duck

Semantic Field
flora-fauna
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
pato
Meaning Portuguese
pato, marreco

Languages

Language Linnean Name Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Range of Term Word Structure Word Structure Notes Classifier Classifier Notes Hypernym Source Association with Social Categories Ritual/Mythologically Significant Ritual Notes Food Source Food Notes Medicinal Medicinal Notes How Collected Who Collects How Prepared Psychotropic Psychotropic Notes Traded Trade Notes Distribution Habitat Dangerous Ethnobiology Notes Species Notes General Notes Created By
Bankalachi Toloim Anatidae hi'-nah mallard, “all ducks” loan Yokuts Yowlumne hi'-e-nah “all ducks”, same underived C. H. Merriam, 72-809, 72-77; 60-459 0 1 0 0 0 no
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone Anatidae pyjyn duck (M: Ducks (all kinds) inheritance *picV Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 706a (2008:130) same underived Crapo 1976:126 0 1 0 0 0 no
Cahuilla Anatidae sásaymalʸem ˈsasajmaʎem wild ducks inheritance *saya(C) Northern Uto-Aztecan S217 (and 710) Stubbs 2009:69, very consistently for “coot, mud-hen” except in Cahuilla, Cupeño narrower (apparently does not include domestic ducks, paatu7um) derived contains -mal “diminutive” and is reduplicated from saji-ʎ (see below). Seiler & Hioki's form is a plural but Merriam gives sah-si-mal, a singular. -7aʃ “pet” Possessive classifier -7aʃ wikikmal ? Seiler and Hioki 1979:177; Merriam confirms “all ducks” at http://www.archive.org/stream/bancroft_chartmerriam_1556_60#page/n189/mode/2up p. 201 no info 0 bird songs are all about water birds and have to do with Cahuilla history 1 Water birds are an important food source. no info hunted Men roasted, stewed, eggs eaten 0 0 Americas Wetlands, open water no
Central Sierra Miwok Anatidae háTha:Ta- duck inheritance Sierra Miwokan only Also in Miss reduplicated Freeland & Broadbent 1960 0 1 0 0 0 no
Chemehuevi Anatidae chŭCH cɨg(A) (Press 1979) All ducks; (note “choog” for “all geese”) inheritance *cika Proto-Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 705 (2008:130) same underived Merriam 59:531 0 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Barbareno Anatidae missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ineseno Anatidae ʔoloxwoʃkoloy duck sp unique Central Chumash only Note Yokuts oxuxum (Palewyamni and Yawelmani) and oxoox in Hometwoli (Kroeber); -koloy root in Ventureno other complex, phrase 7al- ...-Vsh, koloi Applegate 61 0 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Obispeno Anatidae tpatpa el pato unique Note Salinan M helpaT' reduplicated t- Harrington III:1:0303 0 1 0 0 0 no
Chumash Ventureno Anatidae alishnoshkoloi duck unique Central Chumash only -koloj root in Ineseno phrase 7al-...Vsh, koloi; note 7aLmaLkoloi “alacran” JPH III:69:0483 Heizer/Pinart I:56 0 1 0 0 0 no
Cocopa Anatidae nyimí· láplá·p any duck unique same phrase ny-imí· láplá·p its-foot flat Crawford 1989 0 1 0 0 0 no
Comanche Anatidae pɨɨyɨ duck inheritance *picV Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 706a (2008:130) same underived Robinson & Armagost 1990:163 0 1 0 0 0 no
Cupeño Anatidae paatu ˈpa:tuʔ duck loan Spanish WW %pato same underived -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier for animals Hill & Nolasquez 1973:166 no info 0 figure in Coyote upbringing stories as Coyote prey 1 water birds a favorite no info hunted men roasted, stewed, eggs eaten 0 0 global wetlands, open water no
Esselen Anatidae missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
Gabrielino Anatidae si7i:y siˈʔi:j duck unique same other complex siˈʔi:-j duck-npn (this may mean “tules” but probably not) -ʔaʧ “pet possessive classifier for animals $a:t “water bird” Harrington 604 no info 0 1 all birds eaten (McC 116) no info hunted men roasted 0 0 Americas wetlands and open water no
Iipay 'Aa Anatidae paat duck loan Spanish pato; Except note Kiliwa t+walu=xa?=kw+paa-t “tide bird” where paa-t is “swims”; but “swim” is aapull in IA, not paa WW %pato same underived Couro & Hutcheson 1973 0 1 0 0 0 no
Kawaiisu Anatidae čiga-zi duck inheritance *cika Proto-Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 705 (2008:130) same other complex čiga-zi duck-ABS Zigmond et al. 0 1 0 0 0 no
