honey

Semantic Field
food
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
miel
Meaning Portuguese
mel

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Cahuilla miyeł honey loan Spanish WW %miel simplex Seiler & Hioki 1979 Jane Hill
Cupeño piske'nish honey, sugar, sweet unique maybe sweet-bite-cause?? other complex old compound, not retrievable, pisa-ke7na Hill & Nolasquez 1973 Jane Hill
Luiseño $a$angla po'aw honey unique phrase bee its juice Elliott 1999 Jane Hill
Gabrielino awe:' (H) honey unique Hill Harrington notes transcr 307, 550 sugar, dulce other complex Merriam 49:111 Jane Hill
Serrano pīhč honey inheritance *pisa(L) Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 2259 other complex K. Hill Dict. Jane Hill
Kitanemuk piha-č sugar, honey inheritance *pisa(L) Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 2259 other complex Anderton 1988 Jane Hill
Tübatulabal missing missing Jane Hill
Bankalachi Toloim missing missing Jane Hill
Kawaiisu haani-ži-piha=ina honey unique I think other Numic may have same compound w/ diff elements compound bee-sugar=? Zigmond et al. 1990 Jane Hill
Chemehuevi missing missing Jane Hill
Southern Paiute missing missing Jane Hill
Southern Ute pia-muura-pi pia-7waa-vI honey, bee's honey unique compound, other complex sweet-fly-little (muu-raa)=sweet-juice-abs Givon Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone pihnaapin, pihyaapin honey, sugar, sweets inheritance *pisa(L) Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 2259 other complex pihnaa, pihyaa 'sweet' Dayley 1989 Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone paijan bee, honey semantic shift painan in west; is this word for 'bee' anywhere else? simplex Miller 1972 Jane Hill
Comanche yny bihnaa honey inheritance *pisaC Uto-Aztean phrase bug sugar R Jane Hill
Western Mono missing missing Jane Hill
Northern Paiute nodda pehabe honey inheritance *pisaC Uto-Aztecan phrase nodda bee Yerington 1987 Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok hani- honey loan English WW %honey simplex Broadbent 1964 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok missing missing Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok cu7cuj-u- sweet; jelly; honey; sugar; anything sweet semantic shift Proto-Eastern Miwok also hane- 'bee, honey' 58 other complex Callaghan 1987 Jane Hill
Plains Miwok susu cu7cuj7is honey (sweetness of the bee) unique has Pmie 'sweet word' also mijel p. 94 phrase Callaghan 1984 Jane Hill
Lake Miwok mijéel honey loan Spanish WW %miel simplex Callaghan 1965 Jane Hill
Maidu hàné honey loan English WW %honey simplex Shipley 1963 Jane Hill
Nisenan missing missing Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawelmani miye:l bee, honey loan Spanish simplex Newman 1944 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi missing missing Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami missing missing Jane Hill
Washo missing missing Jane Hill
Wintu hu:bi honey of bumblebee unknown derived from hUb 'to swarm' Schlichter 1981 Jane Hill
Yuki missing missing Jane Hill
Wappo túšhuméy honey (bee head water unknown compound Sawyer 1965 Jane Hill
Mutsun pĕt-sĭ honey, sweet (see 'sugar') semantic shift Proto-Southern Costanoan see 'sugar' derived suffix -n not heard by Merriam Henshaw (Heizer 1955) Jane Hill
Esselen missing missing Jane Hill
Salinan A missing missing Jane Hill
Salinan M missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno 7aq'ikaš' honey (lit 'to burn in the throat' unknown derived Applegate 1972 Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno mow honey, sugar (Wash 2001:52) semantic shift Proto-Central Chumash reed sugar' at Wash p. 251 simplex mowon 'sweet' Beeler 1978 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno mow honey semantic shift c-hin-mow honey of bee Applegate 1973:V9 simplex Mamet 2008 Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa myeel honey loan Spanish WW %miel simplex Couro & Hutcheson 1973 Jane Hill
Cocopa nYi:l honey loan Spanish WW %miel simplex Crawford 1989 Jane Hill
Mojave háni honey loan English WW %honey simplex Munro et al. 1992 Jane Hill
Yavapai missing missing Jane Hill
Kiliwa 7+mi7=yaw-t honey unknown compound Mixco 1985 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) panáal honey loan Spanish WW %panal simplex Moser & Marlett 2005 Jane Hill
Kakua belú-mak belú-mak unknown Compare Ticuna beɾuɾe Compound bee-liquid only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Katherine Bolaños
Nheengatu ira (Mello2000) ira (Mello2000) inheritance *eir- Proto-Tupi-Guarani Simplex only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin, PLE, Alyssa Wadley
Waorani gẽyĩ unique only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hodï culu'ma ma'yona məh'kəbu 'mena bãilã unique Also: bãilã (Rodman IDS) Simplex only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Brittany Weinstein
Yanomami puu puu inheritance Proto-Yanomami/Yanomam Alternate: puu u(ku) Simplex only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomam puu, puu u(ku) (MM07) puu, puu u(ku) (MM07) honey (most common) inheritance Proto-Yanomami/Yanomam Compound puu, “bee” only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Kelsey Neely
Ninam oi oi doubtful loan Tupi-Guarani Simplex only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Kelsey Neely
Kotiria ~bi inheritance May be related to ET mumia Simplex only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein
