mother

Semantic Field
kinship
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
madre, mamá
Meaning Portuguese
mãe

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Bankalachi Toloim ah-pul', e-mŏn (ŭ-mŭn) 171 loan Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone pi7i, pii inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla -ye inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok 7yta/:- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi pi/(a) inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno xoni, xon'i in Wash unknown Sapir 1920:289 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno lo unknown Klar 1977:51 Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno -tete7 unknown A 49 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno ch'uju unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno k'ete “my mother (but root is tete) inheritance JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa nyca:, nycal (living) inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche pia inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño -ye [yɨ] inheritance Jane Hill
Esselen atsia unknown Henshaw in Shaul 1995:200 and voc Jane Hill
Gabrielino -yok inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa kuhkwany, paataly [kʊˈxˈkʷaɲ], [paˑˈt̯aʎ] unknown Jane Hill
Kawaiisu pija= inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa h-ny7uu, ny-p-ny7uu unknown Jane Hill
Kitanemuk jy7 inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok 7u/nu inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño yo7 (possessed only) inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu ne/ inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave intay inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun 7a:nan inheritance? O77:139 Jane Hill
Nisenan ne inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute pia/ inheritance Thornes 03:33 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok yta- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok 7yk:a- unknown Jane Hill
Salinan A apai/7 (A), unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M apa/i (exo', e/pex) unknown Mason 1918:133 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) ata unknown Jane Hill
Serrano -jy-7 inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute pia-S (j) inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok 7ami- unknown Jane Hill
Southern Ute pi/a, pi/e-, pi/achI inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal aapuu-n (before death of child) loan Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone pia, pii inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo -na/7a loan Jane Hill
Washo gitla/:7 unknown J99 Jane Hill
Western Mono piya inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu -tu:tu: address form unknown Jane Hill
Yavapai chchi:, chi/ta : is macron inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami nexet JPH; unique JPH Gamble 91 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi najoj inheritance K07:240 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne no'om inheritance K 1963 Jane Hill
Yuki -k'an' inheritance Jane Hill
Yuma 7anta/yc “his mother” inheritance Jane Hill
Baniwa -hádoa -hádoa inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona mama loan Span? See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo paco pako inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Desano pago pago inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa y-anə; -anə j-anə; -anə loan Arawak See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï abã abã unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani badã wããna; Mbarã unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup ʔín ~ʔíd loan into proto-language, direction unknown Puinave, Kakua-Nukak See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi maʔmá maʔmá loan Spanish See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu maya, mãmãy maja, mãmãj unknown; loan Span/Port? See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam nape, na a, ne (gom), nape- (EM72) nape, na a, ne (gom), nape- (EM72) inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki jaco ago xako ago inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon amai (also means 'aunt'), dan (also means 'aunt'), san (A1981); amai (M2000) amaɪ, dan, san (A1981) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro hanáva hanáva inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sanumá #NAME? #NAME? inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tariana há-do há-do inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano pakó pakó inheritance E-W Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Yanomam na na inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami nayë, na- (EM72) najə, na- inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna aloji alohi unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup ʔín ~ʔíd inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana lhuka unique Claire Bowern
Bardi birrii birrii inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba ngarranyi doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Burarra muma unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu bambay unknown Claire Bowern
Dhuwal nga:rndi Claire Bowern
Dhuwala ngama7 inheritance Claire Bowern
Diyari nganrri inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU ngandi inheritance Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu 4984 inheritance Claire Bowern
Djapu nga:rndi inheritance Claire Bowern
Djinang ama inheritance Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng ngarrang loan Ngarinyin Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi ngarranyi doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu ngama7 inheritance Claire Bowern
Gurindji ngamayi inheritance Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr berai berrayi inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru ngama inheritance Claire Bowern
Jawi injib inyib semantic shift Claire Bowern
Karajarri 4346 unknown Claire Bowern
Kija kura- loan Ngarinyin Claire Bowern
Malyangapa ŋamana inheritance Claire Bowern
Mangala jula unknown Claire Bowern
Miriwung ngarrageng loan Ngarinyin Claire Bowern
Mithaka nganrri inheritance Claire Bowern
Mudburra [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mudburra jakardi loan Claire Bowern
Ngamini nganri inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngandi nganang inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngarluma ngangga Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl beebee bibi inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi ngandri inheritance Claire Bowern
Nimanburru berai berrayi inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla jurla Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta pipi inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta 4452 inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina kooya kuya inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul berai berrayi inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi ummaka inheritance Claire Bowern
