medicine

Semantic Field
narcotics
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Cahuilla ting7ay-piš medicine inheritance *tonga Cupan Stubbs 2011 1161 derived, other complex Seiler & Hioki 1979 Jane Hill
Cupeño tingela'ash medicine inheritance *tonga Cupan Stubbs 2011 1161 derived, other complex Hill & Nolasquez 1973 Jane Hill
Luiseño tengalish medicine, poultice, medicinal herb inheritance *tonga Cupan Stubbs 2011 1161 derived, other complex Elliott 1999 Jane Hill
Gabrielino ah-no-vēn mediine inheritance *nyhaC Northern Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 120 other complex Merriam 49:111 Jane Hill
Serrano tiyr'ant medicine unique other omplex K. Hill Dict. Jane Hill
Kitanemuk nüniliw medicine unique other complex Anderton 1988 Jane Hill
Tübatulabal tīpōhisht medicine, herb medicine unknown maybe from puha 'power'?? other complex K. Hill Tub>Eng Jane Hill
Bankalachi Toloim toi-yo, te-bo-isht medicine unknown maybe puha 'power'?? other complex Merriam 49:199 Jane Hill
Kawaiisu matasukwi medicine inheritance *sakwa/i Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 1162 (maybe) compound Zigmond et al. 1990 Jane Hill
Chemehuevi na-vuaganumpI medicine inheritance *puha Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 1160a derived, other complex Press 1979 Jane Hill
Southern Paiute pushttUqqwi-vI medicine, poison, supernatural power unique compound, other complex Sapir Jane Hill
Southern Ute mUsutkwi-vI medicine inheritance *sakwa/i Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 1162 maybe derived, other complex Givon Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone nattusu7jmpi, nattasu7umpi medicine (espeially pills and herbs) inheritance *natysuC Numic can't find in Stubbs derived, other complex Dayley 1989 Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone nattahsun medicine inheritance *natysuC Numic can't find in Stubbs simplex Crapo 1976 Jane Hill
Comanche natyYsu7u medicine inheritance *natysuC Numic can't find in Stubbs compound R Jane Hill
Western Mono natysu7Upi medicine inheritance *natysuC Numic can't find in Stubbs compound Loether & Bethel 1993 Jane Hill
Northern Paiute nat-tiz-zah-oo-be, nah-ta-zoob medicine inheritance *natysuC Numic can't find in Stubbs derived Merriam 46:375 Bishop Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok loh:a- medicine unique simplex Broadbent 1964 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok missing missing Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok wene- medicine inheritance Proto-Miwok JHH see Mip, Mil; note Hill Patwin wene, SE Pomo wéne, both 'medicine' WW %wene simplex Callaghan 1987 Jane Hill
Plains Miwok wene- medicine inheritance Proto-Miwok JHH see Mil; note Hill Patwin wene, SE Pomo wéne, both 'medicine' WW %wene simplex Callaghan 1984 Jane Hill
Lake Miwok wéne medicine, herb inheritance Proto-Miwok JHH see Mip; note Hill Patwin wene, SE Pomo wéne, both 'medicine' WW %wene simplex Callaghan 1965 Jane Hill
Maidu wené medicine inheritance *wené Proto-Maiduan Miwokan Ultan 1964:367; note that this word is also all over Miwokan, a Wanderwoerter??? WW %wene simplex Shipley 1963 Jane Hill
Nisenan wene medicine inheritance *wené Proto-Maiduan Miwokan Ultan 1964:367; perhaps loan into Proto-lg from Miwokan WW %wene simplex Uldall & Shipley 1966 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawelmani t'oyox medicine inheritance *t'uyox Proto-Nim-Yokuts simplex note t'uyu 'shoot'; Newman p. 15 t'Oyx- 'give medicine' Golla 1964 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi missing missing Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami toi-yah'CH medicine inheritance simplex Berman 2002 Jane Hill
Washo mú:c'ug medicine unknown mu:c'uk whj 233 simplex Washo Project Dictionary Jane Hill
Wintu meres medicine, liniment loan English the suffix -in interpreted as instrumental case WW %medicine simplex Pitkin 1985 Jane Hill
Yuki mil'son medicine loan English hil'-le-ootă-tă-mah WW %medicine simplex Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 Jane Hill
Wappo wénu7 medicine loan Lake Miwok this is good Miwokan etymon; Sawyer says is loan from Spanish 'bueno', which seems unlikely WW %wene simplex Sawyer 1965 Jane Hill
Mutsun missing missing Jane Hill
Esselen missing missing Jane Hill
Salinan A Tehoni/7 Jacobsen trsc, Turner 1987:18 medicine unknown Proto-Salinan other complex eoni 'give medicine' 139 Mason 1918 Jane Hill
Salinan M tihoni/ mediicine unknown Proto-Salinan simplex Mason 1918 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno tëksmu7 'or something like that' medicine unknown note Ltëksmu7 'pespibata' derived Harrington Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno 7axiyep' medicine inheritance Proto-Central Chumash B 7axiyep 'cure' (Beeler) derived axi+yep=7 Applegate 1972 Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno xul'apšan medicine unknown derived Wash 2001 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno 7axiye7ep medicine inheritance Proto-Central Chumash B 7axiyep 'cure' Beeler derived 7axiyep 'to cure' Applegate 1973 Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa missing missing Jane Hill
Cocopa m(i)rsín medicine loan Spanish WW %medecina simplex Crawford 1989 Jane Hill
Mojave mat ichev medicine unknown phrase Munro et al. 1992 Jane Hill
Yavapai 7ìsOmā: medicine, cf. root, sinew simplex pi 1 'die'?? Shaterian 1983 Jane Hill
Kiliwa smiil bush, plant, medicine unknown simplex Mixco 1985 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) ziix ic cöihíipe medicine (lo que sirve para una cosa) unknown phrase Moser & Marlett 2005 Jane Hill
Gupapuyngu ba:7pali semantic shift Claire Bowern
Yulparija kumurl inheritance Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul merejen loan English ‘medicine’ WW medicine ‘medicine’ Claire Bowern
Gumatj miḏityin' loan English WW medicine Claire Bowern
Dhuwal miḏityin' loan English WW medicine Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta mirrityin loan English WW medicine Claire Bowern
Burarra mun-guburda unique Claire Bowern
Bardi parnman loan direction unknown Worrorran WW %barnman Claire Bowern
Mangala tyalŋka loan WW %jalngga Claire Bowern
Karajarri tyalŋka loan Walmajarri WW %jalngga Claire Bowern
Nyikina tyalŋkakurru loan direction unknown WW %jalngga Claire Bowern
Walmajarri mirrityin loan Patrick McConvell
Jaru lungkarru semantic shift also poison Patrick McConvell
Djapu mirdityin7 loan English WW medicine Claire Bowern
Jingulu lungkarru inheritance salt,poison, medicine Wambaya lungkarra Patrick McConvell