dream

Semantic Field
culture-mythology
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
sueño, soñar
Meaning Portuguese
sonho, sonhar

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Cahuilla tet'ayaw to dream inheritance *ty7a Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 1798 simplex root Seiler & Hioki 1979 Jane Hill
Cupeño tu'uyu to dream inheritance *ty7a Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 1798 simplex root Hill & Nolasquez 1973 Jane Hill
Luiseño putii'ish dream (N) unique other complex Elliott 1999 Jane Hill
Gabrielino hoo-hoo-war-ră-wēCH dream unique other complex, reduplicated Merriam 49:113 Jane Hill
Serrano kwahčumuk to dream unknown Serran only other complex K. Hill Dict. Jane Hill
Kitanemuk kwahkwačamuk dream (v or n) unknown Serran only reduplicated Anderton 1988 Jane Hill
Tübatulabal tummūka to dream inheritance *ty-mukki Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 714; noun is untummūkappül 135 simplex root; complex diachronically only K. Hill Tb>Eng Jane Hill
Bankalachi Toloim missing missing Jane Hill
Kawaiisu nonoši-dy dream inheritance *nosi Numic Stubbs 2011 717 derived, other complex Zigmond et al. 1990 Jane Hill
Chemehuevi nonosI dream inheritance *nosi Numic Stubbs 2011 717 simplex Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List (K. Hill 1969) Jane Hill
Southern Paiute non:oc:i-pI dreams inheritance *nosi Numic Stubbs 2011 717 derived, reduplicated Sapir Jane Hill
Southern Ute nonosi to dream inheritance *nosi Numic Stubbs 2011 717 simplex Givon Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone nopusama dream unknown Central Numic only, Stubbs 718 compound no- as IP?? Incorp? Dayley 1989 Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone na-puisaih, na-pusaih to dream unknown Stubbs 2011 718; Central Numic only derived Crapo 1976 Jane Hill
Comanche nabUsi7aipY dream (N) unknown Central Numic only, Stubbs 718 derived, other complex Robinson & Armagost 1990 Jane Hill
Western Mono nosidabi- to dream inheritance *nosi Numic Stubbs 2011 717 compound dream-lie.down Loether & Bethel 1993 Jane Hill
Northern Paiute nose to dream inheritance *nosi Numic Stubbs 2011 717 simplex Yerington 1987 Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok 7ukuHc-ngHe- to dream inheritance *7ek:uc/ Proto-Utian Callaghan 1988:59 other complex vb Broadbent 1964 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok 7ukču- to dream, dream about inheritance *7ektu Proto-Utian Callaghan 1997:48 simplex Freeland & Broadbent Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok 7ukcu- to dream inheritance *7ektu Proto-Utian Callaghan 1997:48 simplex Callaghan 1987 Jane Hill
Plains Miwok 7ekcu- to dream; to have a nightmare inheritance *7ektu Proto-Utian Callaghan 1997:48; a second cognate set yields *7ek:uc/ ? In Callaghan 1988:59 simplex Callaghan 1984 Jane Hill
Lake Miwok 7úukuc to dream inheritance *7ektu Proto-Utian Callaghan 1997:48 simplex this is iterative of 7úkuc 'to dream once' Callaghan 1965 Jane Hill
Maidu nedí dream inheritance *nedíh Proto-Maiduan Ultan 1964:365 simplex Shipley 1963 Jane Hill
Nisenan nedi: dream inheritance *nedíh Proto-Maiduan Ultan 1964:365 simplex Uldall & Shipley 1966 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawelmani 7anaTh-wal dream inheritance *7anaTh Proto-Yokuts Whistler & Golla 356; I think may be related to Chumashan 7antap derived Golla 1964 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi missing missing Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami an-nat'-wel-ti' a dream inheritance Proto-Yokutsan derived Berman 2002 Jane Hill
Washo gumsu7ú7uš to dream unknown other complex kM- 'impersonal reflexive' WHJ 544 Washo Project Dictionary Jane Hill
Wintu yečew to dream inheritance *yečew Proto-Wintun Shepherd 2006:203 simplex Schlichter 1981 Jane Hill
Yuki 7inam to dream inheritance *inam Proto-North Yukian simplex cf. 7inkit 'sleep' 311 Schlichter 1985 Jane Hill
Wappo hinčóhme to dream (lit. sleep-go) inheritance *7in 'sleep', *ko7 'go' Proto-Yukian compound Sawyer 1965 Jane Hill
Mutsun 7istu-n to dream inheritance *7ektu Proto-Utian Callaghan 1997:48 derived Okrand 1977 Jane Hill
Esselen missing missing Jane Hill
Salinan A (p)itca:lta/naxo dream (v) unknown derived Mason 1918 Jane Hill
