hummingbird

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
colibrí, picaflor (Peru)
Meaning Portuguese
beija-flor

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Trochilidae pā-mum'-koots Hummingbird loan Yokuts Yowlumne pā-mum'-koots, Wikchamni băr-mum-che (Merriam); Palewyami pā'-mum-kutch, so Proto-Yokutsan same underived clearly has morphological complexity in Yokuts, but unanalyzable. C. H. Merriam 72-77, 60-459 0 0 0 0 0 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Trochilidae , be'she (RM) 61:45; pisi Duckwater 280 humming bird inheritance *piti Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 1184 (2008:185) same underived Merriam 61:77 0 0 0 0 0 no
Cahuilla Trochilidae túčilʸ ˈtuʧiʎ humming bird inheritance *tuʔca Uto-Aztecan S1180 (p. 185). I agree with Stubbs 2009:185 that the Cora word is cognate. same other complex ˈtuʧi-ʎ simplex.root-non-possessed noun -7aʃ “pet” Possessive classifier -7aʃ wikikmal Seiler&Hioki 1979:218 no info 0 Hummingbird wanted to play Eagle's mediating role, but was too small (Strong 1929) 0 I'm assuming birds and eggs were eaten no info hunted All roasted, stewed, eggs eaten 0 0 Americas Diverse habitats no
Central Sierra Miwok Trochilidae líč:ič:i- hummingbird inheritance Sierra Miwokan only In all Mis and Nisenan reduplicated Freeland & Broadbent 1960 0 0 0 0 0 no
Chemehuevi Trochilidae mo'-too-chuts; moo'-too-nints mú·tutsatsI JPH Humming bird inheritance *muttanaC Proto-Numic Stubbs 1181 (2008:185) same other complex mú·tutsa-tsI hummingbird-ABS Merriam 59:531 0 0 0 0 0 no
Chumash Barbareno Trochilidae yuxnuc hummingbird unique Central Chumash only underived Beeler 1978:190 0 0 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ineseno Trochilidae yuxnuc' hummingbird inheritance Central Chumash only Central Chumash underived Applegate 32; 0 0 0 0 0 no
Chumash Obispeno Trochilidae tskspana hummingbird unique other complex c- Harrington III:1:0050 0 0 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ventureno Trochilidae juxnuts hummingbird inheritance Central Chumash only Central Chumash underived Heizer/Pinart I:57; JPH III:69:0081 0 0 0 0 0 no
Cocopa Trochilidae nyírnyír hummingbird inheritance Proto-Yuman Inheritance (Arcilocus costae?) Mojave, Cocopa, 'Iipay Aa narrower (defined as a species -- but I'll bet it's generic) reduplicated possibly sound-imitative but cognate Crawford 1989 0 0 0 0 0 no
Comanche Trochilidae wɨ?kɨ?buu?; Rejon temumumquit 32 hummingbird unique Nothing comparable for either form. Rejon looks vaguely like Numic *muttanaC -- maybe with metathesis??? same phrase R&A say wɨ- “flutter”, ku?buu “say boo”. Maybe. Robinson & Armagost 1990:163 0 0 0 0 0 no
Cupeño Trochilidae tuchily ˈtuʧiʎ hummingbird inheritance *tuʔca- Uto-Aztecan S1180 (p. 185). I agree with Stubbs 2009:185 that the Cora word is cognate. same other complex ˈtuʧi-ʎ hummingbird-npn -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier for animals mukikmal Hill & Nolasquez 1973:176 tushvikinvatim “hummingbirders”, a Wildcat lineage at Welaqal of supposed Cahuilla origin (Strong 1929:186) 0 0 no info no info no info no info 0 0 Americas diverse habitats no
Esselen Trochilidae umin- hummingbird loan Costanoan compare Costanoan (h)umun(a) underived cited by Shaul without noun classifier??? Shaul 1988:696 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gabrielino Trochilidae pe'-nor 72-77, 60-425 ˈpi:nor (?) hummingbird inheritance *pitsi-/*pitti Uto-Aztecan S1184 (Stubbs 2009:185); Gab form from *piyi- from *pitsi, contradicting the Serrano evidence cited in Stubbs for *piti same other complex ˈpi:no-r hummingbird-npn -ʔaʧ “pet” possessive classifier for animals http://www.archive.org/stream/bancroft_chartmerriam_1556_60#page/n415/mode/2up; p. 425 no info 0 one of first people, child of Temayowut (White 1963:140) 0 all birds eaten (McC 116) no info hunted all roasted 0 0 Americas diverse habitats no