Kiliwa Anatidae t+walu=xa?=kw+paa-t duck (lit. tide bird) inheritance Note paat in 'Iipay Aa form, is it same or from Spanish pato? same phrase t+walu=xa?=kw+paa-t bird=water=REL+leaves (Mixco glosses as “tide bird”) Mixco 1985 0 1 0 0 0 no
Kitanemuk Anatidae paŋacaʔ ˈpaŋaʦaʔ duck (all kinds) unique Looks like it might be from panga tsa'i (tsayi), the water bird word, but unclear) broader (includes water birds that are not ducks) underived paŋaʦaʔ presumably includes pa-ŋa “water-in” but no other word formed this way. -ʔacit "pet" possessive classifier for animals Anderton 1988:259 no info 0 1 no info hunted men roasted, boiled, eggs eaten 0 0 Americas wetlands and open water no
Lake Miwok Anatidae wátmaj Merriam “ducks, any” 57:523 inheritance Yok-Utian Pmiw *wat, also in Yokutsan; C1997:60 lists as possible Yok-Utian (but sound-imit. and loan-y JHH) WW %wat other complex -aj is suffix Merriam 57:523 0 1 0 0 0 no
Luiseño Anatidae qáatqat ʹqa:tqat duck unique looks like Wintu, and maybe Mics, Miss háTha:Ta- same reduplicated qáat-qat Dup-duck (I think these /t/ are NOT NPN suffixed; probably sound-imitative -ʔaʃ "pet" possessive classifier; NPN form of noun is ʔaʃla no info Elliott 1999:778 no info 0 1 meat and eggs no info hunted men no info 0 0 Americas Wetlands, open water no
Maidu Anatidae wátky duck (Merriam confirms “all kinds”) loan Miwokan Pmiw *wat, also in Yokutsan, Callaghan 1997:60 WW %wat underived wat- may be separable; it appears in “clap” Shipley 1963 0 1 0 0 0 no
Mojave Anatidae hanamo duck inheritance Proto-Yuman Note Yavapai qnmó: ; Maricopa hnmo “chicken” Gordon 85; Yuma xanamo/. “duck” same phrase ha- “water” Munro et al.1992 0 1 0 0 0 no
Mutsun Anatidae cho'-rō'k-tish duck inheritance Southern Costanoan only Pinart has for “duck with yellow head” in Co IV other complex -ish must be suffix, but can't find in Okrand Merriam 55:409 0 1 0 0 0 no
Nisenan Anatidae poje, poje: duck unique underived Uldall & Shipley 1966 0 1 0 0 0 no
Northern Paiute Anatidae puhu duck (M:All ducks inheritance *picV Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 706a (2008:130) same underived Merriam 61:143 0 1 0 0 0 no
Northern Sierra Miwok Anatidae hik:as-y- duck (Merriam oo-lahk'-se “ducks of all kinds” 57:429) inheritance Eastern Miwokan In Mip other complex -y nominalizer Callaghan 1987 0 1 0 0 0 no
Plains Miwok Anatidae hik:ah duck inheritance Eastern Miwokan In Mins underived Callaghan 1984 0 1 0 0 0 no
Salinan A Anatidae la:T' duck unique Salinan underived Mason 1918:123; Turner 1980:72 0 1 0 0 0 no
Salinan M Anatidae helpáT' duck loan Salinan M only Obispeño Chumash O.C. tpatpa; note paat words in Yuman underived Mason 1918:123 0 1 0 0 0 no
Seri (Comcaac) Anatidae missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
Serrano Anatidae paht'-too-yă all ducks loan Spanish Spanish pato, presumably WW %pato underived Merriam 72-27, 60-107 0 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Paiute Anatidae tcɨgA duck inheritance *cɨka Proto-Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 705 (2008:130) same underived Sapir 1930:702 0 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Sierra Miwok Anatidae haT-ha:Ta-, duck inheritance Sierra Miwokan only Also in Mics reduplicated Broadbent 1964: 0 1 0 0 0 no
Southern Ute Anatidae cųgá-cI duck inheritance *cɨka Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 705 (2008:130) same other complex has -ci ABS Givon 1979 0 1 0 0 0 no
Tübatulabal Anatidae kulāpisht kula:ˈbiʃt “all ducks and geese” (Merriam), “mallard” (Hill) unique broader (includes geese; prototype is mallard, most common duck) derived kula:-ˈbiʃ-t duck-ind-npn Hill 2010:36 no info 0 1 no info hunted men roasted on coals, bones ground (some consultants denied Tub. ate eggs before Whites) 0 0 Americas wetlands and open water no
Tümpisa Shoshone Anatidae püyün duck, part of Pegasus constellation inheritance *picV Proto-Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 706a (2008:130) same underived Dayley 1989:233 0 1 0 0 0 no
Wappo Anatidae k'áya duck (CHM confirms as any duck 52:575) loan Pomo Proto-Pomo *q'a:yá(n) McLendon 1973:73 underived Sawyer 1965 0 1 0 0 0 no
Washo Anatidae dílek duck (mallard) unique underived Merriam 55:307; WPD 0 1 0 0 0 no
