Semantic Field
Part of Speech
Meaning Spanish
Meaning Portuguese


Language Orthographic Form Phonemicized Form Gloss as in Source Etymology Code Proto-Form Proto-Language Loan Source Wanderwort Status Etyma Set Etymology Notes Word Structure Word Structure Notes General Notes Source
Cahuilla na'ani-vel fire place inheritance *na7aya Uto-Aztecan Stubbs 2011 878 derived instrumental on verb Seiler & Hioki 1979
Cupeño missing missing
Luiseño kut pochuyila fire place unique phrase Eliott 1999
Gabrielino ho'-mā-chō't fireplace unique other complex Merriam (McCawley 1996)
Serrano noo-koot-tan-noo'-ak fireplace unique phrase Merriam 48:175
Kitanemuk missing missing
Tübatulabal po-ist' fireplace unique other complex Merriam 49:263
Bankalachi Toloim po-isht' fireplace unique Same as Tub but really same lg other complex Merriam 49:185
Kawaiisu missing missing
Chemehuevi missing missing
Southern Paiute missing missing
Southern Ute missing missing
Tümpisa Shoshone kottoonnympy hearth, fireplace, stove, heater unique derived, other complex kotto start a fire Dayley 1989
Big Smokey Valley Shoshone missing missing
Comanche kutYhorapY, kutoorapY fireplace, hearth, fire hole unique phrase fire-dig-abs Robinson & Armagost 1990
Western Mono tup-pe be-dan-no fireplace unique phrase Merriam 45:305
Northern Paiute pe-dan' fireplace unique simplex Merriam 46:363 (Bishop)
Southern Sierra Miwok wyky7-:a- fireplace inheritance *wyké- Proto-Miwok Callaghan 1970:84 other complex wy:k- st. 1 'to light a fire' Broadbent 1964
Central Sierra Miwok missing missing
Northern Sierra Miwok cimni- fireplace loan English WW %chimney simplex Callaghan 1987
Plains Miwok missing missing
Lake Miwok missing missing
Maidu k'àwím sá fireplace unique Merriam sahm'-mo 41:273 phrase Shipley 1963
Nisenan missing missing
Yokuts Yawelmani hOtO:ne:ls-i fireplace (obj.) inheritance Proto-Yokutsan derived *hOt'O:ne: 'build a fire' Newman 1944
Yokuts Yawdanchi ho-to'-ne miyin fireplace ours inheritance Proto-Yokutsan derived Merriam 44:183
Yokuts Palewyami haw-to'-nā-hi' fireplace inheritance Proto-Yokutsan derived Berman 2002
Washo missing missing
Wintu docitopi stove, fireplace unknown derived dOc 'fire Pitkin 1985
Yuki missing missing
Wappo čimíne:ya7 fireplace loan Spanish WW %chiminea simplex Sawyer 1965
Mutsun cho-kor fireplace unknown simplex Merriam 39:97
Esselen missing missing
Salinan A chem'-mah-ne fireplace loan English WW %chimney simplex Merriam 38:393
Salinan M missing missing
Chumash Obispeno kits-sna/-pa / is acute fireplace unknown derived Henshaw (Heizer)
Chumash Ineseno ma-kap' fire place (lit. fire house? JHH) unknown derived Henshaw (Heizer 1955)
Chumash Barbareno missing missing
Chumash Ventureno 7aqtïpmu ï is barred i hearth, fireplace inheritance Proto-Central Chumash B 7aqtip 'build a fire' derived Applegate 1973 ms
Iipay 'Aa oh-har-oh-wah fireplace unknown derived Merriam 38:211
Cocopa missing missing
Mojave tă-kwaht'-tă-vă fireplace unknown derived tah-kwaht 'build a fire' Merriam 38:97
Yavapai missing missing
Kiliwa mil pit campfire, pit fire (archaic) unknown phrase Mixco 1985
Seri (Comcaac) missing missing
Waorani gõ-ga-pãbo (IDS) unique Other complex gõ-ga=stove; pãbo=?? See Language page
Desano peame peame fire, fireplace inheritance See Language page
Hup teg-hod (fire-hole) teg-hod (fire-hole) unique Compound wood hole See Language page
Dâw buxeè buxê missing See Language page
Eñepa wahto pata-n wahtɔ pata-n unknown Compound wahtɔ=fire; pata= place; n= possessive See Language page
Wapishana tʰikʰaẓi wiiẓi tʰikʰaẓi wiiẓi unknown Compound fire house See Language page
Yir-Yoront thum-thaw unique ('fire' - 'mouth')
Dhuwal dhurrmuruḻ' inheritance
Gumatj dhurrmururl7 inheritance
Yawuru jora unique
Nyulnyul lalb inheritance
Nimanburru lalb inheritance
Bardi lalp inheritance
Nyikina tampal loan Marrngu WW damper
Karajarri tampal loan with semantic shift Nyikina WW damper hot stone for cookiing hot stone for cookiing
Mangala tyurra loan direction unknown
Walmajarri kilyirr unique yawu N dialect; hot coals, ashes and sand from under a fire yawu N dialect; hot coals, ashes and sand from under a fire
Mudburra linyarta inheritance WW %linyart charcoal, battery, beetle charcoal, battery, beetle
Gurindji warluwatyi inheritance fire+katyi 'thing for' complex fire+katyi 'thing for'
Gooniyandi pirri inheritance charcoal charcoal
Bunuba pirrki inheritance charcoal charcoal
Jingulu yijartkarru unique fire
Kija marne inheritance fire
Miriwung katyawulang unique fire, firewood
Waurá ic̷ei-yẽpe i¢ei-jẽpe See Language page
Pumé tʰãre-reã See Language page
Aguaruna hii ika'pag-bau hii ika'pag-bau See Language page
Sirionó suchaˌ erecuaˌ tuchua (p85) sutʃaˌ erekuaˌ tutʃua See Language page
Movima βeʔe-wanasɓen̉-ra (J62) βeʔe-wanas See Language page
Lokono ikihi-sikwa ikihi-sikwa a furnace of fire DeGoeje 1928:62