Tjaapukay

Family
Pama-Nyungan
Region
Australia
ISO 639-3
dyy
Location
0.00°, 0.00°
Notes
Features
Flora Fauna Vocabulary
Ethnographic Information
Data Sources
none


Flora Fauna Vocabulary (129)
English Spanish Portuguese Semantic Field Part of Speech Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
agile wallaby, river wallaby flora-fauna Macropus agilis dulbil tulpil wallaby, red kangaroo unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
ant (generic) hormiga formiga flora-fauna Formicidae manunggul & gudjin & mirimiri & munyimunyi & gawun.gawun manungkul & kucin & mirimiri & muñimuñi & kawunkawun small brown & black & small black & small light brown & bull unique /muñimuñi/ to Yidiny underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Australian pelican flora-fauna Pelecanus conspicillatus wurrmbul wurrmpul pelican semantic shift *wurr(m)pulV pPaman Sound-correspondence problematic; poss. contamination from a pre-Tjaapukay form (cf. Yidiny <wurrgulV> 'pelican'(. Reflex in YYoront, /worrpol/, is 'white-brested sea eagle' underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
Australian snubfin dolphin flora-fauna Orcaella heinsohnii missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
baler shell flora-fauna Melo amphora missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
bandicoot flora-fauna Peramelemorphia djunydjurru cuñcurru unique underived 0 0 0 0 0
barn owl flora-fauna Tyto alba gudjugudju kucukucu night owl unique reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
barramundi flora-fauna Lates calcarifer djilibiri & wubanbarra cilipiri & wupanparra barramundi & barramundi [probably a size distinction] inheritance *cilipiri pYTj To Yidiny (C) /jilibiri/ 'barramundi' compound ? Poss. /djili/ 'eye' + /biri/ 'fire' 1 1 0 0 0 no
bat murciélago morcego flora-fauna Chiroptera spp mundji mun.ci insect-eating bat unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
bindii, caltrop flora-fauna Tribulus terrestris unique unique unique 0 0 0 0 0 no
bird pajaro, ave passaro flora-fauna djarruy carruy bird (generic; also 'spirit') inheritance *carruy pYTj underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
black-breasted buzzard flora-fauna Hamirostra melanosternon missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
black-faced cuckoo-shrike flora-fauna Coracina novaehollandiae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
black-headed python flora-fauna Aspidites melanocephalus missing missing missing 0 2 0 0 0 no
black-soil yam flora-fauna Ipomoea diamantinensis missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
bloodwood flora-fauna Eucalyptus (Corymbia) bleeseri gambul kampul bloodwood, Eucalyptus gummifera inheritance To Yidiny /gambul/ underived 0 1 1 0 0 no
blowfly maggots flora-fauna Diptera, Sarcophagidae dungun tungun maggot inheritance *tungun pYTj To Yifiny /dungun/ underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
blue-tongue lizard flora-fauna Tiliqua species badjabadja pacapaca blue-tongue lizard inheritance *pacapaca local To KYal /bajabaja/ reduplicated 0 1 0 0 0 no
blue-winged kookaburra flora-fauna Dacelo leachii gurrungga kurrungka kookaburra inheritance *kurrungka local Yidiny, KYal, KThaypan, Uw-Olkol, UOykangand underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
bluebone flora-fauna Choerodon cyanodus missing missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
brolga flora-fauna Grus rubicunda missing missing missing missing 1 0 0 0 0 no
brown goshawk flora-fauna Accipiter fasciatus guguy & diguy & bidjuy kukuy & tikuy & picuy hawk & chicken hawk & fish hawk unique /bidjuy/ 'fish hawk' is cognate with Yidiny /bidjuu/ and the second half of KYal /jinabiju/ 'goshawk' underived Poss. a synchronic derivation: /bidju/ + /y/. 0 0 0 0 0 no
brush-tailed possum flora-fauna Trichosurus vulpecula gayarra & gububuru & bidul kayarra & kupupuru & pitul possum & black and white possum & scrub possum inheritance To *kacarra underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
bush cockroach flora-fauna (many species) missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
bush stone-curlew flora-fauna Burhinus grallarius balabira balabira curlew unique underived 1 0 0 0 0 no
bush tobacco flora-fauna Lobelia quadrangularis missing missing missing 0 0 0 1 0 no
bush turkey, Australian bustard flora-fauna Ardeotis australis missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
bush yam flora-fauna Vigna lanceolata var. lanceolata missing missing missing 0 1 2 0 1 no
butterfly, moth mariposa borboleta flora-fauna Lepidoptera walbirrwalbirr walpirrwalpirr butterfly unique Resembles /walpul/ forms common to GYim and KYal reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