Western Mono Anatidae piya, piyu duck inheritance *picV Proto-Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 706a (2008:130) same underived Bethel et al.: English-Mono side only no info 0 1 surely eaten no info hunted men no info 0 0 no
Wintu Anatidae qa:tqat duck (CHM confirms all ducks) unique looks like Luiseno word reduplicated Pitkin 1985 0 1 0 0 0 no
Yavapai Anatidae qnmó: duck inheritance Mojave hanamo unknown Shaterian 1983 0 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Palewyami Anatidae missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yawdanchi Anatidae hayana; hayina (220) duck inheritance General Yokuts most widespread form (from hayin “to fly”; universal except for languages that have waTwaT same derived from “to fly” (perhaps only etymologically) Kroeber 1961:204 0 1 0 0 0 no
Yokuts Yowlumne Anatidae hay'na: duck inheritance General Yokuts universal in Kroeber except where waTwaT is the word same derived from verb “to fly” (perhaps only etymologically) Newman 1944:211 0 1 0 0 0 no
Yuki Anatidae su:s A duck, goose, mallard; MW Canada goose inheritance *sus, *susa Yukian Schlichter 1985 underived Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 0 1 0 0 0 no
Yuma Anatidae hun'-nah-mo' All ducks inheritance Proto-Yuman Note Yavapai qnmo: unknown Merriam 61:461 0 1 0 0 0 no
Akawaio Anatidae family maikuuak maɪkuak inheritance N Amazonian subgroup See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin
Baniwa Anatidae family kamidátsolo, koomáda, póopoña kamidátsoɺo, koomáda, póopoɲa inheritance Central North Arawak, Rio Negro branch Also koomáda, póopoɲa uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence
Carijona Anatidae family sahasaha (SM) unique See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Cubeo Anatidae family pátu (generic term), macajitapatu, vã́rari (pato agujan), bedebo (pato granden), ãibedejĩcʉ (pato pequeñon). pátu (generic term), makahitapatu, vã́lali (pato agujan), bɛdɛbo (pato granden), ãibɛdɛhĩkʉ (pato pequeñon). loan Spanish Also makaɣitapatu, vã́lali (pato agujan), bɛdɛbɔ (pato granden), ãibɛdɛɣĩkʉ (pato pequeñon). WW %patu uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Dâw Anatidae family paát pǎt loan Spanish missing See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Desano Anatidae family diacara diacara inheritance East Tukanoan uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Eñepa Anatidae family mičiči mitʃitʃi unique See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross
Guayabero Anatidae family catso loan Arawak: Achagua missing See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Rebecca Khorram, Aimee Lawrence, Amanda Meeks
Hodï Anatidae family abo tuwẽlõ lãhã abo tuwẽlõ lãhã unique uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Waorani Anatidae family abharaeka unique uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Hup Anatidae family deh pǔp deh pǔp unique possible calque from Tukano? 'water + ?' compound water ? See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Pattie Epps
Macaguan Anatidae family bobóu bobóu doubtful loan North Arawak Baniwa póopoña uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Rebecca Khorram, Amanda Meeks
Makushi Anatidae family maiwá maiwá inheritance N Amazonian subgroup See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross
Nheengatu Anatidae family ipekai ipekai inheritance Proto-Tupi-Guarani Reconstructed PTG Mello 2000 underived See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no John Blaha, Lauren Franklin
Maihiki Anatidae family patu ago (Spanish loan) patu ago loan Spanish WW %patu uncoded ago ago = feminine animate See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Daniel Valle
Pemon Anatidae family maiwak (A1981); maikwak (E1980) maiwak (A1981); maɪkwak (E1980) inheritance N Amazonian subgroup See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Sikuani Anatidae family kutsibo (Phalacrocorax olivaceus) loan Arawak: Achagua uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Tariana Anatidae family kamída 'marreco', kumaːda, kumáda awakadite 'pato-do-mato' kamída 'marreco', kumaːda, kumáda awakadite 'pato-do-mato' inheritance Central North Arawak, Rio Negro branch kumaːda, kumáda awakadite 'pato-do-mato' Narrower (multiple types exist) uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B.