Iipay 'Aa Trochilidae halypuusuutt hummingbird unique same underived looks kinda long, but I can't find any derivational elements Couro & Hutcheson 1973 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kawaiisu Trochilidae muutana-pi-zi hummingbird inheritance *muttanaC Proto-Numic Stubbs 1181 (2008:185) same other complex muutana-pi-zi hummingbird-ABS-DIM 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kiliwa Trochilidae t?msuq hummingbird (Trochilidae) unique same underived Mixco 1985 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kitanemuk Trochilidae pituruʔ ˈpituruʔ hummingbird inheritance *pitsi/*pitti- Uto-Aztecan S1184 (Stubbs 2009:185); Gab form from *piyi- from *pitsi, contradicting the Serrano evidence cited in Stubbs for *piti, but Kit. also piti same underived no npn -ʔacit "pet" possessive classifier for animals wicitat Anderton 1988:474 no info 0 a good dreamhelper for a warrior (Blackburn & Bean 1978:567) 0 no decent info but everybody ate songbirds and eggs no info hunted all roasted, boiled, eggs eaten 0 0 Americas diverse habitats no
Lake Miwok Trochilidae c'ujúulak hummingbird loan Patwin “probably from Patwin t'uyulok 'hummingbird'” (1965:234) underived Callaghan 1965 0 0 0 0 0 no
Luiseño Trochilidae túshmal ʹtuʃmal hummingbird inheritance *tuʔca Uto-Aztecan Mrs. Hyde said “tishmal”, and variation with tushma reported in several sources. S1180 (p. 185). I agree with Stubbs 2009:185 that the Cora word is cognate.. same derived ʹtuʃ-mal hummingbird-diminutive -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier; NPN form of noun is ʔaʃla 7ehéngmal Elliott 1999:945 no info 0 has ceremonial couplet, tushmal nawvuxish “hummingbird, red hummingbird” (Elliott) ; one of first people, child of Temayowut (White 1963:140) 0 eggs at least must have been eaten no info no info no info no info 0 0 Americas diverse habitats no
Maidu Trochilidae húmp'ilìsto hummingbird unique Note Yuki hoo'-mŭl; Costanoan *(h)umu:ña underived must be complex etymologically but Shipley 1961:23 lists are rare root type Shipley 1963 0 0 0 0 0 no
Mojave Trochilidae nyinyen hummingbird inheritance Proto-Yuman Mojave, Cocopa JHH; Yuma nexni/.x Halpern 3:207 same reduplicated possibly from anyen “have sexual intercourse with” Munro et al.1992 0 0 0 0 0 no
Mutsun Trochilidae humu:nʸa hummingbird inheritance *(h)umu:ña Costanoan Callagan 1992:40 reduplicated Okrand p. 130-32 describes this as reduplication from {humany}, with first vowel reduplicated and original root vowel moved to V3 position. Okrand 1977:55 0 0 0 0 0 no
Nisenan Trochilidae li:c'i:c'i; lis-nŏ hummingbird (lis-no form is CHM Merriam 57:237, he also has other form) loan Sierra Miwok Identical form in Sierra Miwok (all) reduplicated Uldall & Shipley 1966 0 0 0 0 0 no
Northern Paiute Trochilidae songoe'e Humming bird unique same underived Yerington Dictionary 0 0 0 0 0 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Trochilidae li:ci:ci-, li:cici- hummingbird inheritance Sierra Miwokan only In all Mis and Nisenan reduplicated Callaghan 1987 0 0 0 0 0 no
Plains Miwok Trochilidae kulu:lu- hummingbird inheritance *kulu... Miwokan Callaghan 1962:104; Mib kulup:e “hummingbird”; C's Mu form clearly a mistake in this citation reduplicated Callaghan 1984 0 0 0 0 0 no
Salinan A Trochilidae moc'wél' humming bird unique Salinan A only not in M; underived Mason 1918:123; Turner 1983:77 0 0 0 0 0 no
Salinan M Trochilidae pé:lts'e humming bird loan Serran not in A; Compare Kitanemuk pituru7; Serrano piti:dhi7 (from a UA form) underived Mason 1918:124 0 0 0 0 0 no
