cook food

Semantic Field
food
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Cahuilla sex to cook (food in water) inheritance *soka Takic Stubbs 2011 525, might be loan from Lu, more likely just misheard simplex root Seiler & Hioki 1979 Jane Hill
Cupeño sexne to cook inheritance *soka Takic Stubbs 2011 525, might be loan from Lu; sixne? simplex root Hill & Nolasquez 1973 Jane Hill
Luiseño qwa$o'i to cook, make ripen inheritance *kwasi/aC Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 421 simplex root Elliott 1999 Jane Hill
Gabrielino maynok kwa7i:vet make food unique phrase Hill Harrington notes Jane Hill
Serrano kwahān cook inheritance *kwasi/aC Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 421 simplex root K. Hill Dict. Jane Hill
Kitanemuk kwahan cook (VT) inheritance *kwasi/aC Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 421 simplex root Anderton 1988 Jane Hill
Tübatulabal tükkikūy'at to cook loan Numic kātsat 'cook by boiling' other complex foor-? K. Hill Tb>Eng Jane Hill
Bankalachi Toloim missing missing Jane Hill
Kawaiisu kosi, kwasi to cook, roast over coals inheritance *kwasi/aC Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 421 simplex root Zigmond et al. 1990 Jane Hill
Chemehuevi tygu7uni cook unique derived maybe X-fire-do?? Not 'food' with /kk/ Press 1979 Jane Hill
Southern Paiute missing missing Jane Hill
Southern Ute tyka-7ini-kH to cook, lit. 'make food' unique another food-make word compound, derived food-make Givon Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone tukummahannih to cook unique compound ty-do.with.fire-make Dayley 1989 Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone ku-hanni" to cook, roast unique compound fire-make Crapo 1976 Jane Hill
Comanche kwasyty cook inheritance *kwasi/aC Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 421 simplex Robinson & Armagost 1990 Jane Hill
Western Mono kumajaa- to cook unique compound with.heat-use.hands Loether & Bethel 1993 Jane Hill
Northern Paiute sa7a cook, boil, melt inheritance *sa7aC Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 267 simplex Yerington 1987 Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok kosen-peH cook loan Spanish also kuk-nY- WW %cocinar other complex st.1 Broadbent 1964 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok čy/:s, šy/:s- to cook unique simplex Freeland & Broadbent 1960 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok 7okje- to do, make, build, prepare, fix, cook inheritance Proto-Eastern Miwok see Mip simplex Callaghan 1987 Jane Hill
Plains Miwok 7okje- to make, to cook inheritance Proto-Eastern Miwok see Mins simplex Callaghan 1984 Jane Hill
Lake Miwok tonónka to be done, to cook something inheritance *To:m- Proto-Miwokan Note Mins To:mu 'to boil over' (callaghan 1997:53; Callaghan 1965 notes Patwin tHó:no 'all burned up', tHóntàrò7 'to catch fire' derived Callaghan 1965 Jane Hill
Maidu k'ápti cook (things) inheritance *k'áp' 'ripe' Proto-Maiduan Ultan 1964:364 derived k'âp 'ripe, get ripe, completely cooked, done Shipley 1963 Jane Hill
Nisenan tokis cook (v., generic term) unique simplex Uldall & Shipley 1966 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawelmani hiSi cook inheritance *hish- Proto-Yokutsan see Palew form simplex Golla 1964 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi su-sah'-hah cooked unknown hēs'-sah 'cooked' (Porterville Merriam 44:443) derived extra syllable; same word as 'ripe' Merriam 44:343 Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami his'-tah cooked (also means ripe) inheritance Proto-Yokutsan see Yawel derived Merriam 44:481 Jane Hill
Washo dulé:k'ïl to cook unknown unknown almost certainly complex but I find no plausible formatives Washo Project Dictionary Jane Hill
Wintu Loma to cook inheritance *Lom-i/u Proto-Wintun Shepherd 2006:122 derived base is Lom Schlichter 1981 Jane Hill
Yuki huy- cook inheritance *huy Proto-North Yukian also hąwąy yu7 food make S&S 51 simplex Schlichter 1985 Jane Hill
Wappo k'ó-m'i7 to cook by boiling unknown compound Elmendorf 1993 Jane Hill
Mutsun missing missing Jane Hill
Esselen missing missing Jane Hill
Salinan A atsatak (S) cook, make food unknown also nep 'cook' 144, (p)eskona 'cook' 145 simplex Mason 1918 Jane Hill
Salinan M nαp< cook unknown simplex Mason 1918 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno si-pšï cook thoroughly, ripen inheritance *pSel Proto-Chumashan tskiwisi cosió, he cooked JPH 3,1,0140 derived Klar 1977 Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno s-7ipšel to cook inheritance *pSel Proto-Chumashan simplex Klar 1977 Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno 7ipšel to cook (Beeler 175 'cooked') inheritance *pSel Proto-Chumashan simplex Klar 1977 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno 7ipsïl to cook inheritance *pSel Proto-Chumashan simplex Klar 1977 Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa wellyully boils, cooks something inheritance Proto-Yuman see Mojave 7alyuuly simplex Couro & Hutcheson 1973 Jane Hill
