, tyrye, inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño -na'aqwa [na'aqwə] loan Jane Hill
Esselen -pana "child, son" unknown Henshaw in Shaul 1995:202 Jane Hill
Gabrielino kweti:7 (boy? baby?) unknown Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa elymaam [Ɂəʎˈm aˑm] loan Jane Hill
Kawaiisu pishy7oo-chi inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa nay unknown Jane Hill
Kitanemuk mayhat inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok 7e/laj loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Luiseño kiha:-t loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Maidu te/ inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave humar, ith'aw inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun sinni inheritance O77:49 Jane Hill
Nisenan pyjyty “children” unknown Jane Hill
Northern Paiute duaki “children” inheritance SAA 1982 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok 7ehe:l-y- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok pyne- unknown Jane Hill
Salinan A as (A), unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M sepxa:/ unknown Mason 1918:134 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) zaxt quisil, zixquisi/il unknown Jane Hill
Serrano anyi:7c-i7 “small one, little one, baby, child” inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute tua-G inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok 7esel:y- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute tuachI inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal tuumu-un, tu7mul “baby” inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone piammyttsi unique Jane Hill
Wappo 7e/yk'a “child, baby, son” unknown Jane Hill
Washo nga/wngang unknown J? Jane Hill
Western Mono tuwapy/7 inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu -lye inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai tha/wa “offspring, child” inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami wechHip inheritance W&G Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi wit'epH inheritance K07:240,G64 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne witep, wiCHep inheritance N 1944 38, G1964 Jane Hill
Yuki sak inheritance S&S1984 Jane Hill
Yuma xu:ma/r H3:212 unknown Jane Hill
Baniwa ienipétti ienipét̪i inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona mure inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo jʉeðocʉ xɨɛðokɨ unique See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw dâw teè dəw tê semantic shift See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano majigʉ, majigo mahigɨ, mahigo inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa #NAME? #NAME? unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï ini/ha - boy hau - girl unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani wẽẽñæ̃ wį́į́ñæ̨ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup dóʔ dóʔ unique See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi moré moré inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu taina, aina taina, aina unique See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam ulu, ɨrɨ (EM72, "boy"), thɨwə tai (EM72 "girl"), moko (EM72 "girl") ulu, ɨɾɨ (EM72, "boy"), tʰɨwə tai, moko inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki ñitu aguɨ (male)/ñitu ago (female) ɲitu agɨ / ɲitu ago unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon mɨree (E1980); müre (M2000) mɨre (E1980) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Sanumá ula (EM72, "boy"), uia (EM72, "boy"), suɨ ose (EM72 "girl"), moko (EM72 "girl") ula, uia, suɨ ose, moko inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tariana emíte, emípeni emíte, emípeni inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano wĩ'magʉ́~, wĩ'mʉ̃ wĩ'magɨ́~, wĩ'mɨ̃ inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria ~ba('a) ~ba(ʔa) inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam ufuru (boy), moko (EM72 "girl") ufuɾu, moko inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami mãrãnãpɨ (boy), suwə hərɨ (girl), ihiru (child), ihiru oše (infant), , suwə hərɨ (EM72 "girl"), moko (EM72 "girl") mãɾãnãpɨ, suwə həɾɨ, ihiɾu, ihiɾu osʃe, suwə həɾɨ, moko inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna to'ojmá toʔohmá inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup dóʔ dóʔ unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana arluwa doubtful loan Arandic? Claire Bowern
Bardi baawa baawa inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba jugu fC, mS inheritance Claire Bowern
Burarra -gungarda / gu-ngarda inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhangu yothu inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwal waku Claire Bowern
Dhuwala djamarrkuḻi(') inheritance Claire Bowern
Diyari kupa semantic shift Claire Bowern
DiyariREU wordu unique Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu yothu unknown Claire Bowern
Djapu yothu unknown Claire Bowern
Djinang gurrminang unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng woolooleng inheritance Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi joogoo, booga doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu yothu inheritance Claire Bowern
Gurindji karu inheritance Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr ba:b baab inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru jingga unique Claire Bowern
Jawi boar bo inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri 4148 inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija kurntuka- unique Claire Bowern
Malyangapa Mal: kuwa inheritance? Claire Bowern
Mangala kartu semantic shift Claire Bowern
Miriwung woolaleng inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka purla unique Claire Bowern
Mudburra 430 Claire Bowern
Mudburra karu doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Ngamini kupa semantic shift Claire Bowern
Ngandi dhaku loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Ngarluma manyga Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl wooba wuba inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi muruwa pulya inheritance Claire Bowern
Nimanburru ba""be-nin_ baabe-ning inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla kartu Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta yapanykarra inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta partany inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina baba baba inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul ba""be-nin_ baabe-ning inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi mobo unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya “mararida” doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta 351 unique Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu ratha' inheritance Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu jama inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri yapa inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru parli unique Claire Bowern
Wubuy wirrig unique Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu ratha inheritance Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha muduwa inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi ngatha-palki unique Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka bula unique Claire Bowern