carpet snake flora-fauna Morelia spilota puta:tyi puta:tyi unique underived 0 1 0 0 0
caterpillar flora-fauna Lepidoptera missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
catfish flora-fauna (many species) missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
centipede ciempiés centopéia flora-fauna Chilopoda, Myriapoda ginba kinpa centipede inheritance *kinpa pYTj To Yidiny underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
channel-billed cuckoo flora-fauna Scythops novaehollandiae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
crested pigeon flora-fauna Ocyphaps lophotes bagam pakam wampoo pigeon inheritance *pakam pYTj To Yidiny underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
darter/cormorant flora-fauna Anhinga melanogaster, Phalacrocorax species missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
death adder, five-minute snake flora-fauna Acanthophis praelongus gundjilbay kuncilpay death adder inheritance *kuñcilpay pYTj To Yidiny underived ? 0 0 0 0 0 yes
dingo flora-fauna Canis familiaris dingo ganibarra kaniparra dingo unique underived ? 0 0 0 0 0 no
dog (camp, domestic) perro cachorro flora-fauna Canis familiaris gurra: kurra: tame dog inheritance *kutaka pPaman underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
duck pato pato, marreco flora-fauna Anatidae buru: puru: whistle duck inheritance *puruku pYTj To Yidiny buru:gu 'black duck' and KYal /buruku/ 'pied cormorant' underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
dugong flora-fauna Dugon dugong missing missing missing 1 1 0 0 0 no
earthworm flora-fauna Annelida, Oligochaeta djunggum cungkum worm inheritance *cungku+ pYTj To Yidiny derived With /+m/ 0 0 0 0 0 no
emu flora-fauna Dromaius novaehollandiae gindadja kintaca emu unique underived 2 1 2 0 0 no
fish (generic) pez peixe flora-fauna guyu kuyu fish (generic) inheritance *kuyu pPama-Nyungan With an alternant *kuya underived 0 1 0 0 0 N/A
flower flora-fauna (NA) missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
blowfly/housefly mosca mosca flora-fauna Diptera barabara parapara common fly inheritance *parapara pYTj To Yidiny. Resembles KYal /burulburul/ reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
flying-fox (generic) flora-fauna (many species) guginy kukiñ flying fox inheritance *kukiñu pYTj To Yidiny. Loss of V3 regular? Cf /ganyarra/ 'croc/ < *kañarra. underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
freshwater crocodile flora-fauna Crocodylus johnstoni ganyarra kañarra crocodile inheritance *kañarra pPaman underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
freshwater mussel flora-fauna Velesunio wilsoni missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
freshwater prawn flora-fauna Macrobrachium rosenbergii djun.gi cunki prawn, shrimp, small FW crab; policeman inheritance To Yidiny /jun.gi/ underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
frill-necked lizard flora-fauna Chlamydosaurus kingii binandjal & gilbay pinancal & kilpay frilled lizard & frilled lizard loan *pinañcal local To KYal binanjal derived With /bina/ 'ear, gills' 0 1 0 0 0 no
frog (generic) flora-fauna (many species) wubun wupun frog, toad (generic) unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
galah flora-fauna Eolophus roseicapilla missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0
turtle (generic) flora-fauna (many species) badjigal pacikal turtle inheritance *pacikal pYTj To Yidiny /bajigal/ 'FW turtle' (Elseya latisternum) underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
ghost gum flora-fauna Eucalyptus papuana (Corymbia bella) missing missing missing 2 0 1 0 0 no
goanna (generic) or sand goanna flora-fauna Varanus spp ganyal kañal goanna unique underived 0 1 2 0 0 no
grass hierba, pasto capim, grama flora-fauna (NA) nguyay nguyay kangaroo grass [poss. also generic] inheritance *nguyay pYTj Yidiny cognate is 'kangaroo grass' (Themeda australis) underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
grasshopper flora-fauna Orthoptera bundim puntim grasshopper inheritance *puntim pYTj To pPama-Maric *punti+. Forms like /pinti/ are very widespread underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
great bowerbird flora-fauna Chlamydera nuchalis missing missing inheritance 1 0 0 0 0 no
green ant flora-fauna Oecophylla smaragdina djilburay cilpuray green ant loan *cilipura pYTj Yidiny To Yidiny /jilibura/. Tjaap /y/ is presumed derivational. underived compound Poss. w /jili/ 'eye'; /bura(y)/ ? 0 2 2 0 0 no
green sea turtle flora-fauna Chelonia mydas missing missing missing 1 1 0 0 0 no
green tree snake flora-fauna Dendrelaphis punctulata wilgarr wilkarr green tree snake inheritance *wirkarr pYTj To Yidiny; *rk for Y /rk/, Tj /lk/ is a guess here. underived 0 2 0 0 0 no