Tukano Anatidae family diâ-kata, diâ-koma (there are more species) diâ-kata, diâ-koma (there are more species) inheritance East Tukanoan Also diâ-koma and other species terms Narrower (one type) uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Ana Paula, Amanda Novak, Aimee Lawrence
Kotiria Anatidae family pato (Spanish loan) (Waltz) pato (Spanish loan) (Waltz) loan Spanish WW %patu uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Amanda Meeks
Wapishana Anatidae family ˀbai ˀbai inheritance Proto-Arawak? prob. related to S. Arawak *hopa See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B.
Yanomami Anatidae family sapai sapai unique underived See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Kelsey Neely
Yukuna Anatidae family kumalá kumalá inheritance Central North Arawak, Rio Negro branch uncoded See Language page 0 1 0 0 0 no Ana Paula B., Aimee L., PLE
Bardi Anatidae jiibily jiibily loan direction unknown WW WW %tyipily underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
Bunuba Anatidae jibilyugu jibilyugu loan into protolanguage tyipilyuku Bunuban Jarragan WW WW %tyipily underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
Burarra Anatidae missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
Dhangu Anatidae dakitaki dakitaki inheritance reduplicated 0 1 0 0 0 no
Dhay’yi Anatidae missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
Dhuwal Anatidae muthali(') dakitaki inheritance reduplicated 0 1 0 0 0 no
Djinang Anatidae missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
Gajirrabeng Anatidae tyipeleng tyipeleng loan into protolanguage tyipiyluku Jarragan Mirndi Mirndi form kipilyuku earlier WW %tyipily underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
Gooniyandi Anatidae lawarla lawarla inheritance lawarla Bunuban Bunuba lawal 'black duck' underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
Gumatj Anatidae muthali(') dakitaki inheritance reduplicated 0 1 0 0 0 no
Gupapuyngu Anatidae muthali(') muthali(7) inheritance simplex 0 1 0 0 0 no
Gurindji Anatidae jipilyuku jipilyuku loan Jarragan WW WW %tyipily underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
Guugu Yimidhirr Anatidae dunguuyngga & thuril-thuril dunguuyngga & thuril-thuril unique underived /thurilthuril/ identity questioned in source 0 1 0 0 0
Jaminjung Anatidae tyipilyukun tyipilyukun loan WW %tyipily underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
Jaru Anatidae nyiman nyiman inheritance nyiman Ngumpin-Yapa tyipilyuku 'black duck' uncoded 0 1 0 0 0 no
Jingulu Anatidae kipilyawurni kipilyawurni unknown underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
Kija Anatidae jipllyuwul jipllyuwul inheritance tyipilyuku also jipilyuwuny,jipilyukul underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
Koko-Bera Anatidae pvrrénychvl; mim- & trrakéylvy; min- mim-pvrréñcvl & min-trrakéylvy whistle duck & Burdekin duck inheritance *pirriñcVl & *tirrkal Local (both) simplex both
Kuku-Thaypan Anatidae aruga (; anhye-) & awongarran; anhye- aruga (; anhye-) & awongarran; anhye- unique black duck female' is anhye-awaya underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
Kuku-Yalanji Anatidae nili-nili nili-nili unique reduplicated 0 1 0 0 0 no
Kurtjar Anatidae rchaarr & reekil ~ looerthil & chenpow & nelbhow rchaarr & reekil ~ looerthil & chenpow & nelbhow unique *tirrkal Local underived eeny nookirr 'young duck' (any sp; poos young of other birds), also an uncommon word for 'belly' 0 1 0 0 0 no
Kuuk Thaayorre Anatidae koonurr; minh- & nhiipi; minh- & pant; minh- & pooro; minh- & worrpur; minh- koonurr; minh- & nhiipi; minh- & pant; minh- & pooro; minh- & worrpur; minh- unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
Mbabaram Anatidae missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
Miriwung Anatidae djibilyiwung djibilyiwung inheritance tyipilyiku Jarragan WW %tyipilyu underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
Ngandi Anatidae nyalwan mutiti7 loan Yolngu Yolngu Yolngu Yolngu Yolngu Yolngu Yolngu Yolngu Yolngu Yolngu Yolngu Yolngu Yolngu Yolngu Yolngu 0 1 0 0 0 no
Ngarinyin Anatidae dyibili dyibili inheritance *tyipuli proto-Worrorran WW WW %tyipilyu uncoded 0 1 0 0 0 no
Ngumbarl Anatidae tchibbilyooroo, jibbilyooroo tchibbilyooroo, jibbilyooroo semantic shift underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
