shoes

Semantic Field
dress
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
zapatos
Meaning Portuguese
sapatos

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Cahuilla waqa-t shoes inheritance waCci(kaC0 Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 1955 has parens around the first C, curse excel other complex Seiler & Hioki 1979 Jane Hill
Cupeño waq'a (possessed form) shoes inheritance waCci(kaC0 Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 1955 has parens around the first C, curse excel other complex Hill & Nolasquez 1973 Jane Hill
Luiseño wachxat shoe inheritance waCci(kaC0 Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 1955 has parens around the first C, curse excel other complex Elliott 1999 Jane Hill
Gabrielino āh-nā-nāv-sahCH shoes, moccasins worn by men in winter inheritance *napo Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 938 other complex, reduplicated Merriam (McCawley 1996) Jane Hill
Serrano waqāt shoes inheritance waCci(kaC0 Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 1955 has parens around the first C, curse excel other complex K. Hill Dict. Jane Hill
Kitanemuk navo(-)kaha-c shoe or sandal inheritance *napo-kaka Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 938, 1954 compound other complex I'll bet this is retrievable synchronically Anderton 1988 Jane Hill
Tübatulabal wongkol shoes loan *woNko Uto-Aztecan Southern Sierra Miwok Stubbs 2011 1956, cognate is Mayo wok 'put on shoes'; CHM wah-haht' men's moccasins 49:261 WW %moko other complex K. Hill Tub>Eng Jane Hill
Bankalachi Toloim missing missing Jane Hill
Kawaiisu paca(-vi/-vyzi) shoe inheritance *paNcaN Numic Stubbs 2011 1957 other complex Zigmond et al. 1990 Jane Hill
Chemehuevi pagapY moccasins, shoes inheritance *paNcaN Numic Stubbs 2011 1957; patsA 'moccasin' other complex Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List (K. Hill 1969) Jane Hill
Southern Paiute pattshA moccasins, shoes inheritance *paNca Numic Stubbs 2011 1957 simplex Sapir Jane Hill
Southern Ute pacA shoe inheritance *paNca Numic Stubbs 2011 1957 simplex Givon Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone pantsan shoe, moccasin inheritance *paNca Numic Stubbs 2011 1957 simplex Dayley 1989 Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone mampuh, mampyh shoes, sandals inheritance *naNpa Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 938a with consonant assim; Cherry Creek, Duckwater have nampyh 'foot-abs' other complex Crapo 1976 Jane Hill
Comanche napy shoe, footprint, trail inheritance *naNpa Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 938a simplex R Jane Hill
Western Mono moqO shoe loan Sierra Miwok only in W. Numic; Stubbs 2011 1958 WW %moko simplex Loether & Bethel 1993 Jane Hill
Northern Paiute sogomoko moccasin loan Sierra Miwok only in W. Numic; Stubbs 2011 1958 WW %moko compound Yerington 1987 Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok sapa:to- shoes loan Spanish momko moccasin 327 WW %zapato simplex Broadbent 1964 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok mómko- moccasin inheritance Proto-Sierra Miwok see Miss momko WW %moko simplex Freeland & Broadbent 1960 Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok sapa:tu- shoe; moccasins loan Spanish solo:me- moccasins, shoes 200; could be loan from Maiduan *solo, or loan might be other direction simplex Callaghan 1987 Jane Hill
Plains Miwok sapa:tu- shoes loan Spanish WW %zapato simplex Callaghan 1984 Jane Hill
Lake Miwok missing missing Jane Hill
Maidu bolók'o shoe, footgear loan Sierra Miwok also soló 'shoe, footprint' WW %moko simplex Shipley 1963 Jane Hill
Nisenan solo shoe, moccasin inheritance *soló Proto-Maiduan Ultan 1964:366 simplex Uldall & Shipley 1966 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawelmani tam'ay sandal inheritance Proto-Yokutsan Merriam 44:181 has lah'-hiCH 'moccasin'; Merriam 44:339 Yawdanchi tam-mi' 'moccasins for men' ; and CHM's Palewyami tom-mi 'moccasins' gives Py form simplex Berman 2002 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi dahitci moccasin inheritance Proto-Nim-Yokuts Merriam 44:181 has Yowl. lah'-hiCH 'moccasin' simplex Kroeber 1907 Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami tom'-mi sandals inheritance Proto-Yokutsan see Yawelmani tamay simplex Berman 2002 Jane Hill