head/body lice flora-fauna Pediculus capitis, Pediculus humanus guliy kuliy head lice, nits inheritance *kulu pPNy Poss. < *kuli or < *kulu+y. derived With /+y/ 0 0 0 0 0 no
horse caballo cavalho flora-fauna Equus caballus yarraman yarraman horse loan Languages to the south WW %yarraman underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
hummingbird colibrí, picaflor (Peru) beija-flor flora-fauna Trochilidae missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
humpback whale flora-fauna Megaptera novaeangliae missing missing missing 1 1 0 0 0 no
insect (generic) insecto insecto flora-fauna generic missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
jabiru flora-fauna Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0
jungle-fowl (scrub-fowl) flora-fauna Megapodius freycinet djarruga carruka scrub hen inheritance *carruka local To Yidiny. Resembles *currkan reflexes in western CYP languages underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
kangaroo (generic) flora-fauna Macropodidae gan.gula kankula grey kangaroo inheritance *kankula pYTj To Yidiny /gan.gula/ 'grey wallaby'. underived 2 1 0 0 0 no
land snail flora-fauna Gastropoda djalga calka snail unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
magpie goose flora-fauna Anseranas semipalmata missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
military dragon flora-fauna Ctenophorus isolepis, Diporiphora spp., Lophognathus spp. missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
mosquito mosquito, zancudo mosquito, carapana flora-fauna Anopheles spp, Isoptera ngugun & ngulbul ngukun & ngulpul mosquito & mosquito [2 spp?] inheritance *ngukun pYTj To Yidiny /ngugun/ 'a big brown mosquito' underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
mud wasp, hornet flora-fauna (many species) binydjin piñcin wasp, hornet, honey unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
native bee flora-fauna (many species) mugay mukay bee, honeycomb unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
native cat flora-fauna Dasyurus missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
northern brown bandicoot flora-fauna Isoodon macrourus djunydjurru & djalbay cuñcurru & calpay bandicoot & long-nosed bandicoot unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
northern kurrajong flora-fauna Brachychiton diversifolius missing missing missing 0 1 no? 0 0 no
nut tree flora-fauna Terminalia grandifolia missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
octopus flora-fauna Octopus australis missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
pandanus palm flora-fauna Pandanus spiralis yagal yakal pandanus inheritance *yakal pYTj To Yidiny underived 1 1 0 0 1 no
paperbark flora-fauna Melaleuca sericea, Melaleuca stenostachya gidi kiti paperbark unique underived 0 0 1 0 0 no
peaceful dove flora-fauna Geopelia placida guludu kulutu dove inheritance *kurlu+ pPama-Nyungan Widespread borrowing is likely. WW %kurlu+ underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
pearlshell flora-fauna Pinctada spp missing missing missing 1 1 0 0 1 no
peewee flora-fauna Gryllina cyanoleuca missing missing unique 0 0 0 0 0 no
pied butcherbird flora-fauna Cracticus nigrogularis galbu kalpu butcherbird (poss.; also given as 'crow') inheritance *kalpu pYTj To Yidiny underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
pike eel flora-fauna Muraenesox arabicus nyinggarra & djabulagay ñingkarra & capulakay big eel & small eel unique /djabulagay/ to Yidiny /jabulagay/ 'large FW eel' underived ? 0 1 0 0 0 no
praying mantis, stick insects mantis religiosa louva-a-deus flora-fauna Mantodea missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
prickle bush flora-fauna Sclerolaena bicornis missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
quail (generic) flora-fauna Coturnix species, Turnix species gubalgubal kupalkupal wild pheasant unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
red river gum flora-fauna Eucalyptus camaldulensis missing missing missing 2 0 1 0 1 no
red-tailed black-cockatoo flora-fauna Calyptorhynchus banksi burrn.gin & garna: purrnkin & kar.na black cockatoo & black cockatoo [questioned] unique /garna:/ < *kar(a)na (red-tailed black cockatoo) underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
riflefish, archerfish flora-fauna Toxotes chatareus missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
river mangrove flora-fauna Aegicera corniculatum missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 1 no
rock fig flora-fauna Ficus brachypoda yan.gi yanki fig tree (generic) unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
sacred kingfisher flora-fauna Todiramphus sancta giragira kirakira kingfisher inheritance *kirakira pYTj To Yidiny /giraagiraa/ 'white-tailed kf' reduplicated 0 0 0 0 0 no
