hat

Semantic Field
dress
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
sombero
Meaning Portuguese
chapéu

Languages

Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Cahuilla yumuvel hat inheritance *yumu Cupan Stubbs 2011 1148 derived, other complex Sauvel and Munro 1981 Jane Hill
Cupeño yuma7at hat inheritance inheritance *yumu derived, other complex Stubbs 2011 1148 Jane Hill
Luiseño yumpish hat inheritance *yumu Cupan derived, other complex Stubbs 2011 1148 Jane Hill
Gabrielino missing missing Jane Hill
Serrano kumua7t hat loan Yokuts Serran only other complex K. Hill Dict. Jane Hill
Kitanemuk kumat (basket?) hat loan Yokuts Serran only; 2 entries, other 369 other complex Anderton 1988 Jane Hill
Tübatulabal elēlinnat hat unique derived, other complex K. Hill Tb>Eng Jane Hill
Bankalachi Toloim missing missing Jane Hill
Kawaiisu 7yky hat unique could be from yk 'to lie'??? simplex Zigmond et al. 1990 Jane Hill
Chemehuevi kaitsogO basket hat, hat inheritance *kaCcokoC Numic Stubbs 2011 1151 simplex Harrington Chemehuevi Noun List (K. Hill 1969) Jane Hill
Southern Paiute qaichokkO hat inheritance *kaCcokoC Numic Stubbs 2011 1151 simplex Sapir Jane Hill
Southern Ute qaa-cogo-pY hat inheritance *kaCcokoC Numic Stubbs 2011 1151 other complex Givon Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone tsappo7o hat, cap inheritance *cappo Numic Stubbs 2011 1152 simplex Dayley 1989 Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone kaiccoh hat inheritance *kaCcokoC Numic Stubbs 2011 1151 simplex Crapo 1976 Jane Hill
Comanche tso7nika hat unique compound pl. tso7wekwa7 R Jane Hill
Western Mono samaneenA, someneenA7 hat loan Spanish WW %sombrero simplex Loether & Bethel 1993 Jane Hill
Northern Paiute missing missing Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok somle:la-, sumne:no- hat loan Spanish WW %sombrero simplex Broadbent 1964 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok missing missing Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok somne:nu-, etc. hat loan Spanish simplex Callaghan 1987 Jane Hill
Plains Miwok sombare:ru-, somne:nu- hat loan Spanish WW %sombrero simplex Callaghan 1984 Jane Hill
Lake Miwok sumléelu hat loan Spanish maybe from W. Wappo sómle:lu7 'hat WW %sombrero simplex Callaghan 1965 Jane Hill
Maidu 7olé man's knitted cap, of netting, any hat inheritance Proto-Maiduan See 7o:lu 'basketry hat' in Nisenan; Merriam says this is woman's basket hat; man's hat is we-kah' simplex Shipley 1963 Jane Hill
Nisenan somle:lu, somle:nu hat loan Spanish WW %sombrero simplex Uldall & Shipley 1966 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawelmani missing missing probably same loan as 'basketry cap' Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi missing missing Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami missing missing Jane Hill
Washo 7ohóš hat (probably basketry cap) unknown simplex Washo Project Dictionary Jane Hill
Wintu tHaki(t) hat, cap (white men's kind) semantic shift *tHaki Proto-Wintun Shepherd 2006:180 derived Schlichter 1981 Jane Hill
Yuki šamlil, šumlil, šomlil hat loan Proto-North Yukian Spanish WW %sombrero simplex Sawyer & Schlichter 1984 Jane Hill
Wappo sómle:lu7 hat loan Spanish WW %sombrero simplex Sawyer 1965 Jane Hill
Mutsun sumrero hat loan Spanish WW %sombrero simplex Okrand 1977 Jane Hill
Esselen missing missing Jane Hill
Salinan A ts'wa\keti/' hat unknown Proto-Sainan derived Mason 1918 Jane Hill
Salinan M ts'wa:ke:te/' hat unknown Proto-Salinan derived Mason 1918 Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno sumpelelu sombrero loan Spanish WW %sombrero simplex Harrington Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno sumulelu hat loan Spanish WW %sombrero simplex Applegate 1972 Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno sumlelu hat loan Spanish WW %sombrero simplex Mamet 2008 Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa nyepuull hat semantic shift Proto-Yuman simplex Couro & Hutcheson 1973 Jane Hill
Cocopa (nY)şpu:l hat semantic shift Proto-Yuman note Kiliwa m+puul 'basketry hat' derived Crawford 1989 Jane Hill