Cubeo mumicoro mumi-koɾo inheritance Proto-East Tukanoan Compound bee-juice only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein; Alyssa Wadley
Tukano mumî mumî inheritance Proto-East Tukanoan only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Desano mome mome inheritance only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Addison M; Tanja Baeuerlein
Maihiki oa daca ja oa daka xã unique Other complex oa=??; daca= liquid only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Daniel Valle
Hup næŋ næŋ inheritance Proto-DYH Simplex only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Pattie Epps
Dâw nẽèg næ̃̂g inheritance Proto-DYH Simplex only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Sikuani banara (31), jabüra (31) bánará inheritance Proto-Guahiban But compare Carib wan, wanɛ only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Brittany Weinstein
Macaguan yatsonálit jatsonálit unique only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Ana Paula B., Brittany Weinstein
Guayabero bán (Keels 85) inheritance Proto-Guahiban But compare Carib wan, wanɛ Simplex only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Ana Paula B.
Pemon töusang yeeuukuu (E1980) töusaŋ jeuku (E1980) unknown Akawaio-Pemon shared Akawaio only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza; Alyssa Wadley
Akawaio teeuuzang eeuuguu teuzaŋ eugu unknown Akawaio-Pemon shared Pemon Compound teuzaŋ= honey bee; eugu = juice only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Makushi wan (SM) wan (SM) inheritance Proto-Carib only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Melody Ann Ross; Alyssa Wadley
Eñepa wənə (IDS) wənə (IDS) inheritance Proto-Carib only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin; Alyssa Wadley
Yukuna munumunújalá munumunúhalá unique Derived munumunú = “honeybee” only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Tariana dúne dúne inheritance Proto Rio Negro Simplex only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana riwɨ (Santos) maˀba (IDS, = 'bee') riwɨ (Santos) maˀba (IDS, = 'bee') unique; inheritance Alternate: maˀba Simplex only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Ana Paula B.
Baniwa doni doni inheritance Proto Rio Negro Simplex only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Ana Paula B.
Resígaro íímuʔopákó íímuʔopákó loan Bora Bora (íímuhojpácyo 'bee'); similar form also in Ocaina Witoto íímuʔo “honey”; pákó identified as “honey” classifier only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Ana Paula B.
Yir-Yoront may-ngaml+wurvw sugarbag unique With +wurw poss. *wur(r)upa Barry Alpher
Dhay’yi barŋgity inheritance Claire Bowern
Burarra dulgu loan with semantic shift Claire Bowern
Dhuwal dyana' semantic shift Claire Bowern
Dhangu dyukurr(') unique Claire Bowern
Djinang dyurduk semantic shift Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl <geerbaljoo, moonga> inheritance Claire Bowern
Yulparija karluwayi semantic shift Claire Bowern
Yawuru kirrbaju loan Karajarri Claire Bowern
Karajarri kirrpatyu unknown Claire Bowern
Ngarluma malhaŋarra unique Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul moŋ semantic shift Claire Bowern
Nimanburru moŋ semantic shift Claire Bowern
Bardi mu:ŋa semantic shift Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu ŋambaḻa unknown Claire Bowern
Ngandi ŋana unique Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta ŋarrityi unique Claire Bowern
Gumatj ŋuwa-ŋuwa unique Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu rirrbal7 unique Claire Bowern
Rembarrnga rtarta semantic shift Claire Bowern
Nyikina tyikurrtyunu loan Marrngu Claire Bowern
Mangala walatya inheritance Claire Bowern
Warrwa walaya loan Mangala Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu weka(7) unique Claire Bowern
Walmajarri karlaka unknown perhaps inherited? Patrick McConvell
Mudburra ngarlu inheritance early loan from Jarragan ngare; kuntarri yellow sweet pollen powder in sugarbag, loan from Jingulu kuntirrimi WW %ngare early loan from Jarragan ngare; kuntarri yellow sweet pollen powder in sugarbag, loan from Jingulu kuntirrimi Patrick McConvell
Jaru turta inheritance also wangkurra also kirranga? Gur. Kirrang looking for honey Patrick McConvell
Gurindji ngarlu inheritance loan <Jarragan into proto-Ngumpin WW %ngare Patrick McConvell
Gooniyandi ngalinya loan direction unknown from a Ngumpin language? Or cf, Bun ngarrwali ground honey from a Ngumpin language? Or cf, Bun ngarrwali ground honey Patrick McConvell
Bunuba tyimarni inheritance Patrick McConvell
Gajirrabeng koyin inheritance Patrick McConvell
Djapu dyana7 semantic shift Claire Bowern
Kija ngare inheritance . Ngumpin ngarlu WW %ngare Patrick McConvell
Jingulu turta inheritance Patrick McConvell
Miriwung ngareng inheritance Patrick McConvell
Wardaman koyin unknown also ngurlu Patrick McConvell
