Semantic Field
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese


Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Etymology Notes Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source Created By
Cahuilla tewka(t) deceased person inheritance *tywi- Takic Stubbs 1799 other complex tew- see evil spirit, ghost Seiler & Hioki 1979 Jane Hill
Cupeño qaawish dead unique I believe attested as "corpse"; Merriam has qaawish atax7a (48:511) other complex Hill & Nolasquez 1973 Jane Hill
Luiseño toowish spirit, ghost, deceased person, cadaver, corpse, soul inheritance *tywi- Takic Stubbs 1799 other complex Elliott 1999 Jane Hill
Gabrielino ah-mŭ'-yah amoya7 'difunto' H corpse unique other complex Merriam (McCawley 1996) Jane Hill
Serrano amym7ki7 (sg.), aqor7im (pl) dead person, people inheritance *mukki Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 655 derived, other complex K. Hill Dict. Jane Hill
Kitanemuk 7a-nipk-i7 corpse unique other complex Anderton 1988 Jane Hill
Tübatulabal mukut dead person inheritance *mukki Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 655 other complex K. Hill Tb>Eng Jane Hill
Bankalachi Toloim tow-tah a dead person inheritance *tywi- Takic Stubbs 1799 other complex Merriam 49:199 Jane Hill
Kawaiisu juwe7e-kwee-py dead (to be not) unique derived, other complex Zigmond et al. 1990 Jane Hill
Southern Paiute missing missing Jane Hill
Southern Ute missing missing Jane Hill
Tümpisa Shoshone tijaitaippyh nymya corpse, dead body inheritance *ja7ay Numic Stubbs 2011 656 phrase tiyaih die Dayley 1989 Jane Hill
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone tiaih-ppyh corpse inheritance *ja7ay Numic Stubbs 2011 656 derived tiaih 'to die (sg)' Crapo 1976 Jane Hill
Comanche tyjaipY, tyjai7 corpse, dead body inheritance *ja7ay Numic Stubbs 2011 656 simplex Robinson & Armagost 1990 Jane Hill
Western Mono te-o'-wit corpse inheritance *tyw Northern Uto-Aztecan other complex Merriam 45:317 Jane Hill
Northern Paiute sato7o dead body unique simplex Yerington 1987 Jane Hill
Southern Sierra Miwok camy7-aH- corpse inheritance *CE:m- (?) Proto-Miwok-Mutsun Callaghan 1962:103 other complex cam-h- 'to die' st. 1 Broadbent 1964 Jane Hill
Central Sierra Miwok missing missing Jane Hill
Northern Sierra Miwok camy:sy- corpse, dead person inheritance *CE:m- (?) Proto-Miwok-Mutsun Callaghan 1962:103 other complex camsy- to die Callaghan 1987 Jane Hill
Plains Miwok cem7en dead; corpse, dead person inheritance *CE:m- (?) Proto-Miwok-Mutsun Callaghan 1962:103 other complex Callaghan 1984 Jane Hill
Lake Miwok jokkóoca dead person, dead people unique compound jok- 'to be dead', jóok 'to die', to be dead Callaghan 1965 Jane Hill
Maidu wónowono corpse inheritance *wono 'die' Proto-Maiduan Shipley 1961:51; us-wal'-loo-loo' Merriam 41:285 reduplicated Shipley 1963 Jane Hill
Nisenan missing missing Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawelmani tow'-trŏ yo'-kut corpse inheritance Proto-Yokutsan Palewyami tawta 'dead' phrase dead person' Merriam 44:537 Jane Hill
Yokuts Yawdanchi tawatca dead one inheritance Palewyami tawatsi 'he is dead' Gamble 1991:74; Merriam confirms tawatca 44:197; Merriam heard tow-wah-trah so is probably T, not "tc" 44:353 derived Kroeber 1907 Jane Hill
