throat

Semantic Field
body
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
garganta
Meaning Portuguese
garganta

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Source Created By General Notes
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone kuiccih (inside) unknown Jane Hill
Cahuilla kuspi-ly (outside) inheritance S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok my/7:yTa- (EC) loan Jane Hill
Chemehuevi pa/kWA loan direction unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno oqHjoku7ush “garganta” unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno s-iwo “throat, windpipe (< “to make sound”) inheritance A 218 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno 7ululu unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno aqlewyny7ysh “tragadera” unknown JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa 7inya/Ly inheritance Jane Hill
Comanche kuitsI inheritance Jane Hill
Cupeño -pava [pavə] inheritance Jane Hill
Gabrielino ang-on* inheritance CHM/MC240 Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa enyally [əˈɲaɫʸ] inheritance Jane Hill
Kawaiisu pakwii= (inside??? outside???) loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Kiliwa cmi (outer), t-m+nyal-u7 (esophagus) unknown Jane Hill
Kitanemuk ngohoc inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok dolo/omen loan Jane Hill
Luiseño xa:ra-sh unknown Elliott Jane Hill
Maidu k'u/jlulu\mi “swallow-tube” inheritance Jane Hill
Mojave inyaalyq inheritance Jane Hill
Mutsun horkos- “pescuezo” JPH, can be used in “cut throat inheritance O77:154 Jane Hill
Nisenan so:tolo, soto:lo unknown Jane Hill
Northern Paiute nnodo inheritance Stubbs 08 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok tok:olo:la- (front part of neck) inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok n2m:it unknown Jane Hill
Salinan A pE:nik'a:i (A only) unknown Jane Hill
Salinan M missing missing Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) ipnij (inside) unknown Jane Hill
Serrano ngYh-YT (poss -Y7) also “voice” inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Paiute pangwi-S loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok Tok:o7-la- inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute pag'oyvI, pawivI loan direction unknown Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone kuwi(ttsi) unknown Jane Hill
Wappo hoch “front of neck” loan Jane Hill
Washo to7o unknown J301 Jane Hill
Western Mono no/do inheritance Jane Hill
Wintu doki loan into protolanguage Jane Hill
Yavapai pa\lqcho^: unknown Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami o-ken/-ken, oo-gen-git inheritance CHM Berman 2002 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi hocod, inheritance K07:241 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yowlumne hoSil (n1 windpipe), unknown N1964 Jane Hill
Yuki lo:mul' inheritance S&S 1984 Jane Hill
Yuma malyaqe/ H3:212 “throat, voice” inheritance Jane Hill
Baniwa weéda ɺiko weéda ɺiko unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Carijona ese (SM) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo jãrʉóime xãɾɨóime unique See Language page Kelsey Neely; Tanja Baeuerlein
Dâw õógn’ ʔɔ̃̌ŋ' inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano wʉ̃gobe wɨ̃gobe unique See Language page Ana Paula; Tanja Baeuerlein
Eñepa -waaru- (IDS) -waaru- (IDS) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Hodï kwambo / kwa unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez
Waorani õdõ-gadæ̃ unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hup ʔɔ̃́g’ ~ʔɔ́g’ inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Makushi uʔmɨ yetta (IDS) uʔmɨ yetta (IDS) unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu kuruka kuruka doubtful loan Portuguese/Spanish? See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Maihiki adoga ja adoga xã unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Pemon mue, pu-mue, mue wayi, sen (A1981) mue, pumue, mue wadʒi, sen (A1981) unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro naa?kápí (inside), ó?kótáapí (outside) naaʔkápí (inside), óʔkótáapí (outside) inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Sikuani jumatawi (1) unknown See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Rebecca Khorram, PLE
Tariana maretaníkha maretaníkha unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Tukano wamɨ̂-pee wamɨ̂-pee inheritance E Tuk See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Kotiria wamʉ copa (Waltz) wamʉ kopa (Waltz) inheritance E Tuk See Language page D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Yanomami õramɨ õɾamɨ unknown See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yukuna rinúrupi aphú (cuello=?) rinúrupi apʰú (cuello=?) unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Arabana piltji unique Claire Bowern
Bardi nimanyi [-manyi] nimanyi [-manyi] inheritance Claire Bowern
Bunuba winyi unknown Claire Bowern
Burarra gu-lorra unknown Claire Bowern
Dhangu [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Dhuwal gurak inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwala miwura unknown Claire Bowern
Diyari yarrkarla unique Claire Bowern
DiyariREU ngajipiltji unique Claire Bowern
Djambarrpuyngu 1861 inheritance Claire Bowern
Djapu gurak inheritance Claire Bowern
Djinang djarnggulk unknown Claire Bowern
Gajirrabeng ngerlthegang unique Claire Bowern
Gooniyandi garndagarndadi loan Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu miwura unknown Claire Bowern
Gurindji ngirlkirri loan Claire Bowern
Jaru garndarrgarndarr unique Claire Bowern
Jawi neemanyie XXngl mouth nimanyye inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri kunankunan unknown Claire Bowern
Kija wurlu-m unique Claire Bowern
Malyangapa yuni inheritance Claire Bowern
Mangala piji unknown Claire Bowern
Miriwung jirawing inheritance Claire Bowern
Mithaka irlka unique Claire Bowern
Mudburra ngilkirri Claire Bowern
Mudburra ngujbi loan Claire Bowern
Ngamini yurku inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngarluma mira unique Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl longura, langura longura, langura inheritance Claire Bowern