Nimanburru Anatidae waylbala waylbala unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
Nyangumarta Anatidae jilyurru jilyurru loan direction unknown WW WW %tyipily underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
Nyikina Anatidae mergenindjal mergenindjal unique underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
Nyulnyul Anatidae ŋagalaŋan, ŋagolaŋan ŋagalaŋan, ŋagolaŋan unique derived 0 1 0 0 0 no
Pakanh Anatidae thampe'; minha minha-thampe' unknown underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
Rembarrnga Anatidae missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
Ritharrngu Anatidae muthali(') muthali(7) inheritance simplex 0 1 0 0 0 no
Tjaapukay Anatidae buru: puru: whistle duck inheritance *puruku pYTj To Yidiny buru:gu 'black duck' and KYal /buruku/ 'pied cormorant' underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
Uw-Olkol Anatidae arranych; inh inh-arrañc Pacific black duck, Anas superciliosa inheritance underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
Uw-Oykangand Anatidae arranych; inh inh-arrañc Pacific black duck, Anas superciliosa inheritance underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
Walmajarri Anatidae nyiman nyiman inheritance nyiman Ngumpin-Yapa underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
Warlpiri Anatidae jipilyaku jipilyaku loan into protolanguage tyipilyuku Ngumpin-Yapa Jarragan WW %tyipily underived 0 1 0 0 0 no
Warrwa Anatidae jiibilyu jiibilyu loan direction unknown WW WW %tyipily 0 1 0 0 0
Wik Ngathan Anatidae missing missing missing 0 1 0 0 0 no
Worrorra Anatidae dyipuliwa dyipuliwa inheritance *tyipuli proto-Worrorran WW WW %tyipily uncoded 0 1 0 0 0 no
Yan-nhangu Anatidae muthali mukumul inheritance simplex 0 1 0 0 0 no
Yawuru Anatidae dyibalkuru XXgl sp of bird (species not known) dyibalkuru XXgl sp of bird (species not known) loan direction unknown WW WW %tyipily compound 0 1 0 0 0 no
Yidiny Anatidae buru:gu (TCG; <burugu>) buru:gu (TCG; <burugu>) inheritance *puruku pYTj To Tjaap /buru:/ 'whistle duck' ang KYal /buruku/ 'pied cormorant' underived minya 0 1 0 0 0 no
Yir-Yoront Anatidae yuwar; minh- & perreyvl; minh- & lirrql; minh- minh-yuwar & minh-perreyvl & minh-lirrql unique *pirriñcVl & *tirrkal Local underived both 0 1 0 eggs during wet earth-oven 0 0 no
Achagua Anatidae family kumáta (pato real); katʃúwa; úunana (pato carretero); wílili (pato giiire) kumáta (pato real); katʃúwa; úunana (pato carretero); wílili (pato giiire) inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Piapoco Anatidae family cumàta kumàta See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari Anatidae family kúmana kúmana See Language page Ana Paula B., Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Warekena Anatidae family manána manána See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero Anatidae family patu patu (Spanish loan) See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Paresi Anatidae family o'hairo o'hajdju inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure Anatidae family pohi pohi inheritance See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá Anatidae family upi; wanana upi; wanana inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora Anatidae family nɨɨ́jɨ, wáhtsajɨ (T98) nɨɨ́xɨ, kwáʔtsʰaxɨ loan Witoto See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Muinane Anatidae family víheje (W97) βíhexe See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Apalai Anatidae family oropono oropono inheritance See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana Anatidae family uluma uluma unique See Language page PLE
Tiriyó Anatidae family urumaimë (an unidentified species of wild duck) urumaimǝ inheritance See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare Anatidae family hātu (IDS) (From Spanish 'pato'); ha:tu (KH) ha:tu loan Spanish See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza
Mapoyo Anatidae family paato (sp. Borrowing) paato (sp. Borrowing) See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Wai Wai Anatidae family yuruma yuruma inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa Anatidae family pato (Spanish loan) See Language page Phon only in source Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross, Aimee Lawrence