Mojave makupuur, kumupuur hat semantic shift see Cocopa kupuur 'headband' derived makor 'top' Munro et al. 1992 Jane Hill
Yavapai púr hat semantic shift see Mojave kupuur, etc. simplex Shaterian 1983 Jane Hill
Kiliwa m+puul hat, sack (from hat basket) semantic shift Proto-Yuman note 'Iipay As basket hat with puull derived phuuy having to do w/ smoke Mixco 1985 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) haaonam hat loan O'odham simplex Moser & Marlett 2005 Jane Hill
Kakua ʃombero missing Spanish Simplex See Language page Katherine Bolaños
Waorani o-ka-bo-ga-ta (IDS) unique Other complex o-ka-bo=head; ga-ta=?? See Language page Paulina Franco, Bettie Gonzalez, PLE
Hodï tuwayaka unique Simplex See Language page Brittany Weinstein
Yanomami he yoa he joa semantic shift? Proto Ninam/Yanomami/Yanomam Other complex related to “to cover” See Language page Kelsey Neely
Yanomam he yoho-a he joho-a semantic shift? Proto Ninam/Yanomami/Yanomam Phrase he yoho-a”head cover” See Language page Kelsey Neely
Ninam yohopo wei johopo wei semantic shift? Proto Ninam/Yanomami/Yanomam Derived yohopo, “carry on head”; wei nominalizer See Language page Kelsey Neely
Kotiria ʦapea ʦapea loan Port chapeu Possibly via Arawak; Baniwa tsapéwa; Pemon sapewa Simplex See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein
Cubeo bótaibo bótaibo unknown Classifier -bo See Language page Tanja Baeuerlein; Alyssa Wadley
Tukano sapéa (HR 97) sapéa (HR 97) loan Port chapeu Possibly via Arawak; Baniwa tsapéwa; Pemon sapewa Simplex See Language page Ana Paula, Amanda Novak
Desano sapea sapea loan Port chapeu Port origin; Possibly via Arawak; Baniwa tsapéwa; Pemon sapewa Simplex See Language page Addison M; Tanja Baeuerlein
Maihiki mado ja mado xã unknown Simplex See Language page Daniel Valle
Hup nuhuy-tuk (head-upside down) nuhuj-tuk (head-upside down) unique Other complex head-DYNAMIC upside.down See Language page Pattie Epps
Dâw pêèw pêw loan Port chapeu Port source; compare Arawak (e.g. Yucuna hapewa); Pemon sapewa; Tukanoan E. (e.g. Desano sapea) Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B., Pattie Epps
Sikuani yorai jorai unknown Carib? Also: sapebúa (loan chapeu) See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, Brittany Weinstein
Macaguan sonbré sonbré loan Spanish sombrero Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B., Brittany Weinstein
Pemon arok, jaroko, sapewa (A1981); arok (E1980) arok, jaroko, sapewa (A1981); arɔk (E1980) semantic shift; loan Venezuelan (N. Amazonian) subgroup from 'headdress'; Port chapeu Alternate:jaroko, sapewa See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Karina Baeza; Alyssa Wadley
Akawaio arok (E1980) arɔk semantic shift Venezuelan (N. Amazonian) subgroup from 'headdress' Possible loan into Nadëb as 'basket' See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Makushi aroʔ aroʔ semantic shift Venezuelan (N. Amazonian) subgroup from 'headdress' See Language page Melody Ann Ross; Alyssa Wadley
Eñepa arako Var. arko (MM); yoroko-e (IDS) arakɔ Var. arkɔ (MM); yɔrɔkɔ-e (IDS) semantic shift Venezuelan (N. Amazonian) subgroup from 'headdress' Alternate: yɔrɔkɔ-e See Language page Melody Ann Ross, Lauren Franklin; Alyssa Wadley
Yukuna japewa hapewa loan Port chapeu Hup, Arawak (e.g. Yucuna hapewa); Pemon sapewa; Tukanoan E. (e.g. Desano sapea) Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Tariana di-swa-ní-da di-swa-ní-da unique Alternate: dapída (woven hat) Derived di- = 3rd non-feminine cross-referencing (his X), -ní = masculine nominal derivation, -da = “round” classifier See Language page Ana Paula B.
Wapishana kʰuwama -kʰuwama unknown Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B.
Baniwa tsapéwa tsapéwa loan Port chapeu Port > Nheengatu? Hup, Arawak (e.g. Yucuna hapewa); Pemon sapewa; Tukanoan E. (e.g. Desano sapea) Simplex See Language page Ana Paula B.
Resígaro ta?mhoótsi-hí taʔm̥oótsi-hí unique Derived -hi = "round and flat" classifier, but no entry for root See Language page Ana Paula B.