Seri (Comcaac) Trochilidae xeenoj hummingbird unique same underived Comcaac Dictionary 584 0 0 0 0 0 no
Serrano Trochilidae piti:dhi7 hummingbird inheritance *pitsi/*pitti- Uto-Aztecan S1184 (Stubbs 2009:185) underived KCHill ms 2001:43 0 0 0 0 0 no
Southern Paiute Trochilidae moontutcatsI Hummingbird inheritance muttanaC Proto-Numic Stubbs 1181 (2008:185) same other complex has -tsi ABS; Sapir suggests mo:a “to hum” but is a Proto-Numic etymon. Obviously a complex stem Sapir 1930:571 0 0 0 0 0 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Trochilidae li:ci:-ci- hummingbird inheritance Sierra Miwokan only In all Mis and Nisenan reduplicated this dictionary counts -ci as suffix, but it's not counted that way in other Mis languages. I'm dubious and have coded as reduplication Broadbent 1964: 0 0 0 0 0 no
Southern Ute Trochilidae múutataa-cI humming-bird inheritance *muttanaC Numic Stubbs 1181 (2008:185) same other complex has -ci ABS Givon 1979 0 0 0 0 0 no
Tübatulabal Trochilidae oo-le'-bit, oo-leet' 72-77, 60-493 ʔuli:ˈbit (?) hummingbird loan Southern Sierra Miwok SSM li:ci:cint (this is from PSM, same form in NSM, CSM) same derived ʔuli:ˈ-bi-t hummingbird-diminutive-npn chikkīt http://www.archive.org/stream/bancroft_chartmerriam_1556_60#page/n479/mode/2up; p. 493 no info 0 0 no info hunted all roasted on coals, bones ground (some consultants denied Tub. ate eggs before Whites) 0 0 Americas Diverse habitats no
Tümpisa Shoshone Trochilidae kammuwaya hummingbird unique same underived I think there's old derivation here; other -ya turn up in Numic. Dayley 1989:44 0 0 0 0 0 no
Wappo Trochilidae cími:To hummingbird (CHM confirms 52:573) unique Note Eastern Miwokan cimit:olo “mockingbird” ?? Is this too much semantic change? Elicitation error? underived Sawyer 1965 0 0 0 0 0 no
Washo Trochilidae memlew hummingbird unique underived Jacobsen 1964:478 0 0 0 0 0 no
Western Mono Trochilidae pisIkuutu' hummingbird inheritance *piti “Hummingbird, wasp” Proto-Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 1184 (2008:185) has problems. What is source of -kuutu? Note Yokutsan forms: .Yowlumne pā-mum'-koots, Palewyami pā'-mum-kutch, so Proto-Yokutsan and possible source of the kuutU' element -- a loan blend?? same underived perhaps onomatopoeic at some point, and also must be compound, but no analysis available tsiipa “bird” Bethel et al.:145 not a totem Gifford p. 37 0 although not a totem, “belonged with the golden eagle because in mythical times he talked to the people for eagle” (Gifford p. 37) 0 “too small” no info 0 0 no
Wintu Trochilidae lučit hummingbird (CHM confirms for all dialects) unique Note li:cici- in Mis and Nisenan other complex lOč ... Schlichter 1981 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yavapai Trochilidae mìnmí·na hummingbird unique unknown Shaterian 1983 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Palewyami Trochilidae pā'-mum-kutch hummingbird loan Yowlumne Yokuts similar forms in Yowl, Yawd. Berman 2002 notes that Merriam's consultant was bilingual in Yowl, Pal. same other complex -itch, its suffix probably an agentive Merriam 58:525 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Trochilidae mamgutc hummingbird inheritance Nim-Yokuts widespread but not universal in Kroeber; note Yowlumne be:mamgo:c' same other complex mam and -go:'c are separable etymologically but in absence of dictionary no analysis Kroeber 1961:203 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Trochilidae be:mamgo:c' hummingbird inheritance Nim-Yokuts the bemam element widespread in Nim-Y in Kroeber; the second element variable -- guch, duts, dui, chui; note Yawdanchi mamgutc (Kroeber) same other complex be-, mam and -go:'c are separable etymologically but in absence of dictionary no analysis Newman 1944:191 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yuki Trochilidae hoo'-mŭl hummingbird loan no information Note Maidu húmp'ilìsto; Costanoan *(h)umu:ña relative clause -mol agentive Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yuma Trochilidae nexni/.x Humming bird inheritance Proto-Language Also in Cocopa unknown Merriam 61:459, Halpern 3:207 0 0 0 0 0 no