Washo mok'o shoe loan Northern Paiute mokgo whj 100 WW %moko simplex Washo Project Dictionary Jane Hill
Wintu t'a:mus shoe(s), ladyslipper flower inheritance *t'amu Proto-Wintun Shepherd 2006:183 derived Schlichter 1981 Jane Hill
Yuki mek'o7ol' shoe (foot.put.on-instrument) loan Miwokan also sapate, sapato WW %moko derived Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 Jane Hill
Wappo phè7 cháp'e shoe unknown phrase Sawyer 1965 Jane Hill
Mutsun hŏ-to' moccasins for men (summer) inheritance Proto-Costanoan Santa Cruz ha/-ta (Henshaw in Heizer 1955:162); xotox 'shoes' Mason 1916:434 simplex Merriam 39:95 Jane Hill
Esselen missing missing Jane Hill
Salinan A oxwa/t moccasins unknown T-e-šxa7a:yé7 'shoe' Turner 1987:101; šxéxe7 'shoe' (Jacobsen) Turner 1987:110 illustrating phonological decay (first is Harrington) simplex Mason 1918 Jane Hill
Salinan M missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno snipajmu7 shoes unknown derived lit. 'pisador' Harrington Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno sapatu shoe loan Spanish WW %zapato simplex Applegate 1972 Jane Hill
7eqenem'u 7eqenemu shoe, sandal unknown derived Beeler 1978 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno sapatu shoe loan Spanish 7eqenmu 'sandal' Applegate 1973 4-12 WW %zapato simplex Mamet 2008 Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa hemenyaaw his shoes, sandals inheritance Proto-Yuman JHH; see Kiliwa simplex Couro & Hutcheson 1973 Jane Hill
Cocopa xmanyáw shoes (unpossessed) inheritance Proto-Yuman JHH; see Kiliwa simplex Crawford 1989 Jane Hill
Mojave nyahmanyow sandals,shoes inheritance Proto-Yuman JHH; see Kiliwa derived Munro et al. 1992 Jane Hill
Yavapai ñhñó shoe inheritance Proto-Yuman JHH; see Kiliwa simplex Shaterian 1983 Jane Hill
Kiliwa m-x+nyaw shoe, footgear inheritance Proto-Yuman JHH; see 'Iipay AA derived Mixco 1985 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) pazáato shoe loan Spanish WW %zapato simplex Moser & Marlett 2005 Jane Hill
Waorani awæ̃ka-ta (IDS) unique See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hodï menahesta menahesta shoe unique See Language page Brittany Weinstein
Yanomami mamikɨtitioma (MM07) mamikɨtitioma (MM07) unique neologism Phrase literal translation “to put the foot (in)”, gloss not given See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomam sapato sapato loan Spanish/Portuguese Tariana sapatu; Yanomam sapato; Hup capatu Simplex See Language page Kelsey Neely
Ninam mãhuk pesi mãhuk pesi unique Same as “stocking” Derived mãhuk, “foot,” pesi looks like a general word for clothes, etc. See Language page Kelsey Neely
Kotiria dahpo suhtiro dahpo suhtiro unique Compound foot clothes' See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein
Cubeo cʉraido kɨrai-do shoe (sg) unknown Derived kɨlai from 'floor' or 'step'? See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein; Alyssa Wadley
Desano sapatu sapatu missing See Language page Addison M; Tanja Baeuerlein
Maihiki ɨojo ja ɨoxo xã unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Hup capatu (sapato) capatu (sapato) loan East Tukanoan Port source; Tariana sapatu; Yanomam sapato; Hup capatu Simplex See Language page Pattie Epps
Dâw sapat ʃapat missing See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Macaguan sapát sapát loan Spanish? Maybe via Arawak? Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B., Brittany Weinstein
Pemon sapatu Loan Spanish/Portuguese Tariana sapatu; Yanomam sapato; Hup capatu, Pemon sapatu See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza; Alyssa Wadley
Makushi pisaʔsaʔ pisaʔsaʔ unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross; Alyssa Wadley
Eñepa pataye pataje unique Compound pata=foot; je= container See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin; Alyssa Wadley
Yukuna ji'ima'ulaji hiʔimaʔulahi doubtful calque Local See Bora, Resigaro Derived hiʔima = “foot” ʔulahi = “cover” See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Tariana sapatu sapatu loan Portuguese Yanomam sapato; Hup capatu Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B.
