thatch/roof

Semantic Field
culture-material
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
crisneja
Meaning Portuguese
palha, caraná

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Kakua mɨ̌-nɨ̂w nɨw [leaf] unknown Compare Hup, Tukanoan Compound house-palm.leaf(type?) See Language page Katherine Bolaños
Nheengatu apé, karanã, kawayá apé, karanã, kawayá unknown Simplex See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin, PLE, Alyssa Wadley
Waorani õõ-ba-kõ unique Compound õõ-ba=fan (n.); õ-kõ= house See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hodï bãlaya unique Simplex See Language page Brittany Weinstein
Yanomami kohere, ikiyare koheɾe, ikijaɾe unknown See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomam yaasfenak, kuai si (palm for thatch; WM99) yaasfenak, kuai si (palm for thatch; WM99) roofing leaves inheritance Proto Ninam/Yanomami/Yanomam Simplex See Language page Kelsey Neely
Ninam yaa-hena-k (ids) yaa-hena-k (ids) inheritance Proto Ninam/Yanomami/Yanomam Compound a kind of plant-leaf-plural See Language page Kelsey Neely
Kotiria mujiõ (Waltz) muhiõ (Waltz) inheritance Proto-Tukanoan Simplex See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein
Cubeo chínañʉ tʃínaɲʉ thatch palm unique See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein; Alyssa Wadley
Tukano muhî muhî inheritance Proto-Tukanoan Simplex See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Desano mujire muhire inheritance See Language page Addison M; Tanja Baeuerlein
Maihiki edi ñi ja edi ɲi xã unknown Murui Witoto See Language page Daniel Valle
Hup tɔ̌p-g'æt tɔ̌p-g'æt unique Compound house(archaic)=CL:leaf See Language page Pattie Epps
Dâw poòy pɔ̂j  unique Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Sikuani malenae (31) malénaé unknown See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Brittany Weinstein
Macaguan ja-korchít pe-jakatarabia unknown Complex See Language page Ana Paula B., Brittany Weinstein
Guayabero ba-bɨ́t unknown See Language page Ana Paula B.
Makushi kuwai jare kuwai jare unknown Other complex kuwai=??; yare= leaf See Language page Melody Ann Ross; Alyssa Wadley
Eñepa wana'ipun, echipun, Var. I'chipun (MM) wanaʔipun, echipun, Var. iʔchipun (MM) unknown osae= kind of palm; yan= leaf See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin; Alyssa Wadley
Yukuna karu kaɾu inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Tariana yépu, pune-pína jépu, pune-pína unknown cf. Cocama (Tupi) pinawa Alternate: jépu, pune-pína Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana dyɨwɨẓɨadaʔɨ dyɨwɨẓɨadaʔɨ unknown Also: anabaj (Santos 2006) See Language page Ana Paula B.
Baniwa ttíña t̪íɲa inheritance Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B.
Resígaro kaádó kaádó inheritance See Language page Ana Paula B.