Yawuru baba baba inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua samáʃta, samálita samáʃta, samálita inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco sùmài, sùmàu sùmài, sùmàu See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari ejí-pé ejí-pé See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena ʃiani ʃiani See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero ľ̥ihani ľ̥ihani See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bare hantitʃaɻe hantitʃaɻe See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana kuraiˀdaunaa kuraiˀdaunaa unknown See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi xoima ʃoima inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure mo mo inheritance See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá yamuku-tai jamuku-tai inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Bora tsʰɨ́ɨ́-me-ne tsʰɨ́ɨ́-mɛ-nɛ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane séémene, gaí-ɸíí-séé {being-male-child} sέέmɛnɛ, gaí-ɸíí-sέέ {being-male-child} See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio mɨree mɨre inheritance Pemongan See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Akawaio/Ingariko dialect mɯre mɯre See Language page Lauren Franklin
Apalai poeto poeto unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana mule mule inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó mure mure inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare nnedɨ (IDS); inñe:dü (KH), nnedü (KH) nnedɨ; inɲe:dɨ (KH) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo warastëkomo (masculine); wërya'mu (feminine); muku (neuter) warastɛkomo (masculine); wɛrja'mu (feminine); muku (neuter) See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai rikomo rikomo unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari baxinja; var. bahinja baʃiɲa; bahiɲa See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa kajcha, kampsi maʂukapa See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Muisca guasgua cha γuasγua ʂa See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá oárra zaké oárra zaké See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán du´shu/pusheshu du´shu, aipano (baby) dyʔʃɯ, aipano See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Taushiro iva´ iwaʔ See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez aloch alotʃ See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna buxũ [3, 2] buʔɨ̃ unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina beree, kanaanaj beɽe:, kana:naj unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa báse-tema báse-tema See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke todi todi unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé buíchjĩ See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Tinigua nɨzɨ See Language page Zach Burnett
Puinave tɨi-wãi tɨi-wãi unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Warao noboto noboto See Language page John Blaha
Ashuar úchi uʧi See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa uchi/nuwach utʃi/nuwatʃ See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna úchi/náwa útʃi/náwa inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses bacuë bakuɨ inheritance/Tacanan Tacanan *baka See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo ṣ̌oko-βo; βakɨ ṣ̌oko-βo; βakɨ inheritance/Tacanan Tacanan *baka See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua dera ndera unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua llullu wawa ʎuʎu wawa See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá wambra wambra See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua huarmi huahua (female), cari huahua (male) waɾmi wawa, kaɾi wawa See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano pasña (female) pasɲa See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa ji'kichawa hĩ̃kʔĩtʃãwã unique See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva nee neː unique See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano dakegɨ (m); dakego (f.) dakegɨ (m); dakego (f.) See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana cawĩmaʉ(acã), cawĩmao(acã) kaʋĩmaɨ(akã), kaʋĩmaɔ(akã) See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna ~bakɨaka (m); ~bakoaka (f); ~riaka (pl) ~bakɨaka (m); ~bakoaka (f); ~riaka (pl) inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yuruti 'wĩbã-gɨ̃ 'wĩbã-gɨ̃ See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Waikhana bãkãdã-gã bãkãdã-gã See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Siriano majĩgʉ/ o mahĩgɨ/ o See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca bẽʔ'rõ (girl); bẽʔ'rĩ (boy); 'bãkĩ 're (boy); bẽʔ'rã 'ka (children) bẽʔ'rõ (girl); bẽʔ'rĩ (boy); 'bãkĩ 're (boy); bẽʔ'rã 'ka (children) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tatuyo ka-'wĩbã-ɨ̃ ka-'wĩbã-ɨ̃ See Language page Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka wĩ'bã-gɨ̃; wĩ'bã-gõ wĩʔbã-gɨ̃; wĩʔbã-gõ See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja da'ké-g(ɨ/o) (masc./fem.) da'ké-g(ɨ/o) (masc./fem.) See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje chiiʉ (male), chĩio (female) dʒiiʉ, dʒĩio inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona mami mami inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya mamaquë, mamaco mã'mãkɨ, mã'mãkɔ See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana õwã õwã unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama ɨcratsen ɨkɾatsen unique See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi yaʔɨ jaʔɨ unique See Language page PLE
Sirionó ei̯tãkeĩ; kiã ~ ekiã; mia riirĩ; eriirĩ ei̯tãkeĩ; kiã ~ ekiã; mia riirĩ; eriirĩ unique See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá pitaŋ (M2000) pitaŋ (M2000) inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina xaviin xaβĩĩ unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto kïní-ma /hítaru kɯní-ma /hítaru See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto úru.e úru.ɛ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto uru.e uru.ɛ doubtful loan Yanomami See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito maáya maája unknown See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo m+aricha mɨaɾiʧa See Language page Becky Walker
Wari piyeʔ pijeʔ See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo dexa sisi; čawa dexa sisi; čawa See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña e-bakʷa-ke e-bakʷa-ke doubtful loan into protolanguage, direction unknown Pano *βakɨ See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara wawa wawa See Language page PLE
Kwazá etohoi etohoi See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima ɗiči-ye ɗiči-je See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai kik=noxo; di=noxo (Respectively: male child; female child) kik=noxo; di=noxo (Respectively: male child; female child) unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang gĩr, ũn-sĩ ŋĩr; ũn-sĩ See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi djiri dʒiri See Language page PLE