Yokuts Palewyami taw-tan-toi' corpse, literally 'dead body' inheritance Proto-Yokutsan see Yawdanchi entry derived Berman 2002 Jane Hill
Washo t'ánuyuŋil dead person, people unknown derived t'anu- 'person', ungil 'defunctive' Washo Project Dictionary Jane Hill
Wintu minelis the dead one(s) unknown derived minel 'to die' Schlichter 1981 Jane Hill
Yuki ko'-let dead person inheritance *k'ol Proto-North Yukian Looks Proto-Yukian, note Wappo k'à: čhó7el; compare k' = ch in 'needle, awl' derived k'ol 'die' Schlichter 1985 Jane Hill
Wappo k'à: čhó7el cirosem dead person unknown phrase Sawyer 1965 Jane Hill
Mutsun se:mo dead one inheritance *CE:m- 'die' Proto-Utian Callaghan 1962:103sem-mos-men Merriam 39:109 derived semmo- to die 267 Okrand 1977 Jane Hill
Esselen moho he died unknown Arroyo simplex Kroeber 1902 Jane Hill
Salinan A xátep corpse unknown simplex Turner 1987 Jane Hill
Salinan M missing missing Jane Hill
Chumash Obispeno jatqsasu el difunto inheritance *qsa Proto-Chumashan saqsa los muertos 0059 ša 'morir' JPH 3,1,0087; tsksasu es difunto 106 Harrington Jane Hill
Chumash Ineseno 7amïn'-iwaš corpse (lit body-former/dead) unique derived 7aqša 'to die' Applegate 1972 Jane Hill
Chumash Barbareno šaqša dead body inheritance *qsa 'to die' Proto-Chumashan also ho7-s-a7min-iwaš 'the corpse' that-3-body-PAST Mithun 1997:232 derived s-aqša 3-dead Mithun 1997:230 Jane Hill
Chumash Ventureno čaqšanuč he is dead/corpse inheritance *qsa 'to die' Proto-Chumashan derived ts-aqsa- 3-to.die … Mamet 2008 Jane Hill
Iipay 'Aa kumlay corpse (lit. the dead one) unknown derived ku- agentive Couro & Hutcheson 1973 Jane Hill
Cocopa mşapás someone recently dead, a corpse unknown derived mşpa 'die' Crawford 1989 Jane Hill
Mojave ipuych corpse, dead person Munro et al. 1992 Jane Hill
Yavapai pà:pī corpse inheritance *pi 'die' Proto-Yuman Mixco 1978:84 derived pí 'die' Shaterian 1983 Jane Hill
Kiliwa ny-7+maat-pi a body a corpse, also live body (spiritless) inheritance *pi 'die' Proto-Yuman Mixco 1978:84 derived maat 'body, self' -pi 'die' Mixco 1985 Jane Hill
Seri (Comcaac) ziix hacx cmíih corpse, cadaver (lit. cosa muerta) unknown phrase Moser & Marlett 2005 Jane Hill
Dhay’yi ba:purru7 semantic shift Claire Bowern
Gumatj dharra' inheritance Claire Bowern
Ritharrngu dharra7 inheritance Claire Bowern
Djinang galŋi semantic shift ‘live’ Claire Bowern
Jawi jiwarra inheritance Claire Bowern
Bardi jiwarra inheritance Claire Bowern
Ngumbarl juwarri inheritance Claire Bowern
Yawuru karrikan loan Marrngu Claire Bowern
Nyulnyul karrikan loan Marrngu Claire Bowern
Nyikina karrikan loan Marrngu Claire Bowern
Nimanburru karrikan loan Marrngu Claire Bowern
Mangala karrikan inheritance Claire Bowern
Karajarri karrikan inheritance Claire Bowern
Jabirr-Jabirr karrikan loan Marrngu Claire Bowern
Warrwa kud unique Claire Bowern
Rembarrnga kuh-na unique Claire Bowern
Yulparija mitunymitunypa unique Claire Bowern
Gupapuyngu mu:kuy inheritance Claire Bowern
Jaru kimurti unknown also warritypala Patrick McConvell
Gurindji linytyarr unknown Patrick McConvell
Gooniyandi kityali unique Patrick McConvell
Miriwung tyuwaring inheritance dead perspn WW %tyuwari Patrick McConvell
Jingulu kimurti unknown also warritypala Patrick McConvell