grow

Semantic Field
state
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
crecer
Meaning Portuguese
crescer

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone naa”, naha” “be, become, grow, grow up, dwell” inheritance Jane Hill
Cahuilla -wel- inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok 7ype/l-nge- inheritance Jane Hill
Chemehuevi nana/ inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno kek (of plants B78); inheritance Klar 1977:109 Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno lu-nan' inheritance A 359 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno leL7ashi “para que crezca” (see “big”) unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno lunla7al (human), luny7yp (plant) unknown JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa xmi: unknown Jane Hill
Comanche naanaary “grow in height and health” inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño wel-0 [wəl] inheritance Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa chepaa [ʧəˈpaˑ] unknown Jane Hill
Kawaiisu nahna- inheritance Jane Hill
Kiliwa x7iip, t-x7iip unknown Jane Hill
Kitanemuk tuch (grow up) inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok me/lih inheritance Jane Hill
Luiseño wola- inheritance Jane Hill
Maidu di/ unknown Jane Hill
Mojave apay= (of corn), 7akuuch- “grow up” loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Mutsun miTTen “grows” inheritance O77:89, 210 Jane Hill
Nisenan ne: inheritance Jane Hill
Northern Paiute na7a inheritance Thornes 03:57 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok 7ypelnge- inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok 72t2m:2kse- inheritance Jane Hill
Salinan A map (A), unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M mopke:/ unknown Mason 1918:144 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) coocp unknown Jane Hill
Serrano ja:ng-q “grow, grow up” inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute nan:a- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok 7ypeHl-ngHe- “to grow up” inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute nana inheritance Jane Hill
Tübatulabal ayaaw-yt inheritance Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone hanna” “grow, get bigger” inheritance Jane Hill
Wappo he/u:se7 unknown Jane Hill
Washo Mo/ngili unknown J249 Jane Hill
Western Mono naa- inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu bohema- inheritance Jane Hill
Yavapai ?te(:) “grown” (< -te(:) “big”) inheritance Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi poohu'tcu inheritance K07:268 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne *bo:huT' “mature”; buh'aT' Blevins 2004:39 inheritance N 1944 51 Jane Hill
Yuki mam unknown K1911:Voc Jane Hill
Baniwa tawíiña tawíiɲa inheritance possible loan into Ninam/Sanuma (Yanomam) See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona anɨta (SM) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo bʉcʉyʉ; bʉcʉre; corʉivʉ bɨkɨjɨ; bɨkɨɾe; koɾɨivɨ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw pêg saák peg ʃǎk inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano bʉga-ri bɨga-ɾi inheritance See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa -uwəhsa- (IDS) -uwəhsa- (IDS) unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waorani unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup cap- cap- unique shared Yuhup See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi akɨpɨ; arenta (IDS) akɨpɨ; arenta (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu yukiriári (from kiriári=do portuguȇs criar), yumijã (from mujã=fazer), puãmu jukiriari (from kiriari=do portuguȇs criar), jumijã (mujã=fazer), puãmu unique See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam tšawɨ (EM72) tʃawɨ loan (into proto-language?) Arawak tawi- See Language page Kelsey Neely
Maihiki etajɨ etaxɨ̃ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon yariman (A1981) dʒaɾiman (A1981) unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Sanumá tsəwə (EM72) tsəwə loan (into proto-language?) Arawak tawi- See Language page Kelsey Neely
Sikuani juwa (2) huwá unknown See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tariana mesá mesá loan Tukanoan masa See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano bɨkɨâ, masá bɨkɨâ, masá inheritance E Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria bʉkʉ; ~basa bʉʰkʉ; mãʰsã inheritance E Tuk; compare Ocaina buuku See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomam kau kau unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami pataɨ pataɨ unique See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna tawá'akajo tawáʔakaho inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yuhup cap cap unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Arabana woninta inheritance? Claire Bowern
Bardi -jarrngV- -jarrngV- inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba dalja- unknown Claire Bowern
Burarra wana ni bamba unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu ŋuthan doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Dhuwal [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Dhuwala [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Diyari purnka inheritance Claire Bowern
DiyariREU wominta loan Arabana Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu ŋuthan Claire Bowern
Djapu ŋuthan Claire Bowern
Djinang djurrgi unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng namoo unique Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu gurarrkuma unknown Claire Bowern
Gurindji tuma- inheritance Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr -bul- [ma-bolan] -bul- [ma-bolan] inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru yambi waya- unique Claire Bowern
Karajarri 4550 missing Claire Bowern
Kija pethata unique Claire Bowern
Malyangapa Mal: thanta- loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Mangala baga na bulgari unknown Claire Bowern
Miriwung bad unique Claire Bowern
Mithaka [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Mudburra rawarra Claire Bowern
Mudburra duma- inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngamini dankarina unique Claire Bowern
Ngandi garlak-dhu- unique Claire Bowern
Ngarluma tharra-ku unique Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl yeega dowin, beendain <yeega dowin, beendain> unique Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Nimanburru gongon ma-djaredjaren konkon ma-jarejaren unique Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta waljunu- (V2) inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta 4550 unique Claire Bowern
Nyikina -kani- (A/P) -kani- (A/b) unique Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul mihiteo XXngl typo? XXgl get bigger mihideo inheritance Claire Bowern
Paakantyi gila-ba- unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu dhamulng'kun inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri turta(pu)- inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru wimaji- unique Claire Bowern
Wubuy runggal, waranda unique Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu yindiyirri unknown Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha pirnana unique Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka punkindri inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru ma-baŋgan ma-baŋkan semantic shift Claire Bowern
Achagua dáwineriu dáwineriu inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco cáaléeri yàacawa, dàwinàacawa káaléeri jàakawa, dàwinàakawa See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari tawána tawána See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena tawina tawina See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero tawina tawina See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana dyaɨpʰai-n dyaɨpʰai-n unknown See Language page Ana Paula B.
