Semantic Field
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese


Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source
Cahuilla missing missing
Cupeño missing missing
Luiseño navyót red ochre, hematite loan Gabrielino other complex Elliott 1999
Gabrielino missing missing
Serrano navjot hematite in R loan Gabrielino also in Luiseno simplex Hill Harrington notes under ohi:t
Kitanemuk ohat ochre, red paint clay inheritance *osa Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 711; CHM 48:175 shu-reen'-kah oosh-niv 'red paint' other complex Anderton 1988
Tübatulabal missing missing
Bankalachi Toloim missing missing
Kawaiisu 7o(m)-by red ochre; paint or makeup made from powdered red ochre unknown Southern Numic only; is this same as Gab. 7oyi? other complex Zigmond et al. 1990
Chemehuevi 7ompI almagre unknown Southern Numic only; is this same as Gab. 7oyi? other complex Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List (K. Hill 1969)
Southern Paiute missing missing
Southern Ute 7ipi-cI red body paint, a mineral used for ceremonial body painting, as for Sundance unique remotely possible that is related to *oham- yielding *om in Ka, Ch; also nuu-7ipi-cI other complex Givon
Tümpisa Shoshone pisappyh, pisappin red ochre, rouge, lipstick, red (face) paint inheritance *pisa, *paisa Numic not in Stubbs other complex Dayley 1989
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone pisa-ppyh, pisa"-pin(-tta") red ochre, red face-paint clay inheritance *pisa, *paisa Numic not in Stubbs other complex Crapo 1976
Comanche missing missing
Western Mono missing missing
Northern Paiute missing missing
Southern Sierra Miwok missing missing
Central Sierra Miwok missing missing
Northern Sierra Miwok missing missing
Plains Miwok missing missing
Lake Miwok missing missing
Maidu lahk-lahk-pe red earth inheritance *lak Proto-Maiduan Nisenan lak 'red' reduplicated Merriam 41:349
Nisenan missing missing
Yokuts Yawelmani missing missing
Yokuts Yawdanchi missing missing
Yokuts Palewyami missing missing
Washo sawásaŋ red ochre unknown where is /sa/ 'red'??? derived sasaŋ 'red'; saw- is only in this word Washo Project Dictionary
Wintu sačaq red pigment stone, red ochre … unknown Where have I seen sa-? It's in Washo, too simplex Pitkin 1985
Yuki missing missing
Wappo missing missing
Mutsun missing missing
Esselen missing missing
Salinan A missing missing
Salinan M missing missing
Chumash Obispeno missing missing
Chumash Ineseno missing missing
Chumash Barbareno missing missing
Chumash Ventureno hïlhïl ochre unknown could this be loan from Kitanemuk hyt?? Much speculation about UA source of ï in Ventureno in Mamet reduplicated Mamet 2008
Iipay 'Aa missing missing
Cocopa missing Missing
Mojave missing missing
Yavapai missing missing
Kiliwa m+sil ochre unknown derived siR 'rub', m- Adj. Mixco 1985
Seri (Comcaac) missing missing
Nyulnyul babakon [babakun] inheritance
Jabirr-Jabirr babakon [babakun] inheritance
Gupapuyngu buthalak inheritance
Gumatj buthalak inheritance
Dhuwal buthalak inheritance
Dhangu buthalak inheritance
Djinang butyalak inheritance
Ritharrngu dhuni unique
Yawuru dokol inheritance
Nimanburru dokol doubtful inheritance
Yulparija karntawarra loan direction unknown
Nyangumarta karntawarra doubtful inheritance
Rembarrnga koloŋorr7 unique
Warrwa kumbarr inheritance
Nyikina kumparri inheritance
Bardi kumpil inheritance WW %kumpil
Mangala papakuna inheritance
Ngarluma piyulu inheritance
Yan-nhangu ratypa inheritance
Karajarri tukul loan direction unknown Nyikina Nyikina ‘red ochre’
Walmajarri papakuna unique yellow o. = karntawarra; red - pirltyi yellow o. = karntawarra; red - pirltyi
Mudburra nguytyungunytyu loan Jingulu WW %nguntyu yellow o. ngunytyu tobacco yellow o. ngunytyu tobacco
Jaru kitpu inheritance also kalnga; Jam. Kitpi not in dict; kantawarra yellow
Gurindji karrikun loan Miriwung WW %karrikun karrikulng yellow karrikulng yellow
Gooniyandi karntaarra loan Walmajarri yelow ochre yelow o
Bunuba piltyi loan direction unknown WW %piltyi red ochre
Gajirrabeng liwin unknown red ochre yellow o. kuntalng yellow cf. jaminjung kuntarrng yellow pollen
Djapu buthalak inheritance
Miriwung tangkang inheritance WW %tangka red ochre;yellow o. palat, pungkalng; proto-Mirndi? Jing. Wamb. Dankurra yellow ochreyellow o. kuntalng yellow cf. jaminjung kuntarrng yellow pollen
Jingulu kitpu inheritance red ochre;Jam. Kitpi Wamb. Kirrina rel?; also kalnga
Kija pate loan Ngarinyin red chre yellow o.kurntultyi; Ngar. patawate direction uncertain