Achagua jáamitu jáamitu unique only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco enué enué only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena nune nune only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero íja maha (íja 'juice'+ maha 'bee') íja máha (íja 'juice'+ máha 'bee') only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Paresi maha (=bee); ohaise, kahiyalakase (types) maha (=bee); ohaitse, kahijalakatse (types) inheritance/sem shift only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure mie mie loan Spanish 'miel' only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá mapa mapa inheritance only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora íímúhojpácyo (from 'bee') íímɯ́ʔoxpákʰjo loan (into protolg?), direction unknown Witotoan only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane íímɨhu (W97) íímɨʔu only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Apalai ano ano inheritance only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana wanë wanǝ inheritance only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page PLE
Carijona weɲi (SM) inheritance only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Mapoyo wanë wanɛ only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai weenu weenu inheritance only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa uano uano only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Kalapalo iŋge(iŋgi) iŋge(iŋgi) unknown only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Joyce McCormick
Northern Emberá ke'mi-hõ 'bee-sweet' (IDS) ke'mi-hõ 'bee-sweet' (IDS) only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán cuñajun'cho (sugar, honey) kuñahunʔʃo phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Daniel Valle
Candoshi-Shapra kidoora (also 'wax') kidoora unique only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro tuntun unton tuntun unton only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez misqui (Quechua loan?) miski only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna beɾuɾe beɾuɾe unique only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina iʨunaj-ʉrʉ itʃunaj-ʉɽʉ unique only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Andoke pofhkindiheh (RW52) unique only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave am-pok am-pok unique only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Ashuar wapása yumíri ('bee liquid') wapása jumíri ('bee liquid') only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa napa yumiri napa jumiri only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna dapa yumi-hi 'bee liquid' dapa yumi-hi 'bee liquid' inheritance only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses bacun, shëdë, tëdibon bakun, ʃɨdɨ, tɨdibon unknown only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo βata βata loan Tacanan only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua quisijyã, muchityujã kisixjã, mutʃitjuxã unique; unknown only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua mishqui miʃki only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá miski miski only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua mishqui miʃki only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano antimiski antimiski only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa ma'yah (K76) maʔjah doubtful loan Arawak mapa only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Carapana momia oco momia oko only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Tanimuca bũ'bĩã bũ'bĩã inheritance only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tuyuka mumia mumia only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page D. Jagannathan, Ana Paula B.
Koreguaje airo pũji airo pũxi unique only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona baya baja inheritance only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Kelsey Neely
Secoya paya paja only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Amanda Novak
Karitiana eetese, mookose, õnse eetese, mookose, õnse unknown only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Daniel Valle
Wayampi ɛi ɛi inheritance only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page PLE
Sirionó irao irao inheritance only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Ocaina úm̈oonju,um̈óónyaju ɯ́mõõhɯ,ɯmṍṍjahɯ loan (into protolg?), direction unknown Boran only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto emocɨ ɛmokɯ (B83) loan (into protolg?), direction unknown Boran only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Sanumá pu pu inheritance only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Kelsey Neely
Iquito míira (general term); surucu áaca (MC: bee species (arambasa) + water); ihuaana áaca (MC: bee species (colmena) + water); ramíisi áaca (MC: bee species (ramichi) + water) míira unique only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo iwana (bee honey) iwana only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Becky Walker
Wari tawi, nopi, ʔorokahyʔ (Sousa2009) tawi, nopi, ʔorokahɨʔ (Sousa2009) only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo eka-'na eka-'na only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña waha; ihamia (G71) waha; ihamia (G71) inheritance cf. Chacobo only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara misk´i miskˀi only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page PLE
Kwazá nũty nũty only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima čuiɗin-lo tʃuiɗin-lo only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai aus tsʔa 'bee grease'? aus tsʔa 'bee grease'? unique only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang mỹg mɨ̃ŋ only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page PLE
Suyá mέĵa mέĵa only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi be be only gathered in wild throughout Amazonia? See Language page PLE