Waurá weke- weke- unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Bora piívye (T98) pʰiíβje unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane júsihi (W97) xúsiʔi See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio zeemokkang ze'mɔʔkaŋ inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Akawaio/Ingariko dialect emoʔka emoʔka See Language page Lauren Franklin
Apalai ahtãko ahtãko inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana uwanta uwanta inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó j-anɨhta-ne (I grew (up)) j-anɨhta-ne (I grew (up)) inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Wai Wai ∅-Φor̃mam-∅ ∅-Φor̃mam-∅ unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari puwa puwa See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa natüpi, samaya, atone, atüne See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Muisca zemuysquynsuca tʂemuɨskuɨnsuka See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá oarí oarí See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán coeñe koɛɲɛ See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra potsĭsámaama potsĭsámaama unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro i'yu hunta iʔju hunda See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez exs See Language page Daniel Valle
Urarina omaro omaro unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Andoke unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé ɔtɛ-pa See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave [-min] min unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar nampuártin (people), tsakártin (animals) nampuartin, tsakartin See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa uunmartasa u:nmartasa See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna aentsmágat, muúmpat aɨntsmagat, mu:mpat unique; unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses cani kani inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo hakɨ-; šinaʔa-; ani- hakɨ-; šinaʔa-; ani- unknown; inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua javye; divay xa:vje; divaj unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua atunyana, viñana atunjana See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá susukaiai, wiñai susukaiai, wiñai See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua huiñana wiɲana See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano wiñay, hatunyay wiɲaj, hatunyaj See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa bui'o hue'ɨh buiɁo hueɁɨh unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva põãjaha põãhaʔa unknown See Language page Becky Walker
Carapana bᵾtirique, putarije (river) bɨtiɾike, putaɾixe (river) See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna bʉcʉa-rise; jai-re (esp. for rivers); judi-rise (esp. plants) bɨkɨa-ɾise; xai-ɾe; xudi-rise inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Tanimuca bi'ki ri'ka bi'ki ri'ka inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje aineemʉ aineemʉ unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona iroji irohi inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya ai de'oye ai dɛʔɔjɛ See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana kerep keɾep unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama aipa aipa unique See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi -yɔ̃ĩ; -wɛ̃ -jɔ̃ĩ; -wɛ̃ unique; inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó siri; mebo; tiarõ siri; mebo; tiarõ unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Ocaina aam̈on; jiia; jiinño; buuco (tr and intr) aamõ; hiia; hĩĩɲo; buuko (tr and intr) inheritance; unknown See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Murui Witoto monaìte, comuìde monaìtɛ, komuìdɛ (B83) inheritance; unknown See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito cumɨɨni, riquiini (specifically for plants) kumɨɨni, rikiini (specifically for plants) unique See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo nishinyu niʃinju See Language page Becky Walker
Wari horon (Sousa2009) horon (Sousa2009) See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo čii-kwe; tii- (Girard 1971) čii-kwe; tii- See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña baro-na-ya; ari-ari-ho-ya; wiha-ya (baro-na-ya usually refers to children; wiha-ya refers to plants) baro-na-ya; ari-ari-ho-ya; wiha-ya unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara jilaña xila-ɲa See Language page PLE
Kwazá ereri- ereri- See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima ɓihau-ni ɓihau-ni See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai (ha) pɨt̯e (ha) pɨt̯e unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang mog moŋ See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi hüte, bere høte, bere See Language page PLE