Resígaro hii?pa?-tsí?aa?dó hiiʔpaʔ-tsíʔaaʔdó doubtful calque Local See Bora, Yucuna Derived hiiʔpaʔ = “foot,” -tsíʔaaʔdó analyzed as a classifier meaning “shoe,” but this word is the only example given. See Language page Ana Paula B.
Burarra but loan English Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu dha:bathuŋ loan Makassar WW %dhapathung Claire Bowern
Dhuwal dhapathuŋ(') loan Makassar WW %dhapathung Claire Bowern
Dhangu dhapathuŋ(') loan Makassar WW %dhapathung Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu dyapathu loan Makassar WW %dhapathung Claire Bowern
Gumatj dyapathu loan Makassar WW %dhapathung Claire Bowern
Djinang dyapatyuŋgi loan Makassar WW %dhapathung Claire Bowern
Yawuru jinaburd loan Claire Bowern
Bardi purtyu loan English Claire Bowern
Mangala tyina putu inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri tyina putu inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta tyutyika loan English Claire Bowern
Ngarluma tyutyiku loan Claire Bowern
Yulparija yakapiri semantic shift Claire Bowern
Warrwa -yambal-wurru semantic shift Claire Bowern
Jaru yunku semantic shift <foot Patrick McConvell
Gurindji tyamana semantic shift <foot Patrick McConvell
Jingulu yunku semantic shift < foot Patrick McConvell
Miriwung yampalng semantic shift from foot Patrick McConvell
Piapoco nùabàlìricúiri (lit. 'what I put on my feet') nùabàlìrikúiri (lit. 'what I put on my feet') See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero c̷a'hatu (Sp loan) tsaʔhatu (Sp loan) See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Paresi ikijitini ikitʃitini See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure sopot sopot See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Bora túhapáájɨ (túhaá 'foot') tʰɯ́ʔapʰááxɨ See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Apalai sapatu sapatu See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana hapatu (loan Sp.) hapatu (loan Sp.) See Language page PLE
Tiriyó (pï)tai (probably related to (pï)ta, sole of foot) (pɨ)tai See Language page Becky Walker
Wai Wai kɨ-hta-rɨ kɨ-hta-rɨ loan Spanish/Portuguese See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa sapatu See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Cofán sapato sapato phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro a'to'ha aʔtoʔha See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez [spaatu] [spaatu] See Language page Daniel Valle
Urarina safwato safwato See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Pumé taɔ-hõɛ See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave -sim-yak; [sapatu] -sim-yak; [sapatu] See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Ashuar sapát sapát See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna [sapat] [sapat] See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses tapucudte tapukudte See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Yagua numutujo (from 'foot'), sapatu numutuxo (from 'foot'), sapatu See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua sapatu (Sp) sapatu (Sp) See Language page Daniel Valle
Piaroa capátuk' (singular) capátukɁ See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Carapana yʉ rʉpo yʉ rʉpo See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Tanimuca ũʔpu ko'a ũʔpu ko'a See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tuyuka zapato zapato See Language page D. Jagannathan, Ana Paula B.
Koreguaje cũ'akoro kũ'akhoro See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona kotˀo kotˀo See Language page Kelsey Neely
Karitiana pipykyp pipɨkɨp See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama pɨta + chiru 'foot cloth' pɨta + tʃiru 'foot cloth' See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi [sapatɔ] [sapatɔ] See Language page PLE
Sirionó eiyao eijao See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá pɨru pɨru See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina uhyóbuca ɯʔjóbɯka See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto eɨllɨ ico ('foot-sole ?') ɛɯdʒɯ iko ('foot-sole ?') (B83) See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito sápatu sápatu (Sp) See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Ese Ejja/Huarayo e-heo-xi (singular "shoe") e-heo-xi (singular "shoe") See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña sapato-ki (from the Spanish "zapato") sapato-ki See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kwazá cohasiki cohasiki See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima sapato (from Sp) sapato (from Sp) See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Kaingang pɛ̃n nɛ; pɛ̃n to rɔ (IDS) pɛ̃n nɛ; pɛ̃n to rɔ See Language page PLE