saltwater crocodile flora-fauna Crocodylus porosus ganyarra kañarra crocodile inheritance *kañarra pPaman underived 2 2 0 0 0 yes
saltwater mussel flora-fauna Mytilidae missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
sawfish flora-fauna Pristis pectinata missing missing missing 1 0 0 0 0 yes
scorpion escorpión; alacran escorpião flora-fauna Arachnida, Scorpiones dumbunum ~ maranggilay tumpunum ~ marangkilay scorpion inheritance *tumpunu pYTj underived /maranggilay/ with /mara/ 'hand, finger'?? 0 0 0 0 0 no
shark (generic) flora-fauna Selachimorpha missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 variable
shell (generic) flora-fauna biga pika shell (generic) unique Note forms /pika(ñ)/ in Maric lgs meaning 'fingernail' underived 0 1 0 0 1 no
short-beaked echidna flora-fauna Tachyglossus aculeatus missing missing missing 0 2 0 0 0 no
snake (generic) culebra, serpiente cobra flora-fauna djama cama snake (generic) inheritance *cama pYTj To Yidiny underived 0 1 0 0 0 N/A
snappy gum flora-fauna Eucalyptus brevifolia missing missing missing 0 0 1 0 0 no
spider araña aranha flora-fauna Arachnida, Araneae garra & malara karra & malara (poisonous) spider & spider web inheritance /garra/ to Yidiny. /malara/ to KYal /malal/ 'spider' underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
spinifex flora-fauna Triodia species missing missing missing 0 0 2 0 0 no
spoonbills (yellow-billed spoonbill, black-billed spoonbill) flora-fauna Platalea flavipes, Platalea regia missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
stingray (generic) rayas látigo, raya arraia flora-fauna Dasyatidae missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 variable
stripe-faced dunnart flora-fauna Sminthopsis macroura missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
sugarbag wax flora-fauna wurruba wurrupa beeswax inheritance *wurrupa pYTj To Yidiny /wuruba/ and (with problematic phonological history) YYoront /+wurrvw/ (in sugarbag terms) underived 1 1 0 0 0 no
sulphur-crested cockatoo flora-fauna Cacatua galerita wanggulay wangkulay sulphur-crested cockatoo inheritance *wangkulay pYTj To Yidiny underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
swamp eel flora-fauna Ophisternon gutturale missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
swamp leech flora-fauna Annelida, Hirudinea djirrirr cirrirr leech unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
tawny frogmouth flora-fauna Podargus strigoides missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 no
termite mounds, ant hills flora-fauna Isoptera gabay & gadju kapay & kacu ant bed & ant bed on tree inheritance *kapay local To KYal /kabay/ 'small antbed'. /gaju/ pYTj *kacu; Yidiny /gaju/ 'black tree ant' underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
termites, white-ants comején (Peru), termitas cupim flora-fauna (many species) gabaybarra kapayparra white ant unique derived /gabay/ 'antbed' + /barra/ 'inhabitant of' 0 0 0 0 0 no
ti-tree flora-fauna Melaleuca bracteata diwirri tiwirri ti tree unique underived 0 0 1 0 0 no
tick garrapata carrapato flora-fauna Arachnida, Acarina mindil mintil tick inheritance *mintil pEastern Paman To Yidiny and GYim /mindil/ 'tick' underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
tiger shark flora-fauna Galeocerdo cuvier missing missing missing 0 0 0 0 0 yes
torresian crow flora-fauna Corvus orru wuwul & galbu wuwul & kalpu crow & crow (poss. butcherbird) unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
tree árbol arvore flora-fauna (NA) djulbin culpin tree (generic), log unique underived 0 0 0 0 0 no
waterlily flora-fauna Nymphaea macrosperma mimu: & waybi mimu: & waypi waterlily & waterlily unique underived 0 1 2 0 0 no
wattle flora-fauna Acacia difficilis bugu puku wattle (generic) unique underived 0 0 1 0 1 no
wedge-tailed eagle flora-fauna Aquila audax nalmalbarra nalmalparra eagle hawk unique derived /nalmal/ 'log/ + /barra/ 'having' 1 0 0 0 0 no
willie wagtail flora-fauna Rhipidura leucophrys missing missing inheritance 1 0 0 0 0 no
witchetty grub flora-fauna (many species) gumbala & djambun kumpala & campun witchetty grub & witchetty grub, wood w witchetty grubs inheritance *gumbala pYTj To Yidiny /gumba:l/ <gumbalA>. /djambun/ < pYTj *campun; Yidiny /jambun/ underived 0 1 2 0 0 no
woma flora-fauna Aspidites ramsayii missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no


Ethnographic Information
Current population (ethnicity) Current population (speakers) Former population estimate Subsistence preference Subsistence notes Density Sedentism Ecotome (riverine/interfluvial/coastal/desert/savannah/etc.) Social hierarchies Multilingualism (rare/occasional/common) Contact languages Marriage pattern Notes Source Created By
medium HG low mobile