Akawaio family Trochilidae tuuguuik (E1977) tuguɪk (E1977) inheritance Northern Carib? See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Baniwa family Trochilidae pími pími inheritance Central North Arawak Compare Tukanoan (E&W) forms mimi, etc. uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence
Carijona family Trochilidae tukucí (M2000) tuku’tʃi (H&R) inheritance Northern Carib? Loan Carib > Hodï: tu'kudi See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo family Trochilidae mimiyo (generic term) mimijo, bĩ'bĩ́-jo (H&R) inheritance Proto-Tukanoan Compare Arawak, e.g. Baniwa pími. (Salser mimijɔ) uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Amanda Meeks
Dâw family Trochilidae sug ʃug inheritance underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano family Trochilidae mimi mimi, bĩ'bĩ́ inheritance Proto-Tukanoan Compare Arawak, e.g. Baniwa pími uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Amanda Meeks
Eñepa family Trochilidae tyukui' (MM) tjukuiʔ (MM) inheritance Northern Carib? Loan Carib > Hodï: tu'kudi See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Melody Ann Ross
Guayabero family Trochilidae sisíʔw-it, sasíʔw-it sisíʔw-it, sasíʔw-it inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram, Aimee Lawrence, Amanda Meeks
Hodï family Trochilidae tu'kudi loan Carib, e.g. Macushi tukúí Carijona "tuku’tʃi ", Makushi "tukúí" uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Amanda Meeks
Waorani family Trochilidae bĩgõ missing missing See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Amanda Meeks
Hup family Trochilidae cúg cúg inheritance underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Pattie Epps
Kakua family Trochilidae bûʔ-jup bûʔjup inheritance arara-? phrase See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Katherine Bolaños
Macaguan family Trochilidae chíchibʉr tʃítʃibɨɾ inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Makushi family Trochilidae tukúí tukúí inheritance Northern Carib? Loan Carib > Hodï: tu'kudi See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu family Trochilidae waynambi wajnambi inheritance Proto-Tupi-Guarani Reconstructed PTG Mello 2000 underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Ninam family Trochilidae tẽšo (EM72) tẽʃo (EM72) inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Kelsey Neely
Nukak family Trochilidae buʔ jup4 inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no
Maihiki family Trochilidae mimi aguɨ mimi agɨ, bĩ́bĩ̀ (H&R) inheritance Proto-Tukanoan Compare Arawak, e.g. Baniwa pími uncoded agɨ agɨ = masculine animate See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Daniel Valle
Pemon family Trochilidae tukui, wada-wada (especie de colíbri o tucusito, de tamaño grande) (A1981); tuukuuik (E1977) tukui, wadawada (A1981); tukuɪk (E1977) inheritance Loan Carib > Hodï: tu'kudi. Also wada-wada (especie de colíbri o tucusito, de tamaño grande) See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Resígaro family Trochilidae pí?mí píʔmí inheritance Central North Arawak Compare Tukanoan (E&W) forms mimi, etc. uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Ana Paula B.
