clothing

Semantic Field
culture-mythology
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
ropa
Meaning Portuguese
roupa

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Cahuilla xelyal clothes unknown Cupeno has a hel- root in 'old raggedy clothes' other complex Seiler & Hioki 1979 Jane Hill
Cupeño hisexvel clothing, goods inheritance *ysy© Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 248 other complex Hill & Nolasquez 1973 Jane Hill
Luiseño miyxanish clothes, dress inheritance *miyxan Cupan also in Cupeno -mixan 'belongings' derived, other complex Eliott 1999 Jane Hill
Gabrielino moha:von tu ropa (fresada) inheritance *ha-pyt Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 244 other complex Hill Harrington notes Jane Hill
Serrano havy7 (poss) clothes inheritance *ha-pyt Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 144; absolutive is -t, "blanket" in Merriam 48:173 other complex K. Hill Dict. Jane Hill
Kitanemuk havït skin, blanket, clothes inheritance *ha-pyt Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 244; also -tavï for modern dress or clothes Anderton 1988:518 other complex Anderton 1988 Jane Hill
Tübatulabal üttüsshal clothes inheritance *wytta Northern Uto-Aztecan might be a loan from W. Numic, Stubbs 2011 253b; note Yawlmani Suto:sol 'shirt' Newman 109 other complex K. Hill Tb>Eng Jane Hill
Bankalachi Toloim missing missing Jane Hill
Kawaiisu hii-(m)by-zi beads; clothes inheritance *hini Numic Stubbs 2011 2283; see Chemehuevi "bead"; probably a "belongings" word other complex hii-(m)by 'money' Zigmond et al. 1990 Jane Hill
Chemehuevi tywarengI belongings, clothes, furniture, etc. unique derived Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List (K. Hill 1969) Jane Hill
Southern Paiute ma:vy, maa-fy clothing (identical with ma:- thing) unique the "things, possessions' word; also naro7o-N (psd) clothes (582) other complex Sapir Jane Hill
Southern Ute taa7 shirt, clothes inheritance *tawa Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 256 simplex Givon Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone summo7a clothes unique simplex Dayley 1989 Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone kwasun dress, shrit, clothes inheritance *kwasu Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 483 simplex Crapo 1976 Jane Hill
Comanche namahku clothes (any wearing apparel), household goods, belongings inheritance *nammakku Numic See also T. sho namokku(n) 'money', Comanche 'clothes'; W. Mono naawakU 'string of shell money', N. Paiute namakko 'old kind of beads; also hoi-yah, ahts-ă-kan-nah red & blue beads, probably Hudson Bay Merriam 45:303 simplex R Jane Hill
Western Mono natygyn clothing, adornment unique Stubbs 489?? simplex may have na- Loether & Bethel 1993 Jane Hill
Northern Paiute sagwatza clothing, possessions unique kwasu clothing, shirt, costumes 41 other complex Yerington 1987 Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok 7yhty-j:a- clothes unique other complex Broadbent 1964 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok 7yká:py- clothes, garments unique perhaps related to Mins 7ykpa 'to adorn'?? simplex Freeland & Broadbent 1960 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok sok:e:7a- clothes unique shok:e 'all' in Mics??? simplex sok:e- things, everything Callaghan 1987 Jane Hill
Plains Miwok haje7:a-, haje:7a clothes unique other complex haj:e- 'beside, near' Callaghan 1984 Jane Hill
Lake Miwok kolénni clothes, things to wear unique also númmanuma 'clothes, possessions, things equipment' 103 fromnúma 'some sort of' other complex kóle 'to wear' Callaghan 1965 Jane Hill
Maidu c'í clothing, put on inheritance *c'íh Proto-Maiduan Ultan 1964:362 simplex Shipley 1963 Jane Hill