Cocopa nYawí: rar work for (someone), be occupied with, be at work on, cook, prepare (food to eat) inheritance *wi Proto-Yuman Mixco 1978:84 derived Crawford 1989 Jane Hill
Mojave alyuuly=k cook, boil inheritance Proto-Yuman note Cocopa Lyu:mas 'pot' simplex Munro et al. 1992 Jane Hill
Yavapai nwī:ri cook (sg.) inheritance *wi Proto-Yuman Mixco 1978:84 simplex Shaterian 1983 Jane Hill
Kiliwa t-h+maa=kw+uu-y-tay cook inheritance *u:y < *wi Proto-Yuman Mixco 1978:84 compound food-make Mixco 1985 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) camáma cook unknown simplex Moser & Marlett 2005 Jane Hill
Nheengatu memũi Inheritance *mimoin Proto-Tupi-Guarani Simplex See Language page Epps Research Group
Waorani æ̃dõ Unique See Language page Epps Research Group
Hodï kã'mĩũnãĩ Unique See Language page Epps Research Group
Yanomami ɾɨpɨ-aɨ Inheritance Proto-Yanomami Alternate: ɾɨpɨpɾaɨ Simplex aɨ looks like some sort of verbal marker See Language page Epps Research Group
Yanomam haɾi cook in pot Unknown Simplex See Language page Epps Research Group
Ninam ɾɨpɨ Inheritance Proto-Yanomami Alternate: lupu ma Simplex See Language page Epps Research Group
Kotiria doʔá inheritance Proto-East Tukanoan Simplex See Language page Epps Research Group
Cubeo bóa-jɨ Unique Also: kĩkajɨ; xatɨójɨ Simplex See Language page Epps Research Group
Tukano doʔá inheritance Proto-East Tukanoan Also: daʔrâ baʔari tũku Simplex See Language page Epps Research Group
Desano sora-ri Unknown Maybe cognate (or old loan?) Tanimuka Simplex See Language page Epps Research Group
Maihiki kuako- inheritance Proto-West Tukanoan Simplex See Language page Epps Research Group
Hup cɨw- Inheritance Proto-HY Simplex See Language page Epps Research Group
Dâw xa Unique Simplex See Language page Epps Research Group
Sikuani hawa Unknown See Language page Epps Research Group
Macaguan tset Unknown Simplex See Language page Epps Research Group
Pemon tuma řintetok Unknown Maybe shared Makushi See Language page Epps Research Group
Akawaio guibö Unique See Language page Epps Research Group
Makushi rentɨ Unknown Maybe shared Pemon See Language page Epps Research Group
Eñepa ëʔmehka Unknown Maybe shared Makiritare. Alternate: awa, mëhka, aʔmaka See Language page Epps Research Group
Yukuna motoʔokahe Unknown Derived kahe 'type' - nominalizer? See Language page Epps Research Group
Tariana jána Inheritance Proto Rio Negro Simplex See Language page Epps Research Group
Wapishana warakʰa-n Inheritance Proto North Arawak Simplex See Language page Epps Research Group
Baniwa dzána Inheritance Proto Rio Negro Simplex See Language page Epps Research Group
Resígaro akú Unknown Simplex See Language page Epps Research Group
Yir-Yoront wur burn (vt) inheritance *wita ppNy Etymology (WD wita-) is underattested Barry Alpher
Gumatj dhaḻ' CHECK Claire Bowern
Ngarluma kampa inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri kampanpa inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta kukiman loan English Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu lhirrma7yun inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwal ḻirrthan inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru -lurralurra- inheritance Claire Bowern
Nimanburru ma-loron semantic shift burn Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul -marra- inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyikina -marra- inheritance Claire Bowern
Bardi -marra- inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhangu nha:ra semantic shift Claire Bowern
Dhay’yi nhara semantic shift Claire Bowern
Yulparija pawula unique Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu rebamthun inheritance Claire Bowern
Djinang rirrtyigi inheritance Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu ruwam7bun inheritance Claire Bowern
Mangala tyayini mana unique Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl wandumbala unique Claire Bowern
Burarra wumbargudyama unique Claire Bowern
Walmajarri kampa- inheritance cook/burn cook/burn Patrick McConvell
Mudburra kampa- inheritance Patrick McConvell
Jaru wumpum- inheritance tyangul not in dict Patrick McConvell
Gurindji kampa- inheritance wupkarra grill, fry wupkarra grill, fry Patrick McConvell
Gooniyandi wup- inheritance also wup(a) elswhere WW %wup Patrick McConvell
Bunuba wupa- inheritance Patrick McConvell
Djapu batha_x001E_ inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaminjung tyuyuk kani- inheritance Patrick McConvell
Jingulu wumpum inheritance Patrick McConvell
Kija kert unique coverb Patrick McConvell
Miriwung wulthip unique Patrick McConvell
Wardaman pa- inheritance Patrick McConvell