Sanumá family Trochilidae teso (EM72) teso (EM72) inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Kelsey Neely
Sikuani family Trochilidae iniji (3), si:-si:-bárɨ-to, sí:pi (H&R) siː-siː-bárɨ-to, síːpi inheritance also iniji (3) uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Amanda Meeks
Tariana family Trochilidae kúːɾipimi kúːɾipimi inheritance Central North Arawak Compare Tukanoan (E&W) forms mimi, etc. uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Ana Paula B.
Tukano family Trochilidae mimî mimî, bĩ́bĩ́ inheritance Proto-Tukanoan Compare Arawak, e.g. Baniwa pími uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Ana Paula, Amanda Novak, Aimee Lawrence
Kotiria family Trochilidae wĩ'bĩ wĩ'bĩ inheritance Proto-Tukanoan Compare Arawak, e.g. Baniwa pími uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Amanda Meeks
Wapishana family Trochilidae pimɨɖa pimɨɖa inheritance Central North Arawak See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Ana Paula B.
Yanomam family Trochilidae tẽšo (EM72) tẽʃo (EM72) inheritance uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Kelsey Neely
Yanomami family Trochilidae tesho teʃo inheritance siemaɾi (large), siɾamɨ (large), siemato (small) underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Kelsey Neely
Yukuna family Trochilidae pi'imí piʔimí inheritance Central North Arawak Compare Tukanoan (E&W) forms mimi, etc. uncoded See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Ana Paula B., Aimee L., PLE
Yuhup family Trochilidae cǔg cǔg inheritance underived See Language page 0 0 0 0 0 Widespread no Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Bardi Trochilidae alingindir alingindir unknown generic term for any small colorful bird underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Bardi Trochilidae alingindir alingindir unknown generic term for any small colorful bird underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Burarra Trochilidae an-mugirrirta an-mugirrirta unknown “an-” noun class marker 0 0 0 0 0 no
Dhangu Trochilidae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Dhay’yi Trochilidae muḻunda murlunda unique 0 0 0 0 0 no
Dhuwal Trochilidae wirriwirri wirriwirri inheritance might be loan into proto-language reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Djinang Trochilidae wirrirr wirrirr wirrirr wirrirr rainbow bird inheritance might be loan into proto-language reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gumatj Trochilidae missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Gupapuyngu Trochilidae wirrir7wirrir wirrir(7)wirrir inheritance might be loan into proto-language reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Karajarri Trochilidae wirunywiruny wirunywiruny inheritance reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Karajarri Trochilidae calputari wirunywiruny inheritance reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Koko-Bera Trochilidae missing missing BANANA BIRD, ENTOMYOZON CYANOTIS missing
Kuku-Thaypan Trochilidae awaywa; anhye- anhye-awaywa banana bird unique Poss. loan; cf. UOlkol ewelmp underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kuku-Yalanji Trochilidae binjurrbinjurr binjurrbinjurr honeyeater unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kurtjar Trochilidae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Kuuk Thaayorre Trochilidae wiwil; minh- minh-wiwil banana bird, blue-faced bird, honeyeater [identical to butcher bird, therefore suspect] unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Mangala Trochilidae wirunywiruny wirunywiruny inheritance reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Mangala Trochilidae tirrpincarr wirunywiruny inheritance reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Mbabaram Trochilidae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Ngandi Trochilidae barir7barir barir7barir loan direction unknown WW %parrir’parrir 0 0 0 0 0 no