Nisenan c'i: clothes inheritance *c'íh Proto-Maiduan Ultan 1964:362 simplex also 'wear, cover, cover with blanket' Uldall & Shipley 1966 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawelmani missing missing there is a word for 'belongings', find Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi missing missing Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami missing missing Jane Hill
Washo 7itwá7 clothes unknown derived 7it- instrument Washo Project Dictionary Jane Hill
Wintu t'aLas clothes inheritance *t'aLa Proto-Wintun Shepherd 2006:183 derived Schlichter 1981 Jane Hill
Yuki 7ačH (S) clothes, clothing inheritance *7ač Proto-North Yukian simplex Schllichter 1985 Jane Hill
Wappo may-khúy'e-ma clothing unknown compound, derived Elmendorf 1996 Jane Hill
Mutsun ro:pa clothes loan Spanish esxen 'dress, clothes' Mason 1916:433 WW %ropa simplex Okrand 1977 Jane Hill
Esselen missing missing Jane Hill
Salinan A sikara/na clothes unknown simplex Mason 1918 Jane Hill
Salinan M missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno exetehs, extechs toute espèce de vêtements unknown copy of Fages simplex Harrington Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno haxwi=7 clothes, clothing inheritance Proto-Central Chumash derived final -7 is instrumental from haxwi-n 'to dress' Applegate 1972 Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno 7axwin' clothes inheritance Proto-Southern Chumashan see haxwi- in IC derived suffix -n' Beeler 1978 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno axwi clothes inheritance Proto-Southern Chumashan simplex Mamet 2008 Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa tehiilly clothes, shirt, is dressing, wears unknown simplex Couro & Hutcheson 1973 Jane Hill
Cocopa nYu7á:l clothes unknown derived from 'wear'?? Crawford 1989 Jane Hill
Mojave suunaa clothes, clothing unknown simplex Munro et al. 1992 Jane Hill
Yavapai wívi clothes unknown simplex Shaterian 1983 Jane Hill
Kiliwa missing missing Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) xiica iti ooquim clothing (cosas que el o ella se pone) unknown phrase Moser & Marlett 2005 Jane Hill
Bardi anmarr unique Claire Bowern
Warrwa balya unique Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu girri' semantic shift ‘things’ Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu gurluty unique Claire Bowern
Karajarri larnparri warra unique Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu mardhakal semantic shift Claire Bowern
Dhuwal mardhakal semantic shift Claire Bowern
Djinang mirikal loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Burarra mirikal loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Gumatj muwayak semantic shift Claire Bowern
Dhangu muwayak semantic shift Claire Bowern
Nyikina palya unique Claire Bowern
Ngarluma wara doubtful loan Claire Bowern
Yulparija wararri loan areal Claire Bowern
Walmajarri kuluwuty loan English Patrick McConvell
Mudburra apaapa loan Jingulu Wambaya waba 'skin' WW %wapawapa Patrick McConvell
Gurindji wapaapa loan Wambaya with semantic shift Wam. Wapa 'skin' cf. Gurindji and other languages warrpa 'bat's wing' WW %wapawapa Patrick McConvell
Bunuba mampu missing Patrick McConvell
Jaminjung nankurrk semantic shift <'pubic tassel for girls' loan into Gajirrabeng WW %nankurrk Patrick McConvell
Jingulu wapaapa inheritance Wambaya redup of 'skin'; also larnku WW %wapawapa Patrick McConvell
Miriwung wapawapang loan Jingulu dress < Wambaya 'skin' WW %wapawapa Patrick McConvell
Wardaman yiwarlng unknown dress, clothes Patrick McConvell
Achagua íibalaʃi íibalaʃi inheritance? shared Piapoco See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco bàlesi bàlesi See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yukuna a'arumakaji aʔaɾumakahi inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Tariana yaɾu-maká-si jaɾu-maká-si inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Baniwa -náani -náani unique See Language page Ana Paula B.
Resígaro vedéemú vedéemú doubtful loan Bora kwáxjamɯ See Language page Ana Paula B.