Muisca Anatidae family sumne sumne See Language page Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Northern Emberá Anatidae family phatúrã phatúrã See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán Anatidae family vacapi βakapi See Language page phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Candoshi-Shapra Anatidae family vaatsi waatsi doubtful loan cf. Bora kwáʔtsʰaxɨ See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez Anatidae family yauto (loan?) yauto See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna Anatidae family yori (sp. of duck) joɾi unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Andoke Anatidae family õpʌipúkə̃, komãda (black) õpʌipúkə̃, komãda (black) unique, loan See Language page Kelsey Neely, PLE
Pumé Anatidae family pua anã See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave Anatidae family patu patu loan Spanish See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett
Ashuar Anatidae family pátu (domesticated duck) (Spanish loan), íkiam pátu (wild duck), patúya patu, ikiam patu, patuja See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa Anatidae family patu (Spanish loan) patu See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna Anatidae family pátu (Spanish loan) pátu loan Spanish See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses Anatidae family nuad, patu nuad, patu unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo Anatidae family araro araro unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua Anatidae family patu (Spanish loan) patu unique ref. hãmusatu See Language page Daniel Valle
Southern Pastaza Quechua Anatidae family patu (Spanish loan) patu See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá Anatidae family iaku pato (wild duck) (Spanish loan) See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano Anatidae family patu (Spanish loan) patu See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa Anatidae family pátu'bi (Sp) (K76) pátuʔbi (Sp) loan Spanish See Language page Paulina Franco, Becky Walker
Sáliva Anatidae family cumada kumada loan Arawak See Language page Becky Walker
Carapana Anatidae family riapotaca ɾiapɔtaka See Language page Amanda Meeks
Siriano Anatidae family diácárá, diácóma diákáɾá, diákóma See Language page Amanda Meeks
Tuyuka Anatidae family díacata díakata See Language page D. Jagannathan, Paulina Franco, Ana Paula B.
Koreguaje Anatidae family pete phete unknown prob. inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona Anatidae family bete bete unknown prob. inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle, Aimee Lawrence
Secoya Anatidae family pete pɛtɛ See Language page Amanda Meeks
Karitiana Anatidae family kyky kɨkɨ unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Wayampi Anatidae family [alapɔnɔ] (Grenand: Carib loan) [alapɔnɔ] (Grenand: Carib loan) loan Carib See Language page PLE
Sirionó Anatidae family yei jei unique See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kamayurá Anatidae family tsiwet (M2000) tsiwet (M2000) unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Ocaina Anatidae family ñiihbo ɲiiʔbo inheritance loan into Bora? See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, Aimee Lawrence, PLE
Murui Witoto Anatidae family noco noko (B83) inheritance loan into Bora? See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito Anatidae family páatu (MC: From Spanish pato); aaca páatu (Cairina moschata; MC: compound: water ɨ duck); pújari (Oxyura dominica) páatu (MC: From Spanish pato); aaka páatu (Cairina moschata; MC: compound: water + duck); púhari (Oxjura dominica) loan Spanish See Language page Cjnthia Hansen
Wari Anatidae family mømø̃m (Sousa2009) mømø̃m (Sousa2009) See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo Anatidae family nono; xoxi (Girard 1971) nono; xoxi See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña Anatidae family hohe (G71) hohe (G71) See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Central Aymara Anatidae family pili (P04) pili See Language page PLE
Kwazá Anatidae family damũ damũ See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima Anatidae family kon̉-kore kon̉-kore See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai Anatidae family kutumʔi kutumʔi See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang Anatidae family pègmèg pɛ̃n tãper; kuɲhɛ̃ŋ; kuɲhãŋ See Language page PLE
Suyá Anatidae family sɨwĵá sɨwĵá See Language page Rebekah Evans
Djeoromitxi Anatidae family parotxitxi parotʃitʃi See Language page PLE