Salinan M missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno 7atišwič dream (V) inheritance Proto-Central Chumash derived Beeler 1978 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno 7atišwič to dream inheritance Proto-Central Chumash derived 7atišwiN 'charmstone' verbalized Mamet 2008 Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa hemach dreams inheritance Proto-Yuman JHH always from 'sleep' simplex Couro & Hutcheson 1973 Jane Hill
Cocopa šma:p to dream inheritance Proto-Yuman JHH always from 'sleep' simplex Crawford 1989 Jane Hill
Mojave sumaa=k to dream inheritance Proto-Yuman JHH always from 'sleep' Munro et al. 1992 Jane Hill
Yavapai tsmá:či dream inheritance Proto-Yuman JHH always from 'sleep' simplex Shaterian 1983 Jane Hill
Kiliwa s-7+maa dream something inheritance Proto-Yuman JHH always from 'sleep' derived smaa 'sleep' Mixco 1985 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) comóozi to dream unknown simplex Moser & Marlett 2005 Jane Hill
Nheengatu ikerpi, kerupi (Casas2000) ikerpi, kerupi (Casas2000) unknown Alternate: kerupi Simplex See Language page John Blaha, Lauren Franklin, PLE, Alyssa Wadley
Waorani wĩĩ-bõ unique Other complex bõ 'sleep' See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hodï apui apui unique Simplex See Language page Brittany Weinstein
Yanomami maharishi (MM07) mahariʃi (MM07) inheritance Proto-Yanomamo Derived mahari, “to dream” + some kind of nominalizer? See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomam mahaɾi mahaɾi inheritance Proto-Yanomamo Simplex See Language page Kelsey Neely
Ninam mãli taa mãli taa inheritance Proto-Yanomamo Phrase mali also found in “sleep,” taa looks like some kind of light verb: “see,” “find,” “look at” and is an element in words for “accuse,” “weigh” “measure” See Language page Kelsey Neely
Kotiria kahara kahara unknown Also: purîna See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein
Cubeo vʉo vʉo missing See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein; Alyssa Wadley
Tukano kẽ'ê (v.) kẽʔê (v.) dream (v.) unknown See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Desano wʉja wʉha missing See Language page Addison M; Tanja Baeuerlein
Maihiki ua bɨo cani ñiase ja ua bɨo kani ñiase xã unknown Phrase See Language page Daniel Valle
Hup cɔ̃hni (verb) cɔ̃hni (verb) inheritance Proto-Nadahup Also in Nadeb Other complex cɔ̃h (also 'left hand [side]') + ni 'be' (verbalizer) See Language page Pattie Epps
Dâw xuúp xǔp missing See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Sikuani itamajitsipana itamajitsipana inheritance Proto-MSC See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Brittany Weinstein
Macaguan míts míts inheritance Proto-MSC Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B., Brittany Weinstein
Pemon emoron, wetun (A1981); weknetɨ, weknepɨnötok (E1980) weʔnɛtɨ, weʔnɛpɨnötɔk Inheritance Venezuelan (N. Amazonian) subgroup Alternate: weʔnɛpɨnötɔk, emoron, wetun See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza; Alyssa Wadley
Akawaio enekpöknödok ɛnɛʔpöknödɔk unknown See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Makushi eʔmoronoʔpe eʔmoronoʔpe inheritance Pemongan subgroup See Language page Melody Ann Ross; Alyssa Wadley
Eñepa wïche'pë'në (MM); učepətɨ-n (IDS) wïtʃeʔpëʔnë (MM); utʃepətɨ-n (IDS inheritance Venezuelan (N. Amazonian) subgroup Alternate: utʃepətɨ-n See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin; Alyssa Wadley
Yukuna tapú tapú inheritance Proto North Arawak Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Tariana tapu-rí tapu-ɾí inheritance Proto North Arawak Derived -ɾí = object nominalization See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana kʰa-ẓanˀdaʔautʰ-ĩĩa-n kʰa-ẓanˀdaʔautʰ-ĩĩa-n unknown Other Complex -ĩĩa-n looks like some sort of "reflexive"/self-action suffix See Language page Ana Paula B.
Baniwa #NAME? #NAME? inheritance Proto North Arawak Other Complex hitápu-ni=- dream-nonpossessed See Language page Ana Paula B.
Resígaro tapóní-katsí tapóní-katsí inheritance Proto North Arawak Looks like an inherited complex form, but could be calqued/innovated Derived taponi = “to sleep,” -ka-tsi = abstract nominalizer See Language page Ana Paula B.