Ngumbarl Trochilidae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Nimanburru Trochilidae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Nyangumarta Trochilidae tirrurntirrurn tirrurntirrurn unique reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Nyangumarta Trochilidae cuti tirrurntirrurn unique reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Nyikina Trochilidae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Nyulnyul Trochilidae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Pakanh Trochilidae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Rembarrnga Trochilidae berreh-berre berreh-berre loan direction unknown WW %parrir’parrir reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Ritharrngu Trochilidae barrir7barrir barrir7-barrir loan direction unknown Rembarrnga Would wirrir-wirrir (e.g., Gupapuyngu) be close enough to barrir-barrir? WW %parrir’parrir reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
Tjaapukay Trochilidae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Uw-Oykangand Trochilidae missing missing bananabird, blue-faced honeyeater, Entomyzon cyanotis missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Wardaman Trochilidae wirritwirrit wirritwirrit loan ?humming bird missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Wik Ngathan Trochilidae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yan-nhangu Trochilidae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yawuru Trochilidae missing missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yawuru Trochilidae missing missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yidiny Trochilidae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Yir-Yoront Trochilidae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
Achagua family Trochilidae θíihi (R01) θíihi (R01) inheritance See Language page Widespread Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Piapoco family Trochilidae sípi sípi See Language page Widespread Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari family Trochilidae pími pími See Language page Widespread Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Warekena family Trochilidae burusana burusana See Language page Widespread Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero family Trochilidae burujlana buruľ̥ana See Language page Widespread Ana Paula B., PLE
Paresi family Trochilidae 'himeretse 'himeretse inheritance See Language page Widespread Ana Paula B., PLE
Waurá family Trochilidae kumesi (Mello 99) kumesi (Mello 99) unknown See Language page Widespread Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora family Trochilidae pʰáápɨʔo pʰáápɨʔo inheritance See Language page Widespread Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Muinane family Trochilidae ɸááibe, rúúbéǰɨ ɸááibe, rúúbédʒɨ See Language page Widespread Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Apalai family Trochilidae tukuxi, kaikuxi tukuxi, kaikuxi inheritance See Language page Widespread Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana family Trochilidae tukui tukui inheritance See Language page Widespread PLE
Tiriyó family Trochilidae tukui tukui inheritance See Language page Widespread Becky Walker
Makiritare family Trochilidae tu'kui (KH) tuʔkui inheritance See Language page Widespread Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo family Trochilidae tëkui tɛkui See Language page Widespread Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai family Trochilidae tukusu (SM) tukusu (SM) inheritance See Language page Widespread Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa family Trochilidae kuijna kúʃimo (H&R) See Language page Widespread Phon only in source Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross, Aimee Lawrence
Northern Emberá family Trochilidae ĩmbisú ĩmbisú See Language page Widespread Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán family Trochilidae a'tse aʔtsɛ See Language page Widespread phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Candoshi-Shapra family Trochilidae ponxi pontʂi loan, direction unknown Pastaza Quechua pusisi See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
Taushiro family Trochilidae unve´ unwɨʔ See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
Páez family Trochilidae e´ts, e´tscuẽ eʔts (H&R) See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
Urarina family Trochilidae hiḍzi hitʃi unique See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle, PLE
Camsa family Trochilidae ngɨntsiána ngɨntsiána See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
Andoke family Trochilidae pã́didu pã́didu loan Witoto (possibly into Proto-Witoto; e.g. Minica ɸiθido) See Language page Widespread Kelsey Neely, PLE