Pirriya ngamakwaya inheritance Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta ngamari inheritance Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu ngaarndi loan into protolanguage Claire Bowern
Walmajarri ngamaji inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru ngama inheritance Claire Bowern
Warrwa kuya kuya inheritance Claire Bowern
Wubuy rrigang unique Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu ŋamarrkuḻi inheritance Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha ngarndri inheritance Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi ngandi inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka ngandri inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru bibi bibi inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua túwa túwa inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco atúa atúa See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari hanúá hanúá See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena ʃuɺuami ʃuɺuami See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero iľ̥uami iľ̥uami See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bare yakaw jakaw See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana -ˀdaru -ˀdaru doubtful loan Carib; Pemon dan, Makiritare denɨ See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi mama mama loan Portuguese See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure n-en (possessive) n-en (possessive) inheritance See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá ma'ma; -ɨnu ma'ma; -ɨnu loan; inheritance Portuguese See Language page Joyce McCormick
Bora kwaʔá-ro, kʷaʔá-ï kwaʔá-ro, kʷaʔá-ɯ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane gáʔá(rubi) {vocative}, sééxɨ gáʔá(rubi) {vocative}, sέέxɨ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio sang saŋ inheritance Venezuelan See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Apalai eny, ẽ enɨ, ẽ loan Arawak See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana je je doubtful loan Tupi-Guarani See Language page PLE
Tiriyó ma[:] (vocative), manko ma:, manko doubtful loan Span? See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare denɨ (IDS) (Reference term. Term of address is mama) denɨ inheritance but cf. Arawak? See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo saanë-ri saanɛ-ri See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai yɨ-son; noro yon yɨ-son; noro yon inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari mama mama See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa icha dʒiʂa See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo a.ma a.ma doubtful loan Portuguese See Language page Joyce McCormick
Muisca guaia γuaia See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá dádyi phápa dádʒi phápa See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Macaguan enána enána inheritance Proto-Guahiban See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Cofán chan tʃan See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra atáatá atáatá unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro iño iɲo See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez epe epe See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna mama mama loan Spanish, Quechua? See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina neba neba unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa bebmá, máma, mamá bebmá, máma, mamá See Language page Daniel Valle, Anissa Capuchino
Andoke #NAME? #NAME? unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé aĩ ~ eĩ See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave in in loan, direction unknown Nadahup, Kakua-Nukak See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Warao ɾani rani See Language page John Blaha
Ashuar nukúr (my mother) nukúr See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa nuku nuku See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna dúku dúku inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses tita tita inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo haʔiwa; kai (the latter is used in direct address) haʔiwa; kai (the latter is used in direct address) inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua jnoda xnonda unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua mama mama See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá mama mama See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua mama mama See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano mama mama See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa ahúh (K76) ahúh (K76) unique See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva nahna naʔna unique See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano hak-o, kak-o hak-o, kak-o See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Baeuerlein
Carapana -pa-kó, 'ká-a-ko -pa-kó, 'ká-a-ko See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna mami (mami), jaco mami (mami), xaco inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Siriano pagó pagó See Language page Ana Paula, Kelsey Neely
Tanimuca bãʔ'ĩ; pa'kore; 'pako 're bãʔ'ĩ; pa'kore; 'pako 're inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tuyuka pa'ko pa'ko See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja kʰáàkʰò kʰáàkʰò See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje ja'ko xaʔkho inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona mama, pë'cago mama, pɨʔkago inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya ja'co haʔkɔ See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana ti ti inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama mama mama loan Span? See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi ɨ; mãmã (VOC) ɨ; mãmã (VOC) inheritance; loan Span/Port? See Language page PLE
Sirionó tãĩ; esi tãĩ; esi unique; inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Ocaina ánhinco, úúdsah ã́ʔĩʔko, ɯ́ɯ́dzaʔ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto á-ño á-ño See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto éi, éi-ño έi, έi-ño See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto e.i ɛ.i inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito niatíja (originally vocative, reanalyzed as referential term); -áni (archaic form, not commonly used, always possessed) niatíha (originally vocative, reanalyzed as referential term); -áni (archaic form, not commonly used, always possessed) unique; inheritance See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo anu anu See Language page Becky Walker
Wari naʔ naʔ See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo nai; nae (Girard 1971) nai; nae See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña e-kʷa-ke; e-kʷaʔa; mama e-kʷa-ke; e-kʷaʔa; mama inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara mama tayka; mama See Language page PLE
Kwazá See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima maʔa maʔa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai (ha)-atle (ha)-atle unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang nỹ, jỹ -nə̃; yə̃; mə̃ɲ See Language page PLE
Suyá See Language page Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi tätxi, dji tǝtʃi, dʒi See Language page PLE