Yir-Yoront pitharr dream (a personage in a dream) inheritance *picarra pPaman At least as far south as Gumbainggir and Muruwari Barry Alpher
Ngumbarl <boogarree> inheritance Claire Bowern
Burarra borrtyeka unique Claire Bowern
Nimanburru -bukarri- [ma-bu:.karen] (dr) CHECK - verb not noun Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr -bukarri- [ma-bu:.karren] (drr) missing Claire Bowern
Yawuru bukarrikarra loan into protolanguage Pama-Nyungan WW %bukarri Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu bukaway inheritance Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu bukaway inheritance Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu bukaway inheritance Claire Bowern
Gumatj bukaway inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhuwal bukaway inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhay’yi buku-wayaŋin inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta kapukarri mana-(takes inheritance Claire Bowern
Yulparija kapukurriwa inheritance Claire Bowern
Mangala karrpukarri-manarri (1) inheritance Claire Bowern
Djinang mabugi loan based on presence of prefix Claire Bowern
Ngarluma maŋkan unique Claire Bowern
Nyikina muruŋkurr CHECK Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul -pukarr- [mapukaran] CHECK - verb not noun Claire Bowern
Karajarri pukarri manpa inheritance Claire Bowern
Bardi puwarra inheritance Claire Bowern
Warrwa -warri- inheritance Claire Bowern
Walmajarri winkirr unique Patrick McConvell
Mudburra kuni loan Miriwung cf. Gajirrabeng kuning father;s dreaming WW %kuning cf. Gajirrabeng kuning father;s dreaming Patrick McConvell
Jaru pankatya inheritance cf. Jam, pankiyaty Patrick McConvell
Gurindji kuni loan direction unknown WW %kuning Patrick McConvell
Gooniyandi kuni loan direction unknown WW %kuning Patrick McConvell
Bunuba yatyili- inheritance VERB Patrick McConvell
Djapu bukaway inheritance Claire Bowern
Kija kuni inheritance or loan <Ngumpin? WW %kuni Patrick McConvell
Miriwung kuni inheritance WW %kuni Patrick McConvell
Jaminjung pankiyaty inheritance Patrick McConvell
Jingulu pankatya inheritance Patrick McConvell
Wardaman porre missing Patrick McConvell
Achagua súlinideriu 'to dream' súlinideriu 'to dream' See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco dàpuli dàpuli See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Kabiyari tápu-ri (R01) tápu-ri (R01) See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena tápu-ni (R01) tápu-ni (R01) See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero tahuni tahuni See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Bare u u See Language page Ana Paula B.
Paresi kaijihini (v.); inijihini (n.) kaitʃihini (v.); initʃihini (n.) See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Waurá k-isẽpũ k-isẽpũ See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora tuwa (to dream) tʰɯkwa See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane tɨ́gahi ('to dream') (W97) tɨ́gahi See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Apalai senety senetɨ See Language page Rebekah L. Evans
Wayana ëhëtihe ǝhǝtihe See Language page PLE
Carijona eseneti (M2000) See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Zach Burnett, PLE
Tiriyó ëtamorehtë ǝtamorehtǝ See Language page Becky Walker
Makiritare wənētɨnə (IDS) wəne:tɨnə inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza; Alyssa Wadley
Wai Wai woso (vb.) inheritance See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Waimiri Atroari ineh, inin (vb.) ineh, inin (vb.) See Language page Melody Ann Ross, PLE
Yukpa tükremá See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Northern Emberá kãĩ-mokara- (vb.) (IDS) kãĩ-mokara- (vb.) (IDS) See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán ayo'o ajoʔo phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez kšaʔw- (vb.) kšaʔw- (vb.) See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna ia-tá (Alv44) jaʔtá See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Urarina kusenia kusenia See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Pumé kʰanẽ-hʊ See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave -yək; -yək-ɨi dik -yək; -yək-ɨi dik See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Ashuar kárim ('your dream') kárim ('your dream') See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa kaara kaara See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna kaha; kahi (v.) kaha; kahi (v.) See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses is is See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Chácobo nama- nama- See Language page Joyce McCormick
Yagua mãryĩsãda mãrjĩsãda See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá muskui muskui See Language page Daniel Valle
Napo Lowland Quichua muscui muskui See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano musquy (vb.) (CP94) musquj See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa kohtɨ'kuéhɨh kohtɨɁkuéhɨh See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva pũdi pũdi See Language page Becky Walker
Carapana wʉgoarique wʉgoarike See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna wʉjo wʉho See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Tanimuca o'o bã'kã o'o bã'kã See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tuyuka wʉgoá wʉgoá See Language page D. Jagannathan, Ana Paula B.
Koreguaje kãni ñañe khãni ñañe See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona kɨyo kɨjo See Language page Kelsey Neely
Karitiana kaaj (vb.) kaaj (vb.) See Language page Daniel Valle
Kokama ukɨrɨaytsi ukɨrɨajtsi See Language page Zach Burnett, Daniel Valle
Wayampi #NAME? #NAME? See Language page PLE
Sirionó eke; ekerei̯kʷã ~ ekerai̯kʷã eke; ekerei̯kʷã ~ ekerai̯kʷã See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Ocaina nohxáállo noʔxáádʒo See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto ɨnɨaɨ̀cɨ ɯnɯaɯ̀kɯ (B83) See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Sanumá mani mani See Language page Kelsey Neely
Iquito maqu'++nita mak'ɨɨnita (vb.) See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo mak+nu makɨnu See Language page Becky Walker
Wari piʔam toheiŋ (Sousa2009) piʔam toheiŋ (Sousa2009) See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo e-kawi e-kawi See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña tawi-ho-ya (tawi is "sleep") tawi-ho-ya See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kwazá wãwãwỹ- wãwãwỹ- See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima ɓeisi-kʷa ɓeisi-kʷa See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Kaingang yãti; yãŋti; peti; piŋti (IDS) yãti; yãŋti; peti; piŋti See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi nõtenõ nõtenõ See Language page PLE