Dhay’yi ba:thapuy7 semantic shift Claire Bowern
Gumatj bathapu(') loan Claire Bowern
Djinang bulmunuŋ unique Claire Bowern
Jawi dangorr inheritance Claire Bowern
Yan-nhangu dyoŋgu unknown Claire Bowern
Dhuwal dyoŋgu(') inheritance Claire Bowern
Dhangu dyoŋgu(') inheritance Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu dyoŋgu(7) inheritance Claire Bowern
Burarra dyuŋka loan Claire Bowern
Nimanburru jangkor [jangkurr] inheritance Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr jangkorr [yangkurr] inheritance Claire Bowern
Warrwa jangkurru; nalmawuru loan WW %jalngga Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul jongor inheritance Claire Bowern
Yulparija maŋkawala loan direction unknown Nyangumarta Claire Bowern
Nyangumarta maŋkawala loan direction unknown Yulparija Claire Bowern
Karajarri markiti unique Claire Bowern
Yawuru marrkirdi unique Claire Bowern
Mangala maru semantic shift ‘shade’ Claire Bowern
Nyikina tyaŋkurr inheritance Claire Bowern
Bardi tyaŋkurr inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngarluma tyaŋkurru loan direction unknown Claire Bowern
Walmajarri makarta loan direction unknown WW %makarta Patrick McConvell
Jaru makarta loan direction unknown WW %makarta Patrick McConvell
Gurindji murrkartu loan Jaru Patrick McConvell
Gooniyandi makata loan Walmajarri WW %makarta Patrick McConvell
Gajirrabeng yipam semantic shift <head Patrick McConvell
Jingulu kulapatyarra unknown looks derived, but no info Patrick McConvell
Miriwung narangkany unknown Patrick McConvell
Achagua kajúna kajúna unknown shared Piapoco See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Piapoco càyuwa kàjuwa See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Warekena taramareʃi 'traditional hat'; tsapewa (loan) taramareʃi 'traditional hat'; tsapewa (loan) See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Yavitero c̷a'hewa tsaʔhewa (Pt/Sp loan) See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Paresi bayahoko, jabewa bayahoko, ʃabewa unknown; loan Port chapeu See Language page Ana Paula B., PLE
Waurá tɨwɨ-nai tɨwɨ-nai unknown See Language page Joyce McCormick, PLE
Bora watájcojɨ (watajco 'cover') kwatʰáxkʰoxɨ unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Muinane nɨ́jega (from 'shelter') (W97) nɨ́xega (W97) See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Wai Wai šaΦika šaΦika loan? Port chapeu See Language page Melody Ann Ross
Yukpa pejoba, pesoba pehoba, pesoba See Language page Ana Paula B., Melody Ann Ross
Muisca pquapqua pkuapkua See Language page Daniel Valle
Northern Emberá sõ'bena (loan Sp sombrero, IDS) sõ'bena (loan Sp sombrero, IDS) See Language page Jonathan Quintanilla, PLE
Cofán ontsianccu (from 'put/carry on head') ontsiankhu phonemic transcriptions are ESTIMATIONS See Language page Daniel Valle
Páez čuaʔ čuaʔ See Language page Daniel Valle
Tikuna napaté (Alv44) napaté unknown See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Pumé pačo-čo-reã See Language page Paulina Franco, PLE
Puinave -hui-pe; -hui-wop -hui-pe; -hui-wop unique See Language page Daniel Valle, Zach Burnett, PLE
Ashuar tséngkruti tséŋkruti See Language page Daniel Valle
Huambisa etsegkrutai etsegkrutai See Language page Daniel Valle
Aguaruna ac̷ɨhu-tai atsɨhu-tai unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Matses mauete mawete semantic shift from 'headdress' See Language page Daniel Valle, Becky Walker
Yagua jnõcõ xnõkõ unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Ingá chuta tʃuta See Language page Daniel Valle
Quechua Ayacuchano chuku (CP94) tʃuku See Language page Daniel Valle, PLE
Piaroa k'ayuak'a' kɁajuakɁaɁ loan Arawak (Achagua/Piapoco?) See Language page Amanda Novak, Becky Walker
Sáliva calloho kaʤoʔo loan Arawak (Achagua/Piapoco?) See Language page Becky Walker
Carapana sapewa sapewa See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Makuna sapewa sapewa loan Port chapeu See Language page Amanda Novak, Tanja Baeuerlein
Tanimuca sa'pewa sa'pewa loan Port chapeu See Language page Kelsey Neely
Tuyuka sapea sapea See Language page D. Jagannathan, Ana Paula B.
Koreguaje tuhiro tuhiro unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Siona tuitˀo tuitˀo unknown See Language page Kelsey Neely
Karitiana omykyp omɨkɨp unknown See Language page Daniel Valle
Wayampi [sapɔ] [sapɔ] loan Port chapeu See Language page PLE
Sirionó eite suča ("roof for the head"?) eite suǩa unique See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Ocaina ohfóóxora oʔɸóóxora unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz
Murui Witoto ɨfogɨ ico ('head ?') ɯɸogɯ iko ('head ?') (B83) unique See Language page Leslie Smith, Sarah Kuntz, PLE
Iquito m+yáacu mɨjáaku unique See Language page Cynthia Hansen
Záparo nukityaru nukitjaru See Language page Becky Walker
Wari wajiʔ (Sousa2009) wajiʔ (Sousa2009) See Language page PLE
Ese Ejja/Huarayo e-yoxa-ha-xi e-yoxa-ha-xi See Language page Joyce McCormick
Cavineña motiro; kačoča; čoro motiro; kačoča; čoro unique See Language page Joyce McCormick, Becky Walker
Kwazá tsutysiki, ururisike tsutysiki, ururisike See Language page Joyce McCormick
Movima čoran-kʷan-to tʃoran-kʷan-to See Language page Anissa Capuccino, Becky Walker
Kaingang sãpe (loan Pt) (IDS) sãpe See Language page PLE
Djeoromitxi kanõ kanõ See Language page PLE