Warekena tsaia (Port loan) tsaia (Port loan) See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero nawa nawa See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Wapishana kʰamičʰa-n kʰamitʃʰa-n loan Spanish See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi imiti imiti unknown See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure ra'roni (male) ra'roni (male) unknown See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá -nai -nai unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora wájyamu kwáxjamɯ unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane gááchehu, -chéhu (W97) gáátʃeʔu, -tʃéhu See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Akawaio pong pɔŋ inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Apalai upo upo inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana upo upo inheritance See Language page PLE
Carijona juruji (cloth) unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Tiriyó i-po i-po inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Eñepa po; [kamiča]; poto, -po, Var. -ipo, kamicha (MM) pɔ; [kamitʃa]; pɔtɔ, Var. -ipɔ, kamitʃa (MM) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin; Alyssa Wadley
Makiritare womɨ (IDS); womü (KH) (also means 'dress, garments') womɨ unique See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza; Alyssa Wadley
Makushi pon (SM) pon (SM) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross; Alyssa Wadley
Mapoyo ka'-ri (also means material and blanket) ka'-ri (also means material and blanket) See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Pemon pon (A1981); pontoo (E1980) pon (A1981); pɔnto (E1980) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza; Alyssa Wadley
Wai Wai Φoono Φoono inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa aropa (SM) aropa (SM) See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Northern Emberá wáa wáa See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Macaguan onsét onsét unknown See Language page Ana Paula B., Brittany Weinstein
Cofán sarupa (ropa); ondiccu'je (cushma) sarupa; ondikhuʔhe phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS See Language page Daniel Valle
Candoshi-Shapra kamaazi kamaaʂi loan Spanish camisa See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro a´nova aʔnowa See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez ati ati See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna naxpü naʔpɨ unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina kahjune kahjune unique See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Andoke (Nom. class) -sea (Nom. class) -sea unique See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Waorani ba-dõ-ĩ-koo unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Pumé tʰibo See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave yui-ot yui-ot unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Máku kamiča 'pano' See Language page
Ashuar tárach taraʧ See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa jaanch xa:ntʃ See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna jáanch xá:ntʃ inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Hup yǔd jǔd inheritance See Language page Pattie Epps
Dâw yuùn jûn inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Matses dashcute daʃkute unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo sawɨ-ti sawɨ-ti inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua sujay suxaj unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua camisa (Spanish loan) kamisa See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá churaridiru tʃuraridiru See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua churana tʃuɾana See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano pacha patʃa See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa tɨk'ata'wE tiñɨ'ɨh tɨkɁataɁwæ tiñɨɁɨh unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva muãha, muña muãʔa, muɲa unknown See Language page Becky Walker
Barasano sudi sudi See Language page Addison Martinez, Tanja Baeuerlein
Cubeo cuitótecaje kuitótɛkahɛ unique See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein; Alyssa Wadley
Carapana jutiro xutiɾo See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Desano suhri suhri inheritance See Language page Addison M; Tanja Baeuerlein
Kotiria suhtiro (Waltz) suhtiɾo (Waltz) inheritance See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna yutabaju, yutabuju yutabaxu, yutabuxu semantic shift from 'cotton' See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Tanimuca ha'riro a'ka ha'riro a'ka inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tukano su'tí su'tí inheritance See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Tuyuka su'ti su'ti See Language page D. Jagannathan, Ana Paula B.
Maihiki to ja to xã unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Koreguaje kãña khãɲa inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona can kan inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya ca See Language page Amanda Novak
Karitiana pykyp pɨkɨp unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Nheengatu axirura aʃiɾuɾa inheritance - WW %sarur See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin, PLE, Alyssa Wadley
Kokama chiru tʃiɾu inheritance - WW %sarur, prob loan into Inga Quechua See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi tɨlu tɨlu inheritance See Language page PLE
Sirionó tiru; ei̯rao tiru; ei̯rao inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá tɨruhet tɨruhet inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina an̈áánca ('ropa interior') an:ã́ã́ka ('ropa interior') inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto ɨniroì, ɨnicuìro ɯniroì, ɯnikuìro (B83) inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Ninam kamiša-k (ids) kamiʃ̌a-k (ids) loan Portuguese See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomam iɾo sikɨ iɾo sikɨ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomami iro sikɨ iɾo sikɨ inheritance See Language page Kelsey Neely
Iquito sinaáqu+ sinaákɨ unknown See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo shiiryapicha ʃiːrjapiʧa See Language page Becky Walker
Wari wom (also 'cotton') (Sousa2009) wom (also 'cotton') (Sousa2009) See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo daki daki See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña e-hoto-ki; kamisa-kʷana (The latter is from the Spanish "camisa") e-hoto-ki; kamisa-kʷana unique; loan Spanish See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara isi isi See Language page PLE
Movima ɗoʔwe ɗoʔwe See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai mut mut unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang kur kur See Language page PLE
Suyá kučé kučé See Language page Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi kukä, kä kukǝ, kǝ See Language page PLE