Achagua náanimaʃi náanimaʃi unknown See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari t̪íija t̪íija See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena carana (loan LG) carana (loan LG) See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero hu'ne¢i (thatch roof) huʔnetsi (thatch roof) See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Paresi kaˈlana; malamala kaˈlana; malamala loan, unknown Tupi-Guarani See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Baure čipi tʃipi unknown See Language page Anissa Capuccino
Waurá ažata; ikic̷i ažata; iki¢i unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora ajɨ axɨ inheritance See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane jáje (W97) xáxe See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Apalai marariary marariarɨ unknown See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Tiriyó pakoro (roof of a house) pakoro unknown See Language page Becky Walker
Wai Wai mɨɨmo Φo-či mɨɨmo Φo-či unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa kuamo, kubamo, karana kuamo, kubamo, karana See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Northern Emberá ho'a- 'thatch' (IDS) ho'a- 'thatch' (IDS) See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán ccaqueje khakyɛhɛ phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS See Language page Daniel Valle
Candoshi-Shapra yarápaya jaɾápaja loan Quechua See Language page Daniel Valle
Taushiro ahan ahan See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna tchú-ná (Alv44) tʃúʔná unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Camsa tsíxnaɲe, bonxanána tsíxnaɲe, bonxanána See Language page Daniel Valle
Pumé udi (thatch); čʰoã-reã (roof) See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave soyõn sojõn unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Ashuar núka najántramu nuka najantra mu See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa shikiri ʃikiri See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna duka inumha hɨgamk-amu (IDS) duka inumha hɨgamk-amu inheritance See Language page Daniel Valle
Yuhup mɔy-k'ǽt ~bɔy-k'ǽt See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Matses cacho 'roof' katʃo 'roof' unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo ṣ̌ɨpamɨ ("roof") ṣ̌ɨpamɨ ("roof") inheritance See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua saru sarũ unique See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua irapai iɾapai See Language page Daniel Valle
Piaroa wE'módeh 'roof' (K76) wæʔmódeh 'roof' unknown See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Carapana mui mũi See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Kokama pinawa pinawa inheritance See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi ɔwi ɔwi unknown See Language page PLE
Sirionó kiata; tai ~ tei; tai kiite (the former is "thatch", the other two are "roof") kiata; tai ~ tei; tai kiite unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Ocaina ayíívi (thatched roof) ajííβi (thatched roof) unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto ereji, erei ɛrɛhi, ɛrɛi (B83) unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito itaári itaári unique See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo pasaicha pasaitʃa See Language page Becky Walker
Wari torot (Sousa2009) torot (Sousa2009) See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo #NAME? See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña noc̷a e-tare; c̷ohi (The former is "thatch"; the latter is "roof") noča e-tare; čohi unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kwazá hakikanɛxy hakikanɛxy See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima ɗi-mas ɗi-mas See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Trumai damok damok unique See Language page Rebekah L. Evans, PLE
Kaingang ẽkrè fòr ẽkɾɛ fɔɾ See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi hi hi See Language page PLE
Bankalachi Toloim she-nil “arbor, brush roof-canopy” 187 unknown Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone missing missing Jane Hill
Cahuilla kis-vaxat unique S&H 1979 Jane Hill
Chemehuevi taka/(a) inheritance Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno 7ixti/sh inheritance Beeler 1978 Jane Hill
Chumash Cruzeno 7ulushaw unknown JPH Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno ixty7sh “roof, thatch” inheritance A 80 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno 7ixty unknown JPH Jane Hill
Cocopa xanya:/r, xa:nya/:r “domed roof”, wa ya:l, way wal “roof of a ramada” unknown Jane Hill
Cupeño te:cho [te:tʃo] loan Jane Hill
Kawaiisu chikupu-wa=aka kahni-ja unknown Jane Hill
Kiliwa h+say (vb) unknown Mixco 1985 Jane Hill
Kitanemuk hama7n (“grass”) inheritance Jane Hill
Lake Miwok cu/ulculu “one-way roof” unknown Jane Hill
Luiseño kotla-sh unknown Elliott Jane Hill
Mojave 7amayly inheritance Jane Hill
Plains Miwok hi:ni- “thick roof” unknown Jane Hill
Salinan A tex unknown Pinart (Heizer) Jane Hill
Salinan M missing missing Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) haaco isxa/p unknown Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok lil:e-m:-t:Y-7-hY: inheritance Jane Hill
Southern Ute kani7Uvwa7aag'atY unique Jane Hill
Tübatulabal wattangaa-n hanniiling “the top of the house” unique Jane Hill
Wappo wi/l'ukh unknown Jane Hill
Washo dáŋal gumʔuʔwá:dap unknown Washo Project Jane Hill
Wintu tis (on brush hut), unknown Jane Hill
Yavapai cha/:he “top, roof” unknown Jane Hill
Yuma cape/T “to thatch” H5:102 inheritance Jane Hill
Gajirrabeng X missing Claire Bowern
Gurindji kantata unique Claire Bowern
Kija X missing Claire Bowern
Miriwung X missing Claire Bowern
Walmajarri ? missing Claire Bowern