Puinave family Trochilidae pƜi puj (H&G) unique See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar family Trochilidae jémpe, jempetsées xɯmpɯ, xɯmpɯtsɯ:s See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
Huambisa family Trochilidae ukuchkit ukutʃkit See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
Aguaruna family Trochilidae jémpe xɨmpɨ inheritance See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
Matses family Trochilidae pinu pinu inheritance See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Yagua family Trochilidae muchiy mũtʃij unique See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua family Trochilidae pusisi pusisis See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
Ingá family Trochilidae kindi kíndi (H&R) See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua family Trochilidae jayaj, amarun quindi (PO79) xajax See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano family Trochilidae qenti qenti See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa family Trochilidae jiude hiude unique See Language page Widespread Paulina Franco, Becky Walker
Sáliva family Trochilidae bihwisi biʔwisi unique See Language page Widespread Becky Walker
Barasano family Trochilidae bĩbĩ bĩbĩ See Language page Widespread Amanda Meeks
Carapana family Trochilidae mimi mĩmĩ, bĩbĩ See Language page Widespread Amanda Meeks
Makuna family Trochilidae mimi mimi, bĩbĩ inheritance See Language page Widespread Amanda Meeks
Yuruti family Trochilidae bĩ́bĩ bĩ́bĩ See Language page Widespread Amanda Meeks
Waikhana family Trochilidae ĩ'bĩ ĩ'bĩ See Language page Widespread Amanda Meeks
Siriano family Trochilidae mimí mimí, bĩ'bĩ́ See Language page Widespread Amanda Meeks
Tanimuca family Trochilidae bĩrĩ pi'ka bĩrĩ pi'ka inheritance See Language page Widespread Kelsey Neely, Aimee Lawrence
Tatuyo family Trochilidae ˈbĩ́'bĩ́ ˈbĩ́'bĩ́ See Language page Widespread Emily Buell, Paulina Franco
Tuyuka family Trochilidae bĩ'bĩ́ bĩ'bĩ́ See Language page Widespread D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Waimaja family Trochilidae mĩ́mĩ́ mĩ́mĩ́ See Language page Widespread Kelsey Neely
Koreguaje family Trochilidae mimi mimi inheritance See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
Siona family Trochilidae mimi mimi inheritance See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Secoya family Trochilidae aña pëquë mimi (OP79), cuise (OP79) mĩ'mĩ See Language page Widespread Amanda Meeks
Karitiana family Trochilidae yjora ɨjoɾa unknown See Language page Widespread Daniel Valle
Kokama family Trochilidae wainumi wainumi inheritance See Language page Widespread Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi family Trochilidae wainɨmɨ (G89) wainɨmɨ (G89) inheritance See Language page Widespread PLE
Sirionó family Trochilidae ñunumbi (P85) ñunumbi inheritance See Language page Widespread Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Ocaina family Trochilidae fahtííhtyo ɸaʔtííʔtʲo inheritance loan into Andoke, or possibly A > Proto-W See Language page Widespread Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Nɨpode Witoto family Trochilidae pitído pitído See Language page Widespread Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Minica Witoto family Trochilidae ɸiθído ɸiθído See Language page Widespread Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto family Trochilidae ɸiθido ɸiθido inheritance loan into Andoke, or possibly A > Proto-W See Language page Widespread Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito family Trochilidae mɨ'ɨja mɨ'ɨha unique See Language page Widespread Cjnthia Hansen
Záparo family Trochilidae uihya uihja See Language page Widespread Becky Walker
Wari family Trochilidae pijoʔ (Sousa2009) pijoʔ (Sousa2009) See Language page Widespread PLE
Cavineña family Trochilidae nuhua (C&L89) nuwa See Language page Widespread Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara family Trochilidae lluli, qinti (P04) lluli, qinti (P04) See Language page Widespread PLE
Movima family Trochilidae chi'mili (J62) tʃi'mili See Language page Widespread Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Kaingang family Trochilidae kòkoj kɔkox See Language page Widespread PLE
Suyá family Trochilidae ĵúni ĵúni See Language page Widespread Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi family Trochilidae kiriripika kiriripika See Language page Widespread PLE