Nhirrpi [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Nimanburru nimanj nimany inheritance Claire Bowern
Northern Mangarla [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Northern Nyangumarta ngalyi inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta ngalyi inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina langar langar inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul nawang ^ nawang unique Claire Bowern
Paakantyi baṇba unique Claire Bowern
Pirriya [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Pitta-Pitta [missing] missing Claire Bowern
Rirratjingu mani, gurak inheritance Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu gurak inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri kangkurl inheritance Claire Bowern
Wangkayutyuru yirlka inheritance Claire Bowern
Wubuy ramaj, yambiya inheritance? Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu gurak inheritance Claire Bowern
Yandruwandha ngaga loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Yarluyandi ngayimala unique Claire Bowern
Yawarrawarrka jutju unique Claire Bowern
Yawuru nimanya nimanya inheritance Claire Bowern
Achagua wá: wá: unique See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco canápi kanápi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena nuretéri nuretéri See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero kanasi kanasi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana [-]šararan [-]šararan unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi etororone etororone unknown See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure soropi soropi unknown See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá #NAME? #NAME? unique See Language page Joyce McCormick
Bora mémehdóu (T98) mémeʔdóɯ unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane cójííhu (W97) kóxííʔu See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio eezeng e'zɛŋ inheritance Proto-Carib See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Apalai esenamuru, osena esenamuru, osena inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana ehena ehena inheritance See Language page PLE
Tiriyó eena eena inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Wai Wai ∅-eeše-∅ ∅-eeše-∅ inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa uoro, boro, yubotoko, yüboro, yüpömö, yupomo See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Muisca fiza pitʂa See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá ochchirú otʃtʃirú See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Macaguan kibló kibló unique See Language page Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram
Cofán tsifoma, andian'cho tsiɸoma, andi̡ãʔtʃo See Language page Daniel Valle phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS
Candoshi-Shapra sanágarich sanánkaritʃ unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro entin entin See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez péty péty See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna na2xma4na2xa3 (A58) naʔmanaʔa unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Andoke θa-pǝ(ühah), kha-pǝ(ü)hah (RW52) unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé gɔrɔ yaɔ (neck-?) See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave [-yə-duk] jə-duk unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar súwe sũwɨ̃ See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa sue suɨ See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna jayák xajak unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses chepacte tʃepakte unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo tɨ-poko tɨ-poko inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua pisiy pisij unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua tunguru tunguɾu See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá gargiru (Spanish loa?) gargiru (Spaniʃ loa?) See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua cunga kunga See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano kunka, tunquri (CP94) kunka, tunquri See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa ahkua ka'rána' ahkua kaɁránaɁ loan Spanish? See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva õcuajã õkʷahã unique See Language page Becky Walker
Makuna ãmʉma yurajʉ; ãcũ yurama ãmɨma juɾaxɨ; ãkũ juɾama inheritance See Language page Amanda Novak, D. Jagannathan, Tanja Bauerlein
Tanimuca wã'bũ tã'sia wã'bũ tã'sia inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje cakorovʉ kakorobʉ doubtful loan Quechua, orig. Spanish? See Language page Daniel Valle
Secoya ñajetëca ñahɛtɨka See Language page Amanda N
Karitiana nãmỹngyn nãmɨ̃ngɨn unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Wayampi kuluka; yɨʔɔ kuluka; jɨʔɔ doubtful loan Portuguese/Spanish? See Language page PLE
Sirionó ečosoi ečosoi inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Ocaina johxóóho; johxóóra hoʔxóóʔo; hoʔxóóra unknown See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Murui Witoto uurago, guìraɨ́ò, guturao uurago, gìraɯ́ò, guturao (B83) unknown See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito itícari itíkari unknown See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo arishua aɾiʃua See Language page Becky Walker
Wari canom (E&K97) kanom (E&K97) See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo e-naa e-naa See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña e-c̷ori-kani; ara kani (The former is literally "possesive-voice-hole" (e-c̷ori means "voice", kani means "hole"); the latter is literally "eat-hole" (ara means "eat", kani means "hole")) e-čori-kani; ara kani inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara mallq´a tˀulʸu See Language page PLE
Kwazá -koko, -xỹiro -koko, -xỹiro See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima takaka-kʷa takaka-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai (iau) mud (iau) mud unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang tỹvãn tɨ̃wãn See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